Many ornamental indoor plants came to us from hot tropical countries. Growing exotic flowers on windowsills has become commonplace for flower growers around the world. You will learn how to care for potted begonia and how to grow it correctly from our article.
The homeland of "maiden beauty", as begonia is called among the people, is the subtropics, but it has long been decorating the gardens and window sills of flower growers in all countries of the world. The botanical directory has almost 800 species, from which breeders have bred about 2,000 varieties. They all fall into three categories:
So that after buying the begonia does not wither in a new place, you should follow a few simple rules:
This video tells about the features of indoor flower care.
Breeding "girlish beauty" is a simple process, but it requires certain conditions.
Daylight hours for an indoor flower should last 12-14 hours a day. Placing a flowerpot on a light window, it is shaded with blinds or newspapers. In winter, when there is not enough daylight, special phytolamps are installed that give diffused light.
Begonia does not like sudden changes in temperature. In the warm season, begonia feels comfortable at + 20 ... + 22 ° С. In autumn and winter, it is better to lower the degree to + 15 ... + 19 ° С. If the indicator is less or more, the flower will begin to wither, shed its leaves, and may even die.
The cultivation of "girlish beauty" also requires a high level of humidity (60-80%). In order for the moisture-loving plant to grow well, the flower pot is placed on wet fine gravel or expanded clay. Place a bowl of water, an aquarium, or a humidifier nearby.
Begonias grow best in round ceramic pots with drainage holes. It is impossible to grow a flower initially in a large pot, since there is a risk of developing root rot. As they grow, the dimensions of the containers must necessarily change:
The indoor flower prefers a nutritious, light soil with good carrying capacity. The acidity should be at a pH of 5.5. Before use, the substrate is calcined in the oven to kill pathogenic microorganisms.
Even a beginner in floriculture will be able to take care of the "girlish beauty". It is enough just to adhere to simple rules.
A tropical flower needs abundant and regular watering. From early spring to late autumn, it is moistened every three days, preventing the substrate from drying out more than 1.5 cm. In extreme heat, the procedure is carried out daily. In winter, watering is reduced to 1 time per week. For irrigation, use soft purified water at room temperature.
Florists strictly forbid spraying the plant on the leaf, since the green part begins to become covered with red-brown spots.
Fertilize begonia every 15 days, from the budding period to the end of flowering. Eternal flowering varieties are fed with potassium-phosphorus compositions, and decorative deciduous varieties prefer nitrogen-containing preparations.
Experienced growers recommend pruning in two stages:
Caring for evergreen and ornamental leafy begonias in winter is practically the same as in summer. The flower is provided with additional lighting, the temperature is lowered, watering is reduced, and it is removed away from the batteries. In specimens that bloom all year round, pinch the tops of the shoots.
Tuberous varieties are dug out before wintering. The bulbs are well dried, and then covered with sand or peat. It is best to store them on the balcony or in the basement, periodically checking for negative phenomena.
Some growers prefer to propagate the "maiden beauty" themselves. They grow an indoor flower from seeds, cuttings, or detach from a donor plant.
Planting material for seedlings begins to be sown from the end of February - beginning of March. It is scattered over the surface of the substrate, without falling asleep from above with soil. The containers are covered with plastic or glass and placed in a lighted place in a warm room. When the soil dries up, it is moistened with a spray bottle.
The first pick is carried out after the appearance of 2-3 leaves. The procedure is repeated after another 2 months, after which the seedlings are planted in separate pots.
A twig 7–8 cm long is cut off from an adult plant. The lower leaves are removed, leaving only 2–3 upper leaves, which are slightly trimmed. Sprinkle the cut sites with an antiseptic and insert the shoot into the soil. Cover the seedling on top with a plastic bottle or jar. Begonia will begin to bloom within 2 months after planting.
To prevent the cutting from suffocating, it must be regularly ventilated.
The method is only good for bush varieties. The donor bush is carefully dug up, the rhizome is soaked and cut into pieces. Dried leaves, faded parts, damaged areas are removed from the shoots. Places of cuts are sprinkled with activated carbon, and then seated in separate flowerpots.
To keep begonias healthy, you need to regularly check the flower for diseases or pests. Symptoms noticed in time are much easier to eliminate than to treat an advanced form. Most often, the plant is susceptible to:
Targeted fungicides or Bordeaux mixture can help cope with pathogenic fungi.
