A favorite garden is perhaps the only place where gardener's whimsical fantasies can come true even in our cool and capricious climate.
Of course, now that the garden has prepared for the long and cold winter, there is no time for fantasies. But after all, warmth will come, nature will come to life - then, at the beginning of summer, and the most appropriate time will come to start something unusual, to the delight of your neighbors, to your surprise.
By this time, usually not all the seedlings of summer plants and perennials have been planted, so you can afford unconventional options for decorating the site.
It happens that an old fruit tree grows in the garden, which it is time to replace it with a new one, but hands do not reach. It is such a tree that can serve an unusual service: it can become a living support for climbing plants.
If there is enough light in front of the tree on the south side, even a climbing rose can be planted in the near-stem circle, which during the summer, with good care, will rise to the skeletal branches, decorating them with its wonderful flowers. In the fall, of course, the lashes will need to be lowered from the branches of the apple tree and covered for the winter according to all the rules.
This is an option for experienced gardeners. The simplest option is to plant summer lianas seedlings near an old tree. Morning glory, sweet peas, ornamental beans, echinocystis, Japanese hops, kobea and other climbing plants will gladly spend the summer in the arms of an apple tree.
The only condition for flowering is good lighting, for which you can remove excess tree branches (it must be borne in mind that any fruit tree requires regular thinning of the crown). Only with good internal illumination are fruit branches formed, on which fruiting occurs). Adequate food is also needed. Lianas can be perennial, for example, species clematis (Tangut, grape-leaved, fargesioides, etc.), ordinary hops.
Even the field bindweed, with which gardeners are so diligently fighting, can be planted near an old tree, which will transform and become a local landmark. Hanging pots with blooming ampel petunias of various varieties and colors, lobelia with alissum, climbing nasturtium, fragrant and multi-colored verbena, phacelia, etc. can be placed on the branches of the apple tree.
Instead of pots, you can use old wicker baskets, which are lined with foil with cut holes for water to drain. An apple tree in such an unusual outfit will give everyone great pleasure. If you plant a decorative pumpkin at the foot of a tree in the southern heat, attaching its lashes to the branches, then its fruits of bizarre shapes and bright colors, hanging from the branches, will turn an ordinary apple tree into a fabulous "miracle tree".
Sometimes unrooted stumps remain on the site. They can also become a garden decoration. Choosing wood from the center of the stump and drilling several holes at its base for water drainage, they pour in fertile compost soil and plant their favorite annual flowers: Drummond's phlox, ever-flowering and ampelous begonias, lavatera, cornflowers, marigolds, zinnias, salvia, summer dahlias, diastia, lobelia, gypsophila, etc.
It is better to place ampelous species and varieties along the outer edge, in the center - low, erect ones. Indoor potted plants that spend the summer outdoors will look great in a stump vase: variegated coleus and chlorophytum, fuchsias (if the stump is in partial shade), roses, pelargoniums, etc.
Trunks are necessarily formed in the garden during the sanitary pruning of fruit trees. They need to be cut into pieces 25-40 cm high. Several of these blocks can turn any corner of the garden into an elegant flower garden.
Fertile soil is poured into the cuts and seedlings of summer and biennials are planted. Violas with their expressive "portrait faces" of various colors are especially good at such cuts. These makeshift flower beds are very mobile - they can be placed at the right time in the place where a bright floral accent is required or you just need to decorate fading bulbous, etc.
An original way of placing summer people in the garden. From the inside, it is lined with sphagnum, gradually filled with fertile soil. A hole is made in the mesh cells with a peg, into which seedlings of petunia, lobelia, salvia, coleus, ageratum and other plants suitable for habit and color are carefully planted. Row by row the ball is filled with earth and plants.
For the convenience of watering, a funnel or the cut off top of a plastic bottle is inserted into the upper part of the ball, where water is poured. The ball itself is attached to a post or high stump. You can use a wire basket for groceries in the same way. An old garden, children's plastic carts, tidied up, may well become attributes of garden design for placing suitable plants in them for the summer season.
