The Gardenia plant is native to China, it is highly esteemed by growers, and for this reason it is the most cultivated plant in the world. The reason why the plant is very popular is the foliage which is very decorative, with a glossy green color, and the large and fragrant white flowers, which are located immediately under the leaves.

Environment and exposure

The Gardenia appreciates a temperate climate, for this reason it should be exposed in summer in warm places, and it should be kept humid all the time. On the other hand, in winter, the plant must absolutely be returned home and kept away from winds or other atmospheric events that could damage the plant. When it is brought into the house it must stay away from heat sources such as radiators and from possible contrary, the cold blows make the leaves yellow. Even when in the apartment, the gardenia loves humidity, it wants moist earth but without stagnation of water in the saucer.

  • Gardenia plant

    There are many varieties of Gardenia seeds but the ones we will find in the shops will be the descendants of the "mother plant" imported from Asia 2 centuries ago. To favor the germination of the se ...


The right soil for the Gardenia plant must be very light, for this reason it is necessary to mix one half of soil consisting of fertile earth, and another of sand and peat. On the market there are excellent peat compounds containing pumice or medium perlite, these soils are suitable for the cultivation of gardenia because they remain soft and thanks to the peat they retain moisture longer. The Gardenia loves the humidity of the soil but like all plants it fears water stagnation, to avoid stagnation it is good to place a layer of expanded clay of about 5 cm on the bottom of the pot which will create the right drainage of the water.

Planting and repotting

The planting of the gardenia must be done at every beginning of spring, that is in the period between March and April. When doing this, be very careful not to damage the roots for no reason.


Since the Gardenia is a fairly delicate plant, even when it receives a watering, it must be done in the most delicate and simple way possible. The first precaution to do is that the water with which you water the plant must be lukewarm, and must not contain any trace of limestone inside. In the latter case, if you want to fix the fact that your water contains limescale, all you have to do is add a few drops of vinegar to the pot when you boil it. Once we are sure of this eventuality, we reiterate that it is very important to leave the soil moist, but at the same time do not overdo it with watering as it could create stagnation that would damage the Gardenia plant. In order not to make this mistake, it would be advisable to spray water only on the leaves, taking care not to wet the flowers as well. Another remedy to ensure that your plant is kept moist is to take some gravel, some clay on which you then place the pot. Finally, as always, leave some water at the bottom of the saucer, being careful not to let the water touch the vase.


Gardenias, like most houseplants, must also be fertilized with a liquid fertilizer that must be well diluted with the water you use for watering. This operation should be done about every fortnight in the period from spring to summer, and only every two months in autumn and winter. Furthermore, in the fertilizer you will use, read the label carefully to make sure that it contains fundamental elements such as Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P), Potassium (K), and microelements that are important for the growth of Gardenia, such as Iron (FE), Zinc (Zn), Manganese (Mn), Copper (Cu), Boron (B).


A very important phase in the growth of a Gardenia is pruning. It should not be done very often but only after the flowering of the plant, in fact in this case the branches are shortened to ensure that the plant maintains a compact and tidy shape over time. Furthermore, during the summer period, a topping is also carried out at the apexes of the plant to keep the plant much thicker. During the summer the topping of the vegetative apexes is also carried out to have a thicker gardenia. Finally, we do the usual in-depth analysis of the tool to use when you do this. In fact, always take care to treat the object so as not to infect the plant.


The Gardenia plant reproduces by seed, but in this case you will have to be careful when choosing the method of multiplying the plant, because you can have both seedlings identical to the mother plant and completely dissimilar plants. This all depends on the quality of the seed. If you are interested in having daughter seedlings, copies of the mother, you will need to buy high quality seeds. Conversely, use less important seeds from a qualitative point of view.


The flowering of the Gardenia occurs in the period from spring to summer, where the plant develops very large and elegant white flowers.

Diseases and parasites

One of the most important infections that Gardenia can suffer is the fall of leaves that occurs prematurely, all due to a wrong use of the cultivation technique. A useful remedy for the plant to recover is to eliminate the rotten roots and isolate those that are still in good condition. Another disease directly affects the leaves and flowers, causing them to turn yellow. Tuccio this happens because watering is done very abundantly; a remedy would be to limit watering for a short time.

