Medinilla is found on the planet in a limited number of territories: on the islands of the Malay Archipelago, in the tropical latitudes of Africa, in Madagascar. In its form, it has about 400 types of shrubs.
Medinilla is an evergreen shrub that grows to about 2 m in height. The branches are usually bare, but there are also slightly bristly, rounded, ribbed branches. Leaves are entire, with 3-9 veins, thickened, whorled or opposite.
Medinilla attracts special attention with beautiful flowers. They are collected in panicles, hanging from the plant, pink, white or pink-red shades. Medinilla is valued among flower growers both for the special decorativeness of leaves and flowers.
It is very difficult to take care of medinilla at home, therefore, it can often be found growing in conditions of botanical gardens, greenhouses or greenhouses. The plant likes to be in a strictly defined temperature regime and in high humidity.
The history of the origin of the plant's name is very interesting. Medinilla got its name from the governor of one of the many Spanish colonies J. de Medinilla and Pineda. In Europe, the flowering plant was first seen in England in the garden of Mr. Veitch in 1850.
Growing medinilla requires bright lighting, but the leaves should be hidden from direct, scalding sunlight. If there is not enough light for the plant, then it will either not bloom, or discard the existing flowers and buds. If the room does not have the necessary lighting, then you will need to use special phytolamps or fluorescent lamps.
The ideal location for the plant is west or east windows. A southern room will work as well, but it is important to shade the sun's rays.
The temperature in the plant room must be maintained regularly at a high level. This is due to its place of origin (rainforest). The air temperature should not drop below 20-25 degrees.
In the winter months from December to January, medinilla will be dormant, so the temperature can be reduced to 16 degrees. The plant does not tolerate temperature changes and drafts. It should also not be placed next to heating devices.
Medinilla needs regular, moderate watering during growth and flowering. The soil should not dry out completely. As soon as the top layer of the substrate dries up, you can water the plant. In autumn and winter, when the plant is at rest, watering is reduced. The soil should have time to dry out at a level of 2-3 cm from the surface. In January and February, watering is reduced even more. Watering should be done with clean, settled water at room temperature or slightly higher.
Medinilla comes from humid and hot tropical forests, so the humidity of the surrounding air should not fall below 75%. To do this, several times a day, the leaves of the plant are sprayed with warm, settled water, avoiding contact with the flowers.
It will be useful to place a pot with a plant in a pallet with wet sand or expanded clay. For additional humidification, you can use a container of water placed next to the plant or a special air humidifier. From dry air, the leaves of medinilla become smaller, lose their decorative effect, and the plant itself becomes unstable to the effects of pests and diseases.
Under natural conditions, medinilla is an epiphytic plant and is found on the stems and trunks of other shrubs and trees. You don't need too much mixture for planting a plant in a pot. However, it should be loose, fertile, slightly acidic.
The optimal soil composition for medinilla consists of leafy soil, sod land, sand, peat and humus in a ratio of 2: 2: 1: 1: 1. In specialized flower shops, ready-made mixtures for epiphytes are sold, you can use them. Placement of a good drainage layer at the bottom of the pot is essential. This will prevent moisture from stagnating, and the root system will not suffer from rot.
Medinilla needs regular feeding with fertilizer for decorative flowering plants. You need to apply top dressing once every 10 days. In summer, the plant can be fed with organic fertilizer, but no more than 3 times. With the onset of autumn and until spring, during the dormant period, medinilla does not need to be fed.
A young actively growing medinilla is transplanted annually, but an adult plant needs to be transplanted only once every 2-3 years. When transplanting, the medinilla is shaped and the crown is formed.
A large area of leaves accumulates indoor dust, so an important procedure is to regularly wipe them with a damp soft cloth. The plant likes a warm leaf shower, but it is important to avoid getting moisture on the flowers and the ground. After the medinilla fades, it is cut off.
The most effective methods of reproduction of medinilla are growing it by seeds or cuttings.
Seeds for planting can be purchased or obtained from a home plant. The seeds are planted in flat pots in February-March. The planting substrate should consist of a mixture of sand and turf. The pots should be in a warm environment, you can even organize mini-greenhouses. The sprouts that appear are dived and later transplanted into pots as adult plants.
For propagation of medinilla by cuttings, the period from January to May is suitable. For this you need cuttings with 3 buds. They are planted in a substrate, covered with a jar or film on top, and kept at a high temperature - about 25-30 degrees. The roots of cuttings appear within 5 weeks. Further, the shoots are transplanted already as an adult plant into a previously prepared substrate.
External imperfections that appear on the leaves or flowers of the plant may indicate improper care.
There are about 400 types of medinilla in nature, but the following are the most popular.
