Tomatoes are a very common, popular and healthy crop. There is not a single summer resident and gardener who would not be engaged in growing tomatoes. The experience of growing this vegetable crop suggests that the abundance and quality of the future tomato harvest directly depends on the proper care of the seedlings, and in particular on watering. Their volume and frequency at each stage of the development of a young plant is of great importance. Water is the source of life and nutrition for vegetable crops. The soil on which the tomato beds are located must be sufficiently moistened, at least eighty-five percent moisture.
Watering the seedlings must be done very carefully, as the plants are still fragile and can be easily damaged. When growing seeds in a greenhouse, it is advisable to water the first watering only after the active emergence of seedlings, after about 2-3 days. The topsoil will begin to dry out a little by this time. It is recommended to use a sprayer to water the seedlings. With its help, it is possible to regulate the amount of soil moisture and prevent water from getting on young plants.
All subsequent watering should be regular in time and moderate in the amount of moisture. Make sure that the soil does not dry out, but you should not fill it with abundant water. With excess moisture, the roots of young plants will begin to rot. Do not forget about feeding, which are necessary for tomato seedlings once a month. Organic fertilizers should be added directly to the irrigation water.
The onset of a favorable time for picking is determined by the presence of three or four full-fledged leaves in young shoots. The last watering is carried out two days before the process of diving seedlings. Plants are recommended to be planted in crumbly but slightly damp soil.
There is no need to water the plants for five days after the pick. During this period, it is very important that the root system is strengthened and developed. A special tray for a container with seedlings with a small amount of water will help her in this. Plants will reach for moisture with their roots and get stronger.
All subsequent watering should be done once a week or even ten days. As the tomato seedlings grow, irrigation water volumes and irrigation frequency will gradually increase. The first sign for starting the next watering is the topsoil that is starting to dry out.
When the tomato seedlings are strong enough and ready for transplanting into open ground, then you need to water the plants abundantly in about a day. This will help prevent damage to their root system when removed from the container.
In order for the seedlings to quickly adapt to new conditions and take root in the beds, it is necessary to water the plants abundantly, but not very often. Immediately after planting seedlings in open ground, watering is not required, since the day before, the plants were watered abundantly. This will be enough for the root system for survival for several days.
In the future, the irrigation scheme will depend on the stage of seedling development and weather conditions. It is necessary to adhere to the following recommendations:
It is very important for greenhouse tomato seedlings - to prevent excess moisture in the soil and on its surface. Since greenhouse conditions imply high air humidity, the first watering of seedlings can be carried out only with the appearance of the first seedlings, and the next after about 10-15 days. Excess moisture for tomato seedlings can be destructive, so one watering every ten days (in the spring) and once every five days in the summer is enough. The volume of liquid for each plant is approximately two and a half to three liters.
If your greenhouse has a container with irrigation water, then it must be covered with a tight lid or foil. Evaporation of water will lead to increased and excessive moisture, which can cause various diseases in tomatoes.
Seedlings are moistened only by watering with water at room temperature. Spraying is not required for this crop. Water should not come into contact with plant leaves and should not stagnate in the ground. For this purpose, it is recommended to loosen the soil near the plants after watering. To create favorable conditions for the development and growth of tomato seedlings, do not forget about airing. They must be carried out after complete absorption of irrigation water into the soil.
When the fruits of the tomatoes are fully formed and the harvest is approaching, you can speed up the ripening of the fruits a little. To do this, in about 15-20 days, it is worth completely stopping watering the tomato bushes. All the moisture that is in the root part will completely pass into the fruits and the tomatoes will quickly begin to take on their ripe color.
Small homemade greenhouses can often be found in ordinary apartments on window sills. It is more difficult to grow such seedlings due to the lack of the necessary humidity in the room. Seedlings appear much later, it is troublesome to take care of plants, and the quality of seedlings is slightly lower. Experienced gardeners recommend using their advice in order to avoid as much as possible various problems associated with growing seedlings in a mini-greenhouse.
Growing tomato seedlings begins in winter, when the heating season is in full swing. As strange as it sounds, hot batteries can also be used to humidify a mini greenhouse room. To do this, take any thick cloth (for example, a terry towel), moisten it thoroughly with water and hang it on the battery. This evaporation will greatly help the development of young plants.
