The flowering plant Ipomoea (Ipomoea) is the most abundant genus in the Bindweed family. These plants are found in natural conditions in various regions with a subtropical or tropical climate. Morning glory is represented by trees, shrubs and vines, which can be perennials and annuals. Among the various species of this genus, there are also food ones, for example: aquatic spinach and sweet potatoes. The name of this genus comes from 2 Greek words: "ips", which translates as "worm" and "homoios" - "similar", the result is "worm-like", this definition is associated with the rhizome of perennial species of morning glory. Florists grow vines belonging to this genus, the opening of their flowers occurs in the early morning, while all other flowers are still closed, so the morning glory was called the "flower of the morning dawn." Interestingly, weed bindweed and morning glory are close relatives.
Ipomoea, grown in garden plots of middle latitudes, is a garden morning glory, a vine about 5 m long. Heart-shaped shoots are densely leafy. The large flowers are very fragrant and have long stalks. The shoots are densely covered with flowers that open early in the morning and turn to follow the sun. Their closure is observed at noon, but if the day turned out to be cloudy, then this can happen only in the evening. Double or simple flowers have a shape similar to a gramophone pipe, they can be painted in a variety of colors, for example: red, blue, white, pink, etc. Flowering begins in the first summer weeks, and ends with the onset of frost. Under natural conditions, such a vine is a perennial, but in the middle latitudes it is cultivated as an annual plant.
IMMEIA from sowing to flowering. How best to grow morning glory
For reproduction of morning glory, the generative (seed) method is used. The seeds of this vine remain viable for 3-4 years. Seeds are sown for seedlings in mid-May, but before that they should be scarified (to break the integrity of the shell), instead they can be placed in tepid (25 to 30 degrees) water to swell for 24 hours. , it is necessary to carefully pierce their shell with a needle, after which the seed is soaked again.
It is imperative to take into account that each species requires a certain soil mixture, and this is the main difficulty in growing morning glory. For sowing African species, you need to use a soil mixture intended for succulent plants, into which small expanded clay should be added. For sowing seeds of American varieties, you need to use a substrate consisting of peat, coconut fiber, leaf humus, vermiculite and fine expanded clay (2: 2: 4: 2: 1).
Small cups need to be filled with a suitable substrate, after which 2–4 seeds are placed in them, cover the top of the container with a film or glass, as a result you will get a kind of mini-greenhouse. If necessary, water the crops, arrange them regular ventilation, remove condensate from the shelter, and also maintain the air temperature within 18-20 degrees. If everything is done correctly, then the first seedlings should appear after 10-12 days.
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After the shoots reach a height of 15 centimeters, a lace will need to be tied to their base, its other end should be pulled up and fixed in this position. The resulting guide will become a support for the growing plant. As the seedlings grow, they need to be transplanted 1 or 2 times into a larger container using the transfer method, but be careful, as the root system should not be exposed or injured. Pinching the plants will allow them to grow more side shoots.
Planting mature morning glory seedlings in open soil should be done in the last days of May or the first days of June. This should be done after the soil is well warmed up, and the threat of recurrent spring frosts is left behind.
For planting young plants in open ground, the transshipment method is used. It is necessary to maintain a distance of 20 centimeters between the bushes. After planting over the plants, it is necessary to install a support, for example, you can stretch the fishing line or use a lattice of twigs.
Sowing seeds can be done directly into open soil. Sowing is carried out in the last days of May, after the threat of return frosts has passed. For planting, you must choose a calm and well-lit area. This vine grows best on weakly acidic, well-drained soil.
When cultivating such a plant, it is important to remember that all its parts contain a large amount of poison. In this regard, this vine should be grown only on the street.
Watering morning glory should be systematic, but moderate. Do not allow liquid to stagnate in the root system of the plant. In May-August, these flowers should be watered regularly, and there is no need to wait until the topsoil dries up.
The liana is fed during the period of intensive growth once every 15–20 days. For this, fertilizers are used for cacti or for decorative flowering plants. But remember, if you overfeed the morning glory, especially with fertilizers containing nitrogen, this will positively affect the growth of foliage, but extremely negatively on flowering. In this regard, the liana should be fed in moderation. The fertilizer concentration should be the same as that used for indoor flowers.