Language of flowers

The language of flowers is a different method of communicating than the one usually used by all of us. It is the possibility of expressing sensations that are not always able to be pronounced with words but that can be revealed by choosing the most suitable type or variety of flower. Gardenia is the symbol of sincerity. The pure white color of its flowers brings back an image of purity and grace and is therefore highly appreciated when it is received as a gift. It is the suitable flower to give to friends or people towards whom we feel a particular affection because it is a symbol of friendship and solidarity. Its particular beauty makes the gardenia an almost royal flower, refined and suitable for decorating the rooms of the house and adding a touch of elegance to the environment.

Vincent Gardenia

Vincent Gardenia (born Vincenzo Gardenia Scognamiglio January 7, 1920 - December 9, 1992) [1] was an Italian-American stage, film, and television actor. He was nominated twice for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, first for Bang the Drum Slowly (1973) and again for Moonstruck (1987). He also portrayed Det. Frank Ochoa in Death Wish (1974) and its 1982 sequel, as well as Mr. Mushnik in the musical film adaptation of Little Shop of Horrors (1986).

Gardenia's other notable feature films include Murder Inc. (1960), The Hustler (1961), The Front Page (1974), Greased Lightning (1977) and Heaven Can Wait (1978).

Born to an Italian family on the Lower East Side of Manhattan and raised in Brooklyn, [1] New York, Guardino appeared on stage, in films, and on television. His Broadway theater credits included A Hatful of Rain, One More River (earning a Tony Award nomination for Best Featured Actor in a Play for his performance), Anyone Can Whistle, The Rose Tattoo, The Seven Descents of Myrtle, and Woman of the Year.

Guardino's other film credits include Houseboat, Pork Chop Hill (about the Korean War), The Five Pennies, King of Kings, Madigan, Lovers and Other Strangers, Dirty Harry and The Enforcer. He was nominated twice for the Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actor. He guest starred on John Cassavetes's 1959–1960 series, Johnny Staccato, the story of a pianist / private detective in New York City.

In 1960, Guardino appeared as Johnny Caldwell in the episodes "Perilous Passage", "The O'Mara's Ladies", and "Daughter of the Sioux" in the NBC western series Overland Trail starring William Bendix and Doug McClure. McClure two years later would join the long-running The Virginian series on NBC after a preceding stint on the CBS detective series Checkmate.

In 1964, he was cast in a CBS series entitled The Reporter, a drama about a hard-hitting investigative journalist named Danny Taylor. His principal co-star was Gary Merrill as city editor Lou Sheldon. He had co-starred with Merrill the year before in "The Human Factor" episode of The Outer Limits.

In 1971 Guardino starred in the short-lived series Monty Nash. Guardino had a continuing role as Perry Mason's nemesis, Hamilton Burger, in the 1973 television series The New Perry Mason and a recurring role on Angela Lansbury's Murder, She Wrote. He made guest appearances in dozens of television series, including Studio One, Target: The Corruptors!, The Eleventh Hour, Untouchables, Alfred Hitchcock Presents, Kraft Television Theater, Playhouse 90, Dr. Kildare, The Lloyd Bridges Show, Route 66, Ben Casey, Hawaii Five-O, Night Gallery, Twelve O'Clock High, Love, American Style, The Greatest Show on Earth, Kojak, Hunter, The Streets of San Francisco, Jake and the Fatman, Cheers and The Untouchables with Robert Stack. He had the lead role of Det. Lee Gordon in the 1969 made-for-television suspense film The Lonely Profession.

In 1993, a Golden Palm Star on the Palm Springs, California, Walk of Stars was dedicated to him. [2]

They watch died of lung cancer in Palm Springs, California in 1995. [3]

Menu and Wine Lists

Giardina's features steaks, seafood, pastas, and the chef's off-the-menu creations.

" >

Giardiniera (Italian Pickled Vegetables)

Nutrition Facts
Servings: 4 to 8
Amount per serving
Calories 58
% Daily Value *
Total Fat 1g 1%
Saturated Fat 0g 1%
Cholesterol 0mg 0%
Sodium 962mg 42%
Total Carbohydrate 11g 4%
Dietary Fiber 4g 15%
Protein 3g
Calcium 64mg 5%
* The% Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.

