Cucumbers are a tricky crop to grow. Plants are sensitive to grooming and need regular feeding, require nutritious soil, but cannot tolerate excess minerals. It is important to fertilize cucumbers correctly and in a timely manner so that the plants are strong and healthy, and the harvest is plentiful.
To obtain a good harvest of cucumbers, regular feeding is required. The culture responds gratefully to the introduction of both mineral and organic fertilizers. It should be borne in mind that at the beginning of the growing season, plants require nitrogen and phosphorus, during flowering and intensive growth of lashes - potassium, and at the stage of fruiting and the formation of lateral shoots - both nitrogen and potassium.
Lack of nutrition immediately affects the condition of the plant. Determine the lack of minerals by the type of leaves or deformation of the fruit. An excess of fertilizers also negatively affects the yield of cucumbers.
If the cucumbers are planted with seedlings, then the first feeding is carried out 10-12 days after planting. During this time, the plants have time to take root. When planting with seeds, cucumbers are fed when two true leaves appear.
Nitrogen is one of the most important nutrients for cucumbers. They need it throughout the growing season, but most of all at the beginning of growth. Its deficiency leads to weak growth of lashes, yellowing of the lower leaves, and stop growth of shoots.
An excess of nitrogenous fertilizers also has a bad effect on yields. Powerful vines with huge leaves will form, but the fruits will be few and mostly deformed. In addition, excess nitrogen in the soil leads to the accumulation of nitrates in the fruit and is dangerous to eat.
Yellowing of leaves in cucumbers is a sign of nitrogen deficiency
Commercially prepared substances can be used to replenish nitrogen in the soil:
Urea is one of the most popular nitrogen fertilizers
Organic nitrogen-containing fertilizers - cow or horse manure, bird droppings. Top dressing with these substances is very effective only if they are used correctly. For watering cucumbers with slurry, you must first prepare it. They take 2 liters of fresh manure on a bucket of water and insist for a week. The resulting concentrated solution is diluted with water 1:10 before use.
Fresh manure is recommended to be applied to the soil in the fall for digging. For every 20 m2 a bucket of mullein or bird droppings is enough.
For the convenience of gardeners, agricultural firms produce poultry manure in granules. It is convenient and economical to use them. Depending on the type of granules, a bucket of water may require 2–4 tbsp. You need to insist from 2 hours to a day.
Poultry manure in granules - a convenient and economical fertilizer
Potassium is an important micronutrient in the diet of cucumbers. Its deficiency leads to a decrease in yield, an increase in susceptibility to various diseases, an inability to adapt to adverse weather conditions. With a lack of an element, the leaves turn yellow at the edges and curl inward, the fruits are pear-shaped, their taste is bitter. Plants bloom, but do not form ovaries.
Pear-shaped cucumbers are a sign of potassium deficiency
For fertilization, it is better to use mineral potash fertilizers without chlorine content:
Kalimagenesia is a fertilizer containing both potassium and magnesium
Very often, gardeners use wood ash for feeding. Ash is a universal potash fertilizer for all crops. During fruiting, cucumbers need a lot of potassium so that the plant has enough strength to form new ovaries and form fruits.
For the first time, fertilization with ash is carried out before flowering and the appearance of ovaries. Then they are fed regularly at intervals of 10-14 days. In addition to potassium, wood ash contains a sufficient amount of phosphorus, which is necessary for the development of a strong root system.
For fertilization, only ash obtained from burning plant residues is used: branches, tops, leaves, logs. You can not use the burnt-out remains of painted boards, and even more so plastic bottles, bags, rubber. Such ash contains many harmful substances that poison the soil.
Wood ash - a natural source of potassium
Fertilizer preparation is not difficult. In a bucket of warm water, dilute 1 tbsp. sifted ash. It is enough to infuse the mixture for a couple of hours. Then, 1 liter of solution is poured under each plant. Since the ash sinks to the bottom in the form of a sediment, the solution must be stirred all the time.
