Trichopolum for tomatoes and cucumbers from late blight


People who grow vegetables know from their own experience how much effort it takes to get a crop. And it is especially offensive when all efforts threaten to go down the drain, due to damage to plants by harmful bacteria or fungus. Crops such as tomatoes and cucumbers are especially susceptible to infection. To preserve the harvest, you need to start treatment on time. In addition to widely used fungicides, a broad-spectrum antibiotic, trichopolum, has shown good effectiveness in combating bacterial diseases, which helps in diseases of cucumbers and tomatoes.

Composition and purpose of the drug

Trichopolum is a certified over-the-counter medicine. Available in the form of tablets with a dosage of 250 and 500 mg.

The active ingredient is metronidazole. It is an artificially synthesized antibiotic belonging to the group of antimicrobial and antiprotozoal agents.

In addition, the composition contains auxiliary substances: potato starch - 40.74 mg; gelatin - 2.6 mg; starch syrup - 6.6 mg; magnesium stearate - 0.06 mg.

When used for horticultural crops, it is used for the prevention and treatment of diseases of a bacterial or fungal nature.

  • late blight;
  • powdery mildew;
  • fusarium;
  • angular spotting;
  • brown spotting;
  • alternaria;
  • anthracnose;
  • ascochitis;
  • white rot;
  • blackleg;
  • peronosporosis;
  • dry rot;
  • gray rot;
  • tracheomycotic wilting.

The mechanism of action of metronidazole

Trichopolum suppresses the vital activity of microorganisms and pathogenic bacteria and leads to the cessation of the development of the population. This occurs due to the interaction of metronidazole with cell DNA: the formation of nucleic acids is blocked and the process of protein synthesis is disrupted.

Advantages and disadvantages of Trichopolum

The use of absolutely any agent for the treatment, prevention of diseases or fertilization of garden plants has its advantages and disadvantages.

The advantages of Trichopolum include:

  • High efficiency.
  • Inexpensive cost.
  • Easy to use.
  • Lack of pesticides harmful to human health.

The disadvantages include the following factors:

  • The drug is not included in the state register of drugs approved for use for agricultural crops and private households.
  • When applied, the resistance of bacteria (including pathogens of human diseases) to this drug increases. When such resistant bacteria enter the human body, they can cause a disease that cannot be treated with traditional methods. Which leads to the need to increase the dose of antibiotics or use an antibiotic with another active ingredient.
  • There are no official studies on the effect of metronidazole on multicellular plant organisms.
  • The hazard class for humans is not defined.

Whether it is advisable to use trichopolum for plants is a moot point. Despite its effectiveness in combating diseases, the drug has side effects and is not allowed for use in children under 3 years of age.

How to use to protect seedlings

The drug is used both for the treatment of an existing disease, and as a preventive measure. Depending on the purpose of use, the dosage will vary slightly.

Prevention of diseases of tomato and cucumber

For preventive purposes, it is advisable to use trichopolum if there are real prerequisites for the onset of the disease. To do this, when planting seedlings in the ground, add one undiluted 250 mg tablet to each well. In the future, you need to repeat the treatment with a solution of 5 tablets per 10 liters of water once every 10 days.

For preventive purposes, it is recommended to use the drug only in the minimum dosage.

For the treatment of diseases of tomatoes and cucumbers

If late blight has already affected the plant, a solution is made of 20 tablets per 10 liters of water. All affected parts of cucumbers, tomatoes or other plants must be treated with this composition.

When preparing the solution, it is recommended:

  • Dilute in warm water only. The optimum temperature will be about 30 degrees.
  • For better dissolution, tablets must be crushed to a flour state.
  • You can use the composition only half an hour after preparation.

Processing methods and frequency

Trichopolum processing can be carried out in two ways:

  1. Spray with a spray bottle. The solution is applied generously to the entire plant (not just the affected areas) until each leaf is completely covered.
  2. Watering.

After precipitation falls, the treatment must be done again.

