Growing chard and asparagus at their summer cottage


Like every gardener, I love to grow something new in the garden, which the neighbors do not have. Many years ago, they brought me tarragon seeds from the Caucasus. He took root in our garden immediately and forever. I distributed a lot of it to neighbors. At first, they were used mainly for canning. Now tarragon goes into soups and salads, and we dry this wonderful herb.

Last season from my hands began to advance in gardening chard... I grow two varieties - green silver peel and red. There is also yellow, but I did not find its seeds on sale.

Chard bushes are powerful, up to 60 cm tall, they are very decorative. Chard beds are more like a flower bed, very elegant.

We use Swiss chard instead of cabbage in the soup, just stew with butter and the addition of herbs, preserve the stalks separately for the winter and make a dressing for borscht from the leaves.

And you can also make a wonderful Georgian dish from it - phali... Chard should be finely chopped with a knife and simmered in a pan under the lid. Finely chop an equal amount of onions equal to chard and sauté under the lid until soft. Combine onions and chard, mix well, add garlic, vinegar, suneli hops, red pepper, cilantro or basil to taste. For a festive table, chopped walnuts can be added to the dish. Well, if you don't have chard, you can use spinach or beet tops.

For chard, fertile soils are needed, well-drained, with a neutral reaction, and sufficiently moist. It is better to take a sunny place. It takes out a lot of nutrients from the soil, so it is necessary often - once every 10 days - to feed it with manure infusion or infusion of green herbs. Good watering is needed. Then Swiss chard will thank you with an excellent and beautiful harvest.

And bon appetit!

And one more undoubted success of the last season is the first camp. asparagus... Almost everyone grows it, but just as an ornamental plant. And to get a delicious, delicious, dietary harvest, you need to work a little while planting.

Sow with seeds from mid-May (germinated) or seedlings in early June, when the threat of frost has passed. The bed should be with nutritious soil, sufficiently moist, but without stagnant water. It is better to cover weak young plants for the winter with peat, compost or old sawdust.

While the asparagus is growing, we are preparing a place for it to grow constantly. We dig a trench with a width and depth of about 0.5 m. At the bottom we put all the waste of garden production: old branches, weeds with a layer of 20 cm. We compact it all well, and put a layer of compost with well-rotted manure on top. Asparagus will produce crops in one location for about ten years. Therefore, the soil must be very fertile and neutral. This means that you need to add dolomite flour or lime. Over the course of a year, the weeds in the trench will rot a little, and the soil will settle somewhat.

In the spring, overwintered young bushes are planted in a permanent place in one row no closer than 0.7 m from each other. For each plant, you can add a teaspoon of AVA and mix well with the ground. Prepare a good, loose compost by autumn. It can be a mixture of old sawdust, rotting manure very well. The mixture should pass water and air well.

In the fall, the asparagus beds are covered with this mixture from the point of growth with a layer of 15-20 cm. In subsequent years, the layer is increased to 25 cm. Harvesting begins in the third year. As soon as the ground over the asparagus begins to crack, it should be gently raked out with your hands and broken off any young, bleached shoots. The soil from above must be leveled. In the early years, in order not to weaken the plant, it is better to carry out one collection.

The resulting shoots can be used fresh in salads or canned. You can boil it (put it in a saucepan upright!) And use it as a delicious side dish for a variety of dishes or as an independent dish.

You can also collect green shoots. They are even richer in vitamin C. But bleached shoots are tastier.

How is asparagus good for you? It lowers blood pressure, normalizes heart function, and has a positive effect on all organs of the body. Abroad, it is the No. 1 dietary vegetable and very expensive. So maybe it's worth a little work in order to get a harvest from a beautiful flower bed?

Enjoy your meal and good health for years to come.

