What to grow in the country


Our competition "Summer Season 2"

For a long time I did not dare to take part in the competition of gardeners "Summer Season-2". And then I took the photographs, which captured the best corners of the garden and vegetable garden and the results of our work, to the college where I work, and showed them to colleagues and students. They unanimously advised to take part in the competition and themselves identified the photos in all nominations proposed in the "Flora Price" magazine.

Our dacha is located 57 km from Sinyavino along the Murmansk highway. Together with my husband and mother, we try to do everything with our own hands: plant, dig, build, paint, etc. On the site we grow everything that is necessary for the family, as well as our favorite plants: a lot of flowers are my favorite pastime and hobby.

I like to experiment, plant new things, alter something, create again, and if it doesn’t work out, I don’t get upset. My slogan is: "If you don't plant it - you won't see it!"

Last summer in our area the weather was not very favorable for many crops, but the harvest was still good. Excellent cucumbers were born - we usually plant four or five varieties, and one of them is necessarily new, last season it was a Spring F1 hybrid, we liked it.

One of our favorite crops, like many gardeners, is tomatoes. There were 8 varieties of them in the greenhouse. Despite the vagaries of the weather, tomatoes also responded to the care and maintenance of the crop. The black tomatoes of the Chernomor variety were especially surprised - they were tasty and large. And the fruits of the Bull Heart variety (see photo in the greenhouse) pulled 800 grams.

We plant tomatoes and cucumbers in the greenhouse after the first harvest of radishes and greens, which we sow there in early April.

I find a place for a watermelon and a melon in the greenhouse. The watermelon last summer grew 1 kg 400 g, and the melon turned out to be small - 900 grams, but it was very fragrant. Gathered that year a large harvest of strawberries (varieties Zenit, Festivalnaya and Sweet Harvest) and plums. Ornamental cabbage, of course, not for the harvest, but how did it decorate our garden!

I have a hobby - I grow cucumbers in bottles. To do this, I put a small embryo of a cucumber in any jar and grow it there to any size. Then I fill this cucumber with about 300 alcohol, or vodka. It keeps very well. It turns out great gifts for friends and acquaintances. In the same way, I fill glass containers with bitter peppers - nice and can be used.

In general, I can talk about my garden for a long time, but I think that it simply will not work to describe everything. I think readers will get some idea of ​​him from the photographs we took last summer.

N. Denisova, gardener, winner of the competition


How to grow peanuts in the country

How to grow peanuts in the country? Is it possible to grow a peanut in the climatic zone of Russia? These and similar questions are often asked by our gardeners and summer residents. They have the opinion that this is a southern culture and, therefore, it cannot grow in our country.

And although to grow peanuts in the country you need fertile soil and a lot of light, experience shows that it is quite possible to grow it in Russia, for example, in the Rostov region. There, his local gardeners have been successfully growing for more than a dozen years. And, as it turned out, growing peanuts in the country is not so difficult.

Peanuts belong to the legume family, although their fruit tastes like real nuts. Peanut beans ripen underground. The lower pollinated flowers of the plant stretch to the ground and gradually sink completely into it. It is there that the invisible origin of the peanut begins.

The plot for it begins to be prepared in the fall, and in the spring it is leveled and rows are marked. In a row, the distance between the plants is kept about 25-30 cm, and between the rows at least 70 cm. Before planting, the nuts are cleaned and at the end of April - at the beginning of May they are planted with two or three nuts in each hole.

The planting depth is no more than 5-8 cm. The plantings are not watered until they sprout, since the May soil is quite wet. Immediately after emergence, peanuts begin to bloom with yellow flowers. This is the first sign that the plant needs to be covered with earth for the first time, as is done with potatoes.

They huddle, almost completely covering the bush. After some time, the bushes, already more powerful, rise again, and the time comes for re-hilling. Such hilling is carried out several times, until the rows of peanuts are closed. The more often and better the hilling procedure is carried out, the heavier the peanut crop will be. If there is no rain for a long time, then very moderate watering (sprinkling) should be carried out.

When about a month remains before harvesting, watering the peanuts must be completely stopped. Peanut nut bushes are dug up in early October. The dug out bushes should be laid out in a well-ventilated place to dry for 2-3 days. After that, the fruits of the peanuts are cut off and dried at room temperature.

A sign that the fruits are dry is their free rolling inside the shell. Large walnut pods are laid on seeds, and the rest are ready for consumption or additional processing. This was the answer to the question: how to grow peanuts in the country.

Peanuts are highly nutritious foods. It contains sugar and carbohydrates, a large amount of protein, high-quality fats, as well as vitamins and minerals that a person needs. It can be called a healthy food product without a stretch.

Recent studies in the United States have shown that peanuts are high in antioxidants that prevent cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, cancer growth and premature aging. The effects of these antioxidants on the human body can be compared to the positive effects of strawberries and red wine.