Plants need to be processed once every 10 days. It is not recommended to subject the plants to processing less than 2 weeks before harvesting the fruits.

Treatment with trichopolum should be alternated with the use of other means. To avoid the development of resistance to the drug in bacteria and reduce the protective effect. In order for the drug treatment to bring the desired effect, the following rules must be followed:

  • It is held in the morning or after sunset.
  • The weather should be dry and calm.
  • When spraying bushes, pay special attention to the lower branches.
  • For the purpose of prevention, seedlings are treated immediately after planting in the ground.
  • Do not exceed the recommended dosage. This can burn the plants.

Safety measures when working with the tool

Trichopolum does not belong to the group of pesticides and therefore its use is conditionally safe. When working with the drug, you do not need to take special precautions.

Compatibility with other drugs

For a more effective effect on pathogens, some experienced gardeners advise using the drug in conjunction with antiseptic agents - green or iodine. In this case, the soil and shoots are additionally disinfected.

Add 1 bottle of greenery or 15 drops of iodine to the finished solution of the drug.

Storage conditions and shelf life

The shelf life of Trichopolum is 5 years. After this time, the tablets cannot be used. Store them in a dry, dark place at a temperature not exceeding 25 degrees. The solution is not stored in finished form.

There is no unequivocal point of view on the use of trichopolum in personal gardening. The opinions of experts on this matter differ significantly. Despite this, it is successfully used and recommended by many experienced gardeners as a safe analogue of pesticides.


"Trichopol" from late blight - application features, effectiveness and reviews

Late blight is one of the most dangerous diseases of a vegetable crop that a gardener can face. It quickly infects all parts of the plant, from stems to fruits, and finally destroys it. In a few days, it is able to completely mow a tomato plantation and destroy all the works of the person who looked after it. As a result, only gnarled and dry bushes will remain on the site without a single tomato on them. Vegetables will be lying nearby, all black and rotten. A real gardener's nightmare!

But in reality, not everything is so scary. If all preventive measures are taken in time, if you follow agricultural techniques for preparing seeds for planting, planting and caring for tomatoes, combating their diseases and pests, the development of late blight can be prevented. When the first signs of the disease appear, it will be necessary to take more radical measures - spray the bushes with special solutions and preparations. Today, many gardeners recommend using Trichopolum from phytophthora. This drug can be purchased at any pharmacy.


As an artificially synthesized effective antibiotic, Trichopolum suppresses the vital activity of fungal organisms and destroys their population.

The action of the main substance blocks the formation of nucleic acid, which disrupts metabolic processes in parasite cells.

The drug and its derivatives do an excellent job with such diseases of horticultural crops as:

  • fungal rot
  • powdery mildew
  • tracheomycotic wilting
  • fusarium
  • late blight
  • peronosporosis.


The best drugs to combat late blight

First of all, we note: late blight is a very insidious fungus, and some kind of single panacea that allows you to get rid of it in any conditions simply does not exist. The gardener should use a combination of drugs and growing techniques, without neglecting the prevention of this disease.

In practice, in order to get rid of late blight on tomato plantations, the following types of funds are used:

  1. Chemicalsspecialized for the fight against fungi. These include, for example, "Quadris", "Bravo", etc. Also among the chemicals can be attributed to such old means as Bordeaux liquid and copper sulfate solution.
  2. Biological agents... Usually these are liquids, powders or pastes containing living bacteria and their spores, which inhibit the development of phytophthora. The most famous drug of this type is Fitosporin.
  3. Folk remedies... They are less effective than specialized drugs, but often help get rid of late blight or avoid its appearance. These include, for example, copper wire, garlic or whey.
  4. Pharmacy preparations... Unlike specialized agricultural chemicals, they are not designed to combat late blight - this property is a side effect for them. However, in a number of cases, they turn out to be very effective against this fungus.

And now we will analyze each type of funds in more detail.