T. Razina,
gardener


Video growing asparagus

The second method of planting seedlings is by germinating seeds in pots. This procedure differs from the first method only in the nature of the sowing. Experience shows that when planting a culture such as asparagus cultivation seedlings in this way significantly accelerate the growth of shoots and help save time - from two weeks to a month. The seeds are prepared as indicated in the first case: they are pre-soaked and germinated. Sowing seeds is done in early or mid-May. To do this, use small pots or seedling cassettes. The soil is prepared as follows: the soil is mixed with manure, sand and peat in proportions of 2: 1: 1: 1. Before planting, you need to select seeds with small roots and carefully place them in the soil. Seedling care consists in watering, providing good light and periodically loosening the soil. In addition, young plants should be gradually hardened.

At the beginning of summer, seedlings from pots are transplanted into open ground. Plants planted in this way develop more rapidly and tolerate cold better. And although when planting such a vegetable crop as asparagus growing from seed seedlings require some tricks, yet the result is worth the effort.

Figs, figs, fig trees - these are all the names of the same plant, which we steadfastly associate with Mediterranean life. Whoever has tasted fig fruits at least once knows how delicious it is. But besides the delicate sweet taste, they are also very healthy. And here's an interesting detail: it turns out that the fig is a completely unpretentious plant. In addition, it can be successfully grown on a plot in the middle lane or in a house - in a container.

Quite often, even experienced summer residents have difficulties in growing tomato seedlings. For some, all the seedlings turn out to be elongated and weak, for others, they suddenly begin to fall and die. The thing is that it is difficult to maintain ideal conditions for growing seedlings in an apartment. Seedlings of any plants need to be provided with plenty of light, sufficient humidity and optimal temperature. What else do you need to know and observe when growing tomato seedlings in an apartment?

Delicious vinaigrette with apple and sauerkraut - a vegetarian salad made from boiled and chilled, raw, pickled, pickled, pickled vegetables and fruits. The name comes from a French sauce made from vinegar, olive oil and mustard (vinaigrette). Vinaigrette appeared in Russian cuisine not so long ago, around the beginning of the 19th century, perhaps the recipe was borrowed from Austrian or German cuisine, since the ingredients for Austrian herring salad are very similar.

When we dreamily sort out bright bags of seeds in our hands, we sometimes subconsciously believe that we have a prototype of a future plant. We mentally allocate a place for him in the flower garden and look forward to the cherished day of the appearance of the first bud. However, buying seeds does not always guarantee that you will end up with the desired flower. I would like to draw your attention to the reasons due to which the seeds may not sprout or die at the very beginning of germination.

Spring is coming, and the gardeners have more work, and with the onset of warmth, changes in the garden occur rapidly. On the plants that were still asleep yesterday, buds are already beginning to swell, everything literally comes to life before our eyes. After a long winter, this cannot but rejoice. But along with the garden, its problems come to life - insect pests and pathogens. Weevils, flower beetles, aphids, clotterosporia, manilia, scab, powdery mildew - you can list for a very long time.

Breakfast toast with avocado and egg salad is a great start to the day. The egg salad in this recipe acts as a thick sauce, which is seasoned with fresh vegetables and shrimp. My egg salad is quite unusual, it is a dietary version of everyone's favorite snack - with feta cheese, Greek yogurt and red caviar. If you have time in the morning, never deny yourself the pleasure of cooking something tasty and healthy. You need to start the day with positive emotions!

Perhaps every woman at least once received a blooming orchid as a gift. It is not surprising, because such a lively bouquet looks amazing and blooms for a long time. Orchids cannot be called very difficult to grow indoor crops, but not fulfilling the main conditions for their maintenance often leads to the loss of a flower. If you are just starting to get acquainted with indoor orchids, you should find out the correct answers to the main questions about growing these beautiful plants in the house.

Lush cheesecakes with poppy seeds and raisins prepared according to this recipe are eaten in my family in the blink of an eye. Moderately sweet, plump, tender, with an appetizing crust, without excess oil, in a word, exactly the same as in childhood, fried by mom or grandmother. If the raisins are very sweet, then granulated sugar can not be added at all, without sugar, cheesecakes are better fried and never burn. Cook them in a well-heated, oiled skillet over low heat and without a lid!

