Badan thick-leaved - a useful medicinal and beautiful ornamental plant

The Siberian land is rich in wonderful plants. This is a magic cedar, miraculous roots of maral and golden, wild garlic ... But, perhaps, our Siberian badan should be put first in this list!

Growing in Siberia thick-leaved badan (Bergenia crassifolia). In the mountains of Southern Siberia - in Altai, in the Sayan Mountains, the Baikal region, Northern Mongolia, it forms continuous thickets - badanniks - with an area of ​​several square kilometers. This is a very hardy and unpretentious plant, it can grow in the most unfavorable conditions, it is found, for example, on loaches, in crevices of rocks, along stony and gravelly taluses on slopes with a steepness of up to 40 °.

It is a perennial herb with a long, thick branched surface rhizome, from which adventitious roots extend. And dark green leaves on thick stalks also extend directly from the root. They are oval, leathery and therefore shiny, wintering green. The leaves are very large - you can hardly cover it with two palms. Bell-shaped, rather large (1-1.5 cm in diameter) flowers of 50 or more pieces are collected in large paniculate inflorescences at the tops of stems up to 70 cm high.The color of their corolla in nature varies greatly, and in different specimens it can be lilac, lilac, pink of varying intensity. They bloom from the beginning of May for more than a month.

Under natural conditions, badan prefers poor soils with a slightly acidic reaction. It is not picky about light: it grows both under the canopy of a forest and in open areas, both on light and shady slopes. Badan is a very resistant plant. It can grow alone in community with other plants, but more often forms extensive thickets - badanniki.

Badan is very durable. Scientists have found centenary specimens in nature. Badan branches very strongly. One perennial plant can occupy an area of ​​several square meters, and the total length of its branched rhizome is more than ten meters.

In nature, it propagates by seeds and vegetatively. The seeds do not ripen annually, since, due to early flowering, sometimes the flowers are damaged by recurrent frosts. Seeds are small, dark brown. They germinate poorly in badanniks because of the high competition and strong shading of the soil, much better in open areas, and under laboratory conditions their germination is very high - up to 80%. Apparently, this property is inherent in nature for the survival of the species in the competition with other plants.

Badan reproduces much better vegetatively. Due to its strong branching, it displaces other plants, since they cannot withstand competition under the dense canopy of its leaves, moreover, the soil surface under the incense is covered with a thick layer of dead, but not decaying leaves for a long time. Moreover, it not only captures the surrounding space, but also spreads to areas that are quite remote from the mother bush. Its young horns with a rosette of leaves for some time, until they have released adventitious roots, can break off and move along the scree along with melting snow, water streams over considerable distances and take root in a new place.

Although in general the plant is evergreen, each leaf lives for a little over a year. In spring, after flowering, 3-4 young leaves grow at the ends of the shoots. During the growing season, last year's leaves, located closer to the root, gradually die off - at first they lose their elasticity and lie down, then turn yellow-brown, but the petioles remain attached to the root. And only after overwintering, they fall off, turn black-brown and remain lying for another 2-3 years before they rot. Such leaves, which have undergone natural fermentation, are used to brew delicious healing tea, which in Siberia is called Mongolian or Chigir tea. It is necessary to brew such tea longer (at least 20 minutes, bring to a boil 2-3 times, but do not boil).

Rhizomes and leaves of badan are a real storehouse of medicinal substances. They contain up to 27% tannins. In terms of tannin content, it surpasses the usual black tea for us. The leaves contain up to 22% arbutin, ecdysterone, vitamin C, phytoncides, significant amounts of manganese, iron, copper and other trace elements. The rhizomes contain bergenin, dextrin, flavonoids, flobaphenes, starch, sucrose, essential oil, resinous and other useful substances.

Badan has long been grown in garden plots. He moved from the mountains to the plains painlessly due to his exceptional unpretentiousness. It is better to take a place for him half-shaded under the canopy of trees, with drained soil. Moisture-loving bergenia would rather prefer drought than stagnant water. It will endure drought thanks to leathery leaves and a powerful rhizome, but if there is no flooding, it will sweep away.

Despite the undemandingness of badan to the soil, it must be borne in mind that in one place it can grow for many years, so it is better for him to provide a plot with fertile soil in the garden - the plants will be more powerful and grow faster. Under my mountain ash, a fifteen-year-old bush occupies an area with a diameter of two meters.

You can sow before winter and early spring. Seeds do not need stratification, but those sown before winter sprout more amicably. When sown in spring, they sprout up a month later, and can only emerge a year later. By the way, germination lasts for two years. It is necessary to sow to a depth of 1 cm. Bergenia seedlings develop rather slowly. In the first year, a rosette of 4-5 medium-sized leaves grows, which must be covered in the first winter. The next year, the leaves grow larger, the root begins to branch. Plants begin to bloom from 3-4 years.