Chemical

Specialized fungicides and pesticides are used mainly when signs of late blight have already appeared. At the same time, you should not use one drug: late blight quickly gets used to a specific remedy, in order to finally get rid of it, you need to combine several chemicals. The following remedies are best against phytophthora.

Fundazol

A synthetic drug of the benzimidazole class. A universal fungicide that destroys the cell nuclei during absorption and thereby stops the multiplication of fungal cells. Effective at any positive temperature, can be used from early spring to late autumn.

In addition to fungicidal, it has a weak acaricidal and insecticidal effect - along the way it kills spider mites and insect pests (although it is ineffective against egg laying).

"Topaz"

Fungicide of the triazole class. Inhibits the development of fungal spores, preventing the appearance of phytophthora. In addition to phytophthora, it is effective against:

  • powdery mildew
  • leaf rust
  • gray rot and a number of other diseases.

The advantage of the drug is that it is absorbed into the plant and continues to protect for a long time. Also "Topaz" is very good in cases where you need to quickly get rid of the fungus: it begins to act within 2-3 hours after application.

The disadvantages are that it accumulates in soil and plants, making them toxic... In addition, Topaz cannot be used on one site for more than 3 years in a row - you need to change the product.

"Quadris"

The active ingredient of this drug is azoxystrobin. It blocks the development of spores, while decaying to safe compounds of carbon and nitrogen. The drug is safe for soil microflora and does not accumulate in plants.

Disadvantages - high toxicity (hazard class 2 for humans, for aquatic organisms - class 1), as well as phytophthora addiction to it. The drug must be alternated with other fungicides..

This drug acts on phytophthora due to the copper compounds it contains. Unlike many other agents, it is not addictive in fungi: they are not able to develop immunity to copper, copper is an indispensable poison for them.

The disadvantage of the product is that the film formed by it is unstable and easily washed off. Moreover, the effectiveness of "Homa" is lower than that of other fungicides.

Copper sulfate

Separately, it is worth mentioning such an ancient remedy as copper sulfate. Copper sulfide applied to the plant in the form of a solution is effective against any fungal diseases. As in the case of "Hom", its action is based on the property of copper compounds to destroy fungal cells, interrupting their vital activity.

Copper sulfate is used in two varieties to combat late blight.:

  1. In the form of a solution of various concentrations.
  2. In the form of Bordeaux liquid - a mixture of a strong solution of vitriol with milk of lime, a suspension of finely ground lime in water.

The advantage of vitriol is its versatility: it can both process plants and dress the soil before sowing or planting seedlings.

The disadvantage is the relative weakness of the action: modern synthetic drugs (for example, "Fundazol") are much more powerful.

Biological

The action of this class of drugs is based on substances that are not synthesized in the laboratory, but produced by living organisms - usually bacteria or beneficial fungi. Their main advantage is that they do not accumulate in fruits and are harmless to humans.... These include the following drugs.

"Trichoderma Veride"

Its action is based on the property of saprophytic fungi strains to parasitize on other fungi. In fact, this drug kills phytophthora in the same way it kills tomato plants itself. In addition, toxins released by the fungus and natural antibiotics inhibit the development of other pathogenic organisms.

The disadvantage of the drug is that Trichoderma requires warmth to develop (at least +20 degrees) and moisture. At temperatures above +40, the fungus dies.

"Baktofit"

This medicine contains cells and spores of Bacillus subtilis, hay bacillus. This bacterium is contained in the soil and therefore is absolutely harmless to plants - but the development of phytophthora is suppressed by the substances secreted by it. However, it can only be used as a prophylactic agent.

Fitosporin

"Fitosporin" is deservedly considered the best among biological products. It is also based on the hay bacillus strain, but on a different one than that of "Baktofit". Consequently, Fitosporin is more effective against phytophthora.

Like all biological products, it requires heat and moisture. In addition, it takes time for the hay bacillus to multiply to reach its optimal concentration.

Folk

Funds that do not require laboratories and chemical production can also help in the fight against late blight.

