In order to harvest a generous harvest of vegetables from your garden every year, you need to regularly renew the fertile soil. But before you take a shovel and go after him to the nearest forest, you should know what it can be fraught with.
Federal Law 131-FZ says that the removal of fertile soil layers is considered its damage. It is strictly forbidden to dig soil for personal use in forests, fields and agricultural areas.
Even industrial lands have a reclamation project, so the removal of soil in such areas is also prohibited.
Articles 8.6. and 7.3. The Code of Administrative Offenses describes in detail the rules and restrictions on the use of land in state territories. Protected urban and suburban areas have been established, categories and purposes of land have been determined. Responsibility for theft and movement of soil is also indicated there.
You can dig up high-quality soil for your garden on lands that do not have the status of a nature conservation zone and are not under the supervision of supervisory services. Such territories, as a rule, are located at a distance of at least 5 km from settlements.
These are artificial forest belts, uncultivated "reserve" fields and landfills specially designated for soil removal.
In urban areas, you can purchase fresh fertile land by contacting a specialized trade organization. Such firms have the necessary permits for the sale of soil. But supply volumes are measured by dump trucks.In the case when very little land is required for the beds or seedlings, it can be collected on the nearest construction pit.
Unauthorized digging of soil in forests, meadows and agricultural land is threatened with a fine. For individuals detained for the first time, its value is 3,000 rubles. In case of repeated and subsequent cases of violation, the amount is doubled. Fines for legal entities reach 50,000 rubles.
Now the government is considering the issue of toughening the punishment for stealing soil from state lands.
The amount of the fine will be up to 250,000 rubles. In addition to administrative measures, the Code of Administrative Offenses will also spell out criminal liability. Rosselkhoznadzor provides control over the safety of land in municipal territories and plots leased from administrative institutions.
This government agency also has complete information about the owners and users of all land plots.
When detecting cases of theft of soil, the Rosselkhoznadzor draws up an act of violation and applies to the environmental prosecutor's office. The latter imposes a fine on the owner or tenant of the land plot for not looking after his territory and allowing the theft of fertile soil.
Today, from looking at the counter of a gardening store, it begins to ripple in the eyes - there are so many colorful tubes and packages, and they all promise us a quick relief from summer problems. But if you, like me, cannot afford to regularly give a tidy sum for these newfangled drugs, I suggest going the other way and replacing them with ordinary baking soda. After all, this traditionally kitchen product is useful not only for making lush dough, but also helps out in a wide variety of gardening activities.
Soda for the garden and vegetable garden
|№||Month||Name||Fact, rub.||Plan, rub.||Where did I buy||Note|
|1||September||Lily tubers, daylily||1400||1500||OBI||Planted|
|2||September||Autumn fertilizers, green manure, buckets||3000||3000||Market||Used 50%|
|3||September||Covering material for blackberries, roses||1000||1000||Housing||In stock, I use the old one|
|4||December||Seeds of vegetables, flowers||1100||2000||Garden world||In stock|
|5||January||Seedlings of perennial flowers - dahlias, weigela, azalea||2000||Nursery||Waiting for a parcel|
|6||February||Vegetable and flower seeds, seedlings and perennial bulbs||2982||3000||OBI||In stock|
|7||March||Seeds, clamps, containers for dried fruits||470||500||Dobrocen||In stock|
|8||March||Apple tree pruning||500||Neighbour||Plan|
|9||April||Racks for blackberries, hydrangeas (production + installation)||3000||Neighbour||Plan|
|10||April||Metal shelves in the cellar (manufacturing)||2000||Neighbour||Plan|
|11||April||Tools: spatula, gloves||500||Market||Plan|
|12||April||Spring mineral fertilizers for berries, flowers, shrubs, trees||2000||Market||Plan|
|13||April||Onion sets, seeds to buy: asparagus beans, choose a new one for the experiment||2000||Market||Plan|
|14||April||Poison from ants||1000||Market||Plan|
|15||April||Fence and post paint: for metal, for wood||5000||Market||Plan|
|16||May||Irrigation system - see what is available and make a budget calculation||3000||Market||Plan - if it doesn't rain|
|17||May||Payment for irrigation water||1500||Administration||Plan|
Total: plan 33,500 rubles. - fact 9952 rubles. = RUB 23548
The table will be updated throughout the season.
I will sum up the results in September 2021.
So later, having hardly bought anything, I counted a round figure. At the same time, I do all possible work myself, without the involvement of outside help. Plus, there are no gasoline costs and no payment for my work as an employee - we believe that I work for food. I am sure that during 2021 I will have to add more and more the table of expenses for my vegetable garden, garden and flower garden.
There are a lot of vegetable crops, and they are very diverse in their appearance and growing characteristics. The gardener's desire to provide himself with early vegetables leads to the need to allocate an area for warmed soil. Now there are no problems in acquiring various greenhouses and greenhouses or materials for their own construction.
In greenhouses, thermophilic vegetable crops are grown in small quantities: tomato, pepper, eggplant, cucumber, zucchini... To obtain early greenery in warmed soil, they are sown as compactors salad, dill, parsley and other herbs. To meet the need for early vegetables, 4-5 plants of each crop are usually sufficient.
The area under the insulated soil is usually not more than 100 sq.m... But in areas with cool summers, growing thermophilic vegetables outdoors is problematic, and they are grown only under shelters. In this case, greenhouses are needed, and their area will already be higher - up to 300 sq.m and even more. Of course, it is better not to grow related crops separately, for example: cucumber with zucchini in one building, and tomatoes, peppers and eggplant in another. But if there are few plants, then it is difficult to implement, and not too necessary.
The peculiarities of growing vegetables in greenhouses will be devoted to next lesson, where we will consider in detail all the important nuances.
In today's review of plants and their use, we will consider such a familiar and not quite attractive plant like nettle. At the very mention of it, a sensation of stinginess immediately arises, which many remember from childhood. Even as we matured, we are.