If someone has tried Jelly sweets, they will immediately understand the logic of the originator who called the potato variety so. One cannot remain indifferent to the taste of this variety. For some reason, the story of the English veterinarian writer James Harriott about a dog who refused to eat meat comes to mind. The unfortunate man would have died of hunger if the veterinarian had not thought to give him fried potatoes. Perhaps Jelly is exactly the variety for which you can refuse meat.
Jelly is included in the State Register as a mid-early variety of table potatoes. The tubers ripen 70–90 days from planting. It is recommended to grow in the Central region, cultivation in the Volga-Vyatka region is also allowed. The variety appeared in Russia not so long ago, but due to its exceptional taste and yield, it immediately aroused interest among gardeners.
When compared with other varieties, Jelly looks very dignified. Beautiful smooth tubers and productive bushes.
The author of the video describes the result of work over the summer. The sorts of Sarma, Hollandka, Lina, Latona and Jelli were planted. Jelly delighted the hostess. Sarma from four rows gave only 4 buckets. Lina - 2 buckets from one row, there are tubers, both large and medium. There are few small ones. Latona is a beauty. The shape of the potatoes is round, there are many tubers in the nests. Jelly looks the best. Tubers are smooth, oblong. large, the harvest was rich.
Jelly forms tall bushes: spreading and semi-erect. During flowering, the plant is adorned with medium-sized white corollas. The leaves are green, medium to large in size.
The tubers are small, oval, weighing 84–135 g. Gardeners note that there are no very large and too small tubers in the holes. The size of the potatoes in the nest is about the same.
The surface is rough, yellow, with small eyes. The color of the pulp is dark yellow. The starch content reaches almost 18%. The taste of Jelly tubers is excellent. Used in first and second courses, baked and fried.
The marketability of tubers is very high, within 88–97%, there are few fines in the nests. Potatoes tolerate transportation and have good keeping quality, up to 86% of tubers remain during storage. There are, of course, varieties with the best keeping parameters, for example, Alena. This variety retains up to 95% of potatoes. But with the same average yield (172-292 kg / ha), the maximum starch content in Alena tubers is 17%, and the variety is susceptible to nematode and late blight.
On average, 156 to 292 centners of Jelly potatoes are harvested per hectare. In the Tula region, the maximum yield of this variety was recorded - 335 c / ha.
The Jelly variety is resistant to the causative agent of potato cancer and the golden cyst nematode. Tubers and tops are moderately affected by late blight.
Gardeners are constantly improving the way they grow potatoes. Recently, the most successful are those that, with minimal impact on the soil, give the best yield.
In this case, green manures act as mulch. Particular attention is paid to mustard, as it is known that the wireworm does not tolerate being near it. In addition to the disinfecting function, mulching, green manure, when decomposed, provide plants with nutrition and moisture. Then many intermediate stages of planting care disappear as unnecessary.
The method of planting potatoes, offered in the video, is also good because it allows you to fertilize not the soil, but the plants. As a result of the cultivation of potatoes using green manures as mulch, not only a high yield of root crops is obtained, but also a refined plot of land without digging and without hassle.
Reviews about Jelly delight with unanimity. Rarely does a gardener pass by this potato without praising it.
Some gardeners designate their views differently:
Despite the ambiguous attitude towards the Jelly variety, this potato is sold in abundance in the markets of the country.
Agronomists' advice on the cultivation of Jelly potatoes does not contain anything complicated:
The variety is grown outdoors. It is not recommended to plant potatoes in the old place or after nightshades: diseases and pests are common in the family. Crop rotation is the main condition for healthy potatoes. The highest yield is provided by planting after winter grasses, legumes and lupine.
The optimal time for planting is May. The soil at this time, as a rule, is warmed up to 6-7 aboutC at a depth of 10 cm. Experts advise against delaying planting in fields where autumn rains are frequent, leading to waterlogging.
This is especially true for the Central Region, where it is recommended to grow Jelly. Tubers are planted to a depth of no more than 8–10 cm, the distance between holes is 35 cm, and between rows 60–70 cm. The beds are oriented from north to south to provide better illumination of the bushes and intensive tuberization.
Following the Jelly planting recommendations will ensure you a rich potato crop.
The rest of plant care is reduced to loosening the surface layer of the soil and killing weeds. These activities are started 5–6 days after planting, since weeds actively grow in the fertilized and moist soil in good lighting conditions. If you miss the time when their root system is still tender and weak, then in the future you can lose the fight for territory.
Loosening of the soil is repeated several times at intervals of 7–10 days until the tops close, after which the bushes are spud. Usually, hilling is carried out three times during the growing season. An important condition for obtaining a decent harvest is watering during the most significant periods for the formation of tubers: during budding and flowering. As a rule, the tops die off later than the potatoes ripen. To speed up the maturation of tubers and better prepare them for storage, it is recommended to remove the tops of medium early varieties like Jelly 3-5 days before harvest.
It is known that in addition to starch, potatoes also contain proteins, vitamins, fiber, and even a little fat. But in Jelly there is a special "zest", regardless of the content of all these nutrients. Potatoes delight the taste and the eye at all stages from growing to consumption.
A significant factor that you should pay attention to when choosing a potato variety is keeping quality. The storage capacity of the Jelly variety is average and amounts to 86%. The harvested tubers are able to lay for several months, while not losing their taste and presentation. However, in order for the term of the preservation of the root crop to be longer, it is necessary to fulfill the requirements for the storage procedure.
