Kalanchoe is one of the famous medicinal plants and is also known as an indoor doctor or indoor ginseng. This plant has gained fame as the tree of life for its extraordinary medicinal properties. Of the 200 species known in nature, about two dozen are used for growing in indoor conditions. All of them are equally well adapted to a long stay in drought and high humidity, and therefore are very unpretentious in indoor growing conditions.
Kalanchoe very successfully combines the two most important functions for a houseplant. This extremely unpretentious plant can bring medicinal relief for diseases and delight the eye with its beautiful flowers. South Africa is considered his homeland. From there, the Kalanchoe spread to Asian countries, and later to other regions.
At the beginning of the twentieth century, Kalanchoe was added to the list of medicinal plants
In practice, the following propagation methods are used: cuttings, buds (children), leaves, root suckers and seeds.
Cutting is one of the most common methods of reproduction of Kalanchoe, it is carried out both in summer (rooting lasts three weeks) and in winter. After the obligatory removal of the lower pair of leaves, the cutting is slightly dried and placed in a pot.
The specificity of the method lies in the fact that the plant is pruned after the end of flowering in order to renew it and give it a more attractive appearance.
Since the stems of Kalanchoe are quite stretched during the growing season, they are cut off and, if necessary, used for grafting. Adult specimens of plants are most suitable for cuttings.
The grafting procedure must be carried out carefully, without undue haste, having prepared everything you need in advance
For a successful planting of Kalanchoe, you must follow the following rules:
Instructions for propagating Kalahoe by cuttings:
For the formation of a beautiful lush plant in the future, the selected shoot should have aligned leaves and short internodes.
The water temperature in the container where the cuttings are located should be 20-25 ° C
After the roots appear at the cutting, they must be pinched
The rooting order of a large branch is similar to that of rooting by cuttings. You can choose any branch you like, if for some reason it does not fit into the general appearance of the plant. There is no need to rush to throw away a twig accidentally broken off from it. In this case, it is simply stuck into damp earth or placed in a small container with water. After a while, white roots will appear on it.
Reproduction of Kalanchoe by leaf cuttings is very common. It can be used at home all year round. The order of reproduction by leaves is as follows:
For cutting, it is better to choose medium-sized leaves.
The sprouts should be expected after a few weeks.
It should be noted that even those leaves that have independently fallen from the trunk, but have not completely dried up, are quite suitable for this breeding option. You can check their viability by lowering the leaves in a saucer or a cup of water until the roots appear. The most suitable time for leaf rooting is late May and early June.
This succulent perennial, also known as flowering Kalanchoe, also takes root easily with stem cuttings and seeds.
Instructions for propagating Kalanchoe seeds:
The temperature in the room where Kalanchoe seeds are germinated should not fall below 20 ° С
This succulent of the jungle family has its own reproduction feature. Because of her, the plant is also popularly called Kalanchoe viviparous.
Kalanchoe Degremona is distinguished by an unusual color of leaves
A distinctive feature of this species is sawtooth notches on the leaves, in which miniature daughter plants (children) are formed with grown roots that are ready to take root on their own. Children are understood as leaf buds. Outwardly, they look like mini-plants with a formed rosette of two leaves and roots.
Children of Kalanchoe Degremona have one remarkable property: when they reach the optimal size, they spontaneously fall off the leaf and, once on wet soil, are able to take root on their own. At its core, the baby is a complete plant, ready for planting in the ground.
Instructions for rooting baby Kalanchoe Degremon:
During the first week, the planted baby is hidden from direct sunlight, and the soil moisture is maintained until final rooting.
After the end of flowering, the tip of the shoot is pinched in order to stimulate the development of offspring. As a result, young offspring appear near the mother flower. They are also used for reproduction. After that, the offspring can be separated and planted in a pot with a sandy sod substrate (8 parts of river sand, 2 parts of sifted sod land).
The offspring should reach 1/3 of the length of an adult plant.
Dividing the mother plant is the easiest way to reproduce the Kalanchoe. Many types of succulents grow daughter plants that are quite suitable for transplanting them into a separate container. The whole process consists in removing an adult plant from a pot, cutting off suitable parts of a bush with roots with a knife and transplanting them into a separate container with fresh soil.
An adult plant constantly needs seating.
This plant is easy to grow, although it is called a home doctor, but it can also get sick. Therefore, when breeding Kalanchoe, it is especially necessary to pay particular attention to the state of the adult donor plant and the observance of the rules for growing planted plants. Kalanchoe is the most persistent of all known succulents. The main reason for infection with diseases is its improper maintenance: it is insufficient ventilation and high soil moisture. This happens, for example, when a succulent is planted in a soil that is not suitable for it: heavy and dense, with a large proportion of peat. Use store-bought soil mixtures for cacti and succulents, and in other cases add sand or vermiculite to the peat soil.
It is better to replace the soil if you notice that the young Kalanchoe plant has stopped growing, and the soil in the pot is always wet.
Incorrect conditions of detention most often cause powdery mildew
First of all, over-watering can affect the appearance of the disease. When growing a Kalanchoe, a novice florist should adhere to a simple rule - it is better to underfill than to pour.
If the disease manifests itself on the plant, you will have to resort to effective measures - the use of fungicides, choosing them according to the type of disease. So, when the first signs of a flower ailment are detected, the stems and leaves are sprayed with a fungicide solution prepared in accordance with the instructions for use.
Alirin-B is one of the most popular fungicides for indoor plants.