You can effectively decorate the entrance to the garden house with summer and biennials, and perennials too, planted in large flower pots. In recent years, the container culture has become very popular in the design of not only balconies, loggias and terraces, but also the garden. Here, the designer's fantasies can be embodied in all their diversity.
Vertical design techniques will diversify the garden landscape, especially when there is not enough space. A pyramid of large ceramic pots of different diameters, fastened with wire or slightly dug into each other, can become a miniature alpine slide for sedums of different species and other ground cover sun-loving plants (only they should winter in a garden bed or a flower garden under a snow cover).
Finally, you can make yourself a vegetable bed. It can be of any shape: round, oval, square, triangular, curved - as you like.
With the help of a peg and a cord, segments, squares, triangles, etc. are marked in this area. - symmetrical (or vice versa) cells in which green crops of contrasting colors and texture of leaves are planted or sown. You can fill such a flower bed with different varieties of salads with green, red, brown, yellowish leaves, leafy and cabbage leaves; green and violet-leaved basil; dill, mint and lemon balm, parsley, celery and fennel.
Edging this piece of garden art is appropriate with curly parsley, and marigolds and nasturtium with edible flowers will add brightness and piquant taste. An annual vegetable chrysanthemum (topped chrysanthemum and keeled chrysanthemum) will look good in the center. Young leaves and stems of chrysanthemums are used for food in fresh, boiled and dried form (they are added to salads, soups and vegetable dishes). They have a pleasant spicy smell and taste, and the flowers serve as a table decoration.
E. Kuzmina, agronomist
Garden maintenance is all year round, but there are many different garden maintenance tools on the market today.
The main technique that makes gardening and weed control easier is mulching. If they appear, then there are very few of them and they are easily removed. This year the garden is open to the public, there were many pleasant meetings, communication with novice gardeners and professionals. After such meetings, you can learn a lot and share your experience with others.
Next year, my husband and I are planning to build a large open veranda next to the house, where it will be possible to receive guests and gather with the whole family.
In winter there is less work in the garden and there will be time to think about a project.
A garden is a constant movement and creativity, where there are no complete pictures, something always changes and time makes its own changes, sometimes even beyond our control. Having your own garden is an old dream that we have been pursuing for many years. Realizing this dream, you become truly
a happy person, especially when you see the result of many years of work and the gratitude of plants that will delight us, our children and many lovers of beautiful gardens for many years to come.
Modern styles of landscape architecture, especially on large-scale objects, are difficult to attribute to a specific style, for them the architectural and planning structure and architectural and landscape organization are decisive. Their composition is based on a clear zoning of the territory according to the nature of its use. The solution of modern objects is largely determined by the degree of change in the original natural basis: from conservation and minimal intervention to the creation of a completely man-made environment, instead of a disturbed or unfavorable one for humans. Nevertheless, the usual concept of style is quite applicable for parks and their fragments, decoration of areas near buildings, expositions of botanical gardens and landscape design exhibitions, private ornamental gardens.
Currently, there is still interest in a variety of stylizations, such as "Japanese garden", "natural garden", "Moorish garden" and many others. Stylization involves the repetition of techniques characteristic of the gardens of a particular era or country. In such stylizations, special attention is paid to historical and regional traditions in planning, arrangement of small forms and details, selection of plants and coating materials. It is important not to create a collection of exotic plants, for example, Japanese endemics, but to resemble the appearance of the garden to the chosen prototype and observe the symbolism using plants that are resistant to specific conditions.