Sometimes liana needs pruning. So, you need to cut out all injured or diseased shoots. Pruning is recommended in September, which will allow you to put the morning glory in order before wintering. In spring, the bushes should be thinned out, while no more than 3 shoots should remain on each of them. There are times when such a vine needs thinning during the growing season.
There are types of this vine, for which cuttings are used for reproduction. For example, this method is propagated by the sweet potato morning glory. Cut off several stems of morning glory and cut cuttings from them, while keeping in mind that they should have 2 internodes, and they should be 15 to 20 centimeters long. The lower cut at the cutting should be done at an angle of 45 degrees, 1.5 cm below the knot. All leaf plates must be cut off from the bottom of the cuttings, after which they must be placed in water. The roots should grow already for 3-5 days, after which the cuttings are recommended to be immediately planted in the soil. Liana grows warm (20 to 25 degrees). In the substrate, morning glory takes root completely within 7 days. Approximate timing of rooting cuttings:
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Morning glory can get sick with fungal diseases, for example: anthracnose, white rust and various types of rot - root, stem, black, soft; viral diseases (there are about 20 different viruses); as well as physiological disease - white edema.
The defeat of vines by fungal diseases most often occurs through the soil, especially if liquid constantly stagnates in it. Plants affected by such diseases can be cured; for this, decayed places should be cut out, and the bush itself should be sprayed with a fungicidal preparation. However, root, soft and stem rot are considered incurable, in this regard, diseased bushes must be dug up and destroyed. An effective cure has not yet been found for viral diseases, so sick vines must also be dug up and burned. White edema is a non-infectious disease; it affects only those vines that have grown at home or in a greenhouse. The development of such a disease is observed with very frequent watering, excessively low temperature and high humidity. In diseased plants, cones and blisters form on the leaf plates, colored green or light yellow, which eventually changes to brown. After that, the foliage turns yellow and flies around. In order to prevent such a disease, you should adhere to the rules of agricultural technology of this culture.
The greatest danger to morning glory is posed by such harmful insects as aphids and spider mites. If there are few pests, then you can try to eliminate them with gentle methods. To exterminate aphids, the bush is sprayed with soapy water, while spider mites can be removed with cold water. If there are a lot of insects, then the bush will need to be sprayed with a systemic insecticide, for example: Karbofos, Aktellik, Akarin or Fitoverm.
Experts advise collecting seeds from the second and third buds. After the flowers wither, a brown box is formed in their place, wait until it dries and opens a little. This usually happens after 4 weeks. Pour the seeds into a paper bag with the name of the variety on it. The seeds remain viable for 3-4 years.
In middle latitudes, morning glory is cultivated as an annual plant. In this regard, in the autumn, after flying around the foliage, the shoots can be cut off, and the site should be digged, do not forget to select and destroy all rhizomes. In springtime, sow the seeds again, and you will have a spectacular vine again. It should also be noted that morning glory reproduces well by self-seeding, therefore there is a high probability that in the place where it grew, friendly shoots of this vine will appear in spring.
As mentioned above, there are more than 500 species of morning glory, but only 25 of them are cultivated by gardeners. The most popular ones will be described below.
The homeland of this species is Australia and Asia. The stems of this plant can be up to 5 meters long. It blooms very profusely with blue flowers. During flowering, this morning glory looks like a carpet. The palm-shaped lobed leaf plates are carved.
This vine is an annual. There is pubescence on the surface of the shoots, their length can reach up to 8 meters. Opposite bare leaf plates can be lanceolate or oval. The length of single gramophone flowers is about 70 mm, they can be colored dark purple, blue, pink, red, purple or white. There are varieties with variegated colors or double flowers. This species comes from the tropics of America. There are varieties: Starfish, Scarlett O'Hara, Nochka, Giselle.
This highly branching vine is an annual, it can be up to three meters long. Opposite large leaves have a wide oval shape, dark green color and long petioles. The funnel-shaped flowers reach 10 centimeters in diameter, they can be painted in dark or light blue, purple, red or pink. Flowering begins in mid-summer and lasts until October. Varieties:
The homeland of this species is the tropics of America. This perennial plant is cultivated in mid-latitudes as an annual. Shoots are about 4–5 meters long. Opposite long-petiolate large leaf plates are heart-shaped, wrinkled and glabrous. The flowers are funnel-shaped, reaching 80–100 mm in diameter, collected in bunches of 3 or 4 pieces. The flowers are light blue in color, while the tube is white, but after they fade, they take on a purple-pink hue. Flowering begins in the first days of June and ends with the first frost. Some varieties differ in that they include psychotropic substances that are used in medicine. The following varieties are popular with gardeners: Pink Lollipop, Blue Star, Sky Blue and Flying Saucer.