Phosphorus is an important element for the development of roots and shoots of cucumbers; it is involved in the formation of ovaries. Plants consume it as much as they need for proper development, and an excess of it is very rare. But the lack of phosphorus leads to a pale green color of the leaves, the fall of flowers and ovaries. For top dressing, drugs with a high phosphorus content are used:
Cucumbers ripen very quickly, therefore, so that nitrates do not accumulate in the fruits, most gardeners still prefer to use folk remedies instead of purchased fertilizers. Someone uses only one recipe, someone alternates several. The advantage of using such dressings is that they act in a complex manner: they increase the stress resistance of cucumbers, serve as the prevention of fungal diseases, significantly improve the quality of fruits, and stimulate fruiting.
You can use yeast feeding even at the seedling stage. It stimulates root formation. The planted cucumbers are fed for better rooting, stimulation of growth and growth of leaf mass. The endurance of plants is significantly increased.
For the preparation of fertilizer, you can use both dry yeast and pressed:
For feeding, you can use both dry and compressed yeast.
Such feeding can be carried out 3-4 times per season. With yeast, it is possible to overfeed the cucumbers, and they will build up mass, but not bear fruit. Therefore, if the plant looks healthy and bears fruit well, you should not get carried away with yeast feeding.
Feeding cucumbers with baking soda should be done when barren flowers appear on the bushes. Dissolve 2 tbsp in a bucket of water. soda. Watering is carried out in the morning and evening. Soda does not dissolve well in cool water, so it is better to dilute it hot beforehand, and then add it to a filled bucket or watering can.
For watering cucumbers, add 50-60 drops of iodine to a bucket of water. Fertilizer improves the taste of fruits, stimulates the growth of lashes and the formation of ovaries. Iodized water should be used for irrigation once every 2 weeks.
Most often, boric acid is used for spraying cucumbers with weak fruit setting. Boric acid powder can be purchased at a pharmacy or specialty store. 10 liters of water need 5 g. The use of boric acid not only increases the yield, but also improves the taste of the fruit, enhances the natural aroma.
To strengthen the root system and increase the immunity of cucumbers, root dressings are carried out. For watering, the amount of powder must be doubled. Fertilizing with boric acid should be carried out as needed, several times per season.
Boric acid is used for spraying cucumbers with weak fruit setting
Aspirin stimulates the growth of cucumbers. Preparing a solution is elementary - dissolve 10 tablets in a bucket of water, use for watering. Significantly improves the condition of weakened plants.
The well-known aspirin can be a good fertilizer for cucumbers.
The effect of using hydrogen peroxide for fertilizing is healthy roots. For watering 1 tbsp. 3% peroxide is diluted in 1 liter of water. With this solution, a flooded plant can be saved, in which the roots begin to rot.
Coffee cake cannot be called a complete top dressing, but the benefits of its use are undeniable. First, drunk coffee attracts earthworms, which are known to improve soil structure. Secondly, it contains trace elements necessary for young plants: nitrogen, potassium, magnesium and phosphorus. Therefore, it is good to add it to the soil for seedlings and into the holes when planting it.
Drinking coffee does not need to be thrown away, it can be a source of nutrients for cucumbers
Fertilize with chicken droppings only. Even if the cucumbers are planted on poor land, they start to grow merrily. You need to start fertilizing when 1 real leaf appears on the lashes, and finish when flowering begins. During this period, do 10 dressings.
Pick up any herbs and soak in water for a day. The next day, feed the vegetables with this infusion. In a bucket of water - 1 liter of infusion and water the plant. This infusion contains a lot of microelements, vitamins, everything that is needed for a plant. And tear the grass, all the weeds, cover the plant, cover all the ground around the plant. It retains moisture and does not dry for a long time. I cover all the plants with grass and feed them with herbal infusion, don't buy chemicals and everything grows.
It is possible to wait for the harvest from capricious cucumbers only with constant care for them. The good news is that the culture responds gratefully to any feeding. The main thing is not to overdo it with fertilizers in order to end up with a healthy fruiting plant.
With the onset of warmth, it's time to think about the future harvest. One of the most popular and beloved crops is strawberry, so the question of how to grow a rich and tasty harvest is more relevant than ever. Today we will talk about how and what to feed strawberries in the spring.
In addition to the generally accepted feeding scheme, there are other rules for fertilizing:
In order for the plants to develop normally, feeding must be done with the necessary regularity, without waiting for signs of a deficiency of one or another element.
There are also methods of fertilizing vegetable crops. There are two ways to fertilize cucumbers:
Root feeding of cucumbers is considered a standard procedure, it consists in introducing the desired nutrient component directly under the root of the bush, that is, into the soil.
