For someone who wants to have a beautiful plant at home, but still does not know how to take care of indoor flowers, hibiscus is ideal. Despite its beauty, this plant is very unpretentious. It can easily withstand low light, and sudden temperature changes, and insidious drafts. It will not be lost even if you miss watering time. It is thanks to this unpretentiousness that hibiscus is often placed in offices, living rooms, in the halls and corridors of various institutions.
Hibiscus is called the "Chinese rose", and this name conveys the beauty of this plant as accurately as possible. However, in order for hibiscus not only to live, but also to delight you with its bright flowering, you need to remember a few tips.
The first thing that a novice florist needs to learn is the light-loving hibiscus plant. Place it by a window or any other well-lit place. Also do not forget that hibiscus grows very quickly and grows quite large. In a small room, problems with its placement may arise: this flower does not like crampedness. The pot in which the hibiscus will live also plays an important role: the tighter the pot, the slower it will grow.
The optimum temperature for a Chinese rose in the summer is 20-22 degrees. In winter, the temperature should be lowered to 14-16 degrees. Lowering the temperature in winter will have a positive effect on the future flowering of hibiscus. If you do not have the opportunity to keep the flower in low temperature conditions, do not be discouraged - the Chinese rose can grow in winter and at room temperature.
Hibiscus needs frequent spraying, as the flower loves high humidity. If you keep hibiscus in a room with dry air, then there is a high probability that the flowers will not be able to fully open. Spraying should be carried out as carefully as possible - water should not fall on the flowers, otherwise the buds will be covered with spots and fall off.
To increase the humidity, you can use a pallet with expanded clay or pebbles, filled with water. But remember, the bottom of the pot must not touch the water!
Hibiscus loves moisture. Water it abundantly so that the soil in the pot is completely saturated with water. But it is not worth watering the Chinese rose too often - the top layer of the earth should have time to dry out. In autumn and winter, watering should be moderate, after about 2-3 days, half after the top layer dries out. For watering, it is best to use constant soft water at room temperature.
The soil for growing hibiscus should be nutritious and light, it should be close to neutral (pH about 6). The ideal soil composition would be a mixture of sod, leafy, humus soil and sand in a ratio of 4: 3: 1: 1. Pieces of charcoal can be added to the composition of the earth. A simplified soil composition is also suitable: turf, humus soil and sand in proportions of 2: 1: 1.
Do not forget to take care of good drainage, the flower does not tolerate stagnant water in the pot!
Top dressing plays an important role in the care of indoor hibiscus. It is very important not to overdo it with fertilizers. In the spring, when the hibiscus is preparing to start growing, it is worth feeding it with potassium-phosphorus fertilizer. For the rest of the fertilizers, the optimal time will be summer, when the flower grows most actively. But it is better to refuse nitrogen-containing fertilizers - hibiscus does not like them too much.
Young plants need to be replanted every year. To do this, mix in a pre-prepared pot or tub 2 parts of garden soil, 1 part of sand and 1 part of peat. If you are replanting a large plant, then the mixture should be prepared heavier.
From the age of three, the need for an annual transplant disappears: an adult plant must be transplanted every 2-3 years.
There is a categorical answer to this question - yes, we do! Formative pruning must be done annually, only under this condition will the Chinese rose delight you with its flowering. Each time after flowering, the tips of the shoots must be pruned, then the lateral shoots will grow, on which, in turn, buds will form. Keep in mind that hibiscus flowers only appear on young shoots, so every shoot that is not cut in time is another flower that you will not count for the next year.
In early spring, it is very useful to pinch all the shoots - including the young ones. Although pruning indoor hibiscus can be carried out throughout the year, it does not harm it at all.
Shoots that grow parallel to the main trunk (they are called "tops") must be cut off. Just like those of the branches that grow inside the crown. Don't worry about the flower, regular pruning is good for it, ensuring healthy growth and abundant flowering.
Indoor hibiscus propagates both by seeds and cuttings. However, there is too much trouble with seeds for a novice grower - this method is quite laborious and is more suitable for those who are engaged in the selection of indoor hibiscus. And propagation by cuttings has several indisputable advantages. Firstly, this method retains all the varietal characteristics inherent in the parent plant. And secondly (which is especially important for an amateur grower), with this method, the plant begins to bloom in the first year.