Giardiniera – or mixed pickled vegetables – are usually referred to in Italy simply as pickles, literally meaning "under vinegar." They often appear as part of a standard Italian antipasto mixed, and they also work very well with boiled meats in the winter months.

It would be better to store it in several smaller jars, rather than one large one because the contents of an open jar lose their freshness. Select jars with lids that seal well and (optional, but handy) the little plastic mesh depressors that keep the contents of a jar submerged.

This recipe does not require processing in a hot water bath because the vinegar-brine solution is all that's necessary in this case to preserve the vegetables be sure to use a good-quality vinegar for the best results.

Gardenia Eau de Parfum Chanel for women

Main accords

Perfume rating 4.12 out of 5 with 318 votes

Gardenia Eau de Parfum by Chanel is a Floral fragrance for women. Gardenia Eau de Parfum was launched in 2016. Top note is Green Leaves middle notes are Gardenia, Fruity Notes and Coconut base note is Vanilla.

Gardenia Eau de Parfum, "an imaginary creation," is an intense and opulent floral fragrance of creamy gardenia. It is described as a feminine fragrance that carries the blinding light of summer. Mademoiselle Chanel liked white flowers, as her emblem was camellia. Since it has no scent, gardenia is chosen as the next best thing.

The fragrance is available as a 75 ml and a 200 ml Eau de Parfum.

Top Notes

Middle Notes

Base Notes

Fragrantica® Trends is a relative value that shows the interest of Fragrantica members in this fragrance over time.

Perfume longevity: 2.62 out of 5.

Perfume sillage: 2.31 out of 4.

Become a member of this online perfume community and you will be able to add your own reviews.

This is a very light perfume, one that starts off as an intense white floral, with quite strong sillage before settling close to the skin.

The opening is an intense white floral one, I can’t really distinguish anything and it settles before revealing the white floral-honey like heart. The base is an almost amber like vanilla affair.

I don't really get any of the green notes but I can understand why people might be getting them as there is some kind of open, light scent there that reminds me of open fields on a summers day. There is also a slightly nutty scent which might be coconut.

All in all, it's a very nice fragrance but is very light and if you want something that has good sillage, I would avoid this.

This reminds me of an East Coast outdoor wedding. I can see the grounds of this fabulous mansion decorated so perfectly complimented by all the Gardenias in full bloom which waft their scented gifts all around.

The guests are mingling, mainly the well heeled and well connected. There are no plebs at this wedding, just quiet understated old money and good taste.

The bride wafts in and around the guests in her gorgeous gown, hair swept into a loose knot with just a complimentary touch of make up, enough to enhance her beautiful skin and stunning smile.

She wears Chanel Gardenia and no one is offended. It blends beautifully with its surroundings.

This is a lady who is gentle, elegant, grounded and poised. Others admire her from afar. To them, she is always put together and can seem reserved. To herself, she is in a relaxed state of mind, she finds comfort, she does not try to stand out this is effortless.

On the surface, this is not unique or interesting. Yet everything is so finely tuned and perfected, you can only appreciated it from the inside.

This is a pretty, elegant scent.

A scenario: she is the host of a big garden party in her own home for some kind of special occasion - perhaps it’s a fundraiser. It’s late spring, a little humid, but the weather’s supposed to clear for the party (of course it will, it will be a perfect party). “Gardenia” is what she would wear running last-minute errands. Perhaps she picks up the flowers herself (it’s a little Miss Dalloway but a lot more modern). Her scent lingers behind her as she efficiently ticks off her to do list. She does not sweat and her hair does not frizz. On the day of the party itself, however, she wouldn’t wear Gardenia. It’s not remarkable enough for that. Oh, she wouldn’t want to smell offensive - but there would just be more gravitas to her scent that day.

I am not the host of any garden party (luckily) but Gardenia does make me walk up a bit more straight. It’s a somewhat cold scent, I think, that makes me feel clean and a little mean. It is nice, but I don’t find it very interesting: I think that if I want to smell like a rich, elegant, cold lady, I’d like to smell the way she would smell at the party. I also find the fruity notes a little too pronounced (although I wouldn’t describe this as a sweet scent). It was fun to try this, but wouldn’t go for a full bottle.