Rhizomes and leaves of bergenia can be harvested at any time. They are washed in cold water (not soaking!), The rhizomes are cut into thin rings, the leaves are spread in a thin layer and dried in a warm room until brittle (2-3 weeks). Immediately after drying, the leaves are crushed - they crumble well in the hands. Raw materials retain their properties in paper bags for four years.

Unfortunately, badan is not often found in garden centers, and its seeds are not available for sale at all.

To everyone who wishes to grow this valuable medicinal and ornamental plant on their site, I will gladly send the roots and seeds of badan. They, as well as planting material for maral root, Rhodiola, wild garlic and Siberian kandyk, "God's tree", Kuril tea, golden currants and more than 200 other rare medicinal, spicy plants, vegetables, flowers and shrubs can be ordered from the catalog. It is enough to send a marked envelope - you will receive the catalog in it for free.
My address: 634024, Tomsk, st. 5th Army, 29-33, mob. t. 8913-8518-103 - Gennady Pavlovich Anisimov.
The catalog can also be obtained by e-mail - send a request to E-mail: [email protected]
The catalog can be found on the website

Gennady Anisimov, Tomsk
Photo by the author

DIY landscape design

The topic of medicinal plants in gardens is far from new. There are many sources that talk about popular types (for example: dill, mint, hyssop, horseradish, lemon balm, etc.), healing qualities and how best to place natural healers in the garden. True, in real life, few people pay attention to the unique properties of already existing, and long-familiar plants on the site.

In my brief encyclopedia, I will try to collect medicinal species, both popular in landscaping, and very unusual plants that will bring a little freshness and variety to your gardens. This article is only the first part. It describes the main medicinal properties of green pets from A to B, and at the end an example of creating a shadow group of medicinal plants with author's schemes and images of such a medicinal garden in spring, summer and autumn is given. Already interested? Then let's start getting to know our favorite plants again! I am sure you will learn a lot ...

Agastache / Lofant / Giant Hyssop

A very popular perennial plant for garden decoration. It has a well-growing bush with a pleasant aroma. Young leaves from the tops of the shoots are used for food, adding to okroshka and salads. The seeds are used for pickling, and the leaves, stems and flowers are added to tea or compote for flavor. Lofanta herb is brewed with boiling water and drunk for colds, bronchitis, sore throat. The plant is good for the cardiovascular system and in the removal of stones from the liver and kidneys. In nursing mothers, it increases lactation and promotes early rehabilitation after childbirth.

Maidenhair foot

A stunningly beautiful fern. It is grown either at home or outdoors with a mild climate. Freezing during frosty winters. It is necessary to cover thoroughly for the winter. In China, the maidenhair infusion is taken for inflammation of the kidneys, gynecological and urological problems, and also as an antipyretic agent.

Spring Adonis / Adonis

A favorite perennial plant for garden decoration and alpine slides. The adonis is considered poisonous, although it also has many beneficial properties. Dried leaves and flowers are used in decoctions as an anti-inflammatory, diuretic, anticonvulsant. Also, decoctions are very often used for problems with the cardiovascular system and for infectious diseases. Be careful! Since all parts of this plant are poisonous, adonis should be used with extreme caution. It should not be taken by children, pregnant or lactating women, as well as people with gastritis, ulcers and certain heart conditions. When poisoned with this plant, nausea, lethargy and vomiting appear. It is necessary to take activated charcoal to reduce the effects of poisoning.

Althea officinalis

Very beautiful tall perennial plant with pink flowers. It can often be found in fields where marshmallow grows in beautiful pink clusters. For medicinal purposes, all parts are used: the root of a two-three-year-old plant, the grass that is collected at the beginning of flowering, and flowers. Basically, marshmallow is used as an emollient and pain reliever, effectively helping with airway inflammation.


An annual plant with very dense spike-shaped inflorescences. Young leaves look like spinach. They are used in food preparation both fresh and dried. Amaranth contains a lot of fiber, protein, as well as a high gluten content - for this reason, flour is made from it, which is used for baking healthy bread and buns. The leaves contain a large amount of trace elements necessary for our body, so amaranth is an excellent addition to our diet. Effectively lowers blood cholesterol. Leaves are perfectly brewed with boiling water. In the fall, amaranth inseminates itself and new plants grow the next year.

An annual plant that is mainly grown for its fruits. Anise seeds have a strong aroma and are often added to dishes or drinks to give them a pungent aroma. Anise leaves are also used in salads and garnishes as a flavoring agent. As a medicinal plant, anise is used as an anti-inflammatory agent. Anise soothes the gastrointestinal tract. It is also an analgesic, diuretic, lactation-increasing agent in nursing mothers. In Bulgaria, the most often used infusion of crushed fruits, filled with boiling water.


Perennial herbaceous legume. Looks great in alpine gardens. Its broth is used in the treatment of heart problems and vascular diseases. It is also used as an emetic and hemostatic agent.