Seeds are best sown from late January to mid-March. Before planting seeds in the ground, they should be soaked for 12 hours in Epin. You need to plant seeds in a mixture of peat and sand. After planting, the pot is covered with glass or foil to create greenhouse conditions. It is necessary to constantly maintain the temperature within 25-27 degrees. Also, do not forget to periodically ventilate the pot and spray the soil with seeds.
When young sprouts have 2-3 leaves, they can be transplanted into a separate pot. Hibiscus grown from seed will only flower for 2-3 years.
Young cuttings are best suited for propagation. Place them in water or soil to root. In the first case, you will need a vessel, preferably made of dark glass, filled with water. Place a stalk in it and cover with a "cap" - for example, a glass jar. This is necessary to increase the humidity. Cuttings will take root in about 25-30 days. When the roots appear, the cutting will need to be transplanted into an earthen mixture containing a large amount of peat. It is advisable to add sphagnum moss there - this is especially useful for a young plant.
When rooting directly into the soil, you need a mixture of coarse sand and peat. But do not forget that before this, it is necessary to remove all leaves from the cutting, except for the top two.
The greatest danger to indoor hibiscus is the scale insect and spider mite. To get rid of these pests, you must first wash the leaves with soapy water, and then spray them with actellic solution.
Indoor hibiscus. Reproduction and care
So, you have decided to house a beautiful evergreen tree with bright flowers. Time to take a closer look at hibiscus or Chinese rose: this is the exotic available for ordinary apartments.
A short "household rider" of this star:
The Chinese rose does not outwardly look like the one we are accustomed to, and it does belong to a different species. This makes the plant even more curious: large flowers, like all malvaceae, resemble wide cups with a long anther “trunk”, and sticky shiny leaves look like birch leaves.
A blossoming flower lives for 1-2 days, and then it is replaced by the next bud
Hibiscus flowers with scarlet flowers are most commonly found in homes, but they can also be pink, yellow, or white.
All colors are spectacular and look great in luscious dark greenery. In addition, hibiscus flowers "fall asleep" and close in the evening. Blooming flowers live only a couple of days, and then are replaced by new buds, thus the plant blooms from May to October. This means that with proper care, the Chinese rose will surprise and delight you for a very long time. We will talk about leaving in the article, keep the memo!
Indoor hibiscus is a real pedant, requiring strict adherence to agricultural technology:
Take the time to carry out these simple events, because a well-groomed, well-developed hibiscus can bloom all year round.
During the active growing season, indoor hibiscus needs moderate warmth. Ideal if you manage to keep the temperature at + 18… + 20 ° C. From early autumn to early spring, the plant is kept in a ventilated room at + 16 ° C. It is the cool dormant period that is the key to the lush flowering of hibiscus, since at a higher temperature, flower buds are not laid. But! When arranging a Chinese rose for rest, keep in mind that the lower temperature limit for it is +10 ° C. At the end of February, when the plant wakes up from winter sleep, it is returned to its original place.
'Ruby' - with blood-red flowers
'Tchaikovsky' - with lilac flowers
'Collective farmer' - with pink flowers
'Michurinets' - with crimson flowers
'Snowflake' - with white flowers.
These varieties tolerate temperatures as low as -15 ° C and can winter in the south of Russia in the open field when hilling and lightly covered with leaves.
The name of the genus has been known for a long time, already in Ancient Greece. However, the ancient Greeks called hibiscus a completely different plant, not what we now know under this name. For them, hibiscus was a Mediterranean plant, classified according to modern taxonomy to the genus Alcaea. The correct botanical name is Hibiscus, and among the people the plant is often called Chinese rose... In some publications, the plant is named Rosean Chinese.
Genus hibiscus (Hibiscus) from the Malvov family (Malvaceae) includes, according to some data, about 300 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and grasses, according to other sources there are about 500 species.
Hibiscus is the national flower of Malaysia. The five petals of the flower symbolize the five commandments of Islam. The flower is worshiped not only by Muslim Malays, but also by the pagans of the Dayaks, Chinese, and Hindus. The distribution area of hibiscus is quite wide - different species can be found in the equatorial belt and in the subtropics.
Apartments usually grow Chinese Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis) - it may have the appearance of a shrub or a small tree with a height of 50 cm to 2 m.
