Multi Blue is a very effective clematis variety that will not get lost even in the largest collection of garden flowers. It attracts attention with its abundance of flowering, bright color, large size and unusual appearance of flowers. And this exotic beauty is surprisingly unpretentious in care.
Multi Blue belongs to the category of bushy clematis. Unlike the more usual vines for gardeners, stretching up to 4–5 m, the length of its thin shoots is only 2–2.5 m. The hybrid was bred in 1983 in the Netherlands and is part of the Patens group, as it was created on the basis of natural spreading clematis (Clematis Patens).
Clematis Multi Blue will not grow tall; the maximum length of its shoots is 2.5 m
The period of active vegetation for the plant begins early. Growth buds "wake up" at an average daily temperature of 5–7 ° C. The bush grows green mass at a fast pace, but it turns out to be quite neat and compact. By the end of the season, the shoots are lignified, retaining flexibility. The leaves are lanceolate, with a sharp tip, about 10 cm long. With the help of their petioles, the plant clings to the support.
Clematis Multi Blue blooms very abundantly
The first buds open at the end of May, flowering continues throughout the summer. A second “wave” is possible in September, while the weather is still quite warm outside. To stimulate the formation of new buds, regularly remove the faded ones.
The flowers are terry, very large, 18–20 cm in diameter. The outer petals shimmer in different shades of blue and purple, their underside is slightly pubescent, the inner ones are slightly lighter, bluish-purple. The middle consists of pinkish or lilac stamens with a golden sheen, forming a hemisphere.
One of the main advantages of Clematis Multi Blue is its large, bright, double flowers
Rarely, but there are Multi Blue clematis flowers with an unusual mutation - they are dark crimson with an almost white border along the edge of the petals.
In fact, such a mutation is a flaw in breeders, a sign of instability of varietal traits, but it looks very unusual and original
The possibilities of using Clematis Multi Blue in landscape design are very wide. It will decorate any wall, fence, gazebo, trellises and arches entwined with flowers can be used for zoning the site. In the compositions next to it, any decorative conifers, yellow, white, lilac flowers look good. In principle, the size of the plant allows you to grow it as a pot culture.
Shoots of Clematis Multi Blue can be launched on any support, creating a "green wall" covered with flowers
Recent European trend is a combination of roses and clematis. Snow-white, cream, tea, pink, lilac roses look good next to Multi Blue.
The combination of clematis and roses looks very harmonious if you choose the right shades
The life of the plant is 15–20 years. Information about its frost resistance is still contradictory. Basically, gardeners say that it is not cold-resistant enough for most of the territory of Russia, without prejudice to itself, it tolerates temperatures in the range of -10-15 ° C. But some argue: subject to proper shelter, the bush survived short-term frosts down to -30–34 ° C.
The undoubted advantages of Clematis Multi Blue:
Of the shortcomings, only frost resistance is insufficient for many Russian regions, the need to annually create a reliable shelter for clematis for the winter and find support for the plant.
In order for clematis Multi Blue to grow and develop normally, it needs the following conditions:
The most abundant flowering in Clematis Multi Blue is observed if it has enough light and warmth.
When buying a seedling, keep in mind that biennial plants take root best and fastest. They should have 4-6 roots at least 15 cm long and as many growth buds as possible. The best time to plant it is spring (until mid-May). The root collar is deepened by 6–8 cm. This is necessary for the seedling to begin actively branching.
When choosing a clematis seedling, first of all, pay attention to the development and condition of the root system
The features of care are as follows:
In spring, young shoots of Clematis Multi Blue must be fixed on the support very carefully.
It is recommended to mulch Clematis Multi Blue immediately after planting and then regularly renew the layer as needed.
Special fertilizers for clematis on sale are quite rare, so you can get by with any feeding for decorative flowering garden plants
Clematis Multi Blue belongs to the varieties of the second pruning group
There are different points of view about the frost resistance of Clematis Multi Blue, so it's better to play it safe and cover the plant
The Multi Blue clematis seedlings obtained from seeds do not retain the characteristic features of the mother plant, therefore it is propagated only vegetatively
Clematis Multi Blue is immune to viral diseases, with proper care it is rarely affected by fungi. To prevent infection, preventive treatments in spring and autumn are enough for him - the plant and soil are treated with a solution of any fungicide. The same drugs are used to fight diseases:
The main reason for the development of clematis gray rot is too frequent and / or abundant watering, especially in combination with high air humidity
The tissues under the rust stains gradually die off, holes form in the leaves.
Clematis infected with powdery mildew dries and dies
Of the pests for Multi Blue (especially for young specimens), nematodes are the most dangerous. They settle on the roots of the plant, small round growths are formed there. Infected clematis gradually dry out and die. For prophylaxis, the drug Nemabakt is introduced into the ground during planting.
On the aerial part of the plant, signs of nematode infection appear when the process has gone too far - the affected clematis can only be destroyed
The lack of flowering is most often associated with mistakes in care or an incorrectly chosen place for the plant:
Clematis Multi Blue is a bushy hybrid popular with gardeners. Its undoubted advantages are the brightness and original appearance of flowers, splendor of flowering, rapid growth rates, undemanding care. The only drawback that limits the widespread distribution of the plant in Russia is its low frost resistance.
Clematis Straight Purpurea
It is no exaggeration to say that traditional clematis - vines covered with large bright flowers - are loved by all gardeners. Small-flowered varieties are much less often remembered. And very few people know about clematis, which do not know how to climb, although these peculiar plants are quite worthy of recognition.
Clematis straight (Clematis recta) - a perennial growing in the steppes, forest-steppe and meadows of the European part of Russia, Ukraine, the Caucasus, in the Mediterranean countries.
A powerful bush consists of several dozen densely growing shoots, quite successfully withstanding wind and rain. However, a small trellis or even just a few branches stuck into the ground with a hut as a frame will not be superfluous. For the winter, the stems are cut, but you can remove them in the spring, before new shoots grow. In the conditions of central Russia, the plant does not need winter shelter and is content with minimal care and is very resistant to a lack of moisture in the soil. The only thing that is necessary for its successful growth is a sunny place and rich, more or less drained soil.
Young shoots and foliage of individual straight clematis plants are often brownish in color. The variety «Purpurea " chocolate brown young shoots and foliage turn greenish brown by August. During the flowering period, this variety looks most impressive. In plantings, clematis straight goes well with shrubs, herbaceous perennials, large-flowered clematis, cereals.
Whole-leaf clematis (Clematis integrifolia) - also an inhabitant of the steppes located in Europe, Northern Kazakhstan, southern regions of Siberia, Western China and Asia Minor. Shoots of this species growing with a dense brush form a fairly regular, beautiful hemisphere. Large, whole leaves are pubescent at a young age. In the second half of June, bell-shaped flowers appear on the tops of the shoots, 4-5 cm in diameter. Four blue-violet sepals, often with a corrugated edge, are bent outward. Anthers are light yellow.
Usually, after heavy rains, a blooming, beautiful, dense bush disintegrates, the shoots lodge, after which gardeners are often disappointed in this plant. Indeed, the lodged stems are not very beautiful, but after 1-1.5 weeks a mass of young shoots carrying new buds appear from the axillary buds. From June to September, and even later (weather permitting), the plant is covered with a mass of flowers and fluffy seedlings. Shoots can reach a length of 1 m, and a bush in diameter - about 1.5 m. Just like straight clematis, this species is extremely unpretentious, drought and frost-resistant.
It is one of the most beautiful ground cover plants. Blooming clumps of K. whole-leafed look great among climbing large-flowered clematis, in mixborders. It can be used in rock gardens, on retaining walls, gravel along the edge of the paving, along the banks of water bodies. When planted next to large perennials, grasses, small deciduous and coniferous shrubs, clematis shoots sprout through them, leaning on the stems, and cover their living support with flowers.
Recently, it has become popular to use clematis whole-leafed as a container crop for landscaping patios and balconies.