Marsh wild rosemary

Perennial evergreen shrub. It grows most often in swamps and wet peatlands. Young seedlings of hybrid rhododendron are often sold under its guise. The true marsh rosemary is a very beautiful poisonous plant, but nevertheless it has many useful properties. Ledum is used in the form of decoctions mixed with other plants. It should be consumed very carefully and in small doses. It speeds up the heartbeat, dilates blood vessels, reduces coughing, is effective in bronchitis and bronchial asthma. In case of joint disease, they are rubbed or compressed. Juice is rubbed with problem areas with inflammation of the skin.


Badan is a well-propagating shade-tolerant perennial plant with thick leathery leaves. Very popular in modern landscaping. Has a peculiar scent of leaves and flowers. Reproduces very well. Looks great both in flower gardens and in groups with shrubs. It is used in the form of a decoction, as an anti-inflammatory and disinfectant. Its extract is used to treat cervical erosion and bleeding. In a mixture with rhododendron, pancreatitis is treated.

Forest balsam / Touch-me-not

Shade-tolerant and moisture-loving plant, very common in the wild in the middle lane. For medicinal purposes, the aerial part, dried during the flowering period, is used. Balsam is used as an aid in the breakdown of kidney and bladder stones, in the treatment of gout and rheumatism. Lotions have an anti-inflammatory and wound healing effect. Purulent wounds are washed with a decoction of balsam.


A beautiful perennial plant over 1 meter high with a powerful root. Unpretentious and very decorative, it looks good in mixborders. Baptisia juice secreted when it is damaged turns blue. The infusion is used as a laxative, and the powder from the dried plant relieves toothache.


Late flowering bulbous plant of stunning beauty. Blooms in autumn. Looks great in rockeries, in flower beds, near plantings of trees and shrubs. Flowers, seeds and tubers of columbus have medicinal properties. When used as an alcoholic tincture, it is an excellent pain reliever. Tincture of fresh bulbs is taken for cystitis, edema, rheumatism and urolithiasis. However, be careful! The plant is very poisonous, you need to take it with caution.


A beautiful and therefore popular perennial plant for decorating the coastal zone in garden plots. Poisonous! Mostly rhizomes are used. For rheumatism it is used as a pain reliever. An infusion of calla roots helps with the bites of some venomous snakes.


Yes. Our beauty is a birch. It's no secret how useful this tree is. Perhaps the most common herbal diuretic is a decoction of birch buds. Rubbing the skin with an infusion of birch buds on alcohol is effective for bedsores, inflammation and burns. In addition to useful properties, birch creates a wonderful openwork shade, its delicate crown and light bark fits into any garden design.


A tall shrub reaching a height of 5 meters with edible red fruits. A very beautiful plant, great for hedges or backgrounds. For medicinal purposes, flowers, fruits and leaves of hawthorn are used. Hawthorn infusions have a beneficial effect on the cardiovascular system, lower blood pressure, improve metabolism, calm the nervous system, which helps with insomnia.


A stunning, unpretentious groundcover perennial. Very common in gardens. It grows independently and perfectly fills the empty places in the garden. Tea made from budra leaves soothes the gastrointestinal tract, relieves cramps and pains in the stomach, intestines, kidneys and liver.Also used as a lotion to heal wounds and skin ulcers. The use of budra for medicinal purposes is unlimited, but one should not forget that this plant is poisonous and its dosages should be reasonable.


It is a very convenient plant for garden landscaping. The shrub is unpretentious, grows well and without problems. With timely pruning, it forms a very beautiful shape and bears many fruits. Elderberry is also used as a medicinal plant. Its flowers, fruits, young branches, bark, leaves and seeds are used. Elderberry flower tea removes toxins from the body. Jam made from berries is good for the stomach and kidneys. The grains have a diaphoretic property. The bark is used as a diuretic. Powder from elderberry bark is sprinkled on oozing and festering wounds, as a disinfectant and drying agent.

Forest beech

This tree looks great both in single planting and in groups with other plants. Very dense and beautiful hedges are made of beech. It molds well. The most valuable raw material in this tree is nuts. They are used for food, because they contain a lot of useful microelements. They are good for food both raw and fried. They make flour, which is used in baked goods.

Initial letter

A perennial light-loving plant with beautiful lilac flowers on a long stem, reaching a height of 1 meter. This useful plant, although poisonous, is very fond of gardeners. During the flowering period, the entire aerial part is cut and dried. They drink in the form of an infusion or as a tea for the treatment of asthma, inflammation of the respiratory tract, for diseases of the kidneys, bladder and liver, arthritis, poor intestinal permeability and gastritis, for migraines and to increase metabolism.


