Read the first part of the article: Growing sea buckthorn in the Northwest region
It is planted in early spring in April or May. They do not prepare deep planting holes for it, they just dig the soil onto the bayonet of a shovel on an area of 1x1m. A bucket of humus is added to loams or clay and two buckets of coarse sand under each plant are added and dug together with the soil.
For planting, it is best to take one-year-old seedlings about 40 cm high. They are planted at a distance of 1.5-2 m from each other. A shallow hole is made in the dug soil, the roots are spread in it and covered with sand. Water and add a small layer of soil (10-12 cm) on top. The root collar is buried into the soil by 3-5 cm when planting, since sea buckthorn is capable of giving adventitious roots from the trunk. Care consists in regular watering.
Sea buckthorn easily tolerates transplants for the first two years, but after three years of age it should not be transplanted. For the first three to four years, the aboveground part practically does not grow, but the root system grows rapidly, and as soon as it develops well, in one summer the aboveground part will grow up to a meter or more in height and at the end of summer it will lay flower buds. The plants will give their first harvest next year.
Fruiting plants are fed with phosphorus and potassium once a summer at the time of ovary growth (2 tablespoons of double granular superphosphate and 1 tablespoon of chlorine-free potassium, diluted in 10 liters of water, add 2 teaspoons of uniflor-micro and poured under one plant) ... Instead of these fertilizers, you can apply once every three years one tablespoon without top of AVA fertilizer, which is embedded in the topsoil along the perimeter of the crown of each sea buckthorn.
The easiest way to propagate it is by basal offspring. One of them should be taken, which is at a distance of at least two meters from the trunk, so as not to cause great harm to the root system of the mother plant. With a shovel placed across the direction of the line the offspring - the mother plant, cut the root from the side of the adult tree. Then they dig up the entire severed root, take it out of the soil together with the offspring and transplant it to a prepared place, slightly shortening the root. Since the offspring immediately has its own well-developed root system, it blooms in the second year.
Sea buckthorn is well cut, and most often it is propagated in this way. In early May, you can cut cuttings from last year's growths with a length and thickness of a pencil. And you can cuttings with green cuttings taken from the growth of the current year in early August. The lower cut is made obliquely, and the upper cut is made straight. The leaves are removed from the cuttings and placed in an oblique cut for 5 days in a root solution or in plain water. After that, the lower obliquely cut end is inserted into a layer of sand poured onto a fertile soil layer. The cuttings are planted obliquely, watered well and covered with jars or halves of plastic bottles. You can install arcs and stretch the film over them. The main thing is that the cuttings are in the shade. Two or three times a day, the shelter is raised without touching the cuttings, the plants are sprayed and the soil is moistened.
As soon as new leaves appeared, the stalk took root, the shelter above it can be removed. It is left to winter in a cuticle until spring without any shelter, and in May it is transplanted into place. Sea buckthorn can be propagated by layering. To do this, one of the lower branches is bent to the ground, pinned, poured wet soil onto the pinned place and covered with a film so that this soil does not dry out. The end of the branch lies freely on the ground, it is not shortened.
The branch should be rooted no closer than a meter from the trunk of the mother plant, so as not to damage its roots. This is done in the spring, and after a year the plants are transplanted, separating part of the branch from the mother trunk. Such a plant blooms in the year of transplantation.
There is no point in propagating sea buckthorn by seeds, because the variety splits in the offspring and, as a rule, the seedlings do not inherit the parental properties. About 60% of the seedlings turn out to be wild birds with highly developed thorns.
Sea buckthorn has practically no pests. Shoot aphids occasionally attack in early summer. She also has no diseases, except for one incurable disease, which is called wilt (verticillary wilting). Unfortunately, in our North-West, wilt is quite common. The disease manifests itself in the wilting of berries. They shrivel, become sour and dry out. A branch with such berries must be cut into a ring (at the very trunk, without touching the trunk tissue and without leaving a hemp from the branch). If in subsequent years such branches appear, then it is necessary to cut the tree down to the very root, and even better uproot it and burn it.
Dar Katun and Golden Cob are the most winter-hardy varieties. They give a good harvest, but the berries are quite small, with a wet separation. The varieties of Altai selection Abilnaya, Excellent, Chuiskaya, Oranzhevaya have tasty, large berries with a long stalk, but, unfortunately, they are less winter-hardy and not resistant to wilt. Sea buckthorn variety Vitaminnaya is not resistant to wilt, has medium-sized berries, rather sour, wet separation. The advantage is that it is an early variety.