Plants affected by a bacterial infection are dug up and destroyed.
Also insects often appear on begonias:
You can get rid of pests with the help of Actellik or Karbofos.
If no signs of infection or parasites are found, and the flower dries up and sheds leaves, then the reason may lie in too dry air or insufficient watering. If the temperature is too low and moisture stagnates, yellow spots may appear on the sheet plates.
Sometimes it happens that the "girlish beauty" stops blooming. There may be several reasons for this:
If, after correcting the problems, flowering has not come, then you can force the flower to "wake up" forcibly. For this:
Don't be afraid to grow begonias at home. It is enough to provide the plant with the necessary care so that it reciprocates with you.
Begonia is a popular flower and is very loved by flower growers. With her bright appearance, she won the hearts of many, and now she can be found in almost every home where they love house plants.
Various bright shades of begonia flowers cannot but delight the eye. This bright and beautiful plant always takes its rightful place among indoor flowers. If you like to have a lot of flowering indoor plants in your home, then begonia will perfectly fit into your interior.
The result of storage and further growth depends on how correctly the planting material will be prepared for winter and how you will take care of this plant.
Firstly, Begonias that grow in the garden must be dug out before the first hard frosts.... At this time, the upper part of the plant is cut off, leaving hemp at least 1 centimeter in size.
Dry the begonia tubers before storing.
Secondly, the tubers are harvested in a dry and cool place, where they should dry out. Only after they are completely dry can it be put away for storage.
It is best to dig the slops with a pitchfork and in no case should you shake the earth off them.
Begonia that grows at homeis stored differently. Preparation for hibernation begins in October. First, watering is reduced, after a month, it is completely stopped. When the top of the flower withers, it is cut off. If it does not die off, it is left in the same state.
Compliance with storage rules is the key to successful wintering and further growth in the future.
IMPORTANT: The main task of how to properly store begonia at home is to maintain the necessary humidity in the room. In a dry microclimate, the tubers can dry out, with high humidity there is a possibility of decay. The optimal limit ranges from 70-80%.
Suitable Places to Conserve Begonias Properly:
Begonia needs to be transplanted into a new pot every year with the addition of fresh soil. For transplanting, you can buy ready-made soil or make it yourself. The earthen mixture is made from two parts of leafy soil, part of peat, part of turf and river sand. Vermiculite is added to the mixed mixture, or the bark of larch or spruce, last year's foliage. The pot should be wide and not deep. If you wish, you can plant several varieties of begonias at once. A drainage layer of vermiculite or expanded clay is laid out at the bottom of the pot.
The plant goes through a rejuvenation process every 4 years. The new cutting is planted in a pot and subsequently replaces the old flower. Begonia can be cultivated by dividing the root, cuttings, leaves, or seeds. Cuttings are cut from stems or foliage. Rooting can be carried out both in water with stimulants, and in a pot with loose soil. The cuttings are covered with a film, this keeps moisture inside the pot.
The leaves are cut into small triangles, while the vein should go in the middle of the triangle. The triangles are pressed against the soil and covered with a jar or film. The film is removed daily to shake off the formed condensation. After a month, new shoots appear. After that, the shoots are strengthened and transplanted into another container. When transplanting begonias into a new pot, the root is split and part of the root is planted separately.
With good home care with your own hands, royal begonia pleases with its beauty and shades of foliage colors. The flowers of this plant are not so impressive, but the foliage compensates for everything in full. No wonder begonia is called the queen of indoor flowers.
Once the plant has grown a bit, it's time to talk about breeding it. This process is usually carried out in several different ways:
With this method, it is necessary to select a healthy and strong leaf and cut it along the veins so that each specimen has two veins.
Next, lay them on top of wet sand and cover with plastic wrap. From time to time, you should spray the sand so that it does not dry out.
As soon as you notice the appearance of the first sprouts, begin to gradually accustom them to room air. To do this, you need to open them from the film for 15 minutes and then close again. Try to increase the time interval each time.
This type of breeding is suitable for Begoniathat have a stem. It is necessary to cut a good stalk, which has two or three leaves. The leaves at the bottom should be removed immediately, and the upper large leaves should be cut in half. Treat the places of the resulting cuts with charcoal.
Prepare a pot of soil for Begonia and with the same amount of sand, insert the stalk into it, deepening it to the very leaves. From above you need to cover it with a plastic bottle, cut in half.