A classic plant that can often be found in gardening. In flower beds, the cornflower is convenient because after it has faded, the bush can be completely cut off, and very soon new fresh and neat foliage will grow, and with a favorable warm summer, flowers may appear a second time. For medicinal purposes, the extreme petals without baskets are used. They are plucked out of the basket and dried. Infusions of cornflower petals have a lot of useful properties that are used for medicinal purposes. It is an antipyretic agent, an anesthetic, and an antiseptic. As a lotion, they are used to wash the eyes, and also moisten the forehead with fever. Cornflower also helps with worms.

Three-leaf watch / Water shamrock

This plant is ideal for those who do not want to decorate their pond on the site with classic water lilies. The watch is a very fresh and ornamental plant that will add zest to the water area. The watch uses young leaves, drying them and using them in the form of infusion. Preparations from it increase appetite, improve digestion and general well-being, increase blood formation. It also has analgesic, anthelmintic and antiseptic properties.

Loose mint

A very popular groundcover in modern design. It looks amazing as a carpet in flower beds or as a flowing garland from a retaining wall. Will add charm to rockeries and the coastal area, and is simply gorgeous in flowerpots and hanging pots. The use of loosestrife is very common in homeopathy. Its main properties are wound healing (effective for stomatitis, purulent and long-lasting wounds) and pain relief. It is mainly consumed in the form of a decoction or herbal tea from the aerial part, less often the roots.

Common heather

The splendor of this plant can be painted throughout the whole article. This is a low-growing evergreen shrub. Heathers bloom from July to September and can be seen in abundance in flower beds and rocky gardens this season. The heather gardens are amazing in their beauty. Heather preparations are very popular in modern medicine. Its broth is used to treat cough, urinary system, skin and intestinal diseases. It also has sedative properties. For medicinal purposes, the leaves, stems, flowers and sap of the plant are used. Decoction lotions treat allergic and viral skin rashes. Heather baths are very beneficial for joints.

Spike veronica

A beautiful perennial. Blooms from July to October. It is a good companion to heather. The aerial part of Veronica is used for medicinal purposes. Decoctions are used to treat infectious diseases of the respiratory tract, rheumatism, kidney and liver diseases. The plant's antiseptic and toxin-removing properties help with poisonous snake or spider bites.

Willow / White willow / Rakita / Willow

In gardens, willow perfectly dilutes group plantings of trees and shrubs, and in the classic version decorates the coastal zone. Willow bark and leaves have medicinal properties. Willow decoction is effective in increasing appetite. It has anti-inflammatory and astringent properties. Effective in the treatment of rheumatism, dermatological diseases and stomatitis.

Anemone Oakwood / Anemone

A very beautiful plant with delicate flowers. It often grows in mass, forming a beautiful rich white cloud. For all its tenderness, anemone is a poisonous plant, but its healing properties are amazing. It is an antimicrobial agent. Infusion from it is rubbed with rheumatism. Anemone ointment is used for dermatoses. It is also used as an anesthetic for malignant tumors, and there have even been cases of healing! Since it is a very poisonous plant, the dosage for oral administration is measured in droplets.

Common wolfberry / Wolf bast

A beautifully flowering shrub with pleasantly scented pink flowers and very poisonous fruits. Quite often it is used for openwork hedges, as it has a slight branching. Basically, all drugs from wolfberry are used externally, since they are quite strong irritants. From the fruits and leaves, they make a tincture with alcohol and rub the places of rheumatism, tumors with it, and cauterize ulcers. Very carefully take inside decoctions from the roots or bark and branches for insomnia, convulsions, some diseases of the colon, at high temperatures and blockage of blood vessels.

Spiky raven

A very simple and easy-to-use shade-tolerant plant, which is very often found in the underbrush. The crow is planted in the most shaded areas of the site, which are unprofitable for planting highly ornamental plants, for example, on a narrow piece of land between the house and a solid fence. Like most medicinal plants, this plant is also poisonous. For medicinal purposes, the root and the fruit are used. A specially prepared infusion of the root helps with toothache, rheumatism and asthma. A fruit ointment heals skin inflammations.


A very common perennial climbing plant. Someone considers it a weed, while someone grows it as a flowering lawn or as a decorative element for small supports, retaining walls or rocky gardens. All parts of this poisonous plant contain many useful minerals, vitamins and trace elements. It is used to treat diseases of the liver and lungs, asthma. The broth is used as a laxative, wound healing, diuretic and choleretic agent.

Elm / Ilm

Tall tree. Elm trees use bark, foliage, flowers and seeds. A decoction of the bark is used to make lotions to treat skin inflammations and burns. Relieves inflammation of the mucous membranes of the esophagus. The seeds are used as a very mild laxative even for children, and the bark, ground into powder, has the opposite effect.

How to create a shadow group of medicinal plants

Quite often there is a situation when on a small plot there is a two-story house, a gazebo, a utility block, a high solid fence around the perimeter, and high neighboring houses behind the fence. There is always a shadow on the site. Using an example, I will show the option of compiling a group of medicinal plants that are resistant to partial shade.

