Evergreen jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides)


Exposure and terrain

We are talking about a climber that loves being in places in direct contact with the sun's rays, in addition to the fact that it also needs a substrate particularly rich in organic substance, particularly soft and well drained.

Either way, it exhibits better growth when grown in traditional garden soil.


Watering

Irrigation must be done according to a constant and moderate pattern: in particular, it is the younger evergreen Jasmine plants that need the most watering.

It is also essential to wait for the soil to dry completely between one watering and the next.

The water needs of plants that have been cultivated for several years now, can be met even with rainwater alone: ​​in fact, they need to receive regular watering only in the event of prolonged periods of drought.


Flowering

This phase occurs during the summer season, especially in the period between June and July.

Once the flowering has finished, it is advisable to clean the entire plant of all those inflorescences that have withered.


Multiplication

This practice can only be done by cutting.

Going into more detail, following the flowering phase, in the period between July and August, cuttings of a length of at least ten centimeters are extracted from the most important branches.

These cuttings will then have to be planted inside a soil formed by sand and peat, always in one of the multiplication boxes that we can find in most garden centers.

Inside these containers, the extracted cuttings must be kept for a period at least equal to the entire winter season.

After rooting has taken place, it is essential to transfer the seedlings into pots that have a diameter of at least ten centimeters.

Of course, it will be necessary to wait for the spring season to arrive before planting the seedlings in an open place.

During the period between April and May, the advice is to carry out all those pruning operations that prove necessary, especially by shortening those branches that denote the greatest vigor.


Evergreen jasmine (Trachelospermum jasminoides): pests and diseases

This species of climbers is attacked very frequently by scale insects, but it is also quite easy to be affected by aphids as well.

The latter are notoriously annoying parasites, which have a typical color that varies from white to yellowish: in the case in which the plant of evergreen jasmine has been hit by one of their attacks, it is always useful to apply pesticides.

In the event that the soil in which the climbing plant is planted proves to be particularly humid, there is also the possibility that the shrub is attacked by gray mold, especially if water stagnations form very frequently, which are capable of doing numerous damage to the health of evergreen jasmine.



Description

The Trachelospermum jasminoides belongs to Apocynaceae family. It is native to the regions of East Asia, including Japan, Eastern China and the Korean Peninsula. It is also known by the common name of Chinese jasmine, precisely because of its origin. For its rusticity and for the rich flowering, is now naturalized in many parts of the world, including Europe, America and Australia.

The Trachelospermum jasminoides, or False Jasmine, is distinguished from the True Jasmine (Jasminum officinale), as well as because the two belong to two different families, also due to substantial differences.

  • Rusticity, the Trachelospermum withstands the cold well, Jasminum suffers from low temperatures,
  • Leaves, the Chinese Jasmine has opposite leaves, dark green in color and with a leathery texture. False Jasmine has compound leaves with a lighter texture.
  • Flowers, Trachelospermum jasminoides produces flowers composed of five petals, white in color, arranged in a circle, with the shape similar to that of a ship's propeller. The Jasminum officinale it has white flowers, formed by five petals, white in color but with a simple arrangement.

Trachelospermum jasminoides is a evergreen creeper, with fragrant flowers, from lush growth it's a rapid vegetative development, with leaves of a beautiful deep dark green color. Has a compact habit, which reaches an extension of more than 5 linear meters when ripe.

It blooms abundantly in the months from March to July depending on the regions in which it is grown. THE flowers they are collected in small bunches, small in size, white in color and very fragrant. In full flowering, the plant appears to be a white wall.

The plant bears leaves throughout the year. They are dark green on the top page and slightly lighter on the bottom. They have a good texture and when cut they release an irritating and sticky milky sap.

THE young branches they are reddish brown or light green, depending on the variety. They are thin and very adept at clinging to every surface they encounter, looking for a new support.

A common plant which can not miss to decorate a gazebo or one fence, simple to grow, with a low price for young plants and a maintenance cost really


Index

The leaves are evergreen, opposite, leathery and simple, the petiole short, the lamina is lanceolate (2-3 × 3-5 cm) and glossy. The inflorescences are pauciflore tops. The flowers are pentamers, sinsepals and sinpetals, with 5 stamens inserted on the rotated and white corolla (3 cm), the upper ovary with two fused carpels is very fragrant. The fruit is capsule-shaped.

The plant blooms from April to July.

Use Edit

It is used in the garden in masses for the formation of espaliers, pergolas, flower walls, hedges. Also excellent in pots [3].

Exhibition and maintenance Modification

Likes the sun, but accepts partial shade. Rustic, tolerates both heat and cold (fears only severe and prolonged frosts). Formation and containment pruning. It fears excessive pruning and / or of the main branches, which can cause slowdown in growth. It adapts to all types of soil, including limestone. Planting must be observed at a distance of about 40 cm in the garden and 30 cm in pots, where a 50% mixture of clayey-sandy soil and universal peat is recommended.

Irrigation Edit

It requires regular watering, but resists short periods of drought.

Fertilization Edit

It should be fertilized every 15 days in spring-summer with ternary granular liquid or mineral fertilizers with NPK diluted in water.


Video: How to grow jasmine plant from cuttings


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