And interestingly, toasted nuts enhance the beneficial effects of antioxidants. Peanuts have the ability to break down fats. On this property of peanuts is based, and is in vogue today, the peanut diet, which is popular among movie and show business stars.

How to grow peanuts in the country - it is not easy, but very simple, the main thing is good soil, a lot of sun and following the recommendations of experienced gardeners.

Video - chicken with peanuts:

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How to grow oyster mushrooms and shiitake mushrooms in the country

Oyster mushrooms and shiitake are also among the most popular mushrooms cultivated around the world. Shiitake is not only eaten, it is used to treat and prevent a number of diseases, including cancer. Unlike champignons, these mushrooms in the wild live on trees, including dead ones.

Therefore, to grow them, you need to bring several trunks of aspen, poplar, alder to the site. The diameter of the trunks should not be less than 15 - 20 cm. The trunks should be from healthy living trees. This does not mean at all that you need to chop down a tree. Those that are broken or knocked down by bad weather will also do.

The harvested trunk is sawn into chocks, up to 0.4 m long. Over the entire surface, you need to make 10 - 20 holes, up to 4-5 cm deep and 2-3 in diameter. The holes are positioned evenly on one side. In the future, the mycelium of mushrooms will be laid in them. Oyster mushrooms and shiitake mushrooms can be purchased at the store.

After filling with mycelium, the hole is covered with moss. If the pieces of mycelium are small, then the holes for them are needed small, and after filling them, they are simply covered with beeswax. The chocks themselves need to be dug in the shade of trees or shrubs, deepening 10-15 cm into the soil.

The place for placing the chocks should be shady and damp. Given that the mycelium on the chocks will develop for a long time, everything must be prepared in April, when the air temperature will be + 15 degrees. Even if the temperature drops sometimes, it is not scary for oyster mushrooms and shiitake mushrooms.

It is important to moisturize the chocks throughout the entire period. The mushroom grows for about two months, and in 90 days the first harvest can be expected. Lumps inhabited by oyster mushrooms or shiitake mushrooms can bear fruit from 3 to 6 years. A similar technology can be used to grow forest mushrooms.


How to grow cranberries in the country

Hello dear friends!

Cranberries are known to everyone as a valuable wild berry crop. However, with skillful agrotechnical care, it is possible to grow cranberries in the country or on your own personal plot. For the first time, breeding work on the development of new varieties and cultivation in garden conditions began in the 19th century. Since then, a lot of information and practical advice has been accumulated on the cultivation of this valuable plant.

Site selection and preparation

Cranberries are a rather rare crop in summer cottages. The reason lies in the fact that in natural conditions this plant prefers very specific conditions, including certain lighting and substrate. And it is precisely these conditions that are required to recreate the cranberries in the garden.

First, it is necessary to choose the right place for the cranberry plot. The site should be located in the lowering of the microrelief and at the same time be well lit.

Secondly, the substrate should be properly prepared, especially if the soils on the site are sandy. To do this, a trench is dug about a meter wide and about 30 cm deep. The side walls and the bottom are lined with slate. You can also use butyl (rubber film). Sometimes experienced summer residents adapt old bathtubs and troughs for growing cranberries. These containers are buried in the ground and used as stationary containers. Making such a waterproof base on a cranberry bed, the main goal is to retain moisture in the soil, which is so necessary for a marsh plant.

Substrate preparation

When the place is ready, it is covered with a substrate. For this, high-moor peat with low pH values ​​(from 3.5 to 5) is used. You can add a little sand to the peat - no more than 20% of the total volume. It is useful to immediately add double superphosphate (15 g per 1 sq. M) to the soil. The backfilled soil is compacted and moistened.

Planting cranberries

Cranberry planting can be done both in spring and autumn. Saplings are best used from a nursery or taken from familiar summer residents. Wild-growing planting material, of course, is also suitable, but specially bred varieties will give a much larger yield in the garden. Cranberry seedlings are distributed according to the 25x25 cm scheme. Long shoots are additionally pinned or sprinkled with soil in several places. Immediately after planting, the cranberry bed is abundantly moisturized. In the first 7-8 days, watering must be done daily.

Cranberry care

Subsequent care for the berry crop consists in timely weeding and regular watering. On too hot days, you can water the plants with cool water twice a day. Despite the fact that cranberries love moisture, excessively waterlogged soil ruins them.

Before the onset of cold weather, cranberries must be prepared for wintering. You can protect it from frost with a covering material. In addition to this traditional method, there is another very effective method. It consists in artificially creating an ice blanket for cranberries. To do this, before the onset of regular stable frosts (up to -6 ° C), the plot is poured with water. After the first crust of ice has formed, more water is added. This procedure is repeated until all the cranberry branches are chained in ice. Such ice protection is a guarantee that during the long cold winter the plants will not freeze and will give a bountiful harvest next year.

By applying these tips in practice, you will certainly be able to grow cranberries in the country and enjoy these delicious and undoubtedly very healthy berries. See you!


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