Ideal parameters in the room where the vegetable is located should be within the range: temperature + 2–4 ° С, humidity 80–85%. At a temperature of 0 ° C, the process of converting starch into sugar begins. Potato fruits become sweet and sluggish. At a temperature of -1 ° C, potatoes freeze and require further disposal.
Agrotechnical description of Jelly potatoes:
According to the declared characteristics and reviews of gardeners, 10-15 root crops are obtained from one potato bush of the Jelly variety. The yield is 150-290 kg / ha. Marketability of the variety is 88–97%. But these indicators directly depend on the climatic characteristics of the growing area and soil fertility.
Given the high yield, the root crop is ideal for growing on an industrial scale; it is less common on personal plots.
The characteristic of the Jelly potato variety includes persistent immunity to the following diseases:
The vegetable culture is resistant to viral pathogens, but it is moderately affected by late blight. Roots and tops are especially sensitive to them. Treatment with the drugs "Artsdil", "Ditamin M-45", "Ridomil MC", "Kuproksat" will help from this ailment. Fungicides are diluted according to the instructions. Plants need to be sprayed 3-4 times at intervals of 7-10 days.
It is recommended to use chemicals at least 30 days before harvest. Potato bushes can be attacked by Colorado beetles and wireworms. In order to prevent the spread of the latter, when planting in the holes, put 3 granules of superphosphate, pre-treated with "Aktellik". This procedure will scare off the pest.
In order to avoid the development of dangerous diseases and attacks of parasites, it is necessary to take preventive measures that are recommended in the reviews of farmers for the Jelly potato variety.
The Jelly potato variety has a number of advantages over other varieties:
The disadvantage of this culture is the low starch content, as a result of which the fruits are not suitable for mashed potatoes.
The result of the work of the most experienced breeders - the Jelly potato variety - is resistant to many viruses and diseases that affect plants of this type. Rhizoctonia, golden cyst nematode, the causative agent of potato cancer may be powerless in front of him. But late blight is quite dangerous, the susceptibility of tops and tubers to it is quite high. To prevent this disease, plants will need to be sprayed with solutions of special preparations (ditamin, copper oxychloride, etc.). Naturally, any fungicidal preparation should be used only after careful study of the instructions for its dilution and use.
Preventive treatment should not be carried out shortly before harvest, that is, 20-30 days: this can adversely affect the consumer properties of potatoes and the accumulation of harmful substances in it.
Having protected plants from diseases and reaping a rich harvest, you should not relax. Potatoes of this variety, although they have an amazing keeping quality, still require a careful approach to sorting and storing.
Storing potatoes in cloth bags
It is advisable to equip the storage with ventilation and temperature and humidity control systems. Large agricultural enterprises and storage facilities carefully monitor the safety of the product. And at home (in the absence of special systems), you can arm yourself with a hand-held thermometer and periodically check the temperature of the air in the room and the potatoes themselves.
Before storing, the tubers will need to be cooled, and slowly, half a degree a day. In the cold season (winter), when the temperature of the product drops to 2-5 ° C, it is necessary to maintain the air temperature in the room within + 1-3 ° C.
Temperature control will be required in spring to avoid premature germination. It is possible to regulate the air temperature during this period using lower ambient temperatures at night and in the early morning, with the help of natural ventilation.
Jelly potatoes can be grown in almost all types of soil. The main requirement during planting is to observe the distances between the holes:
This potato variety does not require special care in terms of watering. But in dry weather, lasting a long period, additional watering will be required. With regard to late processing, care must be taken here: this variety is very sensitive to late intervention.
Watering potatoes on dry days
If everything is done correctly, after a while it will be possible to observe even and simultaneous shoots.
Various herbicides can be used as weed control in later stages of growing. However, it should be borne in mind that the susceptibility of potatoes to use in the late stages of pesticides, for example, Metribuzin (analogues of Butrazin, Zenkor, Zoker), is quite high.
Hilling can be attributed to caring for potatoes. This process has long been familiar to all farmers and gardeners (if not, you can find a description on the Internet). It is needed if the potato forms tubers on the lateral shoots from the roots. It is done several times, depending on the need, more can be done.
And also an important step in caring for potatoes is the prevention of Colorado beetles. Everyone's main association with potato pests is the Colorado potato beetle. It is necessary from time to time to monitor their presence on the potatoes and spray.
It would seem that there is nothing important in watering potatoes. Some do not even water their potatoes, relying solely on rain. But do not do like such people, it is boring to water the potatoes. Watering does not depend on the variety, so the Jelly variety has no particular preferences. But he doesn't really need him, so for lazy farmers this is an ideal option, sometimes you can forget about him and hope for rainy weather.
A common question is still the question of whether it is worth fertilizing an already prolific variety? If the soil is not sufficiently endowed with natural fertilizers, then you can add mineral or organic fertilizers to the soil. But it is worth considering that an excess of nitrogen fertilizers leads to consequences, namely, it increases the growing season.
Since most viruses (except late blight) are not scary for the Jelly potato variety, then for prevention you can use the following drugs:
These preparations have a lot of chemicals, so you need to carefully and correctly fertilize the plants. Observe the safety rules when spraying!
Particular attention should be paid to pest control. There are more and more of them every year. The topic of Colorado beetles has already been raised above, so you definitely need to pay attention to this again. And there are also many other pests, besides the Colorado potato beetle, which can do twice as much damage to potatoes. It is worth sprinkling the potatoes for its normal development.