The largest berries with a dry separation are of the medium-ripening variety Velikan. But it is not wilt resistant. Variety Popular, medium ripening, resistant to wilt, its berries with a wet separation of medium size. Vorobievskaya and Botanicheskaya - varieties created in the Botanical Garden of Moscow State University, have large berries of good taste on a long stem with a dry separation, quite resistant to wilt.
There is a variety of sea buckthorn without thorns, created in Gorky. It is called Shcherbinka. Unfortunately, this variety is completely unsuitable for the climatic conditions of the Northwest. It is mainly used for breeding purposes because of its mediocre taste and small size. For the North-West of Russia, the most suitable varieties are: Botanical Amateur, Gift Garden, Trofimovskaya, Chuiskaya, Moscow Pineapple, Nivelena, Perchik Hybrid, Alei, Olive, Abundant, Otradnaya, Dar Katun, Golden Cob.
Sea buckthorn berries are extremely useful. They contain a complete set of vitamins, almost all organic acids and a large amount of biologically active substances. From the mass left after tea, you can make lotions and poultices for articular rheumatism and gout.
Jelly and juice from sea buckthorn berries keep fresh until spring all the vitamins and nutrients with tonic properties, so it is advisable to use juice and jelly in the morning. Sea buckthorn is very useful for fatigue, vitamin deficiency, low pressure, especially in spring.
It is recommended to wash your hair with a decoction of branches together with leaves in case of baldness and severe hair loss. Decoction of seeds is a good laxative.
The oil is used to heal wounds, ulcers, burns, frostbite, with a runny nose and tracheitis. Sea buckthorn oil regenerates tissues, including liver tissue, in particular, after alcohol intoxication. In addition, sea buckthorn oil regulates fat metabolism, reduces the amount of cholesterol in the blood, and prevents the development of atherosclerosis.
And, as mentioned above, sea buckthorn juice and oil inhibit the growth of tumors, including malignant ones. However, there are also contraindications. Juice and berries should not be consumed by people with stomach ulcers or gastritis with high acidity. These restrictions do not apply to sea buckthorn oil.
G. Kizima, gardener
Summer residents often refuse to grow a healing shrub, famous for its unique medicinal properties. Having planted a twig taken from neighbors, and having grown a wild-growing variety, they are disappointed in it.
Excessive "thorniness" of the branches, an excessive amount of overgrowth, which is difficult to deal with on the site, repels. Cultivation would be greatly simplified if a varietal zoned crop was initially selected.
Breeders working to improve the properties of sea buckthorn have long bred not such thorny varieties, the care of which is much easier.
There are two known types of sea buckthorn: willow (common in China, India, Bhutan), and buckthorn (grown in European countries). There are a lot of varieties. All varieties are not capricious to growing conditions, slightly susceptible to diseases, picky to care for.
Treelike shrubs bear fruit, mainly from August to September. The timing is different, depending on the area of growth of the plant. They differ in shape (tree or bush, which depends on the formation in the initial period of culture development), height, color of berries.
Among the well-proven and popular varieties, we present the best.
Medium-yielding table variety of sea buckthorn. The berries are orange in color, have a sweet and sour taste, reaching a weight of 1 g. Low shrub - up to 2.5 meters in height. Spines are not very pronounced.
The Chuiskaya tree grows up to 4 meters tall. Berries are orange, sweet, weighing up to 1 g. Small thorns on the shoots.
The tree is not tall. The berries are reddish, sweet, with sourness. They have an increased content of carotenides, as evidenced by the color of the berries. Resistant to infectious diseases.
The culture originally grew in southern latitudes, on the seashore. Loves the sun, lack of lighting can lead to the death of the plant. In addition, most of the berries are formed on the tops of the shoots, since they are better illuminated.
Therefore, for planting, they choose a sunny, windless, tree-free side of the site.
The best time to plant sea buckthorn is spring (late March-early April) for a number of reasons:
Most summer residents find it difficult to plant trees in early spring.
An autumn planting is also possible, the time for which is better limited to the beginning of October.
Planting work should take place at a temperature not lower than plus 4 degrees. They are planted when the leaves have already fallen.
What to do if planting time is missed in autumn? In such cases, at the highest point of the site, a ditch about half a meter deep is dug out, the plant is placed in it with its crown to the south and sprinkled with earth, leaving the tops of the branches outside, watered abundantly, covered with branches, spruce branches to protect against rodents.
