Both in office premises and in apartments there is a place for dracaena. They are beautiful, varied in shape and color, and easily fit into the interior. But the appearance of these plants depends on the correct care for them.
It is a pleasure to admire the dracaena! It is not surprising that flower growers take pictures of their plants with pleasure and post these pictures on the Internet.
Dracaena is an unpretentious plant. But there are certain nuances of its transplantation and development, which should be considered before starting breeding.
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A place near a window with good lighting, without direct sunlight and drafts, is ideal for these plants.
The plant will develop well at temperatures from 18 to 24 degrees in summer, not lower than 12 degrees in winter, without sudden changes. In the summer, you can take it out into the fresh air.
Dracaena are comfortable in moderate and high humidity, so it is useful to spray them, wipe the leaves, and delight them with a warm shower.
Dracaena needs uniform constant soil moisture, but without waterlogging, as otherwise the roots can rot. In the summer they water it when the topsoil dries out. In winter, water is watered much less often (about once every 2 months), but they do not allow the earth to dry out completely. The soil is loosened slightly between waterings to allow air to penetrate to the roots. Water is required at room temperature.
To water dracaena, you need to use water at room temperature.
In the period from April to August, once every 2 weeks, they are fed with fertilizers for indoor flowers, added to the water for irrigation, then feeding is limited, in winter they are almost never fed. Otherwise, the rest period will be violated, which will lead to depletion of the dracaena.
In order to propagate dracaena on your own, you must follow a number of rules, read about this: https://diz-cafe.com/rastenija/dratsena-razmnozhenie-v-domashnih-usloviyah.html
Vegetative propagation of all types of dracaena is performed using pieces of the trunk, layering, apical cuttings.
Pruning is performed to enhance branching and give original forms by cutting off the upper part of the shoot. Soon below the cut, shoots will begin to develop from the thickenings that have appeared.
Pruning dracaena allows you to give the plant its original shape
A transplant is called a complete replacement of the earth during transplantation with the possible transfer of the plant to another container. This is an effective tool for giving the plant new strength.
The basis for making a decision to transplant is the following:
The new pot should be 2 cm wider than the old one. A guideline is also the following: for plants with a height of 40 cm, a pot with a diameter of at least 15 cm is needed. Ceramic and plastic pots are suitable. If the reason for replanting is the need to simply replace the soil, then the pot can be left the same, but it must be disinfected. There should be holes in the bottom of the pot for excess water to drain.
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The pot is filled with new soil, since elements harmful to the plant can accumulate in the old soil. You can use commercially available formulations for palm indoor flowers. But it is cheaper and more useful to prepare the mixture on your own: 3 part of sod land, 1 part of humus, 1 part of river sand, 1 part of leaf land. The soil should be somewhat damp. You can check for optimal moisture by squeezing a little soil in the palm of your hand. The lump should crumble when touched.
The best time to transplant is late winter - early spring, it can be transplanted until August. In the rest of the months, it is better not to touch the plants.
Transshipment is a type of transplanting, when a plant is taken out of a pot along with a lump of earth and, without affecting the roots, is transferred (rearranged) into a new larger pot. The voids are filled with prepared earth.
This method is used in autumn (if necessary) if the condition of the plant is good and there is no need to replace the land. The transshipment is more gentle for the plant, therefore it can be applied several times a year.
If there are remarks about the appearance of the dracaena, or the capacity and soil does not inspire confidence, the plant is transplanted immediately with the replacement of both the pot and the earth. If the plant is cheerful, and the pot is not bad, it is better not to injure the dracaena unnecessarily, but transplant it after a month by transshipment.
It is better not to replant large dracaenas unless absolutely necessary, since they will take root with difficulty, and the transfer of a huge tree is laborious. It is better to gently loosen the top layer of moist soil (about 4 cm) once a year, trying not to touch the roots, select it and replace it with new soil.
After transplanting, the plant experiences severe stress, it takes time for the root system to get used to new conditions, so that new roots begin to form. The first watering is plentiful. Excess water, having moistened the entire earthen lump, should collect in the pan. The transplanted dracaena are rarely watered, because the root system has not yet braided an earthen ball, and the water is slowly absorbed and evaporated.
The next watering is performed after the top layer of the earthen coma dries out (by 2-3 cm). After 10 days, you can give a single root stimulant Kornevin (1 gram / liter of water). The plant is placed in a shady place for a week, sprayed to avoid drying out. After that, plant care becomes standard.
Both transplanting and pruning are stressful for the plants. When transplanting, the dracaena builds up new roots; when pruning, the existing roots work to form new shoots. These procedures should not be combined unnecessarily.
The need for such actions arises if it is necessary to save the diseased dracaena. It is pruned and transplanted into new soil. This can be done only in the spring period of active growth. The living crown is put on rooting.