Plants with blue, dark purple, white and pink flowers are found in nature. All these colors are fixed in the culture. Many varieties: «Alba ", «Rosea ", «Olga " is in the assortment of western nurseries and are now imported to us. Recently, amazing varieties of Japanese selection have appeared on our market. «Hakurei ", «Roogushi ", «Hanajama ".
Clematis whole-leafed Durandii
Clematis whole-leafed Alba
Clematis whole-leafed Hakurei
Hybrids of whole-leaf clematis with other species are very interesting. Often they have larger flowers, which in many varieties are directed upwards, some develop long, up to 2-2.5 m, not clinging or weakly clinging shoots. Such varieties can be used as a ground cover or tied to a trellis.
Clematis whole-leafed Arabella
Among the best hybrids of the European assortment - «Durandii ", «Arabella ", «Petit Faucon "... A. N. Volosenko-Valensis and M. A. Beskaravaynaya paid much attention to this type of clematis. Their beautiful and unpretentious varieties "Alyonushka", "Memory of the Heart", "Blue Rain", "The gray bird" recognized as one of the best in the world selection. They come on sale from many European producers, and, moreover, at higher prices than traditional varieties. And, paradoxically, while our domestic nursery is trying to get on its feet, it is the western planting material of these varieties that is most accessible to our gardeners.
Clematis hogweed (Clematis heracleifolia) even more similar to traditional clematis. Its shoots can reach several meters, but they also do not cling and spread along the soil surface or rise, leaning on the branches of shrubs. The species is also absolutely frost-resistant. It is interesting as a ground cover plant, but it has a rather big drawback. Its blue, bell-shaped flowers open in central Russia only from mid-September. Of course, the plant is interesting for the south of Russia. There, in regions with a more continental climate, and therefore more sunny and hot summer, it may bloom earlier.
Leading manager of the company "Green Line"
(Based on the materials of the "Tsvetovodstvo" magazine, No. 4, 2004)
The following types of clematis belong to the 3rd group of pruning:
We figure out which clematis to plant in the garden, so as not to miscalculate.
There are a large number of varieties of clematis of the 3rd group. We have compiled a selection of the most popular ones. Take note!
Alyonushka is attractive with pink, bell-like inflorescences. The liana reaches 1.5-2 m in length, but keep in mind that the shoots of plants of this variety do not cling to the support and, therefore, need a garter.
Flowering lasts the entire season - from June to September. The variety has excellent frost resistance and is perfect for growing in the middle lane.
Clematis Arabella will delight you with large purple flowers with a creamy "corolla" in the center. Such a plant will adorn any garden. It is not surprising that this is one of the most common varieties of this vine.
Clematis Arabella blooms from June to October, grows up to 2 m in length. In summer, the whole liana is densely covered with inflorescences. The frost resistance of the variety is very high.
This plant can be grown as a ground cover or balcony plant.
Walenburg is a luxurious variety of clematis viticella with purple-pink petals with a white center. Blooms in June-September.
The length of the liana reaches 3 m. The shoots climb well along the support - including lush bushes and trees.
Clematis Grunwald delights with rich purple inflorescences. The flowers themselves are quite large - 10-12 cm in diameter. The plant can reach 3.5 m in length.
Flowering occurs in June-September.
The variety is unpretentious, perfect for landscaping gazebos, pergolas, fences.
Danuta is a variety of large-flowered clematis with lilac-pink petals. It blooms luxuriantly in June-July, unlike most other "brothers" in the third pruning group.
The length of the vine is 2.5-3.5 m. The shoots cling well and do not need a garter. The frost resistance of this clematis is high.
Clematis of the Madame Julia Correvon variety delights with incredible wine-red inflorescences that cover it from June to September.
Despite its beauty, this clematis is distinguished by its unpretentiousness, undemanding soil, winter hardiness. It grows wildly, reaching 4 m in length, and is suitable for creating a summer hedge on a mesh support.
The most unpretentious varieties of clematis with photos and descriptions
A selection of varieties of clematis, which are worth looking at for novice growers.
Morning Sky is a fairly young variety of large-flowered clematis of Polish selection. The inflorescences of this clematis are lilac with a pinkish vein in the center of the petals.
This liana blooms very luxuriantly from late June to mid-August, it is not afraid of frost, it climbs well on supports.
Paul Ferges is a clematis with adorable white blossoms. Flowering occurs in July-October.
This clematis grows very quickly and can be up to 7 meters long! Shoots willingly climb the support.
The pride of clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance is purple double inflorescences. You cannot pass by such a garden creeper!
This clematis blooms in July-September. The length of the liana is up to 3 m. The variety is considered frost-resistant. It should be borne in mind that the plant needs good lighting.
The variety with the funny name Roco-Kolla is the creation of Estonian breeders. This clematis touches with white inflorescences with cream veins.
The length of the vine is small - about 1.5-2 m. This clematis blooms profusely, from August to October.
Climbs well on supports, conifers and shrubs.
Perhaps you will find other Ogorod.ru materials on the cultivation of clematis useful:
How to grow clematis from seeds: instructions for beginners
Do not know how to get a spectacular vine at no extra cost? This article is for you!
5 most dangerous diseases and pests of clematis (photo, description, treatment)
We will not give offense to clematis!
Reproduction of clematis by green cuttings
Detailed instructions on how to combine clematis cuttings with spring pruning.
9 most common questions about clematis
Pay attention to the important points in caring for adorable clematis.
Summer residents who love clematis are very lucky! The variety of varieties of this beautiful plant is stunning, their photos in magazines and in the store are mesmerizing.
But you can also sympathize with them, and for the same reason - choose one favorite variety of clematis just impossible ...
What to do? Browse catalogs, compare photos and descriptions of clematis. And choose the best!
It is believed that clematis in blue and purple shades are easier to care for than cyan, pink, purple and especially large-flowered whites.
The first thing that novice clematis growers should find out when buying a plant is how winter-hardy the variety (or species) they like and to which pruning group it belongs.
Clematis classification and pruning groups
Do not know to which group the clematis, bought, for example, on the market belongs? Make a combined crop. Divide the lash of the plant into three parts. Shorten the first one strongly, the second half, the third slightly. And next year, compare where the flowering is best.
|Photos and descriptions of clematis varieties|
It blooms on the shoots of the past and current year. Flowers 15-20 cm in diameter. Petals with slightly wavy edges, violet-purple with a bright red wide stripe in the middle. It is best to plant in light shade where the color does not fade. Height 2-3 m.
| ALENUSHKA (Aljonushka) |
Domestic variety blooming on the shoots of the current year. The flowers are bell-shaped lilac-pink, 5-7 cm in diameter. The height of this clematis is 1.5-1.8 m. It is considered an excellent partner for roses, it can also be planted in containers.
|ALBINA PLENA (Albina Plena) |
A prince with whips capable of rising to a height of 2.8 m. It blooms on last year's shoots in May-June. Flowers are densely double, 6-8 cm in diameter, creamy white-green.
| ARABELLA |
Flowering is abundant and long on the shoots of the current year (plant height 1.5-2 m). Moreover, this clematis does not cling to the support, only rests on it, and if it does not find a suitable one, it spreads along the ground. Flowers 6-8 cm in diameter, bluish-purple with white stamens. It is considered an unpretentious variety, suitable for growing in containers.
|Ballet Skirt |
Clematis blooming on last year's shoots. The flowers are semi-double, pink, 5-7 cm in diameter, reminiscent of a ballerina's pack, which is reflected in the name of the variety. A hardy variety with a height of 2-3 m.
|Bill MacKenzie |
The giant is 4-5 m high, very tall and unpretentious. In summer, the liana is strewn with bright yellow "bells" 6-8 cm in diameter, in autumn - with fluffy seedlings. Drought tolerant and generally undemanding, retaining green foliage until snowy.
|BLUE LIGHT |
Double flowers, reminiscent of blue dahlias, bloom on the shoots of the past and current year. Plant height up to 2 m.
|Blue Explosion |
Double flowers, blue with pink pigmentation on the top of the petals. Abundant flowering. The diameter of the flower is 12-14 cm. The second group of pruning. Height up to 2.5-3 m.
|BEAUTIFUL BRIDE (Beautiful Bride) |
Huge white flowers up to 28 cm in diameter. Petals with slightly wavy edges and a sharp tip. Abundant flowering on the shoots of the previous year in May-July, and then on new ones. This beauty (variety-winner of several exhibitions) should not be planted in windy areas and in the scorching sun. The height of the vine is 2-3 m.