The homeland of this annual liana is the tropics of America. The length of the branched stem is from 2 to 3 meters. Large leaf plates have a three-lobed heart-shaped shape, they are similar to ivy foliage. The shape of the flowers is funnel-shaped; they reach about 50 mm in diameter. As a rule, they are painted in sky blue, they are also found with white edging, and they can also be painted in burgundy, red and pink. On a long peduncle there are 2 or 3 flowers. Flowering begins in July and lasts until the second half of the autumn period. There is the Roman Candy variety: the leaf plates have a variegated green-white color, it can be cultivated as an ampelous plant.
The homeland of this species is also the American tropics. The stems are about 3 meters long, and the shoots are up to 6 meters long. Large leaf plates are heart-shaped. Fragrant white flowers, reaching about 10 centimeters in diameter, they open at night, and their closure is observed with the first rays of the sun. Not all gardeners know about this feature, so some of them complain that their vine does not bloom. However, on a cloudy day, the flowers close only in the late afternoon, and in this case there is an opportunity to enjoy their extraordinary beauty. Flowering begins in July or August and ends in October.
This morning glory has carved openwork leaf plates and small tubular flowers. The most popular varieties are: feathery quamoclite (Quamoclit pennata), Slaughter's quamoclite, or cardinal liana (Quamoclit x sloteri), fiery red quamoclite (Quamoclit coccinea) and lobular quamoclite (Quamoclit lobata).
In addition to these species, among gardeners, the following are somewhat less popular: palmate, lobed, Brazilian, Moorish, etc.
In open ground, seedlings or seeds are planted in May, when the soil warms up and the threat of frost has passed.
When planting seeds, consider the required distance between them.
When planting crops in open ground, you should know following rules:
The plant must be planted near the supports. This can be a tree, a fence, a fence, or special supports in the form of nets, stretched wires, and so on.
Top dressing is done in spring and autumn. In the fall, it is required to apply complex mineral fertilizers, and in the spring - organic matter.
To water culture often required, but moderately, so as not to overmoisten the soil.
Various varieties of morning glory are used to decorate the garden and summer cottage.
The most popular species is the small-flowered purple morning glory:
Other types and varieties of morning glory:
Experts recommend collecting seeds from the second and third buds. When the flowers wither and a brown box forms in their place, let it dry and open slightly. This will happen in about a month. Pour the seeds from the box into a paper bag and write the name of the variety on it. As already mentioned, the seeds of morning glory retain germination for three to four years.
In the early morning, the blooming morning glory bushes are full of inexpressible charm. Morning glory - variety of varieties, planting, cultivation, outdoor care, reproduction.
Description: varieties and varieties of morning glory
The Ipomoea plant belongs to the bindweed family. There are over 500 different plant species characterized by very fast growth. Morning glory usually begins in July and lasts until October.
Long-blooming morning glory will adorn the garden all summer
Morning glory is native to South America, where the plant is cultivated as a perennial. On the territory of Russia, the plant is grown as an annual crop. The many existing plant varieties allow you to choose options for using the crop to decorate a specific area of the territory when growing morning glory in the open field.
Modern varieties of morning glory have been supplemented by plants native to the African continent, which are propagated by underground tubers. These are the so-called caudex morning glories. Bizarre, swollen above-ground stems turn into a long liana. The variety of flowers in these morning glories is amazing. In terms of care, the culture is somewhat different from ordinary species: it requires more sun and fertilizers.
Morning glory grows beautifully and quickly, blooms with numerous flowers, abundantly and decoratively. Due to its rapid growth, the culture is ideal for decorating problem areas of the garden: high pergolas, gazebos, lanterns and other small garden and park forms. Ipomoea bushes grow over 3 meters. It is difficult to imagine vertical gardening in landscape design without this plant.
Ipomoea leaves are oval, large, sometimes heart-shaped, juicy green. Ipomoea-kvamoklit variety has thin openwork bright green foliage, which differs from the classical form of plant leaves.
