Daddy planted a turnip, it grew big, very big ... We all remember this folk tale from childhood, but who knows what a turnip tastes like? For some reason, a truly Russian, useful, perfectly stored vegetable has been undeservedly forgotten, and has long lost its possessions in the garden.
And if you consume fresh turnips every day, it will be able to completely saturate the body with vitamin C, reduce the chances of malignant tumors and diabetes mellitus, increase immunity and, in many cases, even contribute to losing weight.
Or maybe we will return legal land to the turnip? Growing it is not at all difficult, you just need to know the basic rules of care.
One of the basic rules for growing a vegetable says: juicy and large root crops grow only where the soil is loose. They don't like clay soil.
Like any representative of cruciferous plants, turnip will not give good yields in the place where its relatives grew last summer - radishes, cabbage, mustard. Places after strawberries, pumpkins, potatoes, legumes, zucchini will be favorable.
Root crops can be obtained twice. Sow the seeds in the spring, as soon as the snow melts (young turnips are not afraid of small frosts) - and you will eat them in the summer; and plant in July or early August - collect vegetables for winter storage.
The seed will give more active shoots if it is warmed up in very warm water beforehand. The grains are placed on a cloth, rolled up and kept in water at a temperature of 40-50 ° C for about five minutes. Then they are slightly dried and mixed with sand.
Seeds are placed in prepared grooves (up to 4 cm). Half of them are covered with sand, then crushed with ash and spilled well - it is better to use solutions of EM preparations. Since turnip does not like thickening, it will be ideal to patiently plant two or three grains every 10 cm. This is painstaking work, but then there will be no need to thin out several times, which can damage the roots.
The planted seeds are first sprinkled with sand, then with compost composition or loose soil. Then the crops are covered with non-woven material - if we sow early, you can take a film. Two days later, the canvas is removed, and on the third day the first sprouts will hatch. Turnip is a cold-resistant culture, it sprouts even at 2-3 ° C. The best temperature conditions for growing crops are 15-18 ° C.
After emergence of seedlings, they are immediately sprinkled with ash. She will scare off a cruciferous flea, and will serve as a fertilizer. It is better to mulch a bed with turnips, otherwise constant loosening will be required. Hay or straw is used as mulch.
If you think that loosening is a better option for turnips, do not forget to add ash to the soil each time.
Wood ash is considered to be the best fertilizer for these root crops. Therefore, once every two weeks, feed the plants with an ash infusion (for a ten-liter bucket of water about a glass of ash). In the first weeks of growth, when several true leaves appear, you can water the sprouts with herbal infusion. But nothing more! Litter, urea, turnips are not needed. An excess of nitrogen will give root vegetables a bitter and scary look.
Watering is carried out one or two per week based on weather conditions. In order for the turnips to be large and even, the soil must be well moistened and the degree of drying must be monitored. And here mulch will help perfectly, which will retain moisture at the roots.
Harvesting on time is very important, otherwise the roots will become coarse, taste worse and poorly stored. Therefore, save the seed bag where the ripening time is indicated (about 40-60 days).
After digging the roots out of the soil, immediately cut off the tops and only then dry the vegetables in the air. If this is not done, some of the useful elements will go to the tops. This is typical not only for turnips, but also for other root crops.
Strong and healthy turnips are stored well, in the cool of the cellar they will wait for the next harvest without any problems, but only if they remain. After all, a delicious vegetable salad made from fresh turnips will make the whole family forget the road to the clinic and pharmacies and not remember about colds during the cold season.
Seeds turnips are very small in size. So that the seedlings are not too thick, they are mixed with sand. For 1 tsp. seeds add 0.5 cups of fine sifted sand.
Tomatoes, potatoes, onions, cucumbers are good predecessors for turnips. In preparation for planting, natural organic and mineral fertilizers are introduced into the soil (30-40 g of superphosphate, 15-20 g of urea and potassium chloride per 1 m 2). You can sow turnips in early spring and mid-summer.
In the beds, grooves are made at a distance of 12-15 cm from each other. Seeds are embedded in moist soil to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. Seed consumption is 0.2-0.3 g per 1 m 2. Then the grooves are sprinkled with a thin layer of earth.
Turnip care consists of watering, weeding, loosening and feeding. The emerging seedlings are thinned out, leaving the shoots at a distance of 6-8 cm from each other.