Garlic

This vegetable contains many sulfur compounds (in fact, giving it a pungent taste), as well as mild natural antibiotics. To combat late blight, an infusion of finely ground garlic cloves is usually used. (in an amount from 150 to 500 g per bucket of water).

The advantage of this tool is its availability: almost all gardeners grow garlic, and damaged or withered cloves can be used for infusion.

However, it must be remembered that this remedy is more prophylactic than curative. Moreover, the infusion of garlic does not form a film and is easily washed off at the first watering.

Iodine is also a preventive measure. Vapors of alcoholic tincture have a disinfecting effect and kill fungal spores. However, due to the use of vapors, iodine is only usable in closed greenhouses.

Milk serum

Surprisingly, regular milk is effective enough to prevent late blight... It can be used in its entirety or in whey alone. It forms a film impermeable to spores on plants, and lactic acid bacteria perfectly suppress the development of the fungus.

Salt solution also forms a crust on plants that prevents the development of phytophthora.... In addition, in the later stages, salt leads to yellowing and leaf fall - but this is only a plus, since all the nutrients will go into the fruits themselves. Also, light addition of salt to water for irrigation increases the sugar content of tomatoes.

The disadvantage of this method is that in humid weather and during watering, the salt film dissolves quickly. In addition, with excessive use, soil salinization is possible, which reduces its fertility.

Copper wire

Copper inhibits the development of fungi, therefore, for the prevention of late blight, you can use not only compounds, but also pure metal. To fight the fungus, the plants are tied up with copper wire (without insulation), and the stems are also pierced with small pieces of it.

Drugs from the pharmacy

Finally, non-specialized but effective drugs sold in any pharmacy can be used against late blight.

Trichopolum (Metronidazole)

Metronidazole, also known as Trichopol, is a drug for the fight against anaerobic microbes and protozoa. However, as it turned out, it also kills fungi well - both living in the human body and in plants.

The drug is used in the form of a solution with the addition of liquid soap or soap shavings - without it, it does not stick to tomatoes and does not form a film. For greater efficiency, you can add greenery to the solution - it also kills a variety of microorganisms and fungal spores well.

Furacilin

Another antibacterial drug is furacilin. It is also used to treat fungal diseases - and along the way, it destroys phytophthora. Furacilin solution effectively suppresses both the development of spores and already manifested fungal cells.

Boric acid

An acidic environment is intolerable to fungi... It is on this that the effect of the use of boric acid is based. To increase efficiency, a little iodine is added to the solution. Boron not only suppresses the development of late blight, but also serves as an additional top dressing for tomatoes.

There is no single and best remedy for late blight. However, skillfully using different preparations and methods of control, it is possible to ensure that the harvest will be preserved. Therefore, the gardener should know exactly how to resist this disease.


How to dilute and use Trichopolum for processing tomatoes from late blight? Mechanism of action

Late blight is the most dangerous and intractable disease of tomatoes. In an infected area, crops can be lost from year to year, and store-bought chemicals do not help. Experienced gardeners have long been successfully using a penny pharmacy. It is effective and safe and is called Trichopol. The article tells about the mechanism of action and how to properly process tomatoes with this tool.

What is this remedy?

Trichopolum is an over-the-counter medicine. The active substance metranidazole is used as an antiprotozoal and antimicrobial agent in gynecology. The medicine is produced in the form of tablets with a dosage of the active ingredient of 250 mg and 500 mg. In addition to the active ingredient, each tablet contains gelatin, starch, molasses and magnesium stearate.

Mechanism of action

The action of the main substance blocks the formation of nucleic acid, which disrupts metabolic processes in parasite cells.

The drug and its derivatives do an excellent job with such diseases of horticultural crops as:

  • fungal rot
  • powdery mildew
  • tracheomycotic wilting
  • fusarium
  • late blight
  • peronosporosis.

Analog drug Metronidazole

The domestic analogue of Trichopolum is called Metranidazole. The latter is contained in both drugs, the effectiveness of the application is similar. To combat late blight of nightshade crops, you can use what was found in the nearest pharmacy.