Cherry tomatoes differ from their large counterparts not only in the small size of the berries. Many varieties of cherry are characterized by a unique sweet taste, which is very different from the classic tomato. Those who have never tasted such cherry tomatoes, with their eyes closed, may well decide that they are tasting some unusual exotic fruits. In this article, I will highlight five different cherry tomatoes that have the sweetest fruits with unusual colors.

I started growing annual flowers in the garden and on the balcony more than 20 years ago, but I will never forget my first petunia, which I planted in the country along the path. Only a couple of decades have passed, but you wonder how different the petunias of the past are from today's many-sided hybrids! In this article, I propose to trace the history of the transformation of this flower from a simpleton into a real queen of annuals, as well as consider modern varieties of unusual colors.

Salad with spicy chicken, mushrooms, cheese and grapes - aromatic and satisfying. This dish can be served as a main dish if you are preparing a cold dinner. Cheese, nuts, mayonnaise are high-calorie foods, in combination with spicy fried chicken and mushrooms, a very nutritious snack is obtained, which is refreshed by sweet and sour grapes. The chicken fillet in this recipe is marinated in a spicy mixture of ground cinnamon, turmeric and chili powder. If you like food with a sparkle, use hot chili.

All summer residents are concerned about the question of how to grow healthy seedlings in early spring. It seems that there are no secrets here - the main thing for fast and strong seedlings is to provide them with warmth, moisture and light. But in practice, in the conditions of a city apartment or a private house, this is not so easy to do. Of course, every experienced gardener has his own proven method of growing seedlings. But today we will talk about a relatively new assistant in this matter - a propagator.

The Sanka tomato variety is one of the most demanded in Russia. Why? The answer is simple. He is the very first to bear fruit in the garden. Tomatoes ripen when other varieties have not even faded yet. Of course, if you follow the growing recommendations and make an effort, even a novice grower will receive a rich harvest and joy from the process. And so that the efforts are not in vain, we advise you to plant quality seeds. For example, such as seeds from TM "Agroupech".

The task of indoor plants in the house is to decorate housing with their appearance, to create a special atmosphere of comfort. For this, we are ready to take care of them regularly. Leaving is not only about watering on time, although this is also important. It is necessary to create other conditions: suitable lighting, humidity and air temperature, to make a correct and timely transplant. For experienced flower growers, there is nothing supernatural in this. But beginners often face certain difficulties.

It's easy to cook tender chicken breast cutlets with champignons according to this recipe with step-by-step photos. There is an opinion that it is difficult to cook juicy and tender cutlets from chicken breast, this is not so! Chicken meat contains practically no fat, which is why it is dry. But if you add cream, white bread and mushrooms with onions to the chicken fillet, you get awesomely tasty cutlets that will appeal to both children and adults. Try adding wild mushrooms to your minced meat during mushroom season.

Asparagus is a very healthy and tasty early ripening plant. Already in mid-April, you can feast on its first fruits. Since the crop is usually small and the shelf life is short, the crop is considered relatively expensive. Asparagus grows in almost all European countries, since it has not only beneficial nutritional properties, but also is a remedy for many diseases. If desired, it can be grown on the site on its own, taking into account all the recommendations for care and maintenance.

Asparagus is available in nearly a hundred different species and hybrid varieties, including herbaceous plants, shrubs and dwarf shrubs. Only the tender upper part of the plant is used for food and is considered a special delicacy. The surface of the shoot is covered with tightly pressed leaves, similar to small scales, which gather at the base into one bundle. Their height can reach 50 centimeters.

When choosing a variety of asparagus for growing in a summer cottage, it is recommended to pay attention to frost resistance, yield and resistance to pests and diseases. For example, the male species of this crop have thicker stems, produce large yields, but do not produce seeds. In the female varieties, the stems are softer and thinner, and the yields are much more plentiful.

Growing asparagus shoots requires loose and fertile soil, possibly with a high percentage of sand. The plant develops well when the spring warmth (more than 10 degrees), at summer temperatures - up to 30 degrees, but small night frosts in spring can destroy the culture. The plant gives the first useful and nutritious shoots in late June - early July.