Medinilla veiny - originally from Malaysia. This shrub leads a semi-epiphytic lifestyle, the shoots are round, densely covered with hairs resembling wool. The leaves are oblong, elliptical in shape. The width of the leaves is 5-9 cm, and the length is from 9 to 20 cm. There are 7 veins on the leaves, the edges are pointed. Blossoms medinilla veined with small flowers, collected in a small-flowered beige inflorescence.
Medinilla gorgeous (beautiful) - found only in the rainforests of the Philippine Islands or the island of Java. Does not occur above 0.5 km above sea level. Medinilla splendid is a shrub about 1.5 m tall with thick, woolly branches. Large leaves, oblong ovoid. The width can reach about 15 cm, the length is about 35 cm. The color of the leaves is dark green, leathery in appearance. The flowering of medinilla splendid is represented by hanging multi-flowered brushes reaching 30 cm in length. The brushes are pink-red. Medinilla splendid is appreciated for its high decorative qualities. Both leaves and inflorescences are considered beautiful. It is one of the few species that can be grown in a pot at home or in greenhouse conditions.
Medinilla Cuming - grows in the humid tropical latitudes of the Philippine Islands. The shrub leads an epiphytic lifestyle, has oblong elliptical leaves, large, up to 20 cm wide and about 30 cm long. Vein on leaves 7. Flowers are large, about 5 cm in diameter, clustered in clusters, erect, pink in color. The flowering period of medinilla Cuming is from March to May.
Russian name: Medinilla, Medinilla magnifica, Medinilla magnificent, Medinilla majestic.
Latin name: Medinilla magnifica.
Habitat: Philippines, Madagascar.
About 350 species of shrubs or lianas belong to the genus Medinilla. In indoor conditions, only one species is most often grown - medinilla magnifica.
Medinilla magnifica in the wild is an evergreen shrub that can reach a height of up to 1.5 meters, but at home, the height of a plant usually does not exceed 70-90 cm.
Medinilla is a typical representative of the tropical flora. The plant has large rich green leathery leaves with 3-9 light green veins. The shape of the leaves is oval, the length is up to 30 cm.
In addition to beautiful leaves, medinilla boasts flowers of unusually amazing shape and appearance, which are panicles of white, red or most often pink, surrounded by bracts of the same color. These inflorescences are rather heavy and therefore hang down, reminding the enthusiastic beholder of grapes. It is very difficult to confuse the flowers of this plant with any others. The plant begins to bloom at the 5th year of the plant's life, and flowering continues from spring to late August.
Inflorescences of medinilla magnifica
The roots of the plant are small, superficial.
Plant genus Medinilla Gaud. - eaup (Medinilla). This genus includes about two hundred plant species that are members of the Melastomataceae family. These plants are common in Sri Lanka, eastern India, the tropics of Africa, the Mascarene Islands and the Malay Archipelago.
Photo gallery: Indoor plants: medinilla
Medinilla is an evergreen plant. They can reach two meters in height. Their branches are segmented, bare, ribbed and rounded, often bristly at the nodes. The leaves are whorled, opposite, may be alternate, whole-edged, thickened. Up to 9 veins can protrude on them.
Flowers are pink, white, red-pink. They are collected in brushes or panicles. Their bracts are red-pink, large. These plants are highly decorative. Several types of these plants can be found in botanical gardens. Industrial horticulture produces only one variety. This is M. magnifica.
The plant looks very impressive. It can become a real decoration of the room. But before buying a plant, you need to weigh everything, namely, whether you can strictly observe the conditions of humidity, temperature, because indoor plants of medinilla are quite capricious: they need moist air and a constant temperature level.
The plant needs diffused bright light. Better if the pots are on the east or west windowsills. If you put medinilla on the south side, then do not forget to shade it in the summer and on spring days from the light. Medinilla can also be placed on the northern windowsill, but it will grow poorly, even worse - bloom.
The plant needs a normal temperature regime. From the first days of spring to the end of autumn, medinilla needs a temperature level of 24 degrees. Temperatures higher than the above (even up to 28 degrees) can negatively affect the plant. In autumn, the temperature regime can be reduced to 17 degrees, and on winter days it can be kept at a temperature of 15 degrees. It is necessary to observe the temperature regime, because the decorativeness of the plant, its flowering, and appearance depend on it. If these conditions are not observed, then the plant grows, but weakly, and bloom almost never blooms. Of course, it can bloom, but the flow will be weak. Medinilla needs to be protected from through winds.
From the first days of spring to late autumn, these indoor plants need to be watered a little, observing the temperature regime. Settled soft water is used. Repeat watering after the top mass of soil in the pot dries up. In autumn, water should be less; in winter, the plant is watered with caution so as not to overflow. It is not necessary to allow the earth to dry out completely.
To create favorable conditions for a plant to grow, it is necessary that there is high humidity around it. It should be around 80%. The leaves of the plant must be constantly sprayed with settled, soft, cold water. You can put a pot with a plant on wet pebbles (expanded clay). Humidifiers must also be used.