Thus, the fastest saturation of the root system of cucumbers with deficient microelements occurs - all useful substances are simply absorbed by the roots of plants.
It is necessary to apply root dressings for cucumbers in the evening, when the sun goes down and the heat subsides; a cool, cloudy day is also suitable for this procedure. Before applying fertilizers for cucumbers, the bushes should be watered abundantly - the ground should in no case be dry, this will lead to burns of the root system of cucumbers with too concentrated fertilizers.
Foliar feeding of cucumbers is necessary under the following conditions:
Each of these factors leads to the fact that the roots of cucumbers do not develop properly, become superficial and weak. As a result, plants cannot absorb fertilizers applied in the standard way - at the root.
In such cases, foliar feeding is needed, the use of which allows you to fertilize even cucumber bushes with a weak root system with fertilizers. The essence of the method is to irrigate the stems, leaves and flowers of cucumber with special solutions with the necessary mineral components.
It is convenient to spray cucumbers from an ordinary garden spray, and this should be done in the evening or on a cloudy day, so that the sun, combined with fertilizers, does not cause burns of the green mass of plants.
Moving to a permanent place of residence is a huge stress for any plant, and especially for cucumbers because of the peculiarities of the root system. The slightest damage can cause plant disease and even death. To avoid this, the first 10-15 days after planting, cucumbers need support in the form of root dressings.
Important! If the top dressing is root, then the fertilizer should be applied directly under the root, getting on the stem and leaves can cause serious harm. Cucumbers love nitrogen, but if there is a lot of it, this may not give the expected effect. The leaves and the stem will grow, they will delight with color and lush greenery, but the fruits will not form sufficiently.
In addition to organic fertilizers (herbal infusion, wood ash, mullein, bird droppings, etc.), store-bought preparations such as: nitrafoski effecton-O aquarium, etc. will not interfere with cucumbers. The finished preparations are diluted with water in accordance with the instructions on the package. There you can also find recommendations on the frequency of procedures.
You don't have to wait until they are on sale to enjoy delicious cucumbers. It is quite easy to grow them in the home. The culture is very unpretentious. And it can grow well on the balcony or on the windowsill. But in order to get a high-quality crop, only watering, sunlight and fresh air will be very little. Any gardener, deciding to plant and grow cucumbers, thinks about how the plants grow strong and healthy. And here it is important to take into account that if the soil on the site is sufficiently nutritious, the cucumber seedlings will still need to be fed. In this case, preference should be given to liquid formulations, combining fertilization with irrigation and performing operations in the morning, while it is not too hot. In our article, we will talk about feeding cucumber seedlings after germination.
You should start feeding cucumber seedlings from seeds at the moment when it forms the second or third true leaves. At this time, the roots of the plant will develop normally, they will be plump, which will make it possible to fertilize the culture. But it will not be superfluous to monitor the external state of the plant itself. If it looks pale, stunted and deplorable, you can water the seedlings with top dressing a little earlier than usual.
As a rule, in order for the seedlings to develop normally, they are fed three times. An exception may be low-growing plants planted in a greenhouse. It is recommended to support them with nutritional formulations two to three times a month.
Growing this culture is quite simple, but you need to comply with the requirements for caring for it, this also applies to feeding cucumber seedlings. They love moisture, warmth and light, you also need to observe a certain temperature regime, and frosts are contraindicated.
Planting a plant in open ground after the air temperature does not drop below 15 degrees, if it is lower, then the growth of the culture will slow down, and at temperatures less than 10 degrees it will stop altogether. The optimum temperature for growth is from 25 to 30 degrees, the recommended relative humidity is about 70-80 percent.
Cucumbers are grown in different ways. The most popular method is a greenhouse or under a film shelter. In greenhouse conditions, they will grow better in soil based on humus and turf. The plant needs abundant watering, airing, loosening and feeding. In the open field, cucumbers are grown under cover so that the crops are protected from the cold.
Cucumber seedlings are capricious with regard to watering. Does not like waterlogging and drying out. Water it moderately with warm (+ 23-25 ° C) settled water. When additional lighting is carried out 2 times a day, in the presence of only natural light - 1 time. Sprayed regularly. There must be holes in the bottom of the cups so that excess moisture does not stagnate. Advice! With too high moisture content and soil temperature, pathogenic fungi and microorganisms develop. The sprouts on which a black bloom has appeared are immediately destroyed.