Flowers 4-6 cm in diameter are bright, red-violet with a white vein in the middle of the petals. The variety is considered to be very showy, albeit non-double. It blooms on the shoots of the current year, which manage to grow 2-3 m over the summer.
|Viva Polonia |
The buds are tied on the shoots of the past and current year.Flowers with a diameter of 12-15 cm, red-purple with a white stripe in the middle, which then takes on a lemon hue. Petals with slightly wavy edges, the reverse side of them is pink. Height up to 2 m.
Light violet-blue flowers with a diameter of 15-20 cm appear on shoots that have grown since spring. They consist of six oval petals with sharp tips and slightly wavy edges. Against this background, light yellow stamens stand out effectively. Height 2.5-3 m.
The third group is trimming. Height 3-3.5 m. Flowers 10-12 cm in diameter. Petals are dark, violet-purple. Quite an unpretentious variety.
| Guernsey Cream |
Light cream flowers with a diameter of 12-14 cm. There is a thin greenish strip in the middle of the petals. It blooms on the shoots of the past and current year. Height up to 2.5 m.
The third group is trimming. Flowers 15-16 cm in diameter, pink petals with slightly wavy edges, creamy greenish stamens. Height 2-2.5 m.
Clematis blooming in May on last year's shoots. Height 2-3 m. Variety with semi-double, slightly hanging pink bell-shaped flowers up to 7 cm in diameter. Tolerates partial shade.
|Innocent Blush |
Second trimming group. Height up to 2 m. Flowers 10-12 cm in diameter, light pink with a darker blush at the edges and the same strip in the middle. On last year's shoots, the flowers are double.
Second trimming group. Plant height 1-1.5 m. Double flowers, 8-12 cm in diameter, purple-pink at first, then brighten.
Clematis blooms on last year's shoots up to 2-2.5 m long. The flowers are 7-10 cm in diameter, the petals are pink-purple outside with a cream border, inside are pink-cream. Transfers partial shade.
|COPERNICUS (Copernicus) |
The buds are tied on the shoots of the past and current year. It can twist a support up to 2 m high. Flowers 10-12 cm in diameter, usually semi-double, with slightly wavy bright blue petals. Yellow stamens stand out brightly against their background.
|QUEEN JADWIGA (Krolowa Jadwiga) |
Second trimming group. Flowers up to 16 cm in diameter, silky, white. Petals with slightly wavy edges and a noticeable rib in the middle. The stamens in the center of the flower form a purple crown. The height of the vine is 2-2.5 m.
Scourges up to 3 m high. Bright pink flowers with a diameter of 10-12 cm with a red-pink stripe in the center of the petals are formed on new shoots. The variety has awards.
A prince blooming on last year's shoots. Height 2.5-3 m. Flowers 5-6 cm in diameter, semi-double, blue with pale blue stamens. It is considered an undemanding variety.
|Lemon Dream |
Clematis with lashes up to 3 m high, the first trimming group. The flowers are double, 10-12 cm in diameter. At first they are greenish, then light lemon, and when fully blossomed they turn white.
|LITTLE MERMAID (Little Mermaid) |
Japanese variety with an unusual salmon-pink color of flowers with a diameter of 8-12 cm. The buds are tied on the shoots of the past and the current year. The height of the creeper is up to 2 m.
|Madame Julia Correvon |
Flowers 7-10 cm in diameter, wine red with yellow stamens. They appear on shoots of the current year, which can grow by 2.5-3.5 m.
Flowers with a diameter of 15-20 cm, burgundy, velvet. The middle with yellow stamens stands out effectively against the dark background. Plant height 2-3.5 m.
|Maria Sklodowska Curie |
Gorgeous white double flowers with a diameter of 12-15 cm. In cold weather, a greenish tint appears, more intense at the base of the petals. Golden stamens add a special charm. Bloom in June-July on last year's shoots. Plant height 1.5-2 m. The variety has awards.
|Mrs. Cholmondeley |
Second trimming group. The height of the liana is up to 3.5 m. The diameter of the flowers is 18-23 cm, they are lavender-blue with a lilac tint, sometimes semi-double. The stamens are light brown. With weak pruning, it blooms almost without interruption from May to August.
|MONING SKAI (Morning Sky) |
Flowers with a diameter of 8-10 cm, light, pink-purple, with a light middle and pinkish veins. Third trimming group Height 3 m.
|NIGHT VAYL (Night Veil) |
Japanese variety. The flowers are 7-8 cm in diameter, the petals are purple-violet with a light, almost white stripe in the middle at the base. Blooms in June-September on the shoots of the current year. Height 2-2.5 m.
|Nelly Moser |
Flowers with a diameter of 14-18 cm, light pink-purple with a bright pink stripe in the middle of the petals and red stamens. Second trimming group. Dislikes planting in the hot sun. Height 2-3 m.
|Paul Farges |
Small-flowered, profusely blooming, unpretentious and fast-growing. Scourges can grow up to 4-5 m. It blooms on the shoots of the current year. The flowers are white with a cream shade.
|PURPUREA PLENA ELEGANS (Purpurea Plena Elegans) |
Terry, in purple tones. The diameter of the flower, according to some sources, is up to 12-15 cm, according to others - only 5-8 cm. The flowering is very abundant. Height 2.2 - 3.5 m, third trimming group.
The flowers (diameter 12-14 cm) are bright sapphire blue with yellow stamens. Flowering is long and abundant, on the shoots of the current year. The height of the vine is 1.5-2 m, therefore it is suitable for growing in containers.
Creamy white with a greenish stripe in the middle of the petals, yellow-cream stamens. Flower diameter 15-20 cm, plant height up to 2 m, third pruning group.
|ROMANCE (Romantika) |
Flowers 9-12 cm in diameter, at first almost black, then dark purple, with light pink stamens. Blooms profusely on the shoots of the current year. Height 2-2.5 m.
A fantastic variety of Japanese selection, translated as “Thousand Winds”. The buds are light green with pink tips, which turn white as they bloom. Double flowers with a diameter of 11-14 cm, bloom on last year's shoots from June. The height of the vine is 1-1.5 m.
|Stolwijk Gold |
Clematis blooming on last year's shoots. Its "feature" is golden yellow leaves. Violet-blue bell-shaped, wide-open flowers with a diameter of 5-6 cm effectively contrast with them. The variety is frost-hardy and unpretentious. It tolerates partial shade, but the foliage is colored brighter with sufficient lighting. Height 2-3 m.
An original Japanese variety that blooms on the shoots of the past and current year. The flowers are double, slightly flattened, in a bluish-lilac range. The blooming ones look like small hedgehogs or pads with needles. The height of the vine is 1.5-2 m. Suitable for growing in containers.
Second trimming group. The petals are velvety, red with a pink border. The diameter of the flowers is 14-16 cm, in the first wave of flowering they are double. The height of the vine is 2.2-2.8 m.
|CHANGE OF HART (Change of Heart) |
Abundant and long-flowering variety of the second pruning group. Flowers 10-13 cm in diameter are initially purple-red, reddish-pink in full dissolution. The edges of the petals are light pink, in the middle there is a light stripe, whitening at the base. Suitable for decorating a pole with a height of 2 m.