Group diagram

Assortment of plants

  1. Adonis Amur - Adonis amurensis
  2. Spring Adonis - Adonis vernalis
  3. Astrantia major - 'Ruby Cloud'
  4. Marsh Ledum - Rhododendron tomentosum
  5. Badan hybrid - Bergenia ‘Silberlicht’
  6. Bergenia cordifolia - Bergenia cordifolia
  7. Paper birch - Betula papyrifera
  8. Hawthorn unicameral - Crataegus x mordenensis ‘Toba’
  9. Elderberry - Sambucus racemosa
  10. Elderberry - Sambucus racemosa ‘Plumosa Aurea’
  11. Forest beech - Fagussylvatica ‘Purpurea Pendula’
  12. Common wolfberry - Daphne mezereum ‘Rubrum’
  13. Red crow - Actaea rubra
  14. Forest geranium - Geranium sylvaticum
  15. Gentian Andrews - Gentiana andrewsii
  16. Viburnum hybrid - Viburnum ‘Snowball’
  17. Bell peach -Campanula persicifolia 'Alba'

Plant composition

Badan roots contain arbutin, which is a good natural antioxidant. The root system of the plant is enriched with:

  • glucose
  • tannins
  • ascorbic acid
  • isocoumarin bergenin
  • starch
  • polyphenols.

Tannins in the root of an adult plant are up to twenty-seven percent. Also, this part of the culture contains sugar.

Badan leaves contain up to thirty-five percent of a mixture of pyrocatechol and pyrogallic tannins. The ground part of the plant contains the largest amount of arbutin, in addition, the leaves include:

  • gallic acid
  • vitamin C
  • carotene
  • flavonoids
  • manganese
  • iron
  • copper
  • coumarins
  • tannins.

In addition, the plant contains essential oils and resins.


Hemorrhoids. Illustration: WikipedianProlific

Hemorrhoids are an unpleasant disease of the blood vessels in the rectum, in which blood-filled nodules form (inside the intestine and / or protruding outward). The disease is accompanied by unpleasant sensations in the anus: pulling pains, burning, itching, as well as bleeding when visiting the toilet "for a hard time."

Most often, middle-aged men (from 30 to 50 years old) who are engaged in hard physical labor or, conversely, lead a sedentary, sedentary lifestyle, suffer from hemorrhoids. Women suffer from hemorrhoids less often (4 times) than men, and the disease in women is acquired after a difficult birth or pregnancy. Also, the development of hemorrhoids is caused by chronic constipation and unhealthy diet (alcohol, fatty foods).

Hemorrhoids are relatively easy to treat early on, but most people start the disease out of false shame when they see a doctor. In other words, medicine deals with advanced cases, although there is a real possibility not to take the problem to the extreme.

Hemorrhoid symptoms manifest themselves as discomfort and pain in the anus, mucus can be released from the rectum, which irritates the anus and causes a strong burning sensation. Sometimes patients have a false sensation of a foreign object inserted into the anus. In advanced cases, the release of blood from hemorrhoids begins: some have a few drops on toilet paper or underwear, while others have severe bleeding, which must be urgently stopped in a hospital.

Prevention of hemorrhoids consists in proper nutrition and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. You should eat foods rich in fiber (dietary fiber), avoid spicy foods, alcohol and seasonings. Drink plenty of fluids to keep your stools from getting too hard. Do not overexert yourself during bowel movements and use the toilet irregularly. Exercise and an active lifestyle will also be beneficial and help prevent hemorrhoids.

This section contains articles on the prevention and treatment of hemorrhoids by various methods.

3. Heather

Heather (Calluna vulgaris) is a small shrub or shrub. All year round, colorful heather gives a festive mood and a well-groomed appearance to the place where it grows. The plant loves bright sun and good hydration. It grows on acidic soils, so it is often found in nature near peat bogs and swamps. Planting heather in different regions of our country (especially the south of Russia) can be fraught with some difficulties. More information about growing it on the site in the article Heather - a healing honey plant in the garden.

In the middle lane, heathers can be grown in containers

Common heather flowers can be white, pink, red or purple. Currently, there are a huge number of unusual varieties and varieties.

DIY landscape design

The garden is a living pharmacy that offers you effective medicines against any ailments, completely free of charge. We do not always even guess that under our windows real doctors are turning green and blooming. But most garden plants have unique healing properties - landscape designer Olga Kirillova introduces them to the Green Portal readers. This article contains plants whose names begin with letters from P to C, and at the end the author gives a detailed diagram of the arrangement of a small "green office" in the backyard. Read with pleasure, and the benefits are guaranteed!

This is the fifth part of my short encyclopedia, which introduces you to the medicinal properties of your garden pets. I hope that you will learn something new and useful in it.


