National park of the Casentino forests of Mount Falterona and Campigna


The National Park of the Casentinesi Forests of Mount Falterona and Campigna is located in the provinces of Arezzo, Florence and Forli and was established with D.P.R. of 14 December 1990. The surface extends for 38,818 hectares, between Emilia Romagna and Tuscany, from Mount Falterona to the north, to the Mandrioli pass to the south. The landscape changes from one side to the other, sweet the steep Tuscan one and the rugged Romagna one. This forest complex, the largest in the Apennines, is rich in water.

Ministry of Ecological Transition

The National Park of the Casentinesi Forests, Monte Falterona and Campigna

And the greenest park in Italy and in autumn it is tinged with a thousand colors, so much so that it is one of the best places to admire the foliage, or the spectacle of the leaves which are tinged with all shades of red, yellow and orange.

And the National Park of the Casentinesi Forests, Monte Falterona and Campigna: one of the most pristine forest areas in Europe, true oasis of nature and silence that stretches between Tuscany and Emilia Romagna, where they live roe deer, red deer, fallow deer, wild boars and even the wolf, that after a long absence has returned in recent years to successfully populate this corner of the Apennines.

Fallow deer in the Casentinesi Forests Park - Credit: Casentinesi Forests National Park

The surface of the park extends for more 38 thousand hectares, from Monte Falterona in the north to the Mandrioli Pass to the south and the landscape changes from one side to the other: the steep Tuscan one is sweet and the Romagna one bumpy. The beautiful woods hide hermitages and monasteries, how La Verna and Camaldoli, chosen in ancient times as ideal places for cultivate spirituality and meditation, immersed in nature and far from the dangers of the world.

The noble and historic forests have remained intact over the centuries thanks to the foresight of monks and forest administrators: here are the ancient forests of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, those that supplied the arsenals of Livorno and Pisa and the Opera del Duomo in Florence with precious wood.

The Acquacheta waterfalls

In the park they can be admired fairytale waterfalls like that of Acquacheta, already described by Dante in the Divine Comedy, but also splendid places such as Castagno d'Andrea, a splendid village surrounded by chestnut woods, or the woods of centuries-old chestnut trees cultivated for the production of chestnuts that once constituted the food base of the mountain people.
From here you can leave for an excursion to Monte Falterona, where the sources of the Arno river and the Lake of Idols are located, an ancient place of worship of the Etruscans and the most important archaeological site of the Casentino.

Autumn at the Casentinesi Forest Park - Credit: Mattia Marasco

Among the most beautiful places to visit is also the Ponte Lake, an artificial basin perfectly inserted in the situated in one of the richest areas of the Park's paths, but also the picturesque medieval village of San Benedetto in Alpe, the ancient mills of Fiumicello and Castel dell’Alpe, where the millstones are still working, the Monte Penna, a splendid panoramic point of the Lama forest and on most of the valleys that descend towards Romagna. The show from the top of the mountain is one of the most evocative of the Apennines: as far as the eye can see, centuries-old forests and on clear days you can even see the Adriatic coast.

The protected area can be visited with pleasant excursions on foot, by mountain bike, on horseback or, in winter, with touring skis along the more than 650 kilometers of the trail network.


  • Campigna - white fir
  • Acquacheta - waterfall, mentioned in Dante's Comedy
  • Badia Prataglia - beech wood
  • Camaldoli - monastery
  • Fiumicello - mill
  • Valbonella Botanical Gardens - botanical garden near Corniolo
  • Siemoni Arboretum - museum and historic arboretum located in Badia Prataglia
  • Tredozio- Tramazzo River Valley
  • Chiusi della Verna - Franciscan places
  • Castagno d'Andrea - chestnut wood
  • Ridracoli - lake and dam
  • Lama Forest - wildlife
  • Sasso Fratino - first integral nature reserve in Italy (1959)
  • Springs of Tiber River - Mount Fumaiolo
  • Springs of Arno River - Monte Falterona

A large part of the park is woodland. In the park are areas the mountain vegetation, all types of woodland of the lower sub-mountain belt vegetation. In the forest dominated by hornbeams, turkey oaks and sessile oaks, chestnut woods (especially in the Camaldoli area and at Castagno d’Andrea on the Florentine side). In rocky places there are some of remaining rare cork oaks.