Some people call this terry variety marble, and there is a reason. Dark purple flowers 10-12 cm in diameter with numerous, asymmetrically curved petals, which are silvery on the underside. The contrast is extraordinary! The second pruning group, the height of the vine is 1.5-2 m.
|Ernest Markham |
Flowers with a diameter of 14-16 cm bloom on the shoots of the current year. They are red-purple, slightly velvety. Liana from large, catalogs indicate that it can rise to a height of 2.8-4 m.
|Jan Pawel II |
Second trimming group. The flowers, depending on the weather and growing conditions, are pure white or with a pronounced pink stripe in the center. Height 2-2.5 m.
Clematis Jan Paul II is named after John Paul II. But in Poland, where the variety is bred, its name is pronounced as "Jan Pavel".
Large selection in the online store of seeds and seedlings:
Clematis varieties do not have a pure red shade, only with an admixture of purple. And pure blue remains a dream, while clematis lovers are content with varieties with an admixture of purple.
Sometimes they ask - are there clematis that smell? It depends on what is considered a flavor. A pleasant smell that can be felt when you come close to the flower? There are such. On sunny, windless days, their aroma is stronger.
Clematis, grape-leafy and pungent, has a rather strong smell, but, as they say, not for everybody.Not everyone likes him.
The two main advantages of buttercup shrubs, better known as clematis, are that they grow quickly and bloom profusely and for a long time. In one season, the length of the stems can overcome the mark of both 2 and 4 meters. It depends on the variety, climate and the correct care and cultivation. The unique number of shapes and shades of flowering parts of the plant awakens the wildest fantasies not only among professional landscape designers. Anyone who has tried to breed clematis in the garden, a florist can safely rank himself among their ardent admirers.
The varied decoration of the garden with clematis is a tribute to the modern fashion for liana-like perennials that came to Russia from Europe. Thanks to the proximity of clematis, any vertical shape turns into an exotic decoration of the local area. Clematis are used in garden design, in landscape design to decorate all kinds of arches, gazebos, trellises, terraces. Flowering branches are irreplaceable when there is a need to hide an old tree, shrub, stump or decorate a wall from prying eyes.
The prevailing opinion that growing clematis in a winter garden is impossible without many hours of effort and continuous hassle has long been refuted by the experience of thousands of gardeners who successfully cultivate vines in their garden plots in any region of the country. Due to its undemanding nature to the soil, all caring for clematis in the garden comes down to regular abundant watering and the correct annual planting of the plant shape - preparation for the next summer season. How to plant, how to care for and how to breed some types of clematis, will be described below.
The reviews about the Multi Blue variety are mostly positive. Everyone wants to enjoy the attractive view of this culture. But in order to grow beautiful Clematis Multi Blue: planting and care must be carried out in accordance with all the rules. Therefore, novice gardeners should first familiarize themselves with the peculiarities of cultivating vines of this variety.
I must say that growing clematis from seeds at home is not at all difficult. The main thing is to carry out the correct preparation and germination. The seeds are pre-soaked in warm water for several days. Then the seed is spread into a mixture of sand, earth and fertilizer. Cover with a transparent film on top. They put the container in a bright place. The first shoots soon appear. It is not recommended to immediately move them outside. After all, wind and low temperatures are detrimental to a young plant. Clematis hibernate in containers. Already in the spring or summer, they are transplanted into the garden. Spring planting is suitable for regions with cold climates. The plant is also planted in the fall.
How to plant clematis with seeds is described below:
If the clematis variety Multi Blue was planted correctly, after a few years the root system will strengthen, and the young plant will turn into a full-fledged, beautifully blooming vine.
It is very important to properly care for the culture. Care includes a number of activities: irrigation, fertilization, pruning, shelter for the winter. Let's consider each of the processes in more detail.
Assumes timely, regular watering for the vine. Irrigate about once a week. One plant usually requires about 10-40 liters of water. After watering, the soil is loosened or covered with moss, peat. This helps to retain moisture and prevent weeds from growing. Watering should be especially carefully monitored during the summer season. If there is little rainfall and the earth dries up, experts recommend burying several containers with holes at the bottom around the vine. After irrigation, water will accumulate in them and moisten the soil.
Multi Blue does not need abundant fertilization. Excessive feeding even harms the vine. During the growth period, nitrogen mixtures are introduced. But in the fall, when the flowers fall, they use phosphate substances. This helps to strengthen the root system.
The Multi Blue variety is susceptible to fungal ailments. The infection affects the leaves and roots. At the same time, the culture becomes weak and withers. With a strong infection, the vine must be removed. And at the very beginning of the disease, experts advise watering the shrub with a fungicide solution. Copper sulfate is also good for fighting fungus.
A few years after planting, the shoots are shortened. In order for the root system to grow well, it is recommended to pinch the culture periodically.
The procedure is carried out in the autumn. Shoots are cut to the first bud above the ground. This pruning will stimulate the growth of new shoots. Clematis is trimmed in groups, which are distinguished by only 3.
The first group does not need any formation at all. It is enough just to remove all unripe branches, and cut the rest to a meter height. The second group involves performing light pruning. In the first year after disembarkation, they are cut to the level of 30 centimeters, and starting from the second year, they follow a certain pattern. The third group of clematis requires heavy pruning. In autumn, shoots are cut to a height of 30 centimeters, a couple of buds are left.
Multi Blue belongs to the second type. The second group of pruning clematis Multi Blue involves the procedure immediately after the first flowering. A part of the old process is removed along with the seedlings. This way a more abundant second flowering can be achieved. But in winter, pruning is carried out more radically. Cut by about half. As a result, a shrub is left with a height of about 50-100 centimeters from ground level.
In central Russia, varieties that bloom on the shoots of the current year or do not require shelter for the winter take root and grow well. When choosing a large-flowered variety of clematis for your garden, preference should be given to varieties of K. Zhakman and K. purple. When choosing a variety, it is worth considering the flowering time of clematis.
The varieties that bloom on last year's shoots are not always suitable for our climate. Although the literature describes ways of sheltering such varieties, it is extremely difficult to find a "key" to a reliable shelter. If it is light enough and well ventilated, then the shoots often freeze in winter. If the shelter is tight, they vomit out. In addition, it is extremely difficult to remove it without breaking the plant. Therefore, from this group it makes sense to grow only those varieties that bloom profusely on the shoots of the current year. In this case, they can be cut, like clematis of the third group.
Most double varieties form double flowers on last year's shoots, and bloom with simple flowers on this year's shoots, so you most likely will not get double flowers in the Moscow region, despite the assurances of the sellers.
The exception is made by only a few varieties of recent years of breeding such "Multi Blue" and "Blue Light", which bloom with double flowers on the shoots of the current year. The flowering period of clematis in this case is longer.
The most spectacular are large-flowered varieties with a wide range of colors. Their large flowers with prominent anthers fascinate with their beauty. It is very difficult to select varieties for recommendation.
Passing next to a beautiful flower garden, it is impossible not to pay attention to some beautiful bush. And as a rule, a thought flies by, or maybe it's worth planting a flower garden at home? When everything starts with positive emotions, then the whole day is easier to endure. Plant cultivation is a favorite hobby for many, which brings joy not only to loved ones, but also to many others. A flower garden is a great improvement for any design.
Clematis: description, types and varieties. Modern gardening classification is based on growth characteristics (flowering, size), the origin of the varieties, as well as the methods of pruning them.
All varieties can be classified into groups, of which the most popular large-flowered varieties of clematis are: Zhakmana, Vititsella, Lanuginoza, Patens, Florida, Integrifolia. They are very decorative, with their help you can create spectacular vertical and horizontal compositions, decorate walls and fences. (in the photo clematis: a variety of the Patens group 'Barbara Dibley')
Small-flowered clematis (tangutica, paniculate, eastern, mountainous, burning, serrate-leaved), whose flowers are 2-4 cm in diameter, are not yet used as widely as they deserve. They are more winter-hardy and unpretentious than large-flowered ones, bloom early and bloom profusely, have leaves of an interesting shape. Small-flowered varieties of clematis are especially good for decorating large areas. Placed without support directly on the ground, they can act as ground cover plants.