With low air humidity, the leaves become smaller. If the room is poorly ventilated, the plant can get sick.
Medinilla plants need to be fed from the first days of March to August using complex fertilizer for indoor plants. All the rest of the year, they refrain from feeding.
If the plant is well looked after, then it can often bloom: every year at the same time. Inflorescences begin to form around April (or May), flowers open in May. The plant can bloom even up to July days.
For the life of the plant, the period becomes very important when flower buds are laid for blooming next year. This dormant period lasts from November to the first days of February. At this time, the plant needs a lowered temperature - up to 15 degrees. This level is necessary for the normal formation of flower buds and the maturation of shoots.
During this period, medinilla needs maximum lighting, it needs to be watered a little, to prevent waterlogging and drying out of the soil in the pot.
When the plant is young, it must be replanted every year. When it has grown - once every couple of years. In the spring, when transplanting is done, the plant is pruned to form the plant itself and used as cuttings. Older plants can be pruned more than usual. But in this case, they must be planted in smaller pots. For planting, land is needed, consisting of leafy, humus, sod types of land, peat and sand. All in 2 parts, except for the sand. Its 1 part. The substrate is also suitable for loose, for example, the one sold for growing epiphytic plants. The bottom of the pot should be filled with drainage.
Medinilla is a plant that propagates through seeds and cuttings. Semi-lignified sections are taken as cuttings. Cuttings are carried out from January to the first days of May. Cuttings, on which there are up to 3 internodes, are planted in a small greenhouse in the sand. There they are kept at temperatures up to 30 grams. Cuttings develop well only at high humidity and uniform temperature conditions. They take root within about a month. 1 young plant is planted in low (up to 9 cm) pots. The substrate should include leafy, humus, peat, soddy types of soil and sand. All in 1 part. Over time, it is necessary to pinch to stimulate the growth of medinilla. Subsequent ramifications pass without pinching. In the summer, you need to water the plant a lot and often. It must be shaded and fed once every couple of weeks using complex fertilizer. In the spring of next year, it is necessary to reload the plant. In this case, the composition of the land does not need to be changed, but the sod type of substrate should be taken 2 times more.
Seeds must be sown from February to the first days of March in pots, then put in a warm place. It is necessary to dive the sprouts into small pots (up to 7 cm). The land should include sand and leafy soil.From May to the first days of June, the plants must be transferred into a larger pot, and then looked after, as well as the cuttings.
Difficulties that may arise when growing
• first of all, medinilla is recommended for growing in winter gardens as a blooming large size
• for rooms on light (non-northern) windows or 1.5 meters from the window
• in general premises (halls, offices)
once every few years in a bowl of standard proportions
turf land: leafy land: sand (2: 2: 1)
• the need for high air humidity and cold wintering makes keeping medinilla in rooms problematic
• affected by spider mites, aphids
in room conditions, forced (from October to February) due to low illumination and humidity
rooting of semi-lignified cuttings at a soil and air temperature of 25-30 ° C using root formation stimulants
• constantly high air humidity is desirable (not less than 60%)
• cool wintering is necessary for setting buds
• medinilla needs shaping and rejuvenating pruning
grayish-green, lighter leaves on the lower side, with light veins, oblong-oval, up to 30 cm long
usually in the spring and summer
multi-flowered racemose inflorescences up to 40 cm long
• shrubs and vines growing in tropical Africa, Madagascar and the islands of the Malay Archipelago
• in culture there are several types
Do you believe in garden fairies? Someone, after reading, will smile, and some will think and mentally plunge into the world of childhood and fantasy. And I .
A multi-tiered vegetation plant "Fitopyramida" has been created, a kind of vertical hydroponic farm for growing.
|A place:||Sunny to semi-shaded|
|Plant height at the moment:||30 - 50 cm|
|Pot size:||17 cm|
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Seed propagation... The main method of reproduction of medinilla is by seeds, which are obtained independently. Seeds are usually sown in late winter or early spring. As a soil, you can use a mixture of leafy earth, humus, peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1.
Seeds should be embedded in the soil to a depth of 2-3 cm, and ensure there is sufficient light, water and the required temperature.
Propagation by cuttings... You can also breed medinilla by cuttings using the stems of the plant. Sprouted cuttings are best rooted in conditions of elevated temperature (up to 28-30 ° C) and humidity - for these purposes, you can use an ordinary glass jar turned upside down or make a miniature greenhouse. Sand is usually used as a soil for cuttings.
It should be borne in mind that cuttings are not rooted very well, and for more successful reproduction of medinilla using this method, grassroots heating and the use of phytohormones are necessary.
As they grow, regardless of the propagation method used, one pinch of young plants should be done - this will help the formation of branches.