After about one month, new leaves will appear on the plant. Will bloom after that Begonia in about two months.
This plant can be propagated using the rhizome. In this case, you need to get the plant out of the pot and soak the roots in water for a while. After that, the rhizome should be carefully divided into parts so that each has a sprout or bud.
All unnecessary unnecessary leaves and inflorescences should be removed. Be sure to treat the places of all cuts with charcoal.
Now the plant can be planted in different pots and shed well.
This method is considered not the most popular due to the fact that not all seeds usually germinate or may be viable. However, this method is also used.
For this, a substrate is prepared in advance, into which the seeds are then sown. From above, they are not covered with earth, but simply sprayed with water from a sprayer and covered with either glass or film, as it is convenient for anyone. From time to time, the film is lifted, allowing the earth to ventilate, thus preventing waterlogging of the soil.
The grown sprouts should be thinned out, wait until they get stronger, and you can transplant them into separate pots.
At the onset of autumn, the leaves of the flower are cut off, the tubers are removed from the soil, well cleaned of the earth, and then thoroughly dried.
In the spring, in May, the tubers need to be cut into a small number of pieces. Make sure that roots and sprouts remain on each part of the tuber.
The side that was cut off must be dipped in charcoal and placed in peat. It is not necessary to deepen them strongly, since a small part of the tubers should be located on the soil surface. Make sure that the peat does not have the opportunity to dry out. The room temperature below should not drop below 12 degrees.
Be patient, as the germination process in this way is very slow.
There are several ways to breed begonias.
The top of the rhizome is cut off no more than 5-7 cm and placed in a small pot with a mixture of equal proportions of sand and peat. After the container is covered and set in a bright place. After the emergence of shoots, a transplant is carried out into a new pot.
Begonia is dug out of the pot and divided into 5-8 cm pieces so that each has a kidney. Places of cuts are treated with coal or crushed ash. Then the tubers are placed in containers with moist soil and covered with a transparent film or bag. After the leaves appear, the coating is removed. For the development of a strong and healthy plant, it is advisable to feed.
In this way, begonias with a creeping stem are propagated. A healthy leaf is divided into small squares without thick veins. The pieces are placed on wet sand and covered. Planters with cuttings are kept in a dark and humid place for several months. Airing is carried out only after the rooting of the cuttings.
Seed propagation is one of the most popular methods. With proper care, a small handful can produce a large number of sprouts. In the middle of winter, seeds are planted in a flowerpot, covered with a transparent film and placed in a warm place. Watering is carried out by spraying.
The soil must be constantly moist. When shoots appear, the pot is placed in a bright place, and with the first leaves, it is carefully transplanted into small cups or other container. After 1-1.5 begonias are taken out into the fresh air.
This method is suitable for bush begonias. The stem must have at least 2 buds, a cut is made at a distance of 0.5 cm from the lowest one. Large leaves are cut in half. The stalk, as with other methods, is planted and covered. Airing is carried out every 2-3 days.
Begonia blooms luxuriantly and profusely. The period lasts the whole summer, sometimes autumn and winter. During it, you should find support for the plant so that the stems do not break from the severity of the inflorescences. The flowers resemble a cluster of small roses and daffodils. In order to prolong flowering, it is necessary to cut off wilted flowers.
After flowering, begonia is placed in a dark place in order to dry it. Watering is reduced in stages. Pruning is optional. This is necessary in order for the nutrients from the leaves and stems to gradually go into the tubers. A few weeks after the ground part has dried, they are dug up and placed in a container with sand. Water it periodically for a comfortable overwintering.
When to transplant Elatior begonia after purchase?
Dutch begonias are sold in stores, these flowers, of course, are not adapted to indoor conditions. Immediately after purchase, inspect the plant, remove damaged leaves, water, if the soil is too dry, you can wash the plant in an epin solution. Place in a suitable (well-lit, but not in direct sunlight) location. After 2-3 weeks, begonia will begin to give fresh sprouts, already accustomed to your conditions. Now you can transplant her, she will tolerate the transplant well.
I bought Elatior begonia and immediately transplanted it, some of the buds have disappeared, is it worth worrying about the further well-being of the plant?
Everything is fine, when changing the place, the loss of flowers is natural for any indoor culture. If the begonia is now developing well and producing new buds, there is nothing to worry about, provide it with standard care.