In nature, hibiscus is an evergreen shrub or tree up to 4.5 m high. The bark of the trunk and shoots is brownish or black. At home, on the islands of the South Pacific Ocean, hibiscus is very popular with the local population. Local Aboriginal beauties adorn their hairstyles with bright hibiscus flowers. Translated from the local language, hibiscus means "the flower of beautiful ladies".
Hibiscus has been grown in indoor culture since 1831. The plant fell in love with its relative unpretentiousness and magnificent flowering. It is safe to note that hibiscus is one of the most popular indoor plants... The luxurious flowers of hibiscus have only one drawback - they wither a day after their appearance. But more and more flowers are blooming to replace them - the care for this splendor must be in accordance with the requirements of the plant.
Hibiscus can attract attention and amaze not only with flowers, but also. variegated foliage. There are variegated varieties among hibiscus, however, their flowers are not so spectacular, but also beautiful.
Hibiscus are unusually hardy - they can tolerate insufficient lighting, cold, dry soil, excess water during irrigation, and underfeeding. Of course, all this negatively affects the state of the plant and flowering, but the hibiscus will live.
The Chinese rose is undoubtedly one of the most popular types of hibiscus, but far from the only one suitable for indoor keeping and growing in the garden.
The genus Hibiscus is very rich and diverse:
Chinese hibiscus -
kaleidoscope of colors
Chinese hibiscus -
favorite chinese rose
Not wanting to waste precious time experimenting with seeds, experienced growers usually resort to a faster and more reliable method of propagation of hibiscus - cuttings:
If you do everything right, then after a year and a half, the "youth" will already bloom.
Hibiscus flowers are harvested at the peak of flowering, when the buds are fully blossomed. The petals should be separated from the pods and harvested separately. Dry the petals in a ventilated place, avoiding direct sunlight. For storage of finished raw materials, paper or fabric bags are used.
Keep dried hibiscus flowers in a dry, dark and cool place. Hibiscus ovaries are also used for the manufacture of medicines. They can be stored frozen or canned.
Hibiscus is popular almost all over the world.It is used to prepare decoctions and infusions to help cope with various diseases.
Thank you for such an article, but I didn’t know that I had a whole pharmacy under my window.
Kombucha insisted on hibiscus. I tried it on different teas, herbs, I liked coffee on hibiscus the most. Helps with heartburn.
Indeed, for those who suffer from hypertension, you need to drink such a drink only cold.
Tell me if I have a Chinese rose and hibiscus at home, can I use its flowers in tea? If so, how are they brewed dry or fresh? And can you use hibiscus flowers that have been fertilized?
Hello! I can not help but warn about the negative properties of hibiscus or hibiscus or Sudanese rose (it has a number of other names). I used tea leaves according to the recipe: one tablespoon for half a liter of boiling water for a very long time (2 years). I read a lot about the properties of this drink (basically everything is only positive: what lowers cholesterol, helps after a hangover, prevents cancer, etc., etc.), but nowhere have I ever seen that it increases blood pressure (they wrote: in the cold it increases, in the hot it lowers or on the turnover - this is complete nonsense, because it enters the stomach at about the same temperature). In general, I will not paint, but I will tell you as it is: the pressure began to jump and the gums sat down decently in two years, and this is a fact, or if you want, I conducted a real clinical study on myself. So, good people, of course, it has a number of useful properties, but it also has a number of negative consequences ... And once I wrote with a smile on the reviews to one person who complained about the increase in blood pressure after drinking this tea, that in principle this could not be ... And now I experienced everything on my own skin. So I ask everyone to be very careful about the dosage of this drink.
Everything is good in moderation. Perhaps 2 years was too long. Many experts say that the composition of teas needs to be constantly updated and not get carried away too much with one thing.
As far as I know, it lowers hibiscus cold and increases pressure when hot. And I'm not just saying it, it's checked! They also saved a life with his help in terms of pressure. I read that there are few medicines in medicine for raising blood pressure, so hibiscus is an excellent remedy! Moreover, it is delicious. If it's a bit sour for someone, you can add sugar or honey. And the effect is pretty quick if you eat the flowers. I didn't know about alcohol and other properties. Very helpful! Thank you for the article!