Recently, a simplified classification of clematis varieties according to pruning groups has been increasingly used. If the pruning group and the winter hardiness zone are indicated on the packaging of the species or variety you have purchased, then there is no need to clarify which group of hybrids this plant belongs to, since in this case you already have enough information to choose the right clematis maintenance program.
Varieties of the Zhakman group (Jackmanii)The ancestor of all varieties of this group is the large-flowered hybrid of 'Jackmanii', or Clematis x Jackmanii (Jackmanii = Clematis x Jackmanii), obtained in 1858 from crossing with varieties and forms of other groups (photo: Clematis x Jackmanii “'Piilu ”.).
A large shrub vine with a well-developed root system, which is so popular among gardeners, gives about 12 shoots over the summer and grows up to 4 m. Their leaves are very beautiful, complex, pinnate, consist of 5 leaves. The plant is distinguished by large, showy, bright purple flowers up to 15 cm in diameter with contrasting yellow anthers. Blooms all summer, profusely, on the shoots of the current year.
This crop prefers sheltered from the wind, well-drained and moist soils, likes bright light and needs periodic pruning. For the winter, the shoots are cut to the level of the soil (with a deep planting) or the base of the shoots is left with 2-3 pairs of buds.
Varieties of the Lanuginosa group, or Woolly Clematis (Clematis lanuginosa)Garden forms and varieties of this group were obtained from crossing of woolly clematis (snow-white) with varieties and forms of other groups, as a result of which they were united into the Lanuginose group. This shrub deciduous vine with thin stems, grows up to 2.5 m.The leaf plate is simple, woolly below, smooth on top, reaching 12 cm in length.It blooms all summer on the stems of the previous year and on the growth of the current year, flower buds are laid in autumn. The flowers are large, apical, white, pink or lilac, with 6-8 sepals. Their number per plant reaches several dozen.They are located on woolly pedicels in an amount from 1 to 3, in diameter they are 12-20 cm. In autumn, the stems should be pruned to a height of 1 m and covered with peat or sawdust for the winter.
Photo: Clematis lanuginosa 'William Kennett.
Varieties of the Viticella group, or Clematis violet (Clematis viticella)A woody climbing liana with a height of 4-5 m is distinguished by its special grace, it grows quickly and calmly winters in the garden without any shelter. Thin ribbed shoots have a greenish-brown tint, and complex (sometimes pinnate) leaf plates reach 6 cm in length and consist of 5-6 leaves. Large (up to 12 cm in diameter) flowers adorn the garden from June to September. Hundreds of flowers bloom on adult plants at the same time. They attract attention with their variegation - violet-blue, lilac or red-purple shades. They bloom on the shoots of the current year, which should be cut off for the winter. This culture is photophilous and especially demanding on moisture and soil fertility. It is suitable for group and single plantings around various supports, walls and arbors.
Photo: 'Avant-Garde' ('Vanguard') - clematis of the Vititsella group.
Varieties of the Patens group, or Spreading Clematis (Clematis patens) Shrub vines 3-3.5 m long. The flowers are open, single, often star-shaped, up to 15 cm in diameter and more. Coloring from light to bright blue-violet, purple, deep violet-blue. There are varieties with a two-colored perianth and double flowers. They bloom in the spring on the shoots of last year, less often - from the second half of summer on the shoots of the current year. In autumn, the branches are only shortened, removing the faded part and covered until spring. Low winter hardiness.
Varieties of the Florida group, or flowering Clematis (Clematis florida) Shrub vines with shoots up to 3 m long. Flowers 8-12 cm in diameter, with a varying odor in different varieties. There are usually six sepals, but there are varieties with double flowers. The color is varied, with a predominance of light tones. Flowering begins in spring and early summer on the shoots of the previous year. Therefore, in the fall, they are shortened only to 1-1.5 m in length and kept under cover during the winter. If you cut it off completely, then a rather weak flowering occurs only from the second half of summer on the shoots of the current year.
Photo: Clematis florida var. sieboldiana ('Sieboldii')
The varieties of the Integrifolia group, or Clematis integrifolia, were isolated in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden in 1975 as an independent group of interest for ornamental gardening. The first domestic varieties and forms of this group were obtained and described here. Most often these are vigorous shrubs, up to 1.5 m high (less often up to 2.5 m), climbing, weakly clinging or not clinging to supports. Flowers are single or collected in groups of three, usually bell-shaped, up to 12 cm in diameter. Sepals are usually 4-5, of various colors, curling to one degree or another. The buds are drooping. They bloom profusely and effectively in the summer on the shoots of the current year. Shoots are cut off for the winter.
The same group (with very rare exceptions) should include varieties and forms obtained with the participation of clematis integrifolia, taken as a maternal form ('Alenushka', 'Anastasia Anisimova', 'Memory of the Heart', etc.). Whole-leaved clematis generally consistently conveys many of its traits and qualities, such as bushy form, simple leaves, and mildew resistance in the south, regardless of whether it is a maternal or paternal form.
Varieties of the Tangutika group, or Clematis tangutica (Clematis tangutica) In culture, a small-flowered variety of deciduous woody, profusely flowering vines, whose decorative overgrown whips reach 3-4 m in length. Yellow bell-shaped flowers, up to 5 cm in diameter, appear in June and fly around only in late autumn. The plant prefers bright lighting (tolerates partial shade well), is not picky about the composition of the soil. It tolerates frost well, withstanding temperatures up to -30 degrees. In hot weather, this crop is very responsive to watering. It does not need to preserve shoots for the winter; if necessary, pruning is performed in October. It grows well near gazebos, verandas, fences and other supports.
Clematis paniculata or fragrant (Clematis paniculata, Clematis terniflora) Deciduous (semi-evergreen) liana, densely covered with leaves, is the record holder in length, reaching 12 m in nature.It is distinguished later (from July to October), but very abundant flowering is quite small, white fragrant flowers, no more than 3 cm in diameter, collected in dense inflorescences of 30 pieces or more. This culture is completely undemanding to growing conditions, it grows quickly and tolerates the winter season well.
|Clematis of the Jacqueman group (Jackmanii) Clematis: cultivar 'Lanuginosa Candida'|
Description of clematis varieties promising for vertical gardening. A huge number of large-flowering varieties bred allows you to choose the desired color of the inflorescence. Youth, Ramona (dark blue), Sapphire, Climber, Blue Gem (blue), Crimson Star (crimson), Nelly Moser (bluish pink).
'Multi Blue' ('Multi Blue') - a popular variety, belongs to the Patens group, blue-purple double flowers up to 14 cm in diameter.The main decorative season is in July and August.
'Carnaby' - a large-flowered variety of clematis of the Patens group 'Andromeda' (see photo) ('Andromeda') from the Patens group (white-pink flowers with a purple stripe) 'Ville De Lyon' - carmine red 'Veronica's Choice' ('Veronica's Choice') with large double purple-white flowers.
But they still believe that most varieties of the Patens and Florida groups are the most difficult to winter if the shoots do not survive or the flower buds freeze, then there will be no abundant flowering this year. But it is the varieties of these groups that give the largest, beautiful, often double flowers, worthy of decorating the gardens of experienced florists. Beginners can be advised to purchase varieties of clematis of the Zhakmana, Vititsella groups and some varieties of the Lanuginoza group.
Large-flowered varieties of clematis.
Small and medium-flowered varieties of clematis.
See: Description of varieties and photos of clematis
Clematis: description of varieties and photos. All varieties can be classified into groups (including by the pruning group), of which the most popular large-flowered varieties of clematis are: Zhakmana, Vititsella, Lanuginoza, Patens, Florida, Integrifolia, as well as small and medium-flowered varieties.