Evergreen coniferous tree. Essential oil, resin and twigs are used as raw materials. The introduced branches of the plant make the air in the room practically sterile clean.

A variety of varieties allows this plant to be used in almost any element of landscape design. Fir is an excellent specimen, harmonious in group plantings, undersized varieties fit perfectly into mixborders, rockeries, rock gardens. Fir trees produce beautiful decorative hedges.

Fir oils help in the treatment of sciatica and rheumatism, inflammatory rheumatism, heart failure. Essential oil baths accelerate wound healing and have disinfecting and soothing properties. Fir oil is also used for toothache, periodontal disease and sore throat.


A beautiful perennial that is great for mixborders. The height and density of the bush allows it to be planted as an ornamental plant, hiding unwanted elements of the garden. Prefers partial shade, leaves remain decorative until late autumn.

The roots and aerial parts of the plant (flowers, leaves and stems) are used as medicinal raw materials. The stew has a diaphoretic, emetic, diuretic, laxative and choleretic effect. Possesses antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and wound healing properties. Infusions lower blood pressure, relieve swelling, lower cholesterol. Externally used for skin itching, bruises, ulcers, for wound healing.


It is also called yellow chamomile. Pupavka dyeing in ancient times was used to dye clothes yellow. This unpretentious herb is used in gardens as an addition to flower beds, mixborders and rockeries. Plant height varies from 25 cm to 1 meter.

For medicinal purposes, the aerial parts of the plant are used, less often the roots. Umbilical preparations increase the strength of the blood vessel walls. Decoctions are used to treat the nervous system, severe headaches, cramps, colic. It is also used as a hemostatic agent to accelerate wound healing. Treats ulcerative colitis, diathesis, asthma, some types of allergies, epilepsy, pneumonia.


Many people perceive it as a weed, but often, by limiting the growth of wheatgrass, we get a beautiful green bush with a long decorative effect.

I like to use it in those places where flowers either freeze out due to proximity to buildings, or the quality of the soil does not favor planting any other vegetation (stones, gravel in the ground). In places unfavorable to other plants, it grows limitedly, growing into a beautiful bush up to 40 cm high. The variegated forms of wheatgrass look especially decorative.

The largest amount of useful enzymes are stored in the roots of the plant. There are much less of them in the leaves. Infusions and decoctions from the roots have anti-inflammatory, analgesic, expectorant, choleretic, diaphoretic, wound-healing, metabolic-enhancing properties.

Wheatgrass is used in the treatment of colds, bronchitis, pneumonia, cystitis, rheumatism, jaundice, for diseases of the heart, liver and kidneys. A decoction of the whole plant is drunk to restore vision, for ulcers and boils, a decoction of the root is used. For skin lesions, baths with a decoction of wheatgrass root are used.

Mainly for medicinal purposes, rose flowers are used. The chemical composition of the petals allows them to be used as a fortifying, anti-inflammatory, disinfecting and wound healing agent. An ointment made from crushed dried leaves is used for bedsores and burns.

Infusions of red flowers are effective in treating gastrointestinal diseases. Rose oil reduces the severity of allergic reactions, treats diseases of the lungs, bronchi and upper respiratory tract.


A beautiful plant that, especially in weeping form, is increasingly found in modern gardens. The bitter-sour taste of rowan fruits have anti-inflammatory, vascular strengthening, laxative, astringent, diuretic effect. Rowan is consumed with a lack of vitamins, anemia, gout, gastritis, glaucoma. The syrup helps with urolithiasis and rheumatism. Juice is used to treat wounds and ulcers for faster healing, and warts are also lubricated with it.

Chokeberry is used for eye diseases and hypertension.


This beautiful evergreen shrub is mainly used for plush hedges or trimmed topiary items. The plant freezes over, therefore, in central Russia, it requires shelter for the winter. Boxwood is poisonous, but like other poisonous plants, it can be used for treatment.

Leaves, which are harvested during flowering, are used as raw materials. Preparations from the leaves have a diaphoretic, antipyretic, wound healing effect, have a laxative, choleretic and disinfectant effect. Boxwood treats rheumatism, malaria, ulcers and poorly healing wounds. But! Exceeding therapeutic doses can have fatal consequences for humans.


A very beautiful plant that looks favorably in rockeries, rock gardens or singly in low-growing flower beds mulched with sawdust. It is hardy and quite unpretentious. It blooms in spring together with primroses.

From sanguinaria in modern medicine, drugs are made for the treatment of many different diseases. The plant has analgesic, vasodilating, antiseptic effects. The main effect of sanguinaria is on the mucous membranes of the body. Relieves swelling, fever, cough, removes phlegm. Also used for polyps, tonsillitis, nausea, ear pain and other diseases. The plant is poisonous and preparations from it must be used with caution.