  • 1 Life
  • 2 Run for governor
  • 3 Writing career
    • 3.1 Good King Harry
    • 3.2 Coalfield novels
    • 3.3 Saints and Villains
    • 3.4 Later work
  • 4 Awards and recognition
  • 5 Bibliography
  • 6 Critical works about Denise Giardina
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Giardina was born October 25, 1951 in Bluefield, West Virginia, and grew up in the small coal mining camp of Black Wolf, located in rural McDowell County, West Virginia, and later in Kanawha County, where she graduated from high school. [1] Like the rest of the community, her family's survival was dependent upon the prosperity of the mine. Giardina's grandfather and uncles worked underground and her father kept the books for Page Coal and Coke. Her mother was a nurse. [2] When the mine closed, her family moved to the state capital of Charleston. [3] As a member of a coal-mining family, and growing up with a 1960s social consciousness, Giardina often found herself in political conflict with the people and culture around her. [4]

Giardina received a BA in history from West Virginia Wesleyan College in 1973. [2] She pursued graduate work at Marshall University in Huntington, West Virginia, and was preparing to go to law school. At this point, however, Giardina found a new spiritual home in the Episcopal church, which she found to be more broad-minded than the fundamentalist Methodism of her childhood. Her pastor, Jim Lewis, provided reading suggestions that helped steer Giardina from law school to seminary: [5] "I thought I was called to be ordained. I realized later I went because I needed that education for writing. [My books] are actually more theological than political. " [2] She received a Masters of Divinity from the Virginia Theological Seminary in Alexandria, Virginia in 1979, was ordained as an Episcopal deacon, and returned to lead a church in the area of ​​West Virginia where she grew up. [2] However, she soon found herself in a conflict with superiors in the church due to her criticism of the coal companies, and left within a year. She moved to Washington, DC, where she joined a peace campaign and lived communally with some radical Christians in an inner city outpost. [2] This is when she began writing her first novel, Good King Harry. She later moved back to rural West Virginia for a while, then took a job as a congressional aide in Charleston. The novel eventually sold to Harper and Row, and was published in 1984. [4]

As a political activist Giardina participated in and wrote about Appalachian labor-capital conflicts, including the A. T. Massey coal strike of the mid-1980s, and the Pittston coal strike of 1989-1990. [1] In the following years she was vocal in her critique of surface mining and other environmental issues, particularly mountaintop removal coal mining. These issues informed her unsuccessful gubernatorial run in 2000. [6] Giardina credits her mother and her upbringing in a conservative fundamentalist church for shaping her political sensibilities. Though she sought a more liberal religious setting later, her early church experience inculcated Giardina with basic values ​​of charity and fairness that reinforced her mother's lessons on justice and tolerance. Her mother herself was not a fundamentalist, though many other family members and most of the surrounding community were, including Giardina's only brother. [5]

In 2004 Giardina was the Writer-In-Residence at Hollins University and taught a course in Virginia and West Virginia fiction. [7]

Giardina lives in Charleston and taught at West Virginia State University until 2015. [7] In 2007 she was reinstated as an ordained deacon in the Episcopal Church. [8]

Her papers [9], including notebooks, artifacts, correspondence, manuscripts, and family photos are held in the Archives & Manuscripts at West Virginia University's West Virginia & Regional History Center.

The Mountain Party of West Virginia was born as a result of Charlotte Pritt's 1992 and 1996 candidacies for Governor of West Virginia. Giardina became the first statewide nominee of the new party in the 2000 general election. She received 10,416 votes, 1.61% of the vote, coming in third behind Democrat Bob Wise and Republican incumbent Cecil H. Underwood. [10] Her platform included many of the environmental and miners' rights issues she worked on as an activist. [1]

Giardina says that though her writing focused her emerging political views, it took the controversy over mountain top removal mining to move her to political action.

They have the nerve to say to us they should be allowed to destroy our mountains because they create jobs. The mafia creates jobs. The Colombian drug cartel creates jobs, pimps create jobs, and they're the same kind of jobs that destroy communities and even exploit the people that they employ. King Coal is dead. Long live the people of West Virginia.

