Terrace extension to a wooden country house

Types of extensions to a wooden house, construction features

Wood is a material in demand in our country for building houses. Due to its qualities, in wooden houses heat is well retained, normal air humidity is maintained and static electricity does not collect. They are easier to build than stone houses and have an attractive appearance. An extension to a wooden house will increase the living space and emphasize its individuality. After reading this article to the end, you will learn about the types of extensions and how you can build them yourself.

Project implementation options

Nuances of building a terrace

Any object of suburban construction has its own construction features. The construction of a terrace is no exception, especially if we are not talking about a stationary structure, but about an extension to an existing house. To begin with, I propose to understand the intricacies of building a terrace adjacent to the house.

  1. An extension to the house must necessarily include the laying of a separate foundation. The foundation of the extension performs several functions, it evenly distributes the weight of the terrace, in addition, if the terrace is left without a foundation, then, sooner or later, the house and the terrace will begin to move relative to each other, which will lead to premature wear and tear and destruction of the walls of the building.
  2. In order for the extension to be a full-fledged part of the house, the foundation of the terrace does not stand apart from the house, but has points of attachment to the foundation of the main structure. Below I will write in more detail how this happens.
  3. Depending on the selected type of terrace, it is possible to reduce the negative processes of "grinding" of two buildings. Thus, a terrace installed on the side of the house will be a less stable option than a terrace encircling the facade.

When determining your wishes in the construction of a veranda or terrace, it should be borne in mind that the veranda should be erected from the same building material to the main structure, in the construction of which a brick or other building stone is used. This is necessary in order for the main structure and its extension to be a single architectural block, in which a reliable connection is observed between both structures, as well as to ensure safety.

In addition, it should be remembered that the addition of a veranda and a terrace to the house must be carried out in compliance with certain technical standards, which are extremely important to know and follow. At first glance, there is nothing complicated in the process of adding an additional element to the house.

In this video you can see how the addition of the terrace to the house was made with your own hands.

This will not entail large financial costs, but it will increase the overall safety of the building and save you from unnecessary hassle with the controlling services. Or make a simple, lightweight canopy that can be removed or refitted as needed.

Back to the table of contents

How to tie the veranda to the house. Veranda project

Any construction begins with the development of a project.

Summarizing the experience of building verandas, it can be noted that they differ in the following parameters:

Location (adjacent to the house):

Corner veranda End veranda Facade veranda

Closure degree:

Open veranda Closed (glazed) veranda

By installing sliding doors for the veranda, you can transform a closed veranda into an open one.

Design feature:

  • Built-in veranda (built together with the house, has a common foundation with it).
  • Attached (attached as needed, has its own foundation).

Built-in veranda Attached veranda

Veranda shape:

  • A popular shape is the rectangle.
  • Round (semicircular.
  • Polygonal (hexagonal, octagonal).

Round veranda Rectangular veranda Polygonal veranda

The main purpose of the veranda is to make the house or cottage more spacious and to decorate the building. The veranda extension also performs a purely utilitarian function - house insulation. Therefore, the question naturally arises of how to attach the veranda to the house correctly. Despite the fact that the veranda is a summer construction, its construction provides for the implementation of a number of rules.

What is included in the veranda construction project:

  • location of the veranda. The main options are indicated above. It is important that the extension is a continuation of the house, representing with it a single architectural ensemble.

Note. It is better to place the veranda on the east or west side, then it will be out of direct sunlight most of the time. Also, it is worth considering the wind load in the region and on the site, in particular.

  • entry point to the veranda. The entrance can be arranged from the street, from one of the rooms, or be through, through the street into the house
  • place of installation of the door. It is undesirable to place the entrance doors to the veranda and to the house against each other, otherwise drafts cannot be avoided
  • the size of the veranda in the house. The length of the veranda is usually equal to the length of the wall along which it is erected. The width is from 2.5 to 7 m. It is important here that the size of the veranda is proportional to the size of the house.

Advice from the master. There is no need to save on the project. Its high-quality performance is a guarantee that the veranda will be built correctly, and the registration of permits will not cause problems.

An example of a typical veranda project is shown in the diagram

Typical veranda project Typical veranda-terrace project

How to attach a veranda to a wooden house

Any extension to a wooden house is performed after the structure has shrunk. A house made of timber or logs shrinks for a certain period (the most active is the first 2-3 years). To avoid skewing the walls, you need to wait this period, or consider connecting to the house, allowing the frame to play.

Construction of a wooden terrace in the country - photo

© Alexander Kuznetsov. Photo by the author

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Recently we decided to enlarge one of the windows in it. We started with dismantling the old frame, removed the old casing (this is a semblance of a window box that is not rigidly attached to the walls and, when the house shrinks, protects the frame inserted inside from deformation). Our house is only 2 years old and is still shrinking.

New markings were drawn around the old opening. For this, a level and a plumb line were used. The markings were made in such a way that the upper and lower edges of the opening intersected the bars in the center. Then they started cutting out a new opening. They did it using an electric chain saw. Then, on the right and left sides, grooves were made at the ends of the beams.
They were first cut out with a circular saw, and then cut down with an ax and moonlighting with a chisel. Then they treated the window opening with an antiseptic, put insulation.
Made a new enlarged casing. For this, boards with a thickness of 40 mm and a width equal to the thickness of the walls were used. The box consists of 2 side pieces, top and bottom boards.
Spike bars were attached to the side boards with self-tapping screws, which will fit into the grooves. Then they installed the lower part, or the window sill. We made it wider than the top board, like a regular window sill. Then they inserted the side parts, checking the accuracy of the coincidence of the locks, installed them on the windowsill. Next is the upper part. It had to be inserted slightly obliquely into the spacer, and then, knocking and leveling, moved up.
The top board was installed so that it did not rest against the upper edge of the window opening. This gap of 5 mm is needed in order to allow the house to shrink. Then we laid the insulation there and sewed it up with a board from the outside. To prevent water from flowing out, the holes were filled with sealant. The casing was fastened together with corners. Then a new window frame was inserted.

The terrace turned out to be great - it's great that with your own hands

Watch the video: Country House Part Two - Flat Extension

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