Please note that the seedlings should not be intertwined with roots during the process. After a snowfall, snow is poured onto the moat and the cover is compacted. So the planting material is stored until a suitable period.
The best conditions for the growth of shrubs are sandy loam soil, neutral loam, alkaline soil.
What if the soil is heavy or acidic?
Despite the fact that the plant loves moisture, excessive waterlogging is also not welcome. The occurrence of groundwater in the selected area should be at least 2-3 meters. A drainage system is organized on wet soil.
On sandy soils, when moisture is quickly absorbed, the high roots of the plant will feel a lack of moisture. When planting, they improve the structure of the soil.
Carefully choose a seedling for planting.
They apply to well-known, proven nurseries.
When choosing planting material, they are guided by factors:
Before planting, the foliage is removed from the seedling (applies to the autumn procedure) or part.
Immerse the root system in a clay mash. The roots are immersed in water for 2-3 hours.
A shrub with fragile roots is planted immediately in a permanent place. Experienced gardeners recommend paying attention to some of the features of planting a plant:
The root collar during planting is not below ground level.
The landing pit is prepared one month before the procedure. The distance between the seedlings is at least 2.5 meters. From the border of the site 2 meters, from buildings 3 meters.
The size of the pit is approximately 40x40 cm, depending on the branching of the roots of the seedling. Depth 40 cm. A 10 cm drainage layer is placed at the bottom.
Landing is performed in this order:
Experts do not recommend adding nitrogen fertilizers and lime into the pit: they cause burns to the roots. When planting in autumn, organic matter is not used, since it can weaken the plant's ability to resist, damage the roots.
Mulching is carried out with peat, sawdust to retain moisture.
Agrotechnics of caring for new plantings of sea buckthorn includes watering, pruning, loosening and weeding, mulching, fertilizing, and protection from pests.
Gardeners carry out pest control with biological agents, as well as with the help of traps, taking into account the special medicinal value of the plant. The use of chemicals is undesirable.
After planting, before winter, the plant is carefully covered: spruce branches, blankets, film, paper are used. The tree is tied to a peg so that it does not break under the pressure of the wind.
Initially, sea buckthorn grew near the sea coast, reservoirs. He loves moisture very much. Watering is carried out systematically, but without excessive waterlogging of the soil. With a lack of moisture in the plant, leaves and ovary begin to fall off.
It is especially regularly watered during flowering, ovary formation, fruit growth, and after harvest.
During a dry summer, 3-4 buckets are poured under the bush, during fruiting 4-5.
Loosening is performed after watering and rains. It should not be deep, since the roots are located close to the ground (7 cm). Avoid digging.
When the roots are exposed, they are immediately covered with earth and peat.
In the first year of development, the culture is not fed. Then top dressing is applied every year in the spring: compost, humus - organic fertilizers in a bucket to the near-stem area. In the second half of the growing season, top dressing is applied, which consists of components, based on a bucket of water:
Sea buckthorn does not tolerate pruning. The procedure begins after two years of life, when the shrub has taken root well. Pruning is done in early spring before bud break or in late autumn when the growing season is over and the leaves fall off. Some professionals recommend summer pruning.
Consider the advice of professionals:
Root shoots are systematically removed closer to the root and deep in the ground.
The fruits of the culture ripen in late August - early September. They do not fall off, they can hold out until frost. Therefore, the collection period can be chosen, focusing on the weather and the free time of summer residents. When fully ripe, the berries are well separated in early October.
In the period of maturity, the fruits acquire a rich color.
Ripe berries are not hard, but not too soft, sweet and sour.
Collect them in the morning or evening. Before harvesting, experts advise to wash the branches.
For the most efficient berry picking, a box on a belt with a bottom made of solid plywood is used.
Adjust the length of the strap to suit your height so that the tray is at the lumbar level.
A metal scraper bent from a wire is used for collection. It is twisted like a spring for a wooden clothespin. Using a scraper, holding a twig with one hand, scrape the berries into the tray. To protect against juice, use rubber gloves, an apron.
Please note: during the ripening period of the crop, birds begin to take an interest in berries. Cover the plant with a net to keep out birds.
Weeds are harvested regularly, especially in the early days after planting. Not getting enough light and nourishment, a tree overgrown with weeds can die. Combine weeding with loosening.
You can reduce the amount of weeding by covering the trunk circle with dark plastic wrap. Remove it from time to time to control moisture stagnation.