No fertilizer should be applied before the pick. It is better to feed the seedlings when they are already in a separate container.
A good harvest of tomatoes, subject to all watering rules, is not so difficult to get. The main thing is to follow each rule at a certain stage of plant development and you will succeed.
The supply of plants with moisture should not be Imagine. a tall eggplant with leaves in a kind palm, into which bright spring roots beats. sun eggplant walled up in cut milk which, in a package of no more than 0.3 liters of settled soil. There are batteries outside the window, but it is warm and hot. Looking at how in 2-3 hours each eggplant leaves begin to droop, you will answer the question: "How many times a week should fertilizing watering be carried out?" So that the plants will be, you survived to water them as much as they ask - 2, or even 3 days at a time.
And here is another picture. Celery seedlings had the misfortune to be born during the period of sunless weather. Outside the window, overcast, when you want to turn on the light in the apartment during the day. Barely microscopic, the plants are visible to the naked eye, live and only grow thanks to round-the-clock electric light. Watering with Fertilizer was done immediately after the first emergence of shoots. When will the next one be needed?
persists If the weather is cloudy, the soil condition serves as a guide. Seedlings should be watered when the surface of the soil barely gives off coolness to the touch. Depending on the properties of the soil, humidity and air temperature, this moment can come in 3, 5 or even 6-7 days. If the sky has cleared, you need to water the plants on the first sunny day.
In the future, the celery plants are still small, they, despite the sunny weather and high temperatures, do not require a daily bow. watering is also slowly gaining vegetative watering, and their mass is not every day. Watering rarely, not that, forget each watering should be a calculation, with abundant so that some of the liquid poured out of the bottom holes.
So how many times a week should the seedlings be watered?
The frequency of watering varies from 1-2 to several to a week of watering per day and is determined exclusively by plant needs.
After sowing tomatoes for seedlings, you need to create the most optimal microclimate. For a quick successful germination at home, seeds need certain conditions: high humidity and temperature, which, if desired, can be easily provided.
Consider how to properly care for tomato seedlings after sowing and before germination of seedlings:
Watering for a tomato is necessary, since nutrients can only get to the plant with water. Therefore, it is very important to figure out how to properly water tomatoes?
For this vegetable to develop normally, it is necessary to maintain soil moisture within 85-90%. To check for moisture, you can take a handful of soil from a depth of about 10 cm and squeeze it into a ball. If a lump turned out, and when pressed easily disintegrated, then this is the necessary soil moisture for growing a tomato.
Until the first true leaf appears, the moisture reserve in the soil must be constant. Therefore, it is best to put boxes with tomato seedlings in trays and add water there as needed. It is best to water the seedlings in the morning with warm, settled water. Watering with snow or rain water is very useful. Alternatively, you can sprinkle with water after defrosting the ice from the refrigerator. Tomato seedlings are watered with so-called "living" water, which is prepared in a special way. Water is poured into a saucepan after the ice has melted, heated to a hot state (until steam appears), covered with a lid and quickly cooled under running cold water to a temperature of about 25 ° C. Now you can water your seedlings.
After the first real leaf has appeared on the tomato seedlings, it is dived, that is, transplanted into larger dishes. When picking, you need to try to transplant the plant with a lump of earth and not damage the small roots of the seedling. The transplanted seedlings are watered in a tray and placed in a place shaded from direct sunlight.
Watering tomatoes is rarely necessary, but abundant. Otherwise, with frequent, but scarce watering, tomatoes will develop poorly. Excessive watering can lower the temperature of the soil, which will adversely affect the fruit set. Therefore, the best option for watering a tomato: it is enough abundantly once or twice a week, avoiding flooding. Moreover, watering also depends on the phase of plant development. As a rule, tomato seedlings need to be watered frequently after planting. At the time when the fruits are set, the soil should also be sufficiently moist. But in the period from flowering to the setting of tomatoes, as well as during their ripening, the moisture of the earth can be moderate.