Flora inside park include over 1000 herbaceous species, of which 48 are trees and shrubs. The most valuable collection is to be found in the Mount Falco-Falterona massif. [2]

  • Apennines wolf
  • Barn owl
  • Boar
  • Common buzzard
  • Eagle
  • Eurasian badger
  • Fallow deer
  • Marten
  • Red deer
  • Red fox
  • Roe deer
  • Tawny owl

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Establishment and updating measures

Decree 14 December 1990 (pdf, 107 KB).
Provisional perimeter and provisional measures to safeguard the national park of Monte Falterona, Campigna and the Casentinesi Forests.
(GU General Series n.9 of 11-1-1991)

Part of the provision in graphic format.
Cartographic re-elaboration (pdf, 5.976 MB)

Decree of the President of the Republic 12 July 1993 (pdf, 68 KB).
Establishment of the National Park Authority of the Casentinesi Forests.
(GU General Series n.186 of 10-8-1993)

Part of the provision in graphic format.
Cartographic re-elaboration (pdf, 1.060 MB)

Management tools

Park regulations: process in progress

Park Plan: in force (GU n.20 of 26-01-2010)

Multi-year economic and social plan: process in progress

President: Dr. Luca Santini
Headquarters of the Park Authority
Vigiani Palace
via Guido Brocchi, 7
52015 Pratovecchio (AR)
Tel: 0575.50301
Fax: 0575.504497
Send an email to the managing body
Visit the official website

Statute of the Park Authority (pdf, 830 KB) approved with Ministerial Decree 16.10.2013.

Territorial bodies concerned

Emilia Romagna region
> Province: Forlì,
> Municipalities *: 8 Bagno di Romagna, 9 Portico and San Benedetto, 10 Premilcuore, 11 Santa Sofia, 12 Tredozio

Tuscany region
> Province: Arezzo,
> Municipalities *: 1 Bibbiena, 2 Chiusi della Verna, 3 Poppi, 4 Pratovecchio, 5 Stia
> Province: Florence,
> Municipalities *: 6 Londa, 7 San Godenzio

* the numbering refers to the map on the page

Surveillance - State Forestry Corps
Territorial Coordinations for the Environment (CTA)

CTA of Pratovecchio (AR)
Via Guido Brocchi, 7
Tel. 0575.582706
Fax: 0575.581401
Send an email to the CTA

The numbers of the Park

Established in: 1993
Code EUAP0016
Extension: 31,038 hectares

Live the Park on the Natura Italia portal and view the geographic databases on the National Geoportal.

Related legislation

Resolution of 5 August 1988 (pdf, 786 KB)
1988 annual program of urgent interventions for environmental protection.
(OJ no. 215 of 13-9-1988)

Law 6 December 1991, n. 394 (pdf, 84 KB)
Framework law on protected areas.
(GU n. 292 of 13-12-1991 - Ordinary Suppl. N. 83)

Last updated: April 7, 2014

The National Park of the Casentinesi Forests Monte Falterona and Campigna

Among the many protected green areas of our country, characteristic and fascinating for what they offer to tourists, there is certainly the National Park of the Casentinesi Forests Monte Falterona and Campigna, which affects the Tuscan-Romagna Apennine portion of the Provinces of Forlì, Florence and Arezzo.

The Park includes an area with a respectable bio-naturalistic habitat, preserves intact the magic of small ancient rural centers, it is the lplace of unusual silences, of green valleys, of fresh and transparent streams, inhabited by numerous species of animals and rich in a luxuriant and particular flora.

For this reason it offers hikers a remarkable variety of opportunities, with peaks and ridges that allow both the occasional and the more experienced walker trekking enthusiast to always find new itineraries.

There are many well-marked trails, which lead to many refuges, bivouacs, monasteries and hermitages, but also hotels, agritourisms and B & Bs scattered throughout the area, the hiking trail is particularly interesting GEA 00 which crosses the park for its entire length right on the Apennine watershed, touching exciting panoramic points,

Among the mountains we find the Monte Falco, of relative height, but well marked, creates a "altitude effect" which contributes to increasing rainfall and decreasing the temperature, differentiating the area from the torrid plain.