Asparagus is a versatile plant, it can be used not only for nutrition, but also for decorative purposes. Thin green twigs with berries - orange - red beads decorate flower arrangements and festive bouquets. And young asparagus shoots, which are just sprouting from the ground, the most valuable in composition and taste, can be baked on the grill or in the oven, steamed and eaten raw.

The appearance of young shoots differs in color depending on the cultivar. Fruits, which contain a large amount of fiber, vitamins and minerals, are purple, green and white.

Those who have been growing asparagus for more than one year already harvest high yields with ease, but for inexperienced gardeners, the process of caring for a plant may seem difficult.In fact, you just need to learn all the intricacies of the growing process and the basic rules of care, and even a beginner will succeed.

It is very important to choose and properly prepare a land plot for culture. The size of the plot should be large, carefully dug up and fertilized for asparagus. For each square meter of soil during autumn planting, a top dressing is applied, consisting of superphosphate (50 grams), potassium sulfate (30 grams) and ammonium sulfate (15 grams). When planting in spring, only humus is introduced into the soil in the amount of 10 kilograms per square meter. It is recommended to use with caution any other top dressing that can cause burns to the root of the plants.

For spring planting of asparagus roots, shallow trenches are used, which will be convenient for watering. And planting in autumn is distinguished by high mounds near each seedling, which will further protect the plants and their root system from the winter cold.

The active development of young plants and the first harvest will begin only next year. It is recommended to leave the first shoots uncut. Caring for the plant in the first and subsequent years consists in the timely loosening of the soil, weeding the beds from weeds, irrigation in the correct amounts of water and the introduction of fertilizers necessary for each period of development.

Watering

In order for the root part to develop fully, and future fruits to be of high quality, it is necessary to properly water the plant throughout the entire growing period. The volume of irrigation water is moderate, and the irrigation is regular. An excess or lack of moisture in the soil should not be allowed.

Loosening and weeding of the soil

It is necessary to loosen the asparagus beds after each watering, after the irrigation water is completely absorbed. Weeds are weeded as soon as they appear on the site, but must be timely.

Fertilization

The first feeding of asparagus is recommended only three weeks after planting with liquid mullein infusion. To prepare it, you need one part mullein and five parts water. After another three weeks - the second feeding, consisting of the infusion of chicken droppings. Its composition: one part of droppings and ten parts of water. The third and last top dressing is in the autumn in the form of complex fertilizers.

The seed propagation method is considered ineffective due to the very low germination of seeds, therefore it is used in rare cases. With a great desire, perseverance and strict adherence to all instructions and recommendations, you can still get a rich harvest in this way.

Before planting, asparagus seeds must be kept in a disinfecting solution of potassium permanganate for several hours, after which they should be planted in moistened small sawdust. These conditions are ideal for young seedlings and their fragile emerging roots. 15-20 days after the emergence of sprouts, the plants can be transplanted into peat pots to a depth of 1.5-2 centimeters. The composition of the soil mixture in containers: manure, peat and sand (one part each) and earth (two parts). Seedlings are planted on open beds in the middle of summer.


How to grow asparagus yourself on the site

Asparagus is a very healthy and tasty early ripening plant. Already in mid-April, you can feast on its first fruits. Since the crop is usually small and the shelf life is short, the crop is considered relatively expensive. Asparagus grows in almost all European countries, since it has not only beneficial nutritional properties, but also is a remedy for many diseases. If desired, it can be grown on the site on its own, taking into account all the recommendations for care and maintenance.


Benefit and harm

Chufa is a source of many useful elements. So, in the composition of this nut there is a significant amount of magnesium, phosphorus, as well as calcium and iron. In addition, it saturates the body with a huge amount of useful, easily digestible protein. These earthy almonds are an excellent source of fatty oil, a number of B vitamins, ascorbic acid and tocopherol, and many other beneficial elements. Experts have come to the conclusion that an adult should eat about two hundred grams of such a substance per day in order to cover the body's need for most of the minerals and other components.