The cost

The cost of Trichopolum No. 20 (the number of tablets in a package) from a foreign manufacturer in a dosage of 250 mg is 85 rubles. For a similar package of Russian-made Metranidazole, you will have to pay only 20 rubles.

When to start using?

  • It is known that the most favorable environment for the development of late blight is places with high temperatures and humidity.
  • In such conditions, the disease spreads rapidly and does not give any chance of saving the crop.
  • The reason for the treatment of all tomatoes on the site is the appearance of late blight spots on a single bush.
  • It will not be superfluous to take care of the closest relatives of the tomato: pepper, eggplant, potatoes.

How to dilute - preparing a solution

It is very easy to prepare a healing solution. To do this, you need to dissolve 20 tablets in 10 liters of water. To achieve the best result you need:

  1. pre-crush the tablets into powder
  2. use water with a temperature of + 30 ° С
  3. wait until the drug is completely dissolved, this usually occurs within half an hour.

Important! The prepared concentrate is used immediately, the residue is disposed of.

How to properly handle tomatoes?

When the first signs of damage appear, diseased fruits and vegetative parts are removed. Spraying of plants with a preparation from a spray bottle is carried out immediately. If the disease is confidently gaining momentum and there are a lot of diseased bushes, watering the plants at the root is necessary.

When using Trichopolum for the treatment of diseased plants, a number of basic rules should be observed:

  • processing is carried out in the morning or at sunset
  • carefully process the lower third of the bush
  • no more than 50 ml of the finished product is poured under 1 bush.

The course of treatment is 2-3 treatments with an interval of 10 days. It is important to spray in dry, clear weather or the next day after rain, when the leaves and stems are dry.

To speed up the solution preparation process, the crushed tablets are preliminarily diluted in 0.5 liters of water and the concentrate is poured into a common container with water.

If the solution with iodine

Strengthening the metranidazole solution with traditional antiseptics increases the efficiency significantly. A properly prepared composition includes:

  • 10 liters of warm water
  • 20 tablets Trichopolum
  • 10-15 drops of iodine.

With brilliant green

Zelenka is a proven method of disinfection; it copes well with late blight lesions of tomatoes.

1 bottle of brilliant green is added to a bucket of water with Trichopolum according to the usual scheme. The composition paints everything around, so spraying is carried out in protective clothing.

With potassium permanganate

Potassium permanganate is a well-known fighter against putrefactive processes. If you add several crystals to the Trichopolum solution, the effectiveness of the treatment will increase significantly.

To a bucket of water with Trichopolum, you need to add so much potassium permanganate so that the composition is pale pink, otherwise the plants will burn.

Advantages and disadvantages

Like any medicine, Trichopolum has its own advantages and disadvantages. The pluses include:

  • affordable cost
  • proven effectiveness
  • safety for humans.

Despite this, many gardeners are wary of its use and note that metranidazole is not officially approved for use in agronomy.

Precautions

Trichopolum in such a concentration does not pose a danger to human health. When spraying a plant, follow the traditional precautions:

  • processing is carried out in dry and calm weather
  • exposed skin is protected by clothing
  • a cotton-gauze bandage is put on the face.

Attention! Metronidazole is strictly prohibited for children under 3 years of age. The package of medicines must be kept out of the reach!

When can you harvest?

To avoid unnecessary ingestion of metranidazole into the body of a healthy person, the processing of plants is carried out 15-16 days before harvesting. If spraying was carried out, the tomatoes are thoroughly washed under running water.

Treatment of seeds or seedlings of tomatoes for prevention

Trichopolum is well established as a preventive measure. As a preventive measure, it is used as follows:

  1. treat seeds of nightshade and potato tubers before sowing
  2. soak seedling roots before planting for an hour
  3. sprayed healthy plants after pinching.