For cucumbers, both root and foliar dressings are used:
The foliar method is suitable for a cold, cloudy summer. Under these conditions, it is more difficult for the root system of the plant to extract nutrients from the cooled soil for cucumbers. In addition, cloudy weather is ideal for spraying.
The root method is used in warm sunny summers. Plant roots are better developed, and intense sunlight in contact with fertilizer can cause leaf burns, so the foliar method is not suitable. Root dressing is carried out in the evening after rain or watering.
Rules for feeding cucumbers:
At the same time, the second feeding of cucumber seedlings, as well as the subsequent one, is distinguished by a doubling of the amount of mineral components. This is done in order to prevent certain diseases of a given culture. As the first top dressing, many gardeners prepare a mixture of ammonium nitrate, superphosphates, potassium sulfate and poultry manure. If the seeds are grown in a greenhouse, then the second feeding is done fifteen days after the first with a doubling of the number of components for the same volume of water. On poor soils or with poor growth, feeding tomato and cucumber seedlings with a mullein helps very well. A solution of chicken manure with ash also helps a lot.
It should always be remembered that fertilizer should not fall on the cucumbers. Feeding seedlings should be done very carefully. Its completion should be mandatory watering with slightly warm water. The applied solution should not fall on the above-ground part of the seedlings. But if this could not be avoided, then the trunk and leaves should be immediately sprayed with clean water.
You can start using yeast already for cucumber seedlings. In terms of time, as a rule, this is the beginning of spring. This can be done both during a dive and during disembarkation in open ground. Did you know? It is not necessary to use the yeast itself to achieve the effect that yeast has on plants. Quite good results can be achieved by simply pouring beer or kvass over the beds. Naturally, this should be a live drink, not pasteurized.
Yeast dressing for cucumbers is also used during the development of the plant in the open field. Fertilizer, which was applied when planting seedlings, is enough for a maximum of two months. Therefore, the most appropriate time in this case is the time of the formation of the ovary until the end of fruiting once a month. In total, it turns out about three times per season. Thus, you can saturate the soil with nitrogen, and the results of this activity can be seen after three days. Important! Although yeast saturates the soil with nitrogen and potassium, it reduces the amount of calcium in it. Therefore, to maintain the balance, feeding the seedlings of cucumbers with yeast should be carried out together with crushed eggshells or ash. There is another scheme of fertilization. The first time a week after planting seedlings in the ground, and the second time after the introduction of superphosphate, in the event that it was not introduced in the fall. Too much of such feeding is not worth it, three times a season is quite enough. Such an event rather stimulates growth, but does not replace full-fledged fertilizers. Make sure the yeast you use has an acceptable shelf life.
It is necessary to feed the seedlings, but not exceeding the dosage, otherwise the seedlings may simply burn out. Top dressing is an important part of a healthy and strong seedling. With today's abundance in shops for gardeners, it is not difficult to purchase fertilizers for cucumber seedlings. They can be either dry or liquid. The main thing is that the fertilizer should be specialized, that is, intended specifically for seedlings. Very good fertilizer Fertika-Lux - watering seedlings with a solution of this Finnish fertilizer works wonders. Fertilizers such as Agricola or Agricola-Aqua, as well as various complex fertilizers based on humates, always containing trace elements, are perfect. When using seedling fertilizer, always follow the instructions provided.
Many gardeners refuse to use purchased chemical mineral fertilizers on their site, as they consider them harmful to plants. For feeding cucumbers, only organic matter is used.
The first feeding of cucumbers. The first feeding is done during the appearance of two true leaves. Usually, 2 weeks after germination. And 5-7 days before the first feeding, a solution is prepared - a bucket of cow dung and 2 buckets of water. This mixture is infused and watered by adding 0.5 liters of this solution to a bucket of water.
The second feeding of cucumbers. The second feeding is done during flowering. Prepare the same infusion, but instead of cow, use chicken dung. Stir with water in the same proportions.
Subsequent feeding is carried out during the mass setting of fruits, alternating the first and second infusion with a frequency of 10 days.