An adult plant is not transplanted, since the roots are significantly damaged and there is a high risk of death of the tree. If it is necessary to transplant, the procedure is done at the age of 2-3 years.
The transplanting process is no different from simply planting a seedling.
Sea buckthorn is attractive for many characteristics. In addition to the therapeutic effect, the planted tree during the fruiting period looks attractive and has decorative value in the design of the architectural ensemble of the site. Summer residents form a small tree or shrub of their choice. Pickyness to care, resistance to pests play an important role in the choice of this crop for planting on the site.
In addition to the therapeutic effect, the planted tree during the fruiting period looks attractive and has decorative value in the design of the architectural ensemble of the site.
Summer residents form a small tree or shrub of their choice. Pickyness to care, resistance to pests play an important role in the choice of this crop for planting on the site.
The shrub, like all fruit, reproduces in several ways:
Seed propagation may not even be difficult. But one interesting fact must be taken into account, with this type of reproduction, varietal qualities are preserved only in males, and wild animals grow out of females.
Reproduction by green cuttings is the simplest and most effective. In the middle of summer, in June, green shoots-cuttings of 15 cm are cut. The lower leaves are removed and placed in the root preparation for half an hour. A greenhouse is prepared in advance with fertile soil, consisting of sand, garden soil and peat, in a ratio of 1 to 1.
There, the cuttings are buried in and the growing of planting material begins. The greenhouse should always be warm, about 28 degrees, and humid. Constant watering and spraying and the first roots will appear soon. Then the entire "kindergarten" needs to be fertilized with a complex mineral fertilizer.
From this moment, it will be possible to open the greenhouse for a while, so that the shoots are hardened. And after two months, you can completely remove the shelter, the cuttings are already quite strong. In the fall, they are fertilized with potassium-phosphorus fertilizers, they are well shed before winter. And in the spring, ready-made seedlings are planted in a permanent place.
Propagation by woody cuttings is also common among gardeners. Shoots for this method are cut in late autumn and buried in the snow to prevent the buds from waking up during a thaw.
In the spring, cuttings of 15 cm are cut from the shoots. They need to be put in water for a couple of weeks, so that the buds and roots appear a little. Then they are planted in a greenhouse in fertile soil of garden soil, sand and peat. They are planted straight, not at an angle, to a depth of 15 cm. There should be one internode on top.
The greenhouse is constantly high temperature and humidity. The cuttings must be constantly watered, you can mulch them with humus.
Grown up to half a meter can be safely planted in a permanent place.
Root propagation is usually not practiced in cases of sea buckthorn. So the berry loses all its qualities of the variety.
Reproduction by grafting is possible. Sometimes some gardeners who do not want to plant a male tree plant it on a female tree.
In September-October, golden berries begin to ripen. Harvesting is always a problem. Unripe berries come off and some of them remain on the stalk. Therefore, check that the berries are ripe completely. You can cut off the branches with berries and then wash and pick them right at home with the branches. Some cover the canvas around the bush and shake off the crop.
The shrub is usually susceptible to attacks of fungal diseases:
Treatment of shrubs with a Bordeaux mixture, after flowering and in mid-June, helps well from all these diseases.
Of the pests, damage is caused by aphids, sea buckthorn fly and sea buckthorn moth. Here folk remedies come to the rescue, spraying with a solution of laundry soap, infusion of garlic and onion peels.
Birds also like to feast on berries, magpies sometimes manage to pluck the whole bush. In such cases, the bushes are tied with tulle or fine netting.
Breeders delight gardeners by breeding zoned varieties with good taste. Some of the most popular varieties:
Sea buckthorn, planting and care, video
What is sea buckthorn, planting and caring for it, breeding features - I will tell you about all this in this article. The valuable medicinal qualities of this culture are known all over the world today. It is grown, cultivated, on its basis medical and cosmetic preparations, as well as all kinds of culinary delights are made. All parts of sea buckthorn have medicinal value and are used in folk and official medicine. Depending on the place of "residence" and on the attention given to it, sea buckthorn can be a low spreading shrub or a powerful tall tree.
Where does sea buckthorn grow? In the wild, it grows on rocky and sandy soils, in river valleys, near streams, reservoirs, on the seashore. Because of this, it is often called sea thorn, sandy berry, dune thorn. This culture is widespread throughout the world, it is a representative of the sucker family. To date, through the efforts of breeders, many of its varieties have been bred.