Clematis x Jackmanii 'Piilu' ('Piilu'). Originator U. Kivistik, (Estonia), 1984. Liana 1.5-2 meters long, flowers 10 cm in diameter, light purple-pink. In the middle there is a dark pink stripe, bright yellow stamens. On last year's shoots, flowers can be double, appear in May - June. On the shoots of the current year, flowers are formed from July to September, they have 4-6 sepals with wavy edges. 2 trimming group
'Rouge Cardinal' ('Rouge Cardinal') is an interesting variety that belongs to the Jacqueman group. For his attractiveness he received awards from various horticultural exhibitions. The large flowers of these clematis are usually purple-red, appear in early July and stay on the shoots until September.
|Photo: Clematis' Piilu '(Clematis x Jackmanii “' Piilu”) Photo: Clematis' Rouge Cardinal '|
'Avant-Garde' ('Vanguard') - clematis of the Vititsella group. The variety was obtained in England, 2004. Shrub liana 2.5-3 m high. The flowers are red, 5 cm in diameter, The middle of the flower is double, pale pink. Sepals 4-6. Blooms exceptionally profusely from July to October. Stable and winter-hardy. 3 group of cropping (see photo).
'Ville De Lyon' ('Ville De Lyon') - one of the most popular and beautiful varieties of the Vititsella group. Founder F. Morel (France), 1899. Liana 2-3 meters long, flowers 12-15 cm.Sepals are wide, overlapping each other, carmine-red, darker at the edges. Anthers are bright yellow. The abundance of flowering on the shoots of the current year, resistance, winter hardiness, reliability - all this has been tested by time. 3 trimming group.
|Photo: 'Avant-Garde' Photo: 'Ville De Lyon'|
'Carnaby' ('Carnaby') - in the photo is a large-flowered variety of clematis of the Patens group. Flowering period: early (May-July). Color: rose red with white edges. The stamens are red. Flower diameter (12-18 cm). Liana length (m): 2.0-2.5. Cutting group: 2 light. This variety does not like very sunny and hot places. It is preferable to plant in semi-shady places near fences, walls, arbors, trellises.Can traverse natural supports such as small trees and shrubs.
'Nelly Moser Plamenek' - in the photo is a large-flowered clematis of the Patens group. A very beautiful variety! If you give him enough space, he will thank you with his abundant flowering. Blooms in May-June, bloom until frost. Flowers in brushes and double brushes, star-shaped. Color: bluish pink with light edges. Flower diameter up to 20 cm. Liana length up to 3 m. Shoot formation is good. Winter-hardy, rarely affected by fungal diseases.
|Photo: 'Nelly Moser' by Patens Photo: 'Carnaby' by Patens|
'Andromeda' is a variety from the Patens group. It winters well, on the shoots that have survived the cold, white-pink flowers with a purple stripe appear in June. Closer to August, 'Andromeda' blooms again with the same strength and intensity. The height of this variety of clematis can be up to 2.5 meters.
'Multi Blue' - a popular variety, belongs to the Patens group, reaching a height of 2.5 meters. During flowering, blue-purple double flowers with a diameter of up to 14 cm appear on the liana in several tiers. The main period of decorativeness is in July and August.
|Jackmanii group Clematis 'Multi Blue'|
'Veronica's Choice' ('Veronica's Choice') - for a long time pleases those around with her flowers. Flowers appear on the stems in May and last until September. The liana itself looks like a plant 2-3 meters high with large double purple-white flowers.
|Photo: Clematis florida var. sieboldiana ('Sieboldii') Photo: Clematis lanuginosa 'William Kennett'.|
Cultivation of clematis in containers Gardening calendar
Dear site visitors!
This page presents all the varieties of clematis that grow in our garden, both the old ones that we have been growing for over thirty years, and the new ones that have appeared recently. There are also varieties that we no longer grow.
The name of the variety is a link, a transition to the page with information on this variety. On the village. dedicated to the variety of clematis, you will see a photo of this variety (made by us). grade reference and our short summary on a green background.
Clematis is a member of the buttercup family that can be found on all continents except Antarctica. In our area, they appeared only at the beginning of the 19th century, although they became known in Europe as early as the 16th century. Thanks to constant breeding work, more and more new varieties of clematis appear, at the moment there are more than three hundred of them.
To achieve constant flowering of clematis from spring to autumn, it is necessary to correctly select varieties for planting. Since there are many different varieties of this flower, it is better to use the following classifications for the convenience of selection:
By the method of pruning, all varieties of clematis are divided into 3 groups:
According to the growing conditions, winter-hardy and cold-resistant, drought-resistant and moisture-loving, difficult to care for and unpretentious clematis varieties suitable for beginner growers are distinguished.
For cultivation, winter-hardy and unpretentious clematis varieties are most often chosen, such as:
By the appearance of the flower, a huge number of varieties can be distinguished, since they come in all colors of the rainbow, large and small-colored, double, bell-shaped, star-shaped, etc. Therefore, for convenience, the varieties of clematis, similar in appearance and flowering characteristics, were combined into the following groups: Zhakmani, Florida, Lanuginoza, Viticella.
For the decorative design of front gardens, the following are often used:
1. Large-flowered varieties of clematis of different colors:
2. Terry varieties of climatis: Dancing Queen, Avangard, Violet Elizabeth, Kiri te Kanava, Mazuru, Multiblu, Purpurea Plena Elegance, Francesca Maria, Hikarujeni, Shin Shiguoku, Alba Plena.
The best varieties of clematis recognized at international exhibitions are:
The newest clematis varieties bred by breeders are Bonanza and Fargeziodes.
Thanks to such a variety of varieties, with the help of clematis, you can achieve any decorative combination in your front garden.
Work on the breeding of large-flowered varieties of clematis began in the first half of the 18th century and has not stopped to this day. Thanks to the efforts of breeders from different countries, numerous hybrids have been created that can satisfy any, even the most demanding taste. Among them you can find plants of various heights and growth rates, blooming in spring and summer, with small and large, simple or double, variably colored flowers. Clematis varieties are distinguished by extremely high decorativeness, which, combined with the unpretentiousness of many cultivars, ease of reproduction and care, contributed to the widespread distribution of this one of the most beautiful flowering plants as a crop for vertical gardening.
In our country, clematis are also very popular, however, in the temperate and cold climate characteristic of most of Russia, the success of their cultivation largely depends on the correct choice of the variety. Since the work on the creation of large-flowered hybrids was carried out mainly by breeders of Western Europe, most of the cultivars currently on the market develop well in a mild coastal climate with warm winters, and do not tolerate severe frosts, which are common in the north-western regions, Siberia and even the middle zone of Russia. For cultivation under these conditions, it is preferable to use early and mid-early hybrids of Jacquemann, Viticella or Integrifolia, blooming on annual shoots. These clematis belong to the third pruning group. their aboveground part is cut off completely in autumn, and the underground part winters well with minimal cover.
Representatives of the Lanuginoza, Florida and Patens groups, blooming on last year's shoots, tolerate frosts much worse and need careful shelter even in the middle lane, although among them there are several winter-hardy clematis varieties that are successfully grown even in the north-west of the country.In turn, among Jacqueman's hybrids, there are also a number of cultivars that fully reveal their beauty only in the south, in the north such plants bloom worse with age, although they increase the green mass quite well.
Below are descriptions and photos of clematis varieties that are popular among domestic flower growers and most adapted to the conditions of central Russia.
All cultivars described below are cut off completely at the end of the season (third cut group). In the first half of summer, the following varieties bloom:
Clematis Jacquemana is an old interspecific hybrid created in England back in 1858 and is still popular among gardeners around the world. Obtained by crossing several clematis: clematis lanugilosa (woolly), clematis viticella (purple), and one of the first hybrids known as clematis hendersonii.
It is a woody liana 3-4 m high, with odd-pinnate leaves pubescent below and large, up to 14 cm in diameter, purple-purple or pink flowers, often grouped together in 3 pieces. Blooms profusely and for a long time, from mid-June to late September. The bush is winter-hardy enough, but light shelter is desirable.
