Indoor species and cultivation of faucaria


According to the horoscope, the zodiac sign Scorpio (October 24 - November 22) corresponds to Dracaena (dragon tree); wicker ginura (crocodile); common oleander; snow-white dope; the stocks are variegated; aloe cap-shaped; prickly mine grate; desert cacti: aporocactus lash-shaped, Cereus Perun, Sylvester's chamecereus, Gruson's echinocactus, Strauss's cloistocactus, golden yellow lobivia and famatima, geometric mortillocactus, Berger's prickly pear; faucaria is tiger.

Faucaria from the Aizovye family (Aizoaceae) - an unusual in appearance plant (5-10 cm high) in the form of a low star-shaped rosette of leaves - is rarely found in the collections of ordinary flower growers.

Its interesting feature is the presence of more or less long denticles on the leaves - thorns located along their edges and giving the plant a peculiar decorative appearance. This distinctive feature is reflected in the Latin name of the genus -Faucaria (from the Latin word faucium - mouth), which includes about 40 species.

The homeland of this succulent is the arid zone of South Africa (Cape Province), where it is found everywhere. It is able to climb and grow well in crevices of rocks, and on some level places forms powerful thickets. Under natural conditions, faucaria is forced to receive moisture in the form of dew, which is formed at night with sudden changes in temperature, and from moist winds blowing from the sea.

In faucaria, shortened stems are fixed in the soil with the help of fleshy bright green (sometimes waxy) leaves, which are often found in the amount of 4-6 in the specimens found on sale. Although the average lifespan of domestic potted specimens of faucaria is 4-5 years, the culture by 10 years of life, under favorable conditions, reaches no more than 12-15 cm in height.

In summer and autumn, daytime flowers, deprived of peduncles, appear from the outlet (fully open at noon), golden-yellow flowers (5-6 cm in diameter), resembling daisies in shape.

When grown, it is a very unpretentious plant that thrives best on a bright sunny windowsill. It needs bright light daily for 3-4 hours in direct sunlight to ensure flowering.

In the summer, it is able to withstand any temperature fluctuations (optimum 20 ... 22 ° C), from the beginning of active life until mid-November (the beginning of the dormant period) it needs regular (every two weeks) abundant watering. Leaves are not allowed to get water.

Top dressing with weak solutions of complex mineral fertilizers is desirable (but not required): every 4-5 weeks with a weak solution of complex fertilizer after preliminary spilling of the soil substrate with a small amount of water.

For good heating of the soil substrate in summer, experienced flower growers advise putting a layer of fine dark gravel on its surface, this will contribute to the early flowering of the plant in autumn. Then watering is reduced by December and almost no watering until mid-March. The most suitable temperature for faucaria in winter is 13 ... 16 ° С (minimum 10 ° С).

Since March, watering has been gradually increased. Excessive watering in winter during a dormant period can cause rotting of the base of the plant and slowing down its growth, which will lead to its failure to die.

Transplant - every 2-3 years - in the spring, when the plant completely occupies the entire surface of the soil substrate. For this purpose, a mixture of leafy earth and sand is prepared; for the first three days after transplanting, the plant is not watered. Faucaria is characterized by a small root system, so shallow containers are selected for it.

This plant is propagated in early spring by seeds formed after cross-pollination, or by rooting of leaf rosettes - by dividing an overgrown curtain, by cuttings or by cutting stem fragments (July-August), which are dried before planting for 24 hours, after which they are planted in a mixture of sand and fertile soil ...

The most common of the species is tiger faucaria (F. tigrina) is a short plant with fleshy bluish-green leaves 5 cm long, growing on the stem in a cruciform manner. They are covered with many small dots with long (but soft) curved teeth with a hair-like end located at the edges: all this together very much resembles a jaw with teeth.

Faucaria weakly toothed (F. paucidens) slightly different from tiger: its light green (with dark green strokes) leaves are less toothed (1-3 teeth along the edge).

Faucaria tuberous (F.tuberculosa) - a plant with a short branched stem and fleshy roots. It has opposite, base-fused, thick, dark green leaves 2 cm long, 1.6 cm wide, rhombic or almost triangular in shape. On their upper side there are dentate tubercles, and it was from these external features that the appearance got its name. The flowers of the tuberous faucaria are up to 4 cm in diameter.

Faucaria wolf (F.lupina) has leaves lanceolate, triangular at the end, the upper surface is bright green, rough, with a cartilaginous border along the edge and 3-5 pairs of teeth bent back and hairy at the end. In this species, the flowers are somewhat smaller - about 3 cm.