In the territory of the park there are also the sources of the Tiber, not far from the summit of Mount Fumaiolo, so named for its peak often covered in clouds of clouds similar to plumes of smoke.

It is a climate that favors abundant snowfalls, to the delight of enthusiasts and skiers who find in Campigna and Monte Fumaiolo ski resorts well equipped for both downhill and cross-country skiing.

The Park offers different views, as are the characteristics of the valleys, the wide slopes, streams and rivers rich in trout and animal life, the woods and forests populated by the most suggestive fauna are a protected nest for rare flowers and insects.

Here reigns, imposing and majestic, the deer, protagonist of spectacular love duels, visible in the right period thanks to an initiative of the Park Authority, when they throw their "bellows", but also the wolf, who has returned to populate the woods.

Together with nature, there is the presence of man and the traces of his history small towns rich in cultural traditions, with architectures marked by the need to protect themselves, with many fortified rocks and rural buildings for the sober mountain life.

The imposing forest of the Park is full of high forests where the Beech tree the beech forest is a dense forest, gloomy, very closed, where it is difficult for other species to settle, where in any case we can find correlates with altitude, at first elm, linden and major ash and then silver fir and mountain maple.

Among the species present in this band, and especially in the Forest of the Lama, deserves particular mention silver fir which, by distribution and presence, has found in this area its most important station in the northern Apennines, the most characteristic association of the forest is however that constituted by the mixed forest of fir and beech, which also expresses a high degree of naturalness.

It deserves a separate discussion Integral nature reserve of Sasso Frattino, where the scarce action of man, also favored by the inaccessibility of the places, has allowed the conservation of an almost intact and secular place, so much so that access is forbidden unless authorized by the forest authorities of the park.

The fauna heritage of the Park is definitely very rich and has significantly increased in recent decades, thanks also to the depopulation of mountain areas and the acquisition of large areas by the State and the Region.

Emblematic of this reality is the numerous and constant presence of various ungulates such as deer, fallow deer, roe deer, mouflon and wild boar.

The species that more than any other represent the high degree of naturalness of these territories are the golden eagle and the wolf, which, being at the top of the food chain, are a sure indication of the environmental improvements that have taken place in recent years.

The wolf is present with a few dozen specimens, divided into main families, uniformly distributed throughout the Park territory, thus sanctioning the return of a species that in past decades was present only sporadically with isolated individuals.

L'eagle it has settled permanently in these territories, after a long period of absence since the 1980s, and now there are several nesting pairs right in the heart of the Park.

The list of minor mammals is very long: the fox, the rate, the beech marten, the skunk, and the weasel, the marten. Rare theporcupine, frequent the hare, numerous squirrels, the dormouse, the baby octopus, the oak mouse, L'vole and the spider mouse.

The birds are represented by numerous species and, starting from the birds of prey, we highlight: the buzzard, the kestrel, lo sparrow hawk, the hobbyist and the honey buzzard among the nocturnal birds of prey: la owl, L'scops owl, L'owl, the barn owl and the very rare eagle owl among the reptiles we remember the little worm, the rat snake, the water snake, the Colubro d'Esculapio and the viper, the only poisonous reptile present even at higher altitudes.

The very rare amphibians deserve particular attention spectacled salamander, the Italian geotritone and the red frog, typical of alpine fauna, on Monte Falterona la brown trout and the barbel populate all mountain streams and, as indicators of water purity, we remember the freshwater crab and the crayfish. In addition, about ten thousand species of invertebrates have been classified in these valleys.

The National Park, therefore, like a large green lung in the heart ofTuscan-Romagna Apennines, a must for nature lovers, sports enthusiasts and for all those who want to dive into this green oasis, a few kilometers from the sunny and multicolored beaches of the Romagna Riviera and the art cities of Florence, Ravenna and Siena.

Video: Luoghi e Città da visitare: Foreste Casentinesi - Casentino forests

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