Clematis Beata is a Polish variety that entered the market in 1986. It is distinguished by very large, 18-25 cm, simple or semi-double flowers, painted in a bluish-pink color with a distinct pink stripe in the center of each petal.
The shrub grows up to 2-3 m, blooms most intensively in June and the first half of July, then flowering weakens until August. The relatively compact size allows the flower to be used as a container culture.
Clematis Ville de Lyon is an old variety, created in France back in 1899, and now it is still included in all culture catalogs.
Belongs to the Viticella group and fully possesses all its advantages: abundant and early flowering, unpretentiousness to the composition of the soil, shade tolerance and disease resistance.
Flowers of a carmine red shade with darker edges, medium size (12-15 cm), bloom on the bushes throughout the season, from late May to September.
Clematis Cardinal Vyshinsky is another compact, no higher than 2-3 m, Polish variety, characterized by unusually abundant flowering and resistance to external influences, including frost. Flowers, bright red, 10 - 20 cm in diameter, with numerous burgundy stamens, appear in June-September. Liana feels good both in the sun and in the shade, can be grown as a climbing and creeping plant, suitable for cultivation in containers.
The later, blooming from the second half of summer, varieties of this group include:
Clematis Rouge Cardinal is a hybrid from the Jacquemann group, bred in France in 1968 and since then has received numerous awards at various international exhibitions.
Liana 2-3 m high, moderately growing and blooming profusely from July to September. Winter-hardy, it develops better in light partial shade, can be used for vertical gardening in the garden, as well as planted in closed containers on terraces, balconies, etc. The color of the flowers is purple-red with white-cream stamens, the shape is cruciform, open, the diameter is up to 15 cm.
Clematis Comtes Debusho is another old, but now invariably popular variety belonging to the Jacquemann group. Bred by the French breeder F. Morel until 1906, it is distinguished by moderate growth, lush flowering, and disease resistance. The relatively compact size of the liana, reaching a height of 2-2.5 m, makes it possible to grow it not only in the open field.near various kinds of fences, gazebos, but also in deep containers for decorating balconies and terraces.
Flowers of medium size, 10-15 cm in diameter, pink-violet with purple veins, cupped, on long, up to 18 cm, peduncles, bloom from June to September, especially numerous in July-August.
Clematis Ernest Markham is named after its creator E. Markham, who introduced the variety in 1936. The height of the bush is about 3-4 m, flowers with wide, slightly wavy, velvety petals, bright crimson with light brown stamens, bloom in the second half of summer.
Clematis Ernest Markham belongs to the Jacqueman group, is valued for its long, from July to the very frost, and abundant flowering, has a good ability to form shoots and moderate growth, develops better in sunny places.
Clematis Princess Diana is a relatively new variety, bred in the UK in 1984. The height of the bush is 2-3 m, the flowering time is July-October. Differs in high resistance to diseases, good frost resistance, and most importantly - the original and rare form of flowers, single tulip-shaped bells, directed to the sides and up, up to 8 cm high, 5-6 cm in diameter.Their color is also quite unusual - bright red-pink, with lighter edges.
Since the Princess Diana variety is a clematis from the Texensis group, descended from the C. Texensis species (K. Texas), it achieves the greatest decorative effect when planted in a warm, wind-protected place in the open sun.
Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance was bred in France at the end of the 19th century. This is another old variety that, due to its merits, is still in demand and is included in the assortment of nurseries around the world. It is a large, up to 3.5 m high, liana, blooming profusely and for a long time, from July to September. Its double burgundy-red flowers with a diameter of 4-6 cm bloom gradually, their petals do not fall off and retain their decorative appearance on the bush for up to 25 days. This hybrid has no stamens and pistils.
Purpurea Plena Elegance is a clematis from the Vititsella group, and, like all of its representatives, is extremely unpretentious, completely frost-hardy, little affected by diseases and pests. The relatively small size of the flowers is compensated by their abundance; during flowering, the bushes look very colorful, although somewhat old-fashioned, moreover, they remain decorative for a long time.
Clematis Purpurea Plena Elegance is easy to grow and easy to care for, therefore it is perfect for urban plantings, it is also recommended for novice gardeners. It can grow in the garden and in the container on the balcony or terrace, quickly wraps around the supports, creating a colorful flowering curtain.
The cultivars listed below belong to the second pruning group, bloom in two waves: in May-June on overwintered ones and from July to September on new growths.
Clematis Asao is a large-flowered hybrid of Japanese selection, created in 1971. Moderately growing vine 2-3 m high, with simple or semi-double flowers with a diameter of 12 to 20 cm, which have full open petals dark pink with a paler stripe in the center, anthers - yellow.
Prefers partial shade, in the bright sun the flowers lose their brightness and quickly crumble. It is used for vertical gardening in the garden or, in a large container, on the balcony, well wrapped around natural supports - tall shrubs, trees.
Clematis Josephine was first shown at the flower exhibition in Chelsea in 1998, although it was created much earlier - back in 1980. Josephine Hill, after whom the flower is named, acquired it as an unknown variety. It is a compact liana 2-2.5 m high with very large, up to 18-25 cm in diameter, double flowers.
Belongs to the Patens group, and, like all its representatives, is distinguished by velvety, unusually soft petals, painted in lilac-pink tones. The variety is characterized by an unusual shape and color of the flower. It has the shape of a rosette, the outer sepals can be green, lilac, pink, purple or cream, the inner, narrower, superimposed on each other, initially painted in a green tone, opening gradually, turning pink with a darker stripe in the center. It is interesting that the color of the flower in the sun and in the shade differs radically. In a shady place, it becomes greenish, the stripes on the petals practically merge with the stems and foliage, and in full light, large, double flowers, gradually opening up, become like pompons of the most bizarre color.
Liana fully manifests its decorative effect when planted in the sun or in light partial shade, where it blooms for a long time and abundantly, while the flowers do not fall off for a long time, remaining attractive to pollinating insects, since they are sterile. It develops better in the southern regions, blooms weaker in the northern regions.
Clematis President is one of the oldest varieties, bred back in 1876, but it is still grown widely and everywhere. Belongs to the Patens group, it is a compact shrub vine with 6-10 shoots, growing up to 2-2.5 m and covered with large purple or dark blue-violet flowers throughout the season, from 15 to 18 cm in diameter, open, cup-shaped, with long, upward-directed peduncles. It blooms magnificently from May to June on overwintered shoots, in July - October on young growths, it is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and frost resistance.
Recommended for cultivation even in the northern regions of the country, can be used to decorate balconies, loggias and terraces, for winter forcing.
Clematis Multi Blue is a sport of the President variety, with large, up to 15 cm in diameter, double or semi-double purple-lilac flowers with white tips. A compact bush, no higher than 2 m in height, extremely unpretentious to care for.
This combination of advantages makes the variety very popular among gardeners, it is used for growing on supports, as a ground cover plant, container culture. Liana blooms almost continuously throughout the season, in May-June - with relatively few, but double and large flowers on last year's increments, in July - August - on young shoots, at this time the largest number of buds is formed, and the liana reaches the peak of its decorative effect. Belongs to the Patens group. Flowers can be used for cutting.
Clematis Blue Light. bred in Holland in 1998, a sport of the famous English variety, Clematis Mrs. Cholmondeli, created back in 1877. The height of the vine is about 2-2.5 m, due to its compact size it looks good in small gardens, suitable for decorating balconies and terraces. Needs a sunny, sheltered location.
A distinctive feature of the variety is light blue flowers with a lavender shade, densely double both on old and young shoots, which is quite rare among clematis. The diameter of the flower is 10-15 cm.