Top dressing is done 1-2 times with dry mineral fertilizers or their solutions. When watering once a week, 10 liters of water are consumed per 1 m2. After watering, the soil is loosened carefully so as not to damage the plants.
It is advisable to choose an even and warm area for turnips, without much drafts and shading. Although if you plant a root crop in a place that is convenient for you, this will not affect the harvest especially. The only thing is not to grow turnips in those parts of the garden where cabbage was grown in previous years.
You should choose the right place for planting turnips in the country, prepare the soil
To get early root crops, turnips are planted at the end of April, and maybe at the beginning of May, the main thing is that the soil is already a little warmed up. If turnips are grown for winter storage, planting occurs in early June.
Before planting seeds, the soil should be loosened, but immediately rolled in a little. On the garden bed, you need to make shallow, only 1-2 cm grooves, in rows every 20 cm. Sowing is not very dense, 2 seeds per centimeter. If you got small seeds in general, then sowing can be done with ballast, mixing seeds with sand. After sowing, the beds are mulched with humus, and after a few days they are sprinkled with ash.
Turnip seeds are small, but planting them too thickly is not worth it.
Be careful with early sowing of turnips, as their seedlings can be destroyed by pests!
Famous turnip varieties: Milanskaya, Petrovskaya-1, Namangan, White night, Geisha, White ball, Golden ball, Moon, Comet, Orbit, Snezhok, Snegurochka, May red-headed, Solovetskaya.
Harsh or bitter taste.
This can be due to hot, dry weather conditions or aging of root crops. The next time, mulch the crops better and harvest the turnips until the roots are still small.
Woody or porous turnip.
Poor condition of root crops is associated with hot, dry weather or deficiency of phosphorus and potassium. It is not feasible to change the weather, but you can try to plant turnips in the fall. Try green sandstone to compensate for nutrient deficiencies and mulching material to keep the soil moist and cool.
Moves in root crops.
The cabbage fly larva eats holes in root crops, making them vulnerable to disease. Remove plants that are affected. Cover the plants with a protective film in the future. It is allowed to avoid the presence of caterpillars in the ground by irrigating the land around each individual plant with lime water. To prepare the composition, it is necessary to stir well one cup of lime in one liter of water and let the suspension settle for a couple of hours before use.
Roots turn black.
The reasons for this may be different, including the lack of boron, turn black. Ensure pH is 6.0-8.0, use foliar dressing and improve soil quality by planting ground cover clover. If the plants are sick, destroy them (both roots and greens). Make new plantings in another part of the garden.
Turnip grows unsatisfactorily if its embeddings are thickened or if there is not enough water for it. She doesn't like heavy earth. The next time, plant turnips at a large, letting distance from each other in loose, any treated and filled with organic fertilizers soil and systematically water it.
If the turnip withers in moist soil, pull out a couple of root crops. If they are deformed or enlarged, with swelling in the form of bumps, the root cause is the keel. The fungus that spawns it prefers acidic soil. Keep an eye on the sanitary condition of the garden and alternate plantings.
It is not recommended to grow the cruciferous family for seven years on the garden plot where the keela was found!
If the soil is fertile, then it will not need special fertilizing. One has only to add slurry and boric acid (0.1% solution) to nourish the plants.
Ash can also be added to the soil, which is done after watering the plants in the garden.
It is important not only to cultivate the soil, but also to apply special fertilizers in a timely manner.
How are turnips grown? How to care for turnips in the country?
Turnip not very demanding on the soil, but grows better on light, fertile sandy loam soils. In autumn, 4-6 kg / m 2 of organic fertilizers and mineral fertilizers are applied under the turnip: ammonium nitrate and superphosphate — 15 g / m 2 each and 20 g / m 2 potassium sulfate each. Wood ash has a good effect on the growth and development of turnip. It neutralizes acidity and provides plants with potassium and trace elements. Ash is brought in in the spring for digging at the rate of 100-150 g / m 2.
Turnip sown in early spring on ridges with a distance between rows of 40 cm, the sowing rate is 0.2-0.3 g / m 2. After the emergence of seedlings, they are thinned out, leaving 8-10 cm between the plants. Care consists in loosening and watering. Overdrying leads to the formation of small, tough roots with a bitter taste. Harvesting is carried out as the root crop grows. Turnip roots can be eaten when they reach 5-6 cm in diameter.