Among other things, such a food product has a number of medicinal properties. So, its systematic use in food helps to strengthen and increase immunity, has a positive effect on mood, and increases efficiency.

Chufa nut has no contraindications and cannot harm human health. However, you should refrain from using them if you have been diagnosed with liver disease. Due to the high calorie content, it is advisable for overweight people to limit the use of these fruits.

Peanuts are rich in fats and proteins, carbohydrates are much less. There is no cholesterol in it, since fats are of vegetable origin and are not harmful to health. It is useful for pregnant women, as well as for people who constantly experience great physical activity. Peanuts contain a lot of vitamin B, E and PP. Vitamins of these groups help with diseases of the joints, gastrointestinal tract, circulatory and immune systems. The product helps to eliminate various toxins from the body and normalizes metabolism.

Doctors recommend using these nuts for problems with the cardiovascular system, with a low level of hemoglobin in the blood and vitamin deficiency.

The composition also includes folic and ascorbic acid, as well as many trace elements: iron, selenium, manganese, zinc, sodium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus.

Many people are diagnosed with an allergy to peanuts, or rather to its proteins. If you have a hypersensitivity to this product, it should not be eaten. Otherwise, he does not pose a threat to human health, if you follow the dosage, everything is useful in moderation.


Varieties of chard

There are 2 types of chard: leaf and petiolate.

  1. Sheet it stands out with a more lush rosette, the leaves are fleshy and lush with thin petioles. Otherwise, leafy chard is called roman cabbage. Leafy chard is added to salads as well as spinach, lettuce, arugula, Chinese cabbage.
  2. Pereshkovaya has thick petioles, but less pronounced leaves. The petioles have a special taste, juiciness and completely replace asparagus.

In addition, the varieties differ in color, among them there are

  • red,
  • yellow,
  • white,
  • green,
  • silvery.

General information and benefits of soy

Soy is one of the most popular crops preferred by breeders. This plant of the legume family has many advantages, including the following:

  1. High productivity.
  2. The ability to grow on any type of soil, except sandy.
  3. The fruits of soybeans contain a large amount of vegetable protein.

Soybeans are in high demand, despite the fact that their cost exceeds the price of wheat, since it is less prone to price increases. Soybeans and their processed products are becoming more and more in demand, parallel to the growth of poultry meat production and the development of livestock and pig breeding, because growing soybeans is profitable - this is a highly profitable business. But, like any other direction in business, the cultivation of soybeans has certain features that cannot be ignored.

Application and use of soybeans in the food industry.


Diseases and pests

Asparagus is quite resistant to diseases and pests, but sometimes they cannot be avoided:

  • Red rot, also called root rot... The disease affects the root collar and roots, leading to their death and the withering away of the aboveground part of the culture. If a problem is detected in a timely manner, then Fundazol can be used. The treated area must be covered with a thick plastic wrap. If the disease has spread, then the entire planting will have to be destroyed.
  • Rust... This disease affects the asparagus shoots and usually develops in June. It is revealed by darkening of the stems and the appearance of wounds. In this case, spray fungicides should be used.
  • Asparagus leaf beetle... This problem usually occurs in July. Small bugs are black and yellow, there is a red stripe on the blue wings, and the larvae are black. They feed on asparagus foliage and tender parts of the plant. It is necessary to fight them with insecticides - Fufanon, Fitoverm, Aktellik.
  • Asparagus fly... This insect can be recognized by its brown body, yellow head and legs. It infects shoots by laying eggs in them. The larvae cause twisting and wilting of the stems. It is necessary to fight the pest with insecticides. Remove and burn the affected plant parts.

The fight against pests and diseases must be started in advance, resorting to preventive measures. It is imperative to inspect the plantings every week in order to timely identify the problem and solve it without excessive losses.


Watch the video: ORGANIC COTTAGE GARDENING- BENEFICIAL FLOWER COMPANION PLANTING VEGETABLE GARDEN


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