A very exotic looking early spring, shade-tolerant plant. Simplocarpus is extremely durable! One of its drawbacks is the instability of the leaves to spring frosts. The leaves freeze over, but then new ones grow. In bloom, symlocarpus is extremely unusual and odorous. Although the smell does not last long. The plant loves regular feeding and fertile soil.

Leaves and roots of the plant are used as medicinal raw materials. The drugs are used as a sedative, antipyretic, diuretic, expectorant, laxative. They are treated for diseases of the upper respiratory tract, tumors, fever, toothache.


It can be seen quite often in old gardens. The plant itself looks quite decorative. Its only drawback is its specific smell and the fact that it attracts many bees and wasps to it. It is best to plant it away from the paths. It is good to decorate the backgrounds of mixborders with erythematosus. For medicinal purposes, the roots, leaves and stems of the plant are used.

Young stems are edible and cooked like asparagus. This dish is good for the stomach. Infusions and decoctions of erythematosus treat pharyngitis, whooping cough, cough, bronchial asthma, liver disease, and leg edema. They calm the nervous system. Outwardly make lotions for eczema and other skin lesions. In general, the plant is very useful, unpretentious with an unusual blue color.

Erythematosus can provoke bleeding, so you should not use drugs during menstruation, pregnancy and with high blood pressure.


A beautiful perennial, reaching a height of 75 cm. They can decorate plantings along fences or include them in mixborders. The root of the plant is used as a raw material, which is harvested at the end of the growing season.

Sinyuha is drunk like valerian, as a sedative. Also, the infusion has expectorant properties, it is drunk with chronic bronchitis and ulcers. It is impossible to take drugs before meals, only after and in small doses.

Common lilac

Could you imagine that our garden beauty - lilac - is also a medicinal plant? But common lilac is often used in folk medicine. Flowers, leaves, buds and bark are used as antipyretic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory and diuretic.

An infusion of leaves is used to treat diseases of the upper respiratory tract, as a diaphoretic, kidney stones and epilepsy. Tincture of flowers on alcohol is used as an anti-inflammatory and analgesic agent. The tincture has a regenerating effect on stomach ulcers.


A very beautiful shrub with more than a dozen varieties. It can be used both in hedges and in group plantings with other ornamental shrubs. The fruits are considered poisonous, but thanks to them, long-term decorativeness is preserved, even after the leaves have fallen off. The plant is unpretentious, therefore it is often used not only in private, but also in urban landscaping.

Today, the snowberry is rarely used in folk medicine. Basically, its antibacterial and wound-healing properties are used externally. Cracks on the hands and feet are smeared with fresh berries. The Indians used the leaves and their juice to treat and heal wounds, ulcers, and purulent lesions. The decoction was used to treat venereal diseases.

To dream

Perennial preferring partial shade. Mostly in landscape design, the variegated form is used. Actively growing, this plant is very convenient to use in near-trunk circles, in plantings under dense tree crowns. Sleepy is very unpretentious, and its leaves contain many useful elements.

Sleep preparations are taken as an immunostimulating agent, since it contains vitamin C, copper, zinc, manganese and other metals. It also normalizes the digestive tract, has an analgesic, diuretic, wound healing and anti-inflammatory effect. Sleep lotions treat urticaria, skin fungus, itching and diathesis.

The plant is quite edible, so you can simply add it to tea or food.


Since ancient times, pine has been used as a medicinal plant. I think it is not worth writing how important it is in landscaping gardens and how beautiful its varieties and forms are.

For medicinal purposes, unopened spring buds, needles, resin, and sometimes cones are used. A decoction of the kidneys has expectorant, diuretic, disinfectant, anti-inflammatory, hemostatic properties. A decoction of pine needles has an analgesic effect.

Thanks to essential oils and vitamins, with pine they make fortifying baths, which also treat skin lesions (eczema, itching, scabies, etc.). Vapors are used for inhalation. Decoctions are used to treat dropsy, bronchitis, rheumatism, gastrointestinal diseases, liver and kidney diseases. Pine needles paste is applied externally to burns and wounds.

Asparagus medicinal

This unpretentious plant is used for background decoration. Asparagus has a peculiar delicacy, which looks very light and decorative in flower beds, especially after the appearance of red fruits.

Broths and infusions of asparagus have a laxative, sedative, analgesic and strong diuretic effect. It lowers blood pressure, has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the liver, kidneys and heart. The plant increases appetite, helps with diabetes, relieves headaches and improves immunity.

Creating a simple backyard

Here's a concept for a simple, small backyard design using medicinal plants. This is a fairly economical option in terms of using materials. The main focus is on creating a cozy study using plants. In the backyard there is a small area made of large pebbles or other natural stone, on which benches with an open brazier are set in a circle. Surrounded by flowering deciduous and fruit bushes, this area will be a cozy retreat in your backyard.