Where sea buckthorn grows in the wild, photo:
In our domestic open spaces, its name is explained quite simply - the branches of the tree are abundantly strewn, covered with bright orange fruits from all sides. The leaves are narrow, elongated, of a bluish tint, the flowers are so inconspicuous that at first glance they can be easily mistaken for leaves. As already mentioned, depending on the variety, the sea buckthorn can be undersized or tall.
When does sea buckthorn bloom? By the very beginning of May or closer to its middle, small short brushes bloom on the branches, each of them has 3-5 small yellowish flowers. Flowers bloom first, leaves follow.
Here it is necessary to mention one feature of sea buckthorn - only female representatives bloom, on male trees there are stamens collected in a bunch. These stamens contain pollen, which is easily carried by the wind to the female inflorescences, as a result of which pollination occurs. If you slightly disturb the flowering male branch, you can see a cloud of this very pollen. Sea buckthorn flowers have no aroma, therefore they do not attract bees.
To get a good harvest, it is imperative to plant male and female trees together. Fruits are produced only by female plants, male plants are only pollinators. For pollination, sometimes one male representative is enough, which can grow at a considerable distance (up to 50 meters) from female specimens. Windy weather favors the process.
Sea buckthorn female and male - their difference is that a male tree can grow even from a wild growth, but the female one must certainly have a "cultural" origin. As mentioned above, the floor of a tree is determined by the appearance of the buds. The male variety is easiest to identify in spring or autumn, while the female can be easily identified in summer when the tree is in bloom and fruiting. Female kidneys are much smaller than male ones, covered with a pair of scales. Male buds are larger, voluminous, have from 5 to 7 covering scales.
The male sex of the sea buckthorn is on the right, the female is on the left, photo:
Branch of a male plant in spring
Branch of a female plant in spring
When does sea buckthorn ripen? From the last weeks of August to early October, depending on the climate in the growing region. However, there are some nuances here: the collection time depends on the purpose for which you need the berries. For freezing or eating fresh sea buckthorn, the fruits should be harvested at the very beginning of their ripening (late calendar summer-early autumn). By this time, they are already saturated with vitamins, but they are hard enough to the touch, do not ooze juice. If the berries are needed to obtain oil, make all kinds of jams, jams, sauces, then you need to wait until they are fully ripe. Ripe fruits are filled with juice, slightly soft.
This task is quite difficult, the process can be traumatic due to the sharp thorns that cover the branches. Sea buckthorn has rather short stalks, and ripe berries are soft to the touch, easily wrinkled under the fingers. Plus, the juice of the fruit is very acidic and can irritate the skin of the hands with prolonged contact. What to do in this case?
There are radical methods in which the branches are pruned along with the fruits, but this is quite cruel in relation to the tree. Experienced gardeners have found a way out of this situation. To begin with, before harvesting, put on those clothes that you will not mind getting dirty, and this will inevitably happen. The second rule - you need to collect fruits from the top of the branch towards the bottom.
The method of collecting sea buckthorn "cobra" is the most acceptable, less traumatic. You can also wait for the first frost, spread a cloth or a piece of polyethylene under the tree, then arm yourself with a heavy stick and attack the trunk with branches with it. Frozen fruits will separate from the blows from the branches and fall on the prepared blanket. Decide for yourself - how it will be more convenient for you.
Watch a few videos, maybe you will use ideas, picking berries with devices that are easy to do yourself, with your own hands.
Before planting, you need to decide on the variety - the selected species must be adapted to the climate of your region. It is best to purchase sea buckthorn seedlings in proven places, for example, in fruit tree nurseries or in horticultural institutes. Additionally, you will be sure of the purity of the variety. It should be borne in mind that this culture has a very short dormant period, so that the tree does not "wake up" in the middle of winter, choose those varieties that are designed for growing in your area.
Sea buckthorn can be planted with the arrival of spring or autumn, but it is preferable to do this in early spring - this way it will take root better. If you plant a tree in the fall, then a sudden winter warming can trigger its awakening. When choosing a place, give preference to areas near buildings, paths - away from areas where active gardening is in full swing.
The fact is that sea buckthorn has cordlike roots, which are located in the upper layers of the soil (about 50 cm).They are quite long, they can diverge to the sides for a distance of more than 10 meters. Thus, the roots can be damaged when digging, they are very sensitive, so even with the slightest injury, the sea buckthorn can get sick. In general, it is not recommended to dig the soil near this tree, even if you do it carefully. Digging provokes the appearance of overgrowth, especially in the places of the "affected" roots. Lightly loosening with a hoe will be sufficient. For this light-loving culture, choose open, unshaded places.