Clematis Red Star - Japanese cultivar from the Patens group, appeared on the market in 1995. Small, no higher than 1.5 - 2 m lianas with flowers up to 14 cm in diameter, double or semi-double. Bloom profusely from the second half of May to June, then, again, much more modestly - at the end of summer. Petals of irregular broad-lanceolate shape, with wavy edges, have an original color: red with a pink stripe in the center, a lighter tone at the base and greenish shadows, better visible on the outer petals, stamens with creamy yellow filaments and purple anthers.At the beginning of the season, double flowers form on the shoots of last year, in August-September, on annual growths - simple ones. For planting, it is recommended to choose sunny places.
Among the new varieties of clematis that have recently appeared on the market, the following deserve attention:
Clematis Mazuri. created by Polish breeder Stefan Marczynski in 2006 and immediately received the prestigious silver medal at an exhibition in Warsaw. Named for Mazury, a region in northwestern Poland.
Belongs to the Zhakman group, blooms on annual shoots, requires strong pruning (third group). Has gained popularity all over the world as one of the best blue varieties. Its large, up to 17 cm, double flowers with numerous pointed petals, lighter along the edge, at the beginning of flowering seem to be made of tissue paper, then open wide, exposing creamy stamens and pistils.
It blooms profusely and for a long time, from late June to autumn, preferring sunny places. The size of the bush is about 2.5 - 3 m,
Clematis Mazowsze is another cultivar by Stefan Marczyński, also introduced in 2006 and also named after one of the regions of Poland, this time Mazovia.
In many ways it is similar to the previous variety, it has a similar height, diameter and flower structure, flowering time and pruning nature. It differs only in the color of the petals - purple-red, velvety, pink at the edges, with light stripes on the lower part and bright creamy-purple stamens in the center. Among the advantages of the variety are resistance to disease damage and good winter hardiness.
Clematis Kaiser is a novelty on the flower market, on sale since 2010. This hybrid from the Patens group created in Japan is a miniature liana 1-1.5 m high, with double or semi-double variegated flowers, the numerous petals of which, purple-pink, sometimes light red, with splashes of white or greenish color, in cold weather they become almost green.
The first wave of flowering occurs in May-June, at this time the shoots are completely covered with numerous large, up to 14 cm in diameter, flowers. At the end of summer, the flowering is not so abundant, the color of the buds by autumn becomes dark purple. The plant grows better in the sun, perfect for container culture.
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Pruning clematis plays a rather important role in crop care agrotechnics. Throughout the season, you will have to resort to sanitary removal of all broken and damaged shoots more than once, and in the fall you need to find time to do the most important pruning, which is a decisive factor in regulating the growth of the plant and, moreover, affects its flowering.
At the same time, every gardener who has ever encountered this crop knows that there are three different groups of clematis pruning and each of them is important in its own way. However, in the first year of the growing season, pruning for all clematis is carried out exactly the same and only starting from the second year of the life of the culture, gardeners begin to take into account the breakdown into certain groups.
As for the first pruning, it is carried out, so to speak, radically, namely up to the first bud above ground level. At the same time, such a "trick" will help stimulate the development of new and "dormant" basal buds in the next year. The need for a second such strong pruning arises quite rarely, if in the second year of life the seedling still remains rather weak in development. In all other cases, you need to make a start solely from some of the features of clematis pruning. So, what are these methods, what are their features and fundamental differences from each other? It is worth understanding, but, of course, in order!
"Sorting" of clematis into pruning groups is quite simple and it is connected with the kind of shoots on which these or those varieties form their flowers. So, let's say, some plants simply cannot bloom if you cut off the shoots with buds in the fall. For them, it is preferable to just slightly shorten the branches or prune immediately after the end of flowering, that is, from May to June. In general, it is quite fair to note that the flowering period can be determined by the pruning period. If you cannot immediately determine what kind of clematis pleases you in the garden, take a closer look at it and orient yourself by the time of its flowering, which will help you “open all the cards”.
Clematis 3 groups of pruning
The third group includes all representatives of the Viticella and Jacqueline groups, that is, summer-flowering plants. Moreover, the color is observed only on the shoots formed in the current year. Consequently, the autumn pruning of such plants is carried out thoroughly, when after the "procedure" only 2 - 3 knots remain near the ground itself.
For the pruning process itself, you need to stock up on a fairly sharp pruner or a long knife, with which the shoots are cut in such a way that the blade passes about 5 - 7 millimeters above the bud and, ultimately, their length from the ground surface was about 15 - 20 centimeters.It is not worth worrying that the bush will become too "bald", because next year you will be able to observe new buds on young shoots. It is especially important to thoroughly disinfect the working tool before pruning each new bush.
Another feature that clematis of 3 pruning groups have is the simplicity of building a shelter for the winter, because in this case you do not need to think about how you can save sensitive shoots until spring. Probably, this is precisely why such plants have such an unprecedented distribution in all gardens and front gardens.
Clematis 2 pruning groups
This includes all early summer blooming plants - representatives of the Lanuginoza group, or simply woolly clematis, as well as certain varieties of the Florida and Patens groups. A feature of such plants is the formation of flowers, both on young and overwintered shoots. Moreover, the first buds are observed exclusively on the "old" branches, and only in the last days of summer, flowering can be observed on young shoots.
Pruning of such plants is usually done quite sparingly and the best time for such a procedure is late autumn. As for the height at which it is worth getting rid of the "extra" shoot, here the gardeners disagreed somewhat - some recommend cutting off the branches at the level of 50-100 centimeters from the ground, while others simply insist that this indicator be 100-150 centimeters. Here you will have to make the choice yourself and find the "optimal" shoot length for yourself. In any case, after pruning, all healthy lower and fully ripe shoots must be carefully laid on the ground and covered well. In the event that the clematis bush really needs rejuvenation, it is permissible to cut it a little more, but only to the first true leaf and nothing more. At the same time, you can completely get rid of all weak and dead shoots without hesitation.
The first pinching for representatives of the second pruning group (clematis Westerplatte, Ashva, Piilu, Multi blue) is carried out at a level of 20 - 30 centimeters from the ground. The second such procedure is usually done after the growth of all shoots at a height of 50 - 70 centimeters, and the last inoculation should be done even higher - by 100 - 150 centimeters.
Clematis 1 pruning group
The representatives of the Patens and Florida groups, spreading and flowering, respectively, give color exclusively on overwintered shoots, and it is for this reason that autumn pruning should consist only in removing non-lignified and weak shoots, while the remaining branches are only slightly shortened, removing about one third of their length. while leaving shoots no longer than 100 - 150 centimeters. After this, the whip should be slightly folded and laid on the ground, making a thorough shelter.
At the same time, it is worth noting that Florida and Patens are quite capricious in the winter, so it is quite important to wrap the plants well in order to prevent the possibility of freezing of flower buds. Otherwise, the plants simply will no longer be able to please you with beautiful and very abundant flowering. Of course, there is a lot of trouble, but at the same time, you need to remember that only varieties such as the President and others can surprise gardeners with beautiful, very large and often double flowers. So that the incentive, as they say, is!
Combined clematis pruning
It should be noted that quite often gardeners can also carry out combined pruning, which consists in a strong pruning of the bushes, which is carried out 1 - 2 internodes from the ground. At the same time, all remaining shoots should be cut slightly weaker - by about 10 - 12 knots.
The advantage of such pruning is the onset of early flowering on last year's poorly pruned shoots, which is later observed on young branches.We will apply this type of pruning exclusively for hybrid clematis, and the resulting paths of connecting plants with different pruning groups. In addition, according to such a "scheme" you can "cut" a seedling if you cannot determine its group for sure. The use of combined pruning for adult plants is a guarantee of the gradual rejuvenation of their vines. For this, shoots older than three years, immediately after the first flowering, are cut off rather strongly.
Regardless of what kind of clematis pleases your eyes, you can absolutely not be afraid of pruning, since this procedure can in no way harm the plant, because even radical "haircuts" should be carried out at a certain interval. If you performed such a procedure a little earlier, there is nothing wrong with that!