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To get a healthy and viable plant as a result of transplanting, follow the following algorithm:
Rooted dracaena cuttings are planted in a similar way, excluding root washing. If the cutting was rooted in the ground, then the earthen lump can be saved.
During transplantation of dracaena, it is necessary to cut off excess roots and remove their rotten parts.
A transplant can harm the dracaena if it needed watering at the time of transplanting or was just watered.
For the first 2 weeks, the plant tries to adapt to new conditions, so it can drop and lose leaves. But if the plant continues to suffer, it is necessary to analyze:
Dracena can be helped by adjusting the irrigation and irrigation regime, creating a microclimate - covering the plant with a perforated plastic bag for a week. It can be sprinkled with Zircon growth stimulant (2 drops per 200 ml). If the plant continues to die, repeat the entire transplanting process.
Sometimes dracaena is confused with another plant of the Dracaena family - cordilina. You can distinguish them by their roots. In dracaena they are orange, in cordilina they are white. Cordilina forms a lot of root growth.
The root layer of cordilina in water gives roots
Please dracaena with the right care - and she will give you the pleasure of beauty.
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It is not difficult to transplant the dracaena that decorates the interior of the apartment. However, the procedure requires careful implementation. Otherwise, there is a risk of harming the ornamental deciduous plant. A tree injured during the transplant process can get sick and even die. The false palm should be transplanted, following the rules of the procedure.
Despite the undemanding conditions of maintenance and care, the dracaena needs to be periodically transplanted into a larger container. This measure is necessary so that the decorative culture does not get sick and retains its spectacular appearance. A competently carried out transplant is an important component of caring for a houseplant.
A young false palm is transplanted at home at least once every 1-2 years. The procedure is carried out in the spring months, when the process of active sap flow begins and the tree is intensively developing. This period is most favorable for transplantation. Dracaena will tolerate manipulation without undesirable consequences. It is forbidden to carry it out in the autumn or winter, when the plant is dormant.
Sometimes you can do without it. It is enough just to replace the topsoil.
Highly a large adult false palm is transplanted in an exceptional case, if a:
It is recommended to transplant an ornamental culture during the entire growing season., from spring to autumn (mid-October).
Preparing for transplanting a false palm into a larger pot is to stock up on everything you need for the procedure:
In the process of transplanting an indoor flower, tools like a pruner or garden shears, as well as a water spray (spray bottle), come in handy.
New a pot for transplanting an ornamental culture must meet a number of requirements:
Dracaena is distinguished by undemanding soil quality. False palms grow well in breathable, moderately nutritious, neutral or slightly acidic (6 PH) soil enriched with peat. The ideal option is a commercially available palm growing medium.
It is permissible to make the soil mixture yourself by combining the following components:
It is desirable to enrich the soil mixture with useful additives:
They will improve the structure of the soil, making it looser. Coal will prevent root rotting due to its ability to absorb moisture.
Self-prepared soil is subject to sterilization. It is advisable to subject the procedure to a purchased substrate, as well as drainage. It will ensure the destruction of fungi and parasite larvae. You will need to warm up the earth in an oven at a temperature of +200 ⁰С or in a microwave oven.
Sterilization is performed following the sequence of actions:
The soil mixture, which contains coal, is carefully warmed up. There is a risk of it catching fire in the oven. You will need to add more water.
As a drainage, you can use:
Previously used drainage is not reused... It contains many harmful salts.
Dracaena does not like it when its root system is affected. Therefore, you should strictly adhere to the instructions for transplanting a false palm.
Transshipment is the most gentle transplanting technique. It is applicable to mature, healthy plants. In the process of transshipment, a clod of earth is preserved. New soil is poured between the pot walls and the lump. Dracaena tolerates manipulation well, without spending energy on adaptation to new growing conditions.
Dracaena transshipment requires compliance with a number of actions:
Transplanting a large false palm (several meters high) is not an easy task. In case of an urgent need for this procedure, you will need to enlist the help of another person. It is difficult to transplant a large dracaena alone.
The transplant is carried out in stages:
Frequent transplanting for any flower will be disastrous. So you need to carry out this procedure only when necessary. Before planting a plant in another pot, you should make sure that the procedure is really needed. A transplant is only required in certain cases.
In case of excessive watering, the dracene needs an urgent transplant.
In the cases described above, the transplant is carried out as soon as possible. It is impossible to postpone the procedure, since in case of diseases, stagnation of water, the plant begins to die quickly.
Experienced florists recommend adhering to simple rules and recommendations when transplanting a plant. The flower is very hardy and withstands all manipulations with ease. To properly transplant dracaena at home, you need to prepare:
After preliminary preparation and obtaining the necessary knowledge, you can proceed directly to the transplant process. To transplant the dracaena into another pot: