RUDBECKIA - Sow, plant, maintain

Stock up on golden yellow daisies

The annual rudbeckia is a perennial plant cultivated as an annual. She offers a long, explosive flowering, which begins in late spring, in June and continues until frost! Fluffy foliage, flowers that strongly resemble daisies. Single or double flowered, yellow to dark orange - bordering on brown, rudbeckias are ideal used in beds or grown for use as cut flowers!

Botanical name:

Rudbeckia hirta

Type of plant

Type : perennial, cultivated as an annual

Family : Asteraceae


• Resistance to cold: frost plant


• From June to November.

Benefits to the garden

• Fantastic and long flowering.
• Flowers ideal for the interior of the house. Rudbekia cut flowers hold perfectly in a bouquet.

Description of rudbeckias

Long and thin leaves of a very bright green, slightly "hairy" and flowers of single or double daisies, rudbekia offers exceptional flowering and flowers by the dozen.

Gardener's Info

Soil type: Rich, humus-bearing soil required.

Exhibition: sun to partial shade.

Watering: On dry land.

Flowering of Rudbeckia

• From spring until the end of summer.

When to sow it?

Under heated shelter: from February to March for implementation in May
• OR GOOD: September to November for planking the following spring.

How to sow them?

• Fill pots or a box with planting soil.
• Tamp.
• Make a hole with a pencil.
• Place 2 or 3 seeds per hole (pocket).
• Cover with potting soil.
• Tamp with your fingers.
• Water lightly but regularly until the plants emerge.
• Store plants in the light.

When to plant it?

In spring : from April to June

How to plant a Rudbeckia?

The rudbeckia loves the sun and appreciates rich soils.
• Turn the ground over with a digging fork (about twenty centimeters).
• Amend with potting soil and compost in equal proportions
• Place the plants and fill in the spaces with the potting mix / compost.
• Fill with potting soil and tamp.
• Water.
• Let the soil dry between 2 waterings.

How to maintain them?

• Remove dead flowers.

• Water in times of drought.

• At the end of the season, cut the plant flush with the earth and leave the stems, flowers and leaves in place, the birds will be able to feed on the seeds and the roots will be protected by a light mulch. If winter isn't too harsh, the annual Rudbeckia could rise from its ashes.

If you have managed to keep your Rudbeckia despite the winters, you can divide the root ball once the plant is well developed and replant it in another location.

Some varieties

• “Marmalade”, light orange flowers, wavy petals.
• Yellow “Prairie Sun” with a green heart.
• “Toto” dwarf variety.

Agrees with

• Cosmos, achileas, lavatera, dahlias, goras, cleomes, and hollyhocks:
In the composition of a bed, we could use dark hollyhocks to contrast with the yellow rudbeckia. We will also choose a large variety such as "Double pleasure" which measures up to 80 cm in height.

With or without a garden ...

• In the garden: in a bed or in the vegetable garden to make cut flowers!

• And without a garden: in cut flowers, Rudbeckias hold up quite well. And in a pot? Choose a dwarf variety "Sonora" for example, they measure about 25cm: to put in pots at least 30 cm deep.

We recap

• Perennial but frosty, it is often cultivated as an annual.

• Flowering: beautiful and long from June to November.

• Color: shades of yellow and orange to brown.

• Type of soil: Rich and humus.

• Sowing: under shelter in May, in place in September, flowering year +1

• Maintenance: cut faded flowers, water in case of drought.

• Use: massive sun to partial shade, border, rock garden….

• Culture in pot: in a large pot of 40 cm.

Ground -watering
High. andWidth

Sun-half shade
Every type /Wateringon dry land
25 to 70 cm/ from 30 to 50cm
40 cm
Do notburythe collar

  • Type: Flower and flowering plant
  • Height: From 0 to 30 cm, From 30 to 60 cm, From 60 to 80 cm, From 80 cm to 1 m, From 1 to 2 m
  • Flower colors: yellow orange
  • Desired exhibition: sunny, semi-shaded
  • Soil type: clayey, limestone, well drained
  • Foliage : obsolete
  • Sanitizing: No
  • Varieties: Rudbeckia amplexicaulis, Rudbeckia hirta, Rudbeckia laciniata, Rudbeckia speciosa, Rudbeckia maxima

From the family of asteraceae, the rudbeckia is a herbaceous plant native to North America. There are around thirty species of rudbeckia which are mainly cultivated to produce beautiful beds, flower beds or even form clumps of cut flowers.
The rudbeckia flowers, yellow with a dark brown or red center, look like large daisies, single or double. The yellow rudbeckia flower also has the power to attract butterflies that will beautify your garden!

In addition to the beauty of its flowers, rudbeckia has preventive and curative virtues of colds and flu-like symptoms when its flowers, leaves and roots are consumed as an infusion. The plant also has healing properties, such as marigold.

Outdoors, the rudbeckia can find its place as well in a mass in full ground as in a planter or a pot on a terrace or a balcony. Once the large yellow flowers are cut, they can last up to 30 days in a vase: ideal for brightening up a room inexpensively!

3 compositions around rudbeckia

Illuminate a dark hedge with a border of rudbeckias and sea alyses

The yellow bloom of the 'Prairie Sun' (50 cm tall) and 'Becky' (which rises to 20 cm) rudbeckias brings a lot of sparkle to this large clump which leans on a dark hedge. Because this golden mass is also refreshed by a foamy band composed of both mugwort schmidtiana ‘Nana’ and maritime analysis Snow carpet ’. The first, with gray and soft foliage, is perennial in light soil, even sandy. The second is grown as an annual and must be reseeded each year, but offers an avalanche of small white flowers with the scent of honey.

Flowering: from June to September, even October.

Installation: for planting a meter of border, plan 3 scoops of sagebrush, 5 scoops of parsley, 5 scoops of “Becky” rudbeckia and 3 scoops of “Prairie Sun” rudbeckia hirta. Install them in rich, but well-drained soil. After planting, mulch the soil to limit maintenance.

Interview : regularly cut faded flowers. Water at the base of the plants during the summer months.

An aerial mixed border of rudbeckia and achillea

The rudbeckia fulgida 'Gold-sturm' guarantees 4 months of uninterrupted flowering ... And that's not all: the plant offers stems that do not lie down and always healthy foliage. What is wrong with this perennial plant? A somewhat stiff shape here softened by the feathery tufts of a grass: pennisetum villosum (swab grass) with beautiful, narrow, green leaves, which offers a profusion of cream spikelets with long silky beards.
These perennials support the slender stems of yarrow filipendulina, crowned with flat golden flowers, and a single-flowered dahlia.

Flowering: from summer to frost for rudbeckia, from July to September for yarrow and dahlia.

Installation: rudbeckia thrives in rather rich and cool soil, but well-drained, even if it contains some limestone. Allow about 5 feet of rudbeckia per square meter, 3 feet of grass and 1 dahlia.

Interview : in dry weather, water to encourage flowering. Mulch the soil to keep it cool.

A multicolored border of rudbeckias, zinnias and marigolds

Yellow and red are the dominant colors of this annual arrangement. The yellow is provided by the three varieties of rudbeckia namely 'Marmalade', at the bottom, a variety of 60 cm high, 'Chim Chimenee' with tapered petals, 40 cm high, and 'Toto' with small flowers, high 25 cm. They are escorted by the brick red flowers of a marigold (Tagetes tenuifolia), the fiery red of the zinnia ‘Profusion’ and the orange inflorescences of a dwarf Indian rose. Scattered here and there, the "Tom Pouce" snapdragons raise their pink spikes which will not exceed 20 cm in height.

Flowering: very strong and continuous, from June until the first frosts if the soil is rich enough. All of these plants die in the fall.

Installation: annuals, with shallow roots, seek food from the surface of the soil. Before planting, bring soil enriched with compost.
To occupy 1 square meter, buy 8 scoops of rudbeckia, 5 of zinnia, 5 of marigolds and 5 of snapdragon.

Interview : watering regularly in warm weather and removing faded flowers is the best way to encourage fall blooming.

Echinacea or Rudbeckia: planting, growing and caring

They are the sun, the majesty, the freedom. From the end of spring and until the doors of winter, Echinacea or Rudbeckia will give you spectacular flowering. Choose your favorite strain (s) from hundreds of different shapes, heights and colors. Easily cultivate this undemanding perennial and easily maintain this queen of the garden, this star of the pots!


Main varieties of echinacea and characteristics

Sometimes called purple Rudbeckia or Rudbeckia, Echinacea is a wildly charming perennial. She has the haughty bearing and joyful demeanor of the daisy and the aster with which she shares the family, Asteraceae. She also has a touch of madness, something extra-ordinary. An overflowing heart, so singular with its conical shape, thorny in appearance, sometimes greenish, sometimes copper-brown, often very orange.

We dwell on this heart with such a specific aestheticism and we understand why Echinacea owes its name to the Greek "echinos", hedgehog!

But it's not just that, there are also its long and thin petals arranged all around in a single row, in a double row.

Sometimes these petals are slightly curved, somewhat drooping. Often they are so inflected that Echinacea seems to stretch towards the azure, ready to take flight.

It is this silhouette, precisely, that makes it unique and so recognizable. And it is the infinite palette of possible colors that make it a steadfast ally of the aesthetic gardener.

Swaying atop graceful yet sturdy stems, Echinacea are an inexhaustible source of inspiration. In beds, in mixed-border or in exuberant stews, cut into magnificent bouquets. As a family or in association, in monochrome or in a colorful mix. All possibilities are imaginable as there are so many varieties and cultivars.