Assortment of plants

  1. Bergenia cordifolia - Bergenia cordifolia
  2. Norway spruce - Picea abies ‘Virgata’
  3. Viburnum ordinary - Viburnum opulus 'Roseum'
  4. Common juniper - Juniperus communis 'Depressa Aurea'
  5. Common juniper - Juniperus communis ‘Konig’
  6. Skeleton purple - Eupatorium purpureum
  7. Rowan ordinary - Sorbus aucuparia 'Pendula'
  8. Common lilac - Syringa vulgaris ‘Edith Cavell’
  9. Common lilac - Syringa vulgaris 'Mme Charles Souchet'
  10. Red currant - Ribes rubrum
  11. Black currant - Ribes nigrum 'Cassis de Dijon'
  12. European cedar pine - Pinus cembra
  13. Hemlock Canadian - Tsuga canadensis 'Pendula'
  14. Thuja western -Thuja occidentalis ‘Aureo-variegata’
  15. Bird cherry late - Prunus serotine
  16. Stock-rose - Alcea rosea 'Nigra'
  17. Dryopteris male - Dryopteris filix-mas
  18. Echinacea purpurea - Echinacea purpurea 'Magnus'
  19. Speckled Lamb - Lamium maculatum ‘Orchid Frost’
  20. Maned barley - Hordeum jubatum

Plants from A to B are presented in the first part; trees, herbs and flowers from G to K are available in the second part, and in the third part, the author described plants with names in the letters K and L. About other medicinal plants that can be found in almost every Russian garden, Olga Kirillova told in four previous articles. You can familiarize yourself with them by following the links:
- the first part (plants from A to B)
- the second part (plants from G to K)
- the third part (plants from K to L)
- fourth part (plants from L to R)

We have not yet reached the end of the alphabet, so soon readers of the Green Portal will receive a new article from the author of the "Encyclopedia of Medicinal Plants".

Application of badan leaves

In the Altai Foothills, an infusion of brown badan leaves and Altai tea are widely used as a fortifying agent. Tea leaves are harvested in early spring, after the snow melts. Overwintered last year's leaves are dark brown in color. They give the tincture a rich color and a specific bitter taste, which may seem unpleasant. But this tea has a strong fortifying effect, has an antioxidant effect, helps with spring vitamin deficiency (how to make tea from badan).

Important! Decoctions of fresh, green leaves are used as therapeutic and prophylactic infusions that relieve and prevent inflammatory processes.

In viral diseases of the bladder, extracts of badan leaves are used as decoctions for internal and external use in the form of douching.

Benefits of leaves during pregnancy

Badan leaves during pregnancy were used in folk medicine as a means of preventing uterine bleeding. Altai tea also eased toxicosis in early pregnancy and had a tonic effect. But the use of any medicinal herbs during pregnancy requires the mandatory consultation of a doctor.

With diarrhea

Badan leaves for diarrhea are used in the form of infusions of green leaves. Antiseptic substances, acting on pathogens in the intestines, relieve the inflammatory process that caused diarrhea:

  1. Take 1 tsp. leaves and pour 300 ml of water, bring to a boil, and let it brew.
  2. Take 50 g three times a day for stool disorder.

Also, these infusions are useful for stomach diseases caused by bacteria. But you should always keep in mind that long-term use can cause the opposite effect - constipation.

Important! For more information about the use of badan for diarrhea, read the article:

With cirrhosis of the liver

Badan leaves for cirrhosis of the liver are used as a diuretic and anti-inflammatory agent in addition to the main drug treatment. Badan leaves infusions relieve the intoxication of the body caused by poor liver function:

  1. Boil 1 tbsp with boiling water. l. herbs in half a liter of water.
  2. Insist for 40 minutes. and take 100 g in the morning and in the evening.

Important! It is strictly forbidden to take fresh, green leaves of bergenia, they are poisonous!

Contraindications of badan leaves

Due to the unique chemical composition, berry leaves have the following properties:

  • antiseptic and antibacterial action
  • increases blood clotting, which helps to stop and prevent bleeding
  • has a beneficial effect on various gastric and intestinal disorders
  • has an anti-inflammatory and diuretic effect in inflammation of the urogenital area.

But these properties are contraindicated in a number of other diseases. By increasing blood clotting, bergenia leaves can contribute to the development of blood clots and high blood pressure. While very beneficial for intestinal upset and diarrhea, bergenia leaves can increase the discomfort in people prone to constipation.

Important! It is not recommended to take badan leaves for the treatment of children under 5 years of age.

Therefore, when starting treatment, it is imperative to consult a doctor. And know exactly your concomitant diseases, so that the doctor can calculate the feasibility of using this plant to treat the underlying disease.

Badan occupies a special place among the various perennial healing herbs. The plant has a lot of properties useful for the body. It is widely used to treat many diseases, and medicines are also made from the roots of the culture.


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