Of the pests on faucaria, the appearance of several types of root mealybug and less often aphids is possible. The mealybug is usually localized in the rosette, but with a high number, its individuals are also found on the leaves.

This pest is characterized by an elongated oval body (3-4 mm in size), which is covered with a waxy powder. It is better to gently scrape it off the succulent leaves by hand with a razor blade. Can be washed off with a 0.2% aqueous soapy suspension of liquid potassium soap (20 g / l). For greater efficiency, actellic (2 ml / l) can be added to this solution.

The root bug is found in the soil substrate and on the roots of the plant. When its number is low, only inhibition of plant growth is observed, but with a high number, severe damage to the root system is possible, which may well lead to the death of the faucaria. The presence of a mass of white waxy sacs on its surface testifies to the colonization of the soil by the root worm.

Sometimes the grower gets the impression that the top soil is as if covered with lumps of cotton wool (the earth seems to be sandwiched with these lumps). With the help of a magnifying glass, it is easy to recognize them as female insects - oblong-oval white or pink insects less than 2 mm in size.

To rid the plant of this pest, a transplant is necessary, during which its root system is carefully examined, removing the worm. As a safety net, it will not hurt to then shed new soil with a 0.2% suspension of the above accaridide. Single specimens of aphids are removed by hand or washed off with soapy water (this solution should not get on the soil), and if necessary, the chemical method is used actellic.

A. Lazarev, Candidate of Biological Sciences, Senior Researcher, All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Protection


Reproduction

This is done with the help of seeds or shoots, using planting material purchased in specialized retail outlets, since it is very difficult to get them on your own.

Seeds

They are sown on coarse-grained wet sand and lightly powdered with earth and fine sand. Cover with a transparent film or put glass, creating an impromptu greenhouse, which is aired daily. The optimum temperature throughout the entire process is 20-25 degrees C.

Do not let the sand dry by dampening it moderately and gently with a sprayer. Seedlings will appear in 7-10 days. When 1-2 pairs of true leaves appear, they dive into the ground for cacti.

Vegetative way

The stem cutting is separated from the mother bush, a piece of the shoot is cut off along with the leaf, left for a couple of days, in the air, in a shady, warm and ventilated place to wither. Then they are planted in wet sand or soil for succulents and create a temperature of 25-28 degrees, but protect from the sun, do not allow the soil to dry out. In a month, new young leaves will appear. This means rooting is complete.

If you do not want to bother with growing a full-fledged adult plant, you can purchase it at a specialized outlet. They are sold here all year round. But, nevertheless, it is better to buy blooming in the summer.

Important! Be sure to take a close look at it. Leaves and stems should be free of foreign plaque and rot.

After purchasing the faucaria, it is placed separately from other houseplants. They keep it this way for two weeks. Such a kind of quarantine is needed as a safety net. Usually they are sold in small pots, so they are transplanted into a spacious container. The first 2-3 weeks are watered with caution - rarely and in moderation. Protect from direct sunlight and other harmful effects. This will help the plant adapt more easily to new conditions.

Here is such an amazing creation of nature - faucaria. We hope that it will fall in love with you for its unpretentious care and will take its rightful place in your indoor flower garden, become its pride and decoration, standing out with its original, unique appearance. Good luck!

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Nobody has created threads yet

Do you believe in garden fairies? Someone, after reading, will smile, and some will think and mentally plunge into the world of childhood and fantasy. And I .

A multi-tiered vegetation plant "Fitopyramida" has been created, a kind of vertical hydroponic farm for growing.


Faucaria tiger

• in rooms with bright windows
• in general premises
• in winter gardens, greenhouses in compositions with other succulents

once every 2-3 years in wide shallow bowls

sod land: leaf land: coarse sand (1: 1: 1) with the addition of fine expanded clay

• afraid of waterlogging
• practically not affected by diseases and pests

in room conditions, forced (from October to February) due to low illumination and humidity

• rooting of dried cuttings from May to August
• sowing seeds in early spring

• bright location
• cold and dry wintering
• in summer it is advisable to take out into the open air

• gray-green with white dots, succulent, triangular at the end, up to 5 cm long, up to 2.5 cm wide
• on the edges of the leaves there are 9-10 pairs of backward-curved teeth, giving a pair of upper leaves a resemblance to an open mouth

flowers are solitary, golden yellow, with narrow petals, up to 5 cm in diameter


Watch the video: Tigers Jaw Faucaria Sudden Death Syndrome


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