Perhaps you will choose from one of the hundreds of varieties from the type species, Echinacea purpurea. If the latter offers the most generous flowering, the longest - from July to October - and a model flower, purple pink, its descendants have very variable characteristics. Same height -

80 cm - Echinacea purpurea ‘Alba’ offers flowers just as inflected but white.

For even more majesty, opt for the tallest varieties which peak at over 1 meter.

The spectacular ‘Magnus’ offers larger-than-average flowers and a glowing pink color.

As for "Razzmatazz", in addition to its height, it features pom-pom, round and candy pink flowers.

The species paradoxa it offers one of the rare bright yellow specimens. Distributed around a brown heart, its strongly drooping petals give off a delicious fragrance. All this combined with the color make it a very attractive plant for all kinds of foraging insects that will delight in it from June to August.

Finally, you may prefer smaller cultivars. This will be the case for Echinacea angustifolia which will provide stocky subjects with shorter, less thin petals and a stem no longer than 60 cm.

We will also mention the unexpected ‘Cranberry Cupcake’ which accumulates surprises. In addition to a small size - 35 cm -, a complex flower alternating pompom petals and simple petals, its color is exceptionally elegant, a delicately salmon pink rather rare in the garden.

And speaking of rarity, we will end this tiny selection by mentioning "Green Envy" and "Green Jewel".

The first takes on an allure of the sun with its particularly thin and spaced petals. But her originality doesn't stop there as her dress has a gradient going from an anise green end to an old pink center.

Finally, let yourself be surprised by the second and its large double flowers… apple green!

When and how to plant echinacea?

Echinacea is also easy to grow

how beautiful she is to look at.

She adapts to all lands. Upon installation, it has, of course, its preferences: rich, fresh, well-drained and very deep soil for its roots to take root. But once comfortable, it thrives quickly and in all circumstances, including in times of drought and severe winters. A very sunny situation will favor generous flowering. Space between it and other plants will allow it to flourish at its best.

Jardiland advice: here is a very undemanding perennial. Be careful, however, in humid climates, take care of drainage, Echinacea hates stagnant water.

If you choose the seed packets that you will find in your garden center, sow in shelves, in a mixture of potting soil and topsoil, in the spring. Store these in a room at 15 ° C. Water regularly but moderately so as not to soak the substrate.

After a maximum of four weeks, the seedlings should show at least two true leaves. At this point, you can transplant your subjects into pots.

Installation in the ground will take place in the following fall or spring.

You will have to wait another year for the first flowering to occur.

If you prefer the pot plant, it will settle all year round, free from frost or drought. For an optimal establishment, we prefer spring in rather cold and humid areas and autumn under milder skies.

In full ground, choose its location carefully because Echinacea does not like to be moved.

Decompact the soil well and work it in depth. Mix garden soil, potting soil and ripe compost. Add a draining element (gravel) in case of heavy soil.

Leave a space of about thirty centimeters between each plant. Water without excess. Straw to maintain freshness.

In pot, make sure you have quality drainage as a priority by installing at the bottom of the container - which you will choose wide enough, very deep and which will imperatively be pierced - a thick layer of clay balls. The substrate will be one-third potting soil, one-third topsoil and one-third gravel. If temperatures stay above -15 ° C, your hotpot will be able to spend the winter outside.

How to cultivate and maintain echinacea?

Once your plantings are completed, you will need a little patience because Echinacea takes its time to fully settle in its territory. Avoid transplanting it or moving the pots.

For plantings in the ground, water the first year only, regularly and sparingly. In subsequent years, your perennial will only need water in the event of a prolonged drought. Each spring, bring compost and renew the mulching.

In a jar, thewatering is regular but moderate. The contribution compost is done twice a year, in the spring and in the fall.

In any case, regularly eliminate the wilted flowers to encourage flowering.

Jardiland advice: watch out for invasions gastropods who are particularly fond of it. Install mulch, a little ash or broken eggshells to slow down their progress. Install ladybugs to limit the possible attacks of aphids. Finally, on elderly subjects, watch out for the appearance ofpowdery mildew. Remove contaminated subjects as soon as the first symptoms appear or if this is not enough, treat with sulfur.

Benefits and use of echinacea

The root echinacea but also whole plant are used in herbal medicine.

It is thus found in specialized stores for consumption as a decoction, infusion, in capsules, in the form of a mother tincture or solid extracts.

Native Americans have always attributed medicinal properties to this plant, which is native to North America.

In our regions, the plant is recognized for its ability to stimulate the immune system, to fight respiratory inflammation, and is considered as a natural antibiotic, anti-infective, anti-influenza but also antiallergic.

In external use, it is given a strong healing power.

As with any so-called medicinal plant, the consumption of echinacea calls for caution. Thus some precautions should be taken, among others in allergic subjects, asthmatics, prone to ear infections and in pregnant or breastfeeding women.

It is also totally contraindicated in case of systemic or autoimmune diseases.

Finally, consumption must follow a strict dosage and a defined duration.

We can therefore only recommend that you turn to pharmacopoeia and phytotherapy professionals.

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