An important trend that emerged in the 1980s is "Natural garden"Or" Nature Garden ". Such a garden assumes an imitation of a natural natural landscape, the outline of the road-path-night network obeys the relief, the plants are selected in exact accordance with the soil and microclimate so that they make up a relatively stable community that requires minimal maintenance. A peculiar motto of this style - the words of the English gardener Beth Chateau: in difficult arid areas "plant such plants that take care of themselves." In small gardens of a natural style, a lawn resembling a natural meadow adjoins the house, behind it there is a "edge" of shrubs with massifs of perennials characteristic of the area, then a "forest" - multi-tiered tree plantations. There are natural gardens as part of modern urban parks with highly urbanized landscapes, for example, a piece of prairie garden in Millennium Park in Chicago, created by leading European designers at the beginning of the 21st century.
Style high tech ("High-tech") has been taking shape in architecture since the late 1970s, it assumes strict geometric shapes of buildings, the output of engineering communications to the facade, frame structures with cladding with modern building materials - glass and plastic. There is no clear definition of this style in landscape art, but techniques that are not typical for other styles can be distinguished. The beauty of such a garden is in the contrast between abstract forms from inorganic materials and various forms of plants. The territory is divided into fragments with a clear regular layout, areas paved or decorated with dumping surfaces, reservoirs have a clear geometric shape. For fences, furniture, parts, a wide variety of non-organic materials are used - stone, concrete, plastic, transparent and colored glass, metal, mirror surfaces. A wide variety of water devices are possible: canals, cascading reservoirs, fountains with abstract sculptures, complex structures and a varied scenario for switching on jets. In the composition of artificial lighting, the most modern techniques of decorative lighting are used. At the same time, plants should be in contrast with this artificial environment, they are selected according to their shape, decorative timing, color of foliage, flowers and fruits, curtain texture, and also placed in tiers. In high-tech gardens, it is imperative to use the most advanced technologies for growing plants: using drip irrigation, in hanging containers, in the form of green walls made of cells with plants. The symbolic and imaginative series of such a garden is subjective, depending on the personality of the owners and the designer. Several city parks have been created in high-tech style (La Villette and Citroen parks, Atlantic Garden in Paris, Millennium Park in Chicago), it is most common in the design of small exhibition gardens-installations (landscape design competitions in Chelsea).
A wide variety of contemporary styles are associated with the design of individual gardens. Since a private garden has traditionally been used for both growing crops and for recreation, it is natural to appeal to the styles of "farm garden", "country garden" and "country".
At the heart of "Farm garden" - maintaining a rational economy, with the allocation of territory for an orchard, a vegetable garden, places for keeping poultry and animals, decorative techniques are appropriate in the front garden, in a small recreation area.
Decorative "Russian rural garden»Assumes the use of techniques typical for utilitarian gardens in different regions of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus. Style "country»Associated with American rural life. All "rural" gardens have a vegetable garden and an orchard, small flower gardens, front gardens of traditional garden plants. This style is especially recognizable thanks to the details, often homemade: garden furniture, wells, wattle fence, decorative wheels and carts with flower pots, draperies.
Individual plots of a large area are often correlated with traditional Russian noble estate. The estate was the name of the center of a patrimony or an estate, where residential buildings and outbuildings were located, an economic, horse and stockyards, orchards, vegetable gardens, fish ponds, cages, groves and ornamental gardens, sometimes apiaries and pharmaceutical gardens. Over time, some of the estates turned into ceremonial residences, with a complex of palace buildings, "amusement" gardens and promenade parks. Most of the estates remained at the same time the place of family life and the economic center of the estate. It is with such a farmstead, large in area and including territories of different uses, that the modern concept of "Russian garden style" is most often associated. On such sites, one can distinguish: the core of the building with a front yard and regular flower beds, ornamental gardens, agricultural fragments - from an ornamental garden to vast lands, fragments of a natural landscape. An orchard, a grove and a meadow with the protection of natural grass stand, a large reservoir are obligatory.
Sitting around the fire in your own garden in the evening is always a pleasant experience. The designers set out to enhance the feeling of coziness by adding a bar counter to the left of the seating area. Here, under the countertop, you can store firewood and put boxes of drinks. In order to combine the bar corner and the territory with the fireplace into a coherent ensemble, the space between them was lined with boards. As a result, the paved area has increased significantly.The privacy of the recreation area is ensured by a sheared hedge of yew and cypress. The air canopy sets the summer mood and shades the area with a fire located in the sun.
