Wood is a material in demand in our country for building houses. Due to its qualities, in wooden houses heat is well retained, normal air humidity is maintained and static electricity does not collect. They are easier to build than stone houses and have an attractive appearance. An extension to a wooden house will increase the living space and emphasize its individuality. After reading this article to the end, you will learn about the types of extensions and how you can build them yourself.
Project implementation options
Any object of suburban construction has its own construction features. The construction of a terrace is no exception, especially if we are not talking about a stationary structure, but about an extension to an existing house. To begin with, I propose to understand the intricacies of building a terrace adjacent to the house.
When determining your wishes in the construction of a veranda or terrace, it should be borne in mind that the veranda should be erected from the same building material to the main structure, in the construction of which a brick or other building stone is used. This is necessary in order for the main structure and its extension to be a single architectural block, in which a reliable connection is observed between both structures, as well as to ensure safety.
In addition, it should be remembered that the addition of a veranda and a terrace to the house must be carried out in compliance with certain technical standards, which are extremely important to know and follow. At first glance, there is nothing complicated in the process of adding an additional element to the house.
In this video you can see how the addition of the terrace to the house was made with your own hands.
This will not entail large financial costs, but it will increase the overall safety of the building and save you from unnecessary hassle with the controlling services. Or make a simple, lightweight canopy that can be removed or refitted as needed.
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Any construction begins with the development of a project.
Summarizing the experience of building verandas, it can be noted that they differ in the following parameters:
Corner veranda End veranda Facade veranda
Open veranda Closed (glazed) veranda
By installing sliding doors for the veranda, you can transform a closed veranda into an open one.
Built-in veranda Attached veranda
Round veranda Rectangular veranda Polygonal veranda
The main purpose of the veranda is to make the house or cottage more spacious and to decorate the building. The veranda extension also performs a purely utilitarian function - house insulation. Therefore, the question naturally arises of how to attach the veranda to the house correctly. Despite the fact that the veranda is a summer construction, its construction provides for the implementation of a number of rules.
Note. It is better to place the veranda on the east or west side, then it will be out of direct sunlight most of the time. Also, it is worth considering the wind load in the region and on the site, in particular.
Advice from the master. There is no need to save on the project. Its high-quality performance is a guarantee that the veranda will be built correctly, and the registration of permits will not cause problems.
Typical veranda project Typical veranda-terrace project
Any extension to a wooden house is performed after the structure has shrunk. A house made of timber or logs shrinks for a certain period (the most active is the first 2-3 years). To avoid skewing the walls, you need to wait this period, or consider connecting to the house, allowing the frame to play.
© Alexander Kuznetsov. Photo by the author
Recently we decided to enlarge one of the windows in it. We started with dismantling the old frame, removed the old casing (this is a semblance of a window box that is not rigidly attached to the walls and, when the house shrinks, protects the frame inserted inside from deformation). Our house is only 2 years old and is still shrinking.
New markings were drawn around the old opening. For this, a level and a plumb line were used. The markings were made in such a way that the upper and lower edges of the opening intersected the bars in the center. Then they started cutting out a new opening. They did it using an electric chain saw. Then, on the right and left sides, grooves were made at the ends of the beams.
They were first cut out with a circular saw, and then cut down with an ax and moonlighting with a chisel. Then they treated the window opening with an antiseptic, put insulation.
Made a new enlarged casing. For this, boards with a thickness of 40 mm and a width equal to the thickness of the walls were used. The box consists of 2 side pieces, top and bottom boards.
Spike bars were attached to the side boards with self-tapping screws, which will fit into the grooves. Then they installed the lower part, or the window sill. We made it wider than the top board, like a regular window sill. Then they inserted the side parts, checking the accuracy of the coincidence of the locks, installed them on the windowsill. Next is the upper part. It had to be inserted slightly obliquely into the spacer, and then, knocking and leveling, moved up.
The top board was installed so that it did not rest against the upper edge of the window opening. This gap of 5 mm is needed in order to allow the house to shrink. Then we laid the insulation there and sewed it up with a board from the outside. To prevent water from flowing out, the holes were filled with sealant. The casing was fastened together with corners. Then a new window frame was inserted.
The terrace turned out to be great - it's great that with your own hands