Even in the fall, do not be too lazy to add sand with humus, mixed in equal amounts (2 kg / 1 m² or for each hole) to the agreed place, phosphorus-potassium supplements are also relevant. If there are several trees, then the distance between them should be about 2-3 meters. There must be a male sea buckthorn (for pollination). As mentioned above, 1 male specimen is enough for 5-6 female trees. The process itself is no different from planting other fruit representatives: the hole should be about 70 × 70 × 70 cm, at the bottom you need to form a small hill, carefully spread the roots along its slopes. After that, the pit is covered with soil just above the root collar, after its shrinkage, the collar should be flush with the soil level. After planting, a wide hole is formed around the tree, which must be filled with water in the amount of about two buckets.
Caring for seedlings consists in regular watering, you should know that sea buckthorn is a moisture-loving culture. When the seedling gets stronger and becomes a tree, then it no longer needs to be watered too often, only during a drought. It makes no sense to add top dressing to the trunk circle, because the cord-like root system of the tree diverges to the sides and stretches for many meters. When sea buckthorn begins to bear fruit, it can be fed with organic and mineral fertilizers, once every 3 years (4-5 kg of humus per 1 m², 20-30 potassium-phosphorus supplements).
You should also carefully remove the weeds in the area of the trunk circle, do not loosen the ground too actively (without going deeper than 7-10 cm). Pruning branches and forming the crown is best done in the spring, while the buds have not yet blossomed. After the sea buckthorn tree turns 8 years old, you can practice rejuvenating pruning - remove old branches, giving preference to three-year-old shoots. Dried, frozen, diseased fragments must also be removed.
The process is carried out using cuttings, shoots and seeds. It is impractical to describe the seed method in detail, since this method takes too much time. The resulting plants do not inherit the varietal qualities of the mother tree, most often the result is "wild". Often, sea buckthorn is propagated by seeds in laboratory conditions to obtain new varieties, hybrids.
During coppice propagation, the young sea buckthorn inherits all the features of the main tree. Selected representatives are regularly watered in spring and especially in summer, with the arrival of new spring, the shoot is carefully cut off with a small fragment of the root, and then planted in a separate place of residence.
How to propagate sea buckthorn by layering? It is necessary to select those branches that are closest to the ground. In the spring, near these branches, small depressions are made in the soil (about 10 cm), the branches are bent and pinned to the ground with wire brackets. When these branches give shoots, the pinned place is covered with soil. The next year, again, with the arrival of spring, they are dug up, cut off with a secateurs and transferred to their permanent residence or growing.
The most high-quality and productive breeding method is the cuttings method. Cutting sea buckthorn is no different from cutting other fruit trees - everything happens in a similar way. Around the middle of summer, cut off a beautiful and strong stalk (about 15-20 cm in length), pinch off the three lower leaves, treat the cut with Kornevin (optional), bury the end of the stalk in nutrient soil, substrate or wet vermiculite. A mixture of clean river sand, fertile soil and peat is perfect. Cover the top with a plastic transparent glass to make something like a greenhouse.
In the room where cuttings germinate, the air temperature should be approximately +26 .. + 28 ° С. Young livestock should be regularly watered, irrigated with a spray bottle, periodically ventilated (raise the glass). After about 8 weeks, the coating is removed, the stalk is fed with potassium-phosphorus additives. The cover is no longer used, the seedling is watered and waiting for a new spring, When it gets stronger, it is transferred to a permanent place of growth.
Sometimes on garden forums you can come across such a question - why doesn't sea buckthorn bear fruit? The answer is actually simple: sea buckthorn is a dioecious crop; to obtain fruits, the presence of male and female specimens is mandatory in the same area. If you have only "girls" growing, then they will not bear fruit, the "boys" do not bear fruit at all, but are only pollinators. To solve the problem in the spring, you can plant a couple of shrubs of the opposite sex on the site. It is best to choose the cultivated male varieties "Alei" or "Gnome". Just in case, it is better to immediately plant two male trees, suddenly one will die or freeze in winter. Grafting also gives good results - you can take several branches from a healthy tree of the opposite sex (for example, from a neighbor in the country) and graft them on your sea buckthorn with the arrival of spring.