The method of watering this vegetable is also important. Avoid getting water on stems, leaves or fruits. You need to pour water under the root of the plant or into the furrows made between the rows of the tomato. Such watering will moisten the soil without increasing the humidity of the air. When irrigated with rain, drops of water remaining on the leaves can cause burns to the leaves and even contribute to the formation of late blight. But watering at the root should be very careful so that the stream of water does not erode the ground and expose the roots of the tomato.
In hot summer weather, the best time to water is early in the morning or about two hours before sunset. At this time, the water will not evaporate immediately under the scorching rays of the sun, but will gradually be absorbed into the soil. In cloudy weather, you can water at any time of the day. And after watering, it is advisable to mulch the ground under the tomato bushes. For this, you can use special foil, straw or compost. It is not necessary to loosen the ground after watering.
Now you know how to water tomato seedlings, but now let's find out why the seedlings are sprayed with copper sulfate? Before planting seedlings in open ground, in order to prevent infection with fungal diseases, tomato seedlings should be sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate. To prepare it, you need to dissolve 5 grams of copper sulfate in 3 liters of hot water and use this solution for spraying.
Watering tomato seedlings correctly will give you an excellent harvest of these healthy and tasty vegetables.
After planting, tomato seedlings need high-quality, complete care. Compliance with the necessary conditions and the implementation of the elements of care will help make the cultivation of seedlings at home successful, and in the future will allow you to get a tasty harvest of juicy tomatoes.
In order to properly care for young tomato seedlings, it is necessary to carry out regular watering, ensure normal temperature conditions and lighting, feed, and when the right time comes, make a pick.
Highlights of seedling care:
Not every watering can is useful for caring for plantings - the best option would be a vessel with a long narrow spout, which will provide spot watering with a weak stream. It is convenient to use a spray bottle or a rubber bulb (syringe), which, if necessary, can collect excess liquid.
Water is suitable for watering tomatoes:
Rainwater and melt water are softer, so they are preferable: with them, the sprouts gain strength faster, grow strong and healthy.
Filtered water is also good for irrigation.
It is not worth softening the water by boiling - during the heating process oxygen evaporates, and it is extremely necessary for plants.
It is useful to slightly acidify water for irrigation - dissolve about 1 g of citric acid or a peat tablet in a bucket of water.
If you do not observe the temperature regime of the water, the seedlings can weaken, get sick, and begin to stretch.
The best temperature is 20 to 24 degrees. Moreover, the seedlings that are germinated in the greenhouse need to be watered with warmer water at 24-25 degrees.
It is categorically impossible to water with cold water - tomatoes will become more prone to late blight.
You should not water tomato seedlings on a hot day, it is better to do it in the morning or evening. But in the evening, the earth can be moistened if the room is warm at night: in a cold room, wet soil can cause illness or root rot.
Watering tomato seedlings depends on the degree of formation of the plant.
Before diving during watering, seedlings can be fed. In addition to feeding, this will make the soil loose and soft, and prevent the seedlings from pulling out.
Before transplanting the seedlings to a permanent place, they are fed with ash - 1 glass per 8 liters of hot water. The mixture is insisted for a day, filtered. Half a glass of solution is added under one sprout.
It is convenient to grow seedlings in transparent cups - the moisture level and the condition of the roots are clearly visible.
Methods for determining the level of soil moisture in an opaque container:
If the test shows that the ground is fairly wet, there is no need to water the seedlings.
Proper watering of tomatoes plays a major role in the development of the plant. But how should you water so that the seedlings grow healthy? I will tell you how to properly water tomato seedlings after a pick.
Watering tomato seedlings is rarely necessary, but abundant. In this way, we water the tomatoes from the moment of picking to the harvest.
Diving tomato seedlings is necessary so that each plant receives a sufficient volume of air and substrate, and also strengthens the root system for further growth.
Before picking, the seedlings must be prepared, it is watered abundantly with warm water or a fertilizer solution. This will allow the soil to become loose and the plants will be easily removed from the container.
After picking, tomato seedlings cannot be watered for at least 4-5 days, or even a week. Instead of watering tomatoes, it is better to pour warm water into trays, then, as needed, young plants will receive moisture.
Then we set the watering schedule, it is advisable to water the tomatoes every 7-10 days. We water it only in the morning, preferably on sunny days. Seedlings can stretch out if watered on cloudy days.