It blooms from mid-summer until the first frost. It grows equally well both in a dry open place and in a wet partial shade.
The flower beds are designed in the colors of "flame and ice": plants with red, orange and white flowers were selected for them. The most catchy of the "fiery" flora, the real star is the ‘Alcazar’ bnifophyta with orange-red candle inflorescences that appear in July. This herbaceous perennial needs a sunny spot and soil that does not stagnate water at any time of the year. Thanks to the narrow leaves collected in a lush bush, the plant retains its decorative effect even in autumn. Potentilla with double scarlet flowers became a worthy fiery partner of the knifofmi.
In white "outfits", along with the buddleya, there appears an ozhika, which spreads over a dense openwork carpet. This wild-growing herb is covered with white flowers in spring and is perfect for semi-shady flower beds. The bloom parade is picked up by action, filling the air with a pleasant aroma. From the second half of summer, anaphalis with silvery leaves and gray-white flowers is in a hurry to appear in all its glory. Fragrant yellow evening primrose and orange meconopsis bring variety to the fiery-snowy flower beds.
Under the white acacia with a spherical crown, in June-July, buds of fire knifofia, orange meconopsis, ozhika and white buddleya open. Gray-green anaphalis shows all its floral talents only closer to August.
The garden is quite young - it is 14 years old, we have already purchased it with a small number of fruit and ornamental trees planted by the first owners of the garden. The central part of the garden was almost empty, so there was nowhere to hide from the sun. Having moved there in the spring at the beginning of the season, we started by clearing the site of debris. The old, once planted lawn is overgrown with weeds and meadow grasses. We began to mow the grass often, and the weeds stopped growing over time, so we put the lawn in order.
The first trees planted were dug out of the nearby forests: pine, spruce, hazel, bubblegum. Spruce and pine trees from the forest were planted along the edges of the site, and forest junipers were planted closer to the house, without even thinking that over time they would grow strongly, the desire was to shade the garden and hide from prying eyes. Then I made sure it was done correctly.
We have very strong winds, and conifers perfectly protect the garden from the wind. Five years later, the plantings began to grow, and I began to pinch forest pines. Of course, they are far from nivaki, but the koloboks from them turned out to be even very cute and compact.
To turn the pine-covered garden into a comfortable resting place, the designers had to remove most of the lawn around the pond. It was decided to cover the vacated territory with gravel and decorate with stately herbaceous perennials in tall pots. The pond itself also did not go unnoticed: to revive the reservoir, it was supplemented with a mini-fountain. This also makes the adjacent garden space more dynamic.
The water element is now fenced off from the lawn by a narrow gravel path, along the perimeter of which a steel curb tape is installed, which serves as an "outpost" for the lawn grass. The apple tree already growing on the site also played its role - the tree casts a favorable shadow on the reservoir, due to which the algae in the water do not grow so actively. Plantings with herbaceous perennials, bordering the renewed resting place, are lit up with purple, yellow and white flowers in summer. The inflorescences-candles of the multi-grater are especially striking.
This herbaceous perennial, like the lemon-yellow daylily, grows well both in the sun and in partial shade. The company is diluted with aralia with white flowers. When the plant is not in bloom, it still stands out favorably in plantings thanks to its bright yellow-green leaves. Along with the aforementioned representatives of the flora, the garden at this time is decorated with bells, a zopnik, a cuff and a mountain cornflower.
From August to October, the gravel area is decorated with asters covered with pink flowers. In the spring, the place of rest is colored by lungwort and badan.
Since both plants belong to decorative-leaved herbaceous perennials, they were planted along the perimeter of flower beds. On the border of the site, there were also small changes: here the designers put a number of modern wooden supports for vines in the form of leaves as a decor - they look catchy even without plants.