To get a good harvest, large and juicy berries, choose only the best varieties that are adapted to growing in your area. Take cuttings from a "proven" tree or purchase from a nursery with good recommendations. High-quality sea buckthorn berries are always large, have a pleasant taste, juicy, do not burst in the hands, abundantly cover the branches of the tree.
The universal variety Moskovskaya Krasavitsa has an average yield, the shrub grows up to two and a half meters, from mid-summer to early autumn it bears fruit with large (up to 10 g) juicy berries.
Chuiskaya sea buckthorn is characterized by a sweeter taste, the branches of the tree are not too densely covered with thorns, the thorns themselves are not long, the size of the fruits is slightly smaller than that of the Moscow Beauty, but larger than average.
Sea buckthorn Krasnoplodnaya has reddish berries, which becomes clear from the name, is resistant to diseases, is distinguished by its vitality and unpretentiousness.
Sea buckthorn Elizabeth belongs to the classic varieties, bears fruit abundantly, the berries have a pleasant sweetish taste, large size. It is a very winter-hardy variety, resistant to diseases, ripens a little later than other species, reaches medium size.
Botanical sea buckthorn is more convenient to collect, since its stalk is slightly longer than that of other species. To obtain valuable sea buckthorn oil, this particular species is most often grown. The Giant variety fully justifies its name, the tree grows up to 3-4 meters in height, the fruits are large in size, and the branches are practically not covered with thorns. The giant is winter-hardy, the berries ripen by September.
Lyubimaya sea buckthorn is another common cultivar in our open spaces. It is distinguished by large sweet berries on long stalks, it is easy to pick, it does not wrinkle under the fingers, the bushes are rather sparse, which optimizes the harvesting process (it is easy to get to the berries). This variety is winter-hardy, unpretentious, bears fruit abundantly.
In addition to its medicinal value, this culture can act as an element of landscape design on your site. Its long, rope-like roots hold the soil well. With its help, you can form a hedge, and in the company with the rest of the shrubs, it will look very harmonious. From whatever side you look, everyone is good with sea buckthorn - planting and caring for it will not be a burden for you, since it is unpretentious, incredibly useful and, plus everything else, looks beautiful on the site.
You can write about the benefits of this berry endlessly, it contains vitamins, microelements, acids, useful sugars necessary for the body. If you already have sea buckthorn on your site, then this is good, but it is also important to know what care and planting it needs in order to harvest a large harvest of useful berries. And make a delicious compote from these berries, cook aromatic jam, but sea buckthorn oil is of particular value.
Sea buckthorn is a long-liver in your area, since the shrub lives for about 20 years. The root system is designed so that its nodules are able to assimilate nitrogen directly from the air. Sea buckthorn is a wind-pollinated dioecious plant.
This shrub has two genders: male and female. And only females are able to give a high yield. On male bushes, fruits are not formed, but the pollen of male flowers participates in pollination of female flowers.
The male bush is distinguished from the female by the kidneys: the buds on the male shrub are several times larger and consist of 5-7 scales (female buds have only 2 scales). Good soil for planting sea buckthorn is neutral. Favorable time for planting is spring and autumn.
Pits are pre-dug to a depth of 50 cm. The dug soil is mixed with humus or peat, and mineral fertilizers (superphosphate and potassium sulfate, two tablespoons each) are added.
The resulting mixture must be poured back into the pit and poured with a solution of dolomite flour, and covered with earth from above. When planting sea buckthorn seedlings, you need to make sure that the root collar is deepened by 5-6 cm. mulch (peat, humus).
For 4 female bushes take one male. Saplings are planted from each other at a distance of 2 meters.
When growing sea buckthorn, care is very simple. It is important to regularly remove dried shoots, root shoots. In addition, caring for sea buckthorn consists in regular loosening, weeding, feeding and watering.
It is important to monitor soil moisture.Sea buckthorn loves rain watering, especially in hot weather.When growing sea buckthorn, you should also remember about feeding. 4 foliar dressings are made per season.
The first feeding is carried out in the spring, when the leaves begin to bloom. A special preparation is used (you can buy it at a flower shop). The second dressing is done at the beginning of flowering with a solution of "Potassium humate". The third and fourth dressings are carried out after flowering with an interval of 20 days with a solution of "Effecton" or "Sodium humate".
Caring for young seedlings consists in cutting off the top. It is necessary to cut off the top so that the crown of the sea buckthorn begins to develop faster. In subsequent years, pruning is carried out every year before bud break, removing all excess, damaged and dried branches.