Funnel-shaped flowers in most species are up to 12 cm (moonflower), the color of the flowers depends on the variety. Kvamoklit differs from ordinary varieties of morning glory also in flowers - bright "stars" of red, burgundy or white shades are hidden among the delicate, airy foliage (photo).
The flowering of the culture in the open field begins in early summer and continues until frost. The seeds, which are very large, ripen in a closed box, which cracks over time. Large seeds of morning glory that have fallen to the ground sprout easily, therefore, at the site of planting of a crop, one can observe the growth of several generations of plants in one growing season.
The most popular are the morning glories of the following varieties:
It is best to choose a place for planting morning glories in partial shade. In bright sunlight, the plant quickly closes the flowers, which affects the decorativeness when decorating territories in landscape design. With strong shading, the culture feels depressed, development slows down, flowers become smaller.
Attention! When planting a crop, consider the direction of the wind. Constant gusts of wind easily damage the stems and leaves of the morning glory, especially if the plant is planted with seedlings.
Sowing plant seeds in open ground in spring does not cause any difficulties: morning glory grows well. A plant can be planted in a permanent place with seedlings, only you need to make sure that it is not overgrown. Any soil for planting crops is suitable, except for sandy loam.
Plant tall species so that there is support for them.
Advice. When placing plants near buildings, it is necessary to provide for the removal of atmospheric precipitation from the roof, - away from the plantings of morning glory.
Growing morning glory requires certain plant care:
Morning glory: planting and care, - minimum difficulties, high decorativeness of the plant.
Fertilizing and feeding Ipomoea
During the growth period, morning glory must be fertilized regularly. The fertilizer should be chosen correctly. For the growth of leaf mass, nitrogen fertilizers are used, which are applied in the form of root dressings. Foliar dressing can be carried out on the green mass of the bush by spraying the nutrient solution through a spray bottle. Long-term and decorative flowering is provided by phosphorus fertilizers. They can be applied both during the preparation of the planting site, directly into the ground, and during the growing season under the morning glory bushes.
Morning glory responds well to both root and foliar feeding
The plant responds perfectly to fertilization with microelements, which are introduced under the plant during the growing season and flowering. Cultivation of morning glory with the use of fertilizers allows you to get well-groomed, lush vines, resistant to weather conditions and diseases.
The main breeding method of morning glory is seed. Sowing seeds in open ground in a permanent place is carried out in the spring, with the onset of stable heat. The seedbed is prepared in advance, loosened deeply. Before sowing, you can immediately add a long-acting phosphorus fertilizer (granular double superphosphate) to the soil.
I embed the seeds in the ground, but shallow, otherwise it is difficult for them to germinate. Watering the sown seeds of morning glory must be carried out regularly, through a sprayer, so as not to wash the seeds out of the soil.
Morning glory rises amicably, immediately starts to grow. To ensure early flowering, the culture can be planted in a greenhouse for seedlings, when planting in a place protected from the wind, a support is immediately installed. Reproduction of morning glory by seeds is not difficult.
The main pests affecting morning glory plants are aphids and spider mites. Both pests suck the juices out of the plant. Affected leaves first turn yellow, then dry out. Infected plants become bare, stop blooming, and, as a rule, dry out completely.
Timely caring for the plant, careful examinations of the leaves, help to identify pests in time and begin to fight them.
Ipomoea pest - spider mite
The processing of green mass, in the presence of pests, is carried out with systemic anti-tick drugs ("Actellik", "Fufanon", "Fitoverm"). "Akarin", "Atkara", "Karbofos" will help to get rid of aphids.
Morning glory combined with other plants
For vertical gardening in landscape design, morning glory is perfect. It is in perfect harmony with other crops that are used for vertical gardening: kampsis, wild grapes, ivy, hops. In the fall, morning glory flowers make an excellent combination with green hop cones.
Morning glory with other plants
The plant is combined with deciduous trees, when flowers bloom among the branches of an adult tree, such a neighborhood is especially decorative in autumn.
Morning glory in landscape design
In landscape design, the plant is used very widely. Morning glory shades open gazebos and verandas from the sun. The liana, planted near the antique-styled lanterns, looks very decorative. Planting a plant for decorating the walls of tall buildings and one-story garden buildings is common.
Morning glory in landscape design
When using a culture to decorate a site, it is worth remembering that the first frosts in the fall will negatively affect the appearance of the plant. The culture is characterized by low frost resistance.
How to plant morning glory: video