Zamioculcas - Araceae - How to care for, grow and flower Zamioculcas plants



There Zamioculcas it is a very popular and widespread plant for its ease of cultivation and for the beauty of its leaves.






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: Zamioculcas zamiifolia


In the genre Zamioculcas of the family of Araceae we find a single species, the Zamioculcas zamiifolia very common plant in pot cultivation. It is a plant that has become popular only about ten years ago and it is possible to buy it easily in nurseries thanks to the beauty of its leaves and the ease of cultivation, as it can tolerate our cultivation "horrors" without too much effort.

It is an evergreen succulent plant, native to tropical Africa and is appreciated for the beauty of its foliar apparatus, characterized by fleshy, lanceolate, pinnate leaves, of a beautiful intense green color and very shiny, so much so as to suggest that they have been treated with products polishes.

It is a plant that does not exceed 60-70 cm in height and is very slow growing.

It has underground bulbs and produces numerous basal suckers.

The flowers are gathered in inflorescences very similar to those of the calla lilies (in the family of Araceae it is also part of lacalla, lo Spatiphillum, andAnthurium, just to name a few) yellowish in color, although it must find ideal conditions to bloom in the apartment.


There Zamioculcas zamiifolia is an easy to grow plant that adapts quite well to the normal conditions of our apartments.

It fears low temperatures which should not drop below 15 ° C while it can tolerate temperatures of 30 ° C without major problems. In temperate climates the plant, starting from spring and throughout the summer, can be brought outdoors while in autumn and throughout the winter it must be protected from low temperatures.

As for the light, it has no major problems, as it adapts to life with good lighting and partial shade. It does not like direct sunlight.


The amount of water to give to the Zamioculcas zamiifolia it is directly proportional to the amount of light it receives: if it is located in a very bright area (not direct sun) then it is advisable to water it generously, especially from spring and throughout the summer, letting the soil dry up superficially between one watering and another. If, on the other hand, the plant is in partial shade then irrigations should be significantly reduced as the vegetative activity of the plant will also be reduced.

Beware of water stagnations in the saucer which are not tolerated. One less watering is preferable than one more.


There Zamioculcas it is a plant that adapts well to any type of soil, even if it prefers soft and well-draining soils that allow a rapid removal of excess water.

Repotting is done in spring, when the pot has become too small to contain the plant.


From spring and throughout the summer, dilute a good fertilizer in the irrigation water once a month, halving the doses compared to what is reported in the fertilizer package.

It is advisable to use a fertilizer that in addition to having macroelements such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K) also contains microelements, i.e. those compounds that the plant needs in minimal quantities (but has always needed) such as magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), boron (B), molybdenum (Mo), all important for a correct and balanced plant growth.


There Zamioculcas not pruned. The leaves that dry up or become damaged are simply eliminated to prevent them from becoming a vehicle for parasitic diseases.


It is a plant that hardly blooms in the apartment only if it finds ideal conditions, it can produce beautiful yellow-brown flowers, similar to those of the calle.


There Zamioculcas it can be reproduced in different ways, all quite slow, the fastest is surely the multiplication through the use of bulbs. It can also be reproduced by seed or by leaf cutting.

The multiplication by seed is difficult and the seeds are not easy to find, while the multiplication by leaf cutting is quite simple as that for the division of the tubers.


The plant is made up of several bulbs, often very numerous in a single vase. They can therefore be picked up delicately, taking care not to cause any wounds, and arrange them in single pots in groups of three pervaded tubers.

Note 1

Be very careful when flaring the plant to pick them up so as not to damage them; for this purpose we do not recommend the use of shovels, knives or other metal material that could injure the tubers. Use only your hands and treat them with great delicacy.


The leaves are taken with the whole petiole in autumn and buried vertically in a compound made up of peat and sand in equal parts.

Note 1

Water regularly so that the soil is always slightly moist and do not worry if the aerial part dries up over time. In any case, new bulbs should develop in the soil which will generate new plants in the following spring.


It is very rare that the Zamioculcas is subject to diseases or parasitic attacks. We will be able to talk more about physiopathies, that is, damage caused by bad cultivation techniques.

The leaves turn yellow and fall off

This is the classic symptom of excessive watering.
Remedies: follow the instructions given in the paragraphWateringand be careful not to leave water stagnant in the saucer.

(1) Image taken from the Plant blog sare the strangest people

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