Several of the most common fungal diseases of Kalanchoe can be distinguished:
Sometimes there is a wilting of planted cuttings for no apparent reason. This is facilitated by the development of the root worm, the presence of which in the soil can be detected during plant transplantation. The control measure is a complete replacement of the substrate and capacity, three times spraying the leaf part with a tincture of garlic (3-4 medium cloves per 1 liter of water) with a 10-day interval or with Aktara, Fitoverm or Mospilan preparations with the same interval.
The planted plant may stop growing due to the fact that a too spacious pot was chosen. Until the Kalanchoe grows a root system in this spacious container, new leaves will not appear.
For the successful breeding of Kalanchoe, no special knowledge is required. It is enough to carefully read the recommendations for the reproduction of this unpretentious plant. Knowing a few simple rules, anyone can effortlessly propagate a valuable plant at home. A young plant grown according to the rules will thank you with a beautiful shape and delight the eye with abundant iridescent flowering against the background of green foliage.
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The Kalanchoe plant is a member of the Fat family. This genus unites more than 200 different species, while it is represented by shrubs, succulents and herbaceous perennials. In nature, this plant can be found in the tropical regions of Asia, Australia and America. Foliage may vary from species to species. As a rule, the leaves are thick, they are sessile or have petioles, and they can also be weakly or strongly dissected. During flowering, an umbrella is formed, which includes flowers of white, purple, red or yellow color. At home, almost all types of this plant grow well, if, of course, the florist adheres to the rules of caring for the crop.
Caring for Kalanchoe at home is so simple that even a beginner can do it. The plant is not picky and hardy, it is able to adapt to almost all growing conditions and forgive its owner for many care mistakes, up to and including his absence. However, this does not mean that the flower does not require attention at all. Caring for the indoor Kalanchoe is needed, then the "tree of life" will delight not only with its benefits, but also with its appearance.
Kalanchoe is not demanding on the location in the house. In summer, the flower will be comfortable on the western and eastern windows. In winter, southern ones are preferable. If the plant is in bright sunlight, it can get burned. Therefore, in the summer it needs to be shaded. With a lack of light, the plant stretches, and the flowers become small and inconspicuous.
A prerequisite for flowering is 12-hour daylight hours. For regular and abundant flowering, you need to ensure that this condition is met: shade the plant in summer from direct sunlight, and use additional lighting in autumn and winter.
Kalanchoe perfectly tolerates the summer heat, and can be grown indoors at temperatures from 18 to 30 degrees. In winter, he prefers coolness - from 16 to 18 degrees. This temperature is optimal for the formation of flower buds. At a higher, or, conversely, a low temperature, the process of laying flower buds is inhibited.
Despite the fact that Kalanchoe is a succulent, it needs to be watered regularly. The watering regime is determined by the air temperature, the size and condition of the plant. In summer, in dry and hot weather, not only regular, but also abundant watering is required.
If the plant is in the shade, then watered moderately - 1 time in 2-3 days, focusing on the condition of the soil. In winter, watering is reduced to a minimum.
The flower easily tolerates a lack of moisture, but it is very sensitive to waterlogging.
Kalanchoe is "indifferent" to air humidity. The flower feels good in a warm room with dry air. Easily tolerates high humidity at low temperatures. However, light spraying will not hurt - it is used for hygienic purposes. After spraying, the leaves are wiped with a soft cloth or sponge.
Any soil is suitable for growing Kalanchoe at home. Ready-made succulent soil, which can be purchased at any flower shop, is perfect. If desired, the soil mixture can be made independently, taking in equal parts leaf and turf soil, peat and sand. It is advisable to add charcoal or perlite to the mixture. There must be drainage at the bottom of the pot.
Kalanchoe gratefully responds to feeding, which is carried out with any fertilizer for cacti. An optimal feeding scheme has been developed empirically: 1 time in 2 weeks, starting from the second half of May and until mid-July. Top dressing is resumed in late autumn, when the formation of flower buds begins.
The need for a Kalanchoe transplant arises if the pot becomes too small for the plant. It happens that as a result of abundant watering, the soil turns sour. In this case, it is better to replace it by transplanting the plant.
In order for the plant to look beautiful, it must be regularly shaped by pruning and pinching. Shoot pruning is carried out in the spring. Strongly elongated shoots are shortened by 2/3 or even half the length.
To form a beautiful bush, pinching of the shoots is carried out at the beginning of summer. This is especially true for young plants. Light pruning is desirable after flowering.
For abundant flowering of Kalanchoe in spring and summer, it is necessary to adhere to a 12-hour daylight hours. In this case, the lighting should be bright. Otherwise, you need to use additional artificial lighting.
At the end of flowering, it is necessary to prune. This will get rid of dried flowers and form a healthy and beautiful bush. The trimmed parts of the plant can be used to root cuttings.
Flowers can be cut and placed in a vase of water. They can stay there for a long time without losing their attractive appearance.
The breeding method of Kalanchoe should be chosen depending on the variety:
Not all breeding methods can be suitable for the same species, that is, a Kalanchoe of a certain species will reproduce only if the type of reproduction is correctly selected.
As noted above, it is mentioned that sand must be present in the soil; let us consider the features of the soil in more detail. The soil for young seedlings and adult plants is different and it is the condition having the right soil will provide abundant flowering and splendor of the bush.
For children and young seedlings, humus, leafy earth, peat and coarse-grained river sand are mixed in proportions 1: 1: 1: 0.5. Adult plants need "heavy" soil.
For them, turf, leafy earth and coarse river sand are mixed in a ratio of 2: 1: 0.5. In both cases, at the bottom of the pot there should be a drainage of expanded clay and clay fragments.