And it is also necessary to completely cut off the root shoots. Rejuvenating pruning is carried out after about 8 years (when fruiting decreases). All branches with three-year-old wood should be cut from the bushes.Similar articles
The most accessible source of natural vitamins is berries and fruits, but in terms of their quantitative and qualitative composition, none of the fruit and berry crops can be compared with sea buckthorn, and none has received such an eloquent synonym - the pantry of the sun. This nondescript Siberian berry contains the entire vitamin alphabet, it is the absolute leader in the amount of biologically active substances and microelements, healing oils and organic acids.
The plant belongs to the Lokhovye family, in Siberia, in Central Asia, the European part of the continent, the sea buckthorn species Krushinovaya grows. This is a berry shrub, but often it is grown in one trunk, forming a tree, or grafted onto a bole. The standard height is 2.5–3 m, without pruning it can grow up to 6 m. The crown is branched, reaches 4–5 m in diameter, gives an active summer growth - from the buds located closer to the top of the branch, a whorl of young shoots is formed, ending in thorns ... One of the areas of breeding is the development of varieties of sea buckthorn without thorns, and experts have succeeded a lot in this.
One of the biological features of the plant is fruiting exclusively on the shoots of the second year of vegetation. After the return of the crop, the branch is bare, and vegetative and generative growth moves closer to its edge. If the plant is not regularly pruned, then gradually the entire crop will be on top.
The second important characteristic is the dioeciousness of the bush. Only female trees are capable of fruiting, but in order for them to be pollinated, at least one male sea buckthorn variety is planted on several specimens. Pollinating varieties bloom beautifully, they can be distinguished for 3-4 years by their larger scaly buds. The pollen is very fine, carried by the wind.
The third feature is the ability of the root system to assimilate atmospheric nitrogen, which allows the plant to successfully survive even on depleted soils. This is possible due to the superficial location of the roots and the formation of numerous growths on them - nodules.
Sea buckthorn blooms in May, forming inflorescences in the form of short brushes. As the berries grow, they stick very tightly to the twig, resembling an ear of corn. They can be different in shape - round, ovoid, elongated, similar to a barrel, in color - in all shades of orange. Berries ripen depending on the variety - from August to October.
Note! On sale there are combined sea buckthorn plants - this is when a female variety is grafted onto a male specimen. Such a shrub consists of branches with a feminine and masculine principle, bears fruit well, gives larger fruits.
Now that you are sure that the ground you have prepared is suitable for a rose, we move on to the most important moment.
Incorrectly prepared cuttings will not be accepted
An improperly prepared cutting will never take root or take root. If you want to get a positive result, there are a few things you need to know.
Cuttings must be saturated with moisture
Now let's move on to the preparation itself.
Take a flower and cut off the bottom of its stem.
Remove the leaves from the cut stem
Divide the long part of the flower into two parts.
Remove excess leaves from the middle of the stem.
Cut off the bud at the most important part of the flower.
And cut off the leaves as well.
Place the prepared cuttings in a container with distilled water.
It is best to prepare several cuttings at once. This will avoid the possibility that some of them will not be accepted.
In 2012, a series of thick-walled varieties created by the specialists of the Aelita company was added to the “sweet pepper” section of the State Register of the Russian Federation. This list includes Big Boy, which is also often referred to as the "Big Boy". This article will acquaint the reader with the properties of this vegetable and the principles of its cultivation.A brief description of the opinions of farmers, presented in the final part of the material, will allow you to compare the declared qualities of the vegetable with real results.
The berries begin to ripen in the 3rd year after planting the tree. They are round in shape, but slightly flattened, because there is an oval bone inside. It is easily separated from the juicy sweet pulp with a slight tinge of sourness. According to the tasters, the taste of Rosinka cherries deserves an assessment of 4.6 points. The color of the berries is dark red, even burgundy. They are large in size: each weighs about 5-6 g.
Advice. The harvest of the Vocation variety can be used in any way: eat delicious fresh berries, preserve - cook compotes, jam, juices, freeze for the winter.
From one tree that has reached 10 years of age, you can pick up to 25-30 kg of berries annually. Of course, this is only possible if the growing conditions and care rules are observed. They cannot be called specific, but you still need to remember the main features:
In addition, every 3 years the tree needs preventive autumn pruning. By rejuvenating the branches, you can further increase the rich harvest of the Calling in the next season.