According to Still journal, her "anti-mountaintop removal platform she became a folk hero and is often looked to as one of the primary commentators on the state of contemporary Appalachia". [7]

In all of her books, Giardina is interested in the complexities and ambiguities of the individual destined to answer the call of his or her particular moment. [1] Though largely recognized as an Appalachian writer, she has been defined, and defines herself, as primarily a theological writer. [11] Giardina became interested in the Appallachian tradition of storytelling at an early age, and this oral literary heritage of the mountains informed much of her later work. [4]

Good King Harry Edit

Giardina began working on her first novel, Good King Harry, while living in Washington DC. She completed the book, told in the first-person voice of King Henry V, after returning to West Virginia. Unable to sell it, she took a class with visiting novelist George Garrett, who helped with revisions and also recommended Giardina to agent Jane Gelfman, who sold the novel to Aaron Asher at Harper & Row. Harry was published in 1984. [2] Despite positive reviews, the novel sold poorly. Denise Giardina also wrote guest columns for The Charleston Gazette and submitted pieces to The Washington Post.

Coalfield novels Edit

Her next novel, Storming Heaven, was published in 1987. In her previous work Giardina feared being pigeonholed as a "regional" writer, but this time she returned to her roots, setting the novel in the coalfields along the West Virginia – Kentucky border during the West Virginia Mine Wars. [4] It covers the period 1890–1921, when coal miners fought to be unionized. The climax of the novel is based upon the historical 1921 Battle of Blair Mountain, when in 1921 U.S. Army troops marched on a small group of resisting miners working to create a fledgling union. The mining camp Giardina spent her childhood in was less than 100 miles from Blair Mountain and served as the model for the town of Winco in the novel.

Giardina's 1992 novel, The Unquiet Earth, also explores life in the coalfields of West Virginia from the 1930s into the 1980s. Both novels follow characters either fighting or accommodating King Cole, are written from the first-person perspective of several narrators, in regional dialect, enabling readers to clearly understand the characters' views of the United Mine Workers of America and the hope that they invest in the union. Some of the characters in The Unquiet Earth are descendants of those in Storming Heaven, and one, Jackie, is an alter-ego of Giardina herself. Giardina incorporates a diversity of portraits, not only of coal miners, but also of coal operators, politicians (local and national), and VISTA workers into the two stories. The novel also chronicles the continual lack of concern for human life by the coal mine operators. This includes such important issues as Coalworker's pneumoconiosis and culminates in a catastrophic flood at the novel's end, the author's fictionalization of the 1972 Buffalo Creek Disaster. Giardina also captures such aspects of life in Appalachia as religion and racism.

The decision to use dialect was a costly one for Giardina, resulting in her scrapping nearly 500 pages of the original 3rd-person manuscript of Storming Heaven. But she had come to the realization that "the people had to tell their own stories". [2] This novel also had trouble finding a publisher, but it did put Giardina on the "critical map" as it was very well-received. Both coal-country novels were inspired in part by Wuthering Heights, with its rugged landscape and tales of women "who have this passion for a difficult man." Both books contain union organizers more committed to their cause than their lovers. Bonhoeffer, her next main character in Saints and Villains, also fits that pattern: "I guess in none of my books are the personal relationships real easy." [2] Giardina also drew on local histories, childhood memories and even people she met in eastern Kentucky, where she lived in a "hovel" while writing The Unquiet Earth and also volunteering for a citizens' group fighting strip mining. She moved to Durham, North Carolina while still working on the novel, got a bookstore job, and studied with novelist Laurel Goldman at Duke University. The class helped Giardina recognize the value of what she had been doing intuitively and gave her the confidence to teach writing. [2]

Saints and Villains Edit

Another parallel between her characters and herself was the idea of ​​needing to leave home in order to gain perspective on it. having spent some time away while writing about West Virginia, Giardina moved back to Charleston, and took a job teaching at West Virginia State University. Both feeling more at home and experiencing more financial security, she began to work on her next novel, 1999's Saints and Villains. The book is a fictionalized retelling of the life of Dietrich Bonhoeffer, a German Lutheran pastor who opposed fascism, became involved in a plot to assassinate Hitler and was hanged by the Nazis for his theological principles.