For all preventive procedures, it is recommended to use the traditional Trichopolum solution, tested by many gardeners. If the site is severely affected, then from the fall it is worth watering the soil with the same solution before digging.

Reviews of gardeners

  • Ekaterina, 32 years old, nurse. For me, a summer cottage is one of the ways to survive, because feeding three children with my salary is not so easy. I know well the composition of Trichopolum and its antiprotozoal action. I used it without fear on the advice of a neighbor in the country, as soon as phytophthora hit a couple of bushes. The drug worked quite effectively, no leaf burns were observed. But I give such tomatoes to children only after I wash them several times.
  • Valentin Valentinovich, 67, retired. A dacha for me is youth, and help, and pleasure. I take care of every bush with love, I treat every garden bed with my hands. They advised me to use trichopolum from late blight and I tried it. But I bought metranidazole at the pharmacy, after all, it's cheaper. I can say that it is effective. On my site, I dealt with blackness once or twice. But the neighbors even rotted pepper. I will water next year with potassium permanganate.
  • Ivan, 27, farmer. I grow a tomato in a greenhouse for sale. Trichopolus was used only once in late spring. The facility works, the distribution is suspended quickly. Ripe fruits are not bitter, have no aftertaste.

And more about the drug

Gardeners use Trichopolum to treat fruit rot on fruit trees, as a harmless analogue of serious pesticides. It is well compatible with other means of treating plants from fungus and does not "burn" the vegetative part.

On a note! The shelf life of Trichopolum tablets is 5 years.

Late blight to be treated is difficult and long, it is very difficult to remove it from the site. To save yourself from many problems, it is worth using harmless antifungal drugs at the very beginning of tomato infestation.


How to properly handle tomatoes?

When the first signs of damage appear, diseased fruits and vegetative parts are removed. Spraying of plants with a preparation from a spray bottle is carried out immediately. If the disease is steadily gaining momentum and there are a lot of sick bushes, it is necessary to water the plants at the root.

When using Trichopolum for the treatment of diseased plants, a number of basic rules should be observed:

  • processing is carried out in the morning or at sunset
  • carefully process the lower third of the bush
  • no more than 50 ml of the finished product is poured under 1 bush.

The course of treatment - 2-3 treatments with an interval of 10 days

It is important to spray in dry, clear weather or the next day after rain, when the leaves and stems are dry

To speed up the solution preparation process, the crushed tablets are preliminarily diluted in 0.5 liters of water and the concentrate is poured into a common container with water.

If the solution with iodine

Strengthening the metranidazole solution with traditional antiseptics increases the efficiency significantly. A properly prepared composition includes:

  • 10 liters of warm water
  • 20 tablets Trichopolum
  • 10-15 drops of iodine.

With brilliant green

Zelenka is a proven method of disinfection; it copes well with late blight lesions of tomatoes.

1 bottle of brilliant green is added to a bucket of water with Trichopolum according to the usual scheme. The composition paints everything around, so spraying is carried out in protective clothing.

With potassium permanganate

Potassium permanganate is a well-known fighter against putrefactive processes. If you add several crystals to the Trichopolum solution, the effectiveness of the treatment will increase significantly.

To a bucket of water with Trichopolum, you need to add so much potassium permanganate so that the composition is pale pink, otherwise the plants will burn.


Reviews about "Trichopol" from phytophthora

People's responses to the use of the drug on their own sites are different. Some say that it helps really well, so its use is fully justified. The disease after spraying them quickly recedes and does not reappear. And they also claim that they will use it better than any chemicals of unknown origin.

Others recommend "not to reinvent the wheel", but to spray tomato bushes with proven means: "Fitosporin", copper preparations, "Baktofit" and so on. Whose side to adhere to when reading reviews about "Trichopol" from phytophthora on tomatoes is up to you. Just remember: in the fight against this "enemy" all means are good. Therefore, you can use the drugs in the garden one by one.


Watch the video: Treating Late Blight on Tomatoes


Previous Article

Blue is one of the best potatoes

Next Article

Tree Stonecrop