Musa - Musaceae Family - How to care for, cultivate and make Musa plants bloom


HOW TO GROW AND CARE FOR OUR PLANTS

MUSE

The genre Muse, which includes plants known as banana trees, has several plants normally grown indoors for their gorgeous foliage.

BOTANICAL CLASSIFICATION

Kingdom

:

Plantae

Clado

: Angiosperms

Clado

: Monocotyledons

Order

:

Zingiberales

Family

:

Musaceae

Kind

:

Muse

Species

: see the paragraph on "Main species"

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

The kind Muse of the Musaceae family it is that which includes the plants that are commonly called banana. They are all original plants of tropical areas and many species have seedless edible fruits (so-called bananas, edible and seedless, produced by the species Sharp muzzle is Muse x heavenly both with numerous varieties). The species normally used as ornamental are very decorative and elegant.

These are herbaceous plants even if they are often considered arboreal because they take on the appearance of real trees due to the large leaves that overlap a helix form the stem (actually a pseudostem because it is formed by the concrescence of the leaf sheaths) which sometimes becomes very showy.

Normally the species of Muse grown in the apartment do not bloom. Only the species

Musa velutina

can bloom (photo below) and once the flowers are formed and fruiting takes place (the fruits are berries) all the leaves turn yellow and fall.


Flower M. velutina


Fruit M. velutina

MAIN SPECIES

There are several species of the genus Muse among which, the most used for ornamental purposes are:

ACUMINATED MUSE

There Sharp muzzle is a plant native to southern China and is characterized by a tuft of leaves that grow on top of the stem that is formed thanks to the leaf sheathing.

The leaves are shiny and satiny especially when young and are often found mottled with red. They are plants that in the apartment can reach even 2.5 in height.

MUSE VELUTINA

There Musa velutina it is a very ornamental plant that does not exceed the height of 1.2m with the base of the leaves of a slightly pink color.

When the plant has reached the age of four it can flower and then an inflorescence forms at the top of the stem formed by yellow flowers enclosed within dark pink bracts. The flowers that are called "mani" originate 8-10 cm long red fruits, inedible, which give the plant the common name of velutina pink (see photo above).

MUSA VENTRICOSUM

There Musa ventricosum is a species of considerable size native to Ethiopia and Somalia which in its countries of origin can reach up to 10 m in height. There are several varieties including the 'Rubra' cultivar characterized by reddish leaves.

CULTURAL TECHNIQUE

There Muse it is not a difficult plant to grow. It grows generously inside the house, kept in a bright position but not in direct sun and in well-ventilated environments (attention to drafts, especially cold, which are not welcome).

The ideal temperatures during the spring-summer period are around 21-24 ° C, although they can rise up to 27-30 ° C without causing problems for the plant. On the contrary, winter temperatures must not drop below 16 ° C.

To clean the leaves if you do not have the possibility to shower the plant, use a very soft cloth moistened simply with water. Never use foliar brighteners that obstruct the stomata of the plant preventing it from breathing.

WATERING

There Muse during the spring-summer period it should be watered so that the soil always remains humid while during the autumn-winter period the irrigations will be reduced to what is necessary so that the soil remains just humid.

TYPE OF SOIL - REPOT

The plant of Muse it is repotted every year, in spring. A good fertile soil is used to which a little peat and coarse sand are mixed.

FERTILIZATION

A good liquid fertilizer is diluted every two weeks throughout the spring-summer period. This interval extends to once a month during the autumn-winter period.

Use a fertilizer that in addition to having the so-called macroelements such as nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K), also has microelements, i.e. those compounds that the plant needs in minimal quantities (but still needs it) such as magnesium (Mg), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), boron (B), molybdenum (Mo), all important for a correct and balanced growth of the plant.

Always reduce the doses compared to what is stated on the package.

PRUNING

The plant of Muse it cannot be pruned. Only the leaves that dry out over time are eliminated to prevent them from becoming a vehicle for disease.

MULTIPLICATION

The multiplication of plants of Muse occurs through suckers (agamic multiplication).

MULTIPLICATION FOR POLLONS

This type of multiplication can be done at any time of the year by taking the suckers that grow at the base of the plant. Once the pollons have been recovered, they are planted in single pots using a soil as indicated for adult plants. The pot is kept in a warm place (around 24 ° C), with good humidity (do frequent spraying). When the new plant begins to grow then you can treat it as if it were an adult.

PARASITES AND DISEASES

The leaves wither and lose color

This symptom is due to poor watering.
Remedies: better regulate irrigations.

The leaves of the plant have dry margins

This symptom clearly indicates that the environment in which the plant is located is too dry.
Remedies: increase the humidity around the plant both with greater nebulization and by placing bowls of water near the plant, for example.

White mold on the leaves with a powdery appearance with a typical mushroom odor

This symptom indicates that we are in the presence ofbad white that is to say of a fungus, very harmful favored by high humidity and high temperatures. First, isolated whitish spots are formed which gradually merge forming larger spots that necrotize starting from the central part. This leads to a curling of the leaves along the midrib and to the death of the leaf.

Remedies: it is necessary to increase the ventilation (avoiding creating air currents) and let the plant dry Muse. Then treat with specific fungicides.

Spots on the underside of the leaves of the plant

This symptom could mean that you are in the presence of an attack due to the mealybug and in particular the mealy bugs. To be sure, use a magnifying glass and compare them with the photo on the side: they are characteristic and you can't go wrong, and if you try to remove them with a fingernail, they come off easily.

Remedies: you can use a cotton swab soaked in alcohol or you can wash it with water and neutral soap by gently rubbing with a sponge to remove the parasites (then rinse the plant very well to remove the soap). For larger plants planted outdoors, use a specific fungicide available in specialized garden centers.

CURIOSITY'

The banana plant has been used since the times of the Roman Empire as an indoor plant.

The species Musa textilis (photo on the side) is also known as Manila hemp (or like abacà in the Spanish language) because it supplies a textile fiber that is highly appreciated and used as well as to produce ropes and ropes in general also to obtain yarns for low-cost fabrics (photo above). Its fiber is very resistant, it does not shrink with humidity (which is why it is used in boating) and it is one of the most durable natural fibers together with hemp.

Video: How to grow DWARF BANANA PLANT at Home. Growing Banana Trees in Pot. Dwarf Banana Farming


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