The novel dwells upon moral decisions, most notably the acceptability of sin if the sin will prevent a greater evil. Giardina immersed herself in Bonhoeffer's life, attracted to the story because of the ambiguities of the situation. Grappling with the moral and theological struggles in the book also brought Giardina back to her church, in a journey to "live in God" that culminated with her being re-ordained in 2007. The novel is her first narrated in the third-person. In a mirror image of her experience with Storming Heaven, she began it in the first-person, and junked the first 50 pages in order to start over. She also decided to shift from past to present tense for the book's final scenes, adding suspense to the question of whether the imprisoned Bonhoeffer would be freed by the advancing Allies. [2]

The title comes from a quote from Bonhoeffer: "Today there are once more saints and villains". She used lines from Mozart's Mass in C Minor to frame Bonhoeffer's saga and Germany's slide into Nazism and war, and the music's liner notes helped her build the character of SS officer Alois Bauer, a music lover who is a composite of Bonhoeffer's real interrogators. Some of the novels characters are real historical figures, others invented by Giardina. Some dates and events were moved around for the story's purposes.

Saints and Villains was awarded the Boston Book Review fiction prize and was semifinalist for the International Dublin Literary Award.

Later work Edit

In Fallam's Secret, published in 2003, Giardina explores Appalachian magical realism within a time-travel murder-mystery. [12] In 2009, Giardina published Emily's Ghost, a fictionalized biography of poet and novelist Emily Bronte. Both novels received warm, though not rave reviews. However, the fact that major national reviewer attended to her work was an achievement her previous, only-later more appreciated work, failed to accomplish. [12] [13] [14] [15]

In 2015, Giardina announced she was working on a memoir and a new novel, and noted that she had begun writing plays, though none had yet achieved production. [7] Her Appalachian novels have been taught in university courses. [7] [11]

  • 2004 - Included on the West Virginia Literary Map, From A Place Called Solid: West Virginia and its Writers, from the West Virginia Folk Life Center at Fairmont State University.
  • 2002 - Appalachian Heritage Writer-in-Residence at Shepherd University
  • 2000 - Chaffin Award for Appalachian Writing from Morehead State University, Saints and Villains
  • 1999 - Fisk Fiction Prize, Saints and Villains
  • 1999 - Boston Book Review Fiction Prize, Saints and Villains[16]
  • 1997 - West Virginia Library Association Literary Merit Award
  • 1996 - National Endowment for the Arts grant
  • 1993 - American Book Award, The Unquiet Earth[16]
  • 1992 - Weatherford Award for Significant Appalachian Work, Fiction, Unquiet Earth
  • 1992 - Lillian Smith Book Award, Storming Heaven[17]
  • 1988 - Appalachian Book of the Year, Storming Heaven
  • 1988 - National Endowment for the Arts grant
  • 1987 - Weatherford Award for Significant Appalachian Work, Fiction, Storming Heaven[16]
  • Emily's Ghost. New York: Norton, 2009.
  • Fallam's Secret. New York: Norton, 2003.
  • Saints and Villains. New York: Fawcett, 1998.
  • Unquiet Earth. New York: Norton, 1992.
  • Storming Heaven. New York: Random House, 1987.
  • Good King Harry. New York: Harper, 1984.

  • Backcountry: Contemporary Writing in West Virginia, Irene McKinney (Editor). Morgantown [W.Va.]: Vandalia Press, 2002.
  • Bloodroot: Reflections on Place by Appalachian Women Writers, Joyce Dyer (Editor) Univ Pr of Kentucky, 1997.

In March 2020, George Fox University professor [18] William Jolliff's book Heeding the Call: A Study of Denise Giardina's Novels was published by West Virginia University Press. [11] In the book, Jolliff dedicates a chapter to each of the writer and activist's novels, examining them from three perspectives: Regional, political, and theological. [11] He analyzes her use of history and writing technique, as well as delving into the themes of significance in each of her works. [11] He concludes that though her writing is largely informed by her own religious beliefs, Giardina never provides theological answers to the issues raised in her very political fiction rather, she pushes both characters and readers to confront and wrangle with ever more complex and challenging moral and philosophical questions. [11]

Video: Coladera Mix

Previous Article

Easy To Grow Flower Seeds: The Best Starter Flower Seeds For New Gardeners

Next Article

Advice For Christmas Cactus Care