This type of thuja is a dwarf variety of the eastern thuja, or, as it is also called, the eastern platypus.
Despite the fact that thuja Aureya Nana is supplanted by thuja western, which is less light-loving and more shade-resistant, however, it can become an adornment of any landscape landscape, if placed in illuminated areas. It can grow successfully in shaded areas, but the crown may not be fully formed at the same time. Thuja orientalis is widely popular when decorating rocky gardens, as well as for the formation of windproof hedges. By trimming the plantings, you can form green sculptures.
Thuja orientalis belongs to durable and evergreen plants. It is also called the “tree of life” because of its great durability. It is widespread in many provinces of China and is considered one of the main symbols of Beijing. And nevertheless, it can be found in the Far East of Russia. In China, it was widely cultivated, which led to its widespread distribution throughout the world. It can be found on mountain slopes and rocks at almost 3 kilometers above sea level. Thuja orientalis perfectly tolerates drought and is able to grow on any soil. Poor soils are suitable for her, she can survive on rocky and sandy areas.
The average height of trees can reach 20 meters, and specimens with a height of 35 meters are also known. At the same time, the crown diameter reaches 14 meters, and the trunk thickness can be 1 m or more in diameter. At the same time, it has a superficial root system, and the trunk can be either one or divided at the base into several trunks of a smaller diameter. The branches are fan-shaped and directed almost perpendicularly upward. At the same time, they are tightly pressed against each other, ultimately forming a cone-shaped crown. Young trees have a regular egg-visible pyramidal shape, in contrast to an adult tree, the crown of which is rounded and becomes less regular.
Thuja orientalis has green, fleshy fruits with characteristic hooked outgrowths.
Features. Thuja Pyramidalis is more of a multi-stemmed plant and grows bushy. This tree has pure, scaly needles of golden yellow color. This color persists even in winter. Pyramidalis Aurea can withstand frosts down to -25 degrees. The seeds are similar in size and shape to a grain of wheat. Its fruits open when ripe, which allows free access to seeds, which is what insects and birds use.
The advantage of the oriental thuja is that it is a slow-growing plant and, therefore, it is ideal for any site. In the process of growth, it practically does not block the light of any plants and you do not need to think about pruning or shortening it.
Diseases of the eastern thuja. Thuja orientalis is very resistant to pests and diseases. In some cases, aphids can be found on it. This resistance to disease and pests determines its widespread appeal to hobby gardeners.
For planting it, it is advisable to purchase seedlings with a ready-made and closed root system. In this case, it can be planted in the ground throughout the summer period, from the beginning of spring to the end of summer. A plant with an open root system is planted in the ground in early spring. For planting them, special soil preparation is not required, and ordinary soil is the best environment for it. After planting for two months, it needs to be watered every ten days. After the trees have taken root, they do not need irrigation, which cannot be said about the thuja of the eastern Aurea Nana.
Views. Thuja orientalis has more than 60 species, which differ in size, type of crown, color of crown and leaves, structure of branches and other attributes. In this case, thuja varieties are divided into 5 groups:
Some of the thuja varieties can be safely grown indoors. Almost all types of thuja are highly volatile. Growing one specimen is sufficient to clean a medium-sized room. Its additional popular names are largely associated with its amazing medicinal properties.
Thuja care consists in warming it for the winter. Frosts above -30 degrees can be very destructive. In the heat, spraying the crown will not hurt her. It is advisable to carry out constant weeding and mulching of the trunk circle. It must be below ground level for a reliable catchment. It is into this funnel that water is poured. Depending on the temperature and dampness of the air, its amount can fluctuate between 10-30 liters. In spring and autumn, natural compost is poured into the trunk circle. In early spring, dry and damaged shoots are removed.
Since spring, they have been feeding the plants, but, in no case, not for the winter. Nitrogen fertilizers are evenly scattered into the trunk circle, phosphorus fertilizers in the summer, and potash fertilizers in the fall. In the summer, nitroammofoska is introduced at the rate of 3 g per 1 kg of conditional nutrient material. Thuja has a strong and, at the same time, light wood, which is suitable for the manufacture of furniture, various decorative items, but not suitable for decorative finishing of buildings and premises.
Modern homeowners, summer residents and gardeners pay great attention to the aesthetic design of their site. Many of them specifically hire professional landscape designers for these purposes and grow specific plants.
Thuja is a popular decorative coniferous and evergreen plant. Today in our material we will talk about the oriental variety of thuja, learn about the existing varieties of this plant, and also study the rules for selection, planting and care.
To get a beautiful and healthy ornamental plant, it is necessary to become familiar with the description of the rules of care. If they are violated, the plant will not be able to fully develop, which will certainly affect its appearance.
A good time when it is recommended to plant thuja Aurea Nana in open ground is early May - early September. This is because a seedling planted since spring has a better chance of resisting winter frosts.
To ensure the full development of thuja, you need to prepare a special soil composition for the seedlings. To do this, you can use a mixture of two parts of sod or leafy soil and take one part of peat and sand. When the hole is prepared, you need to pour the resulting soil mixture into it.
It is recommended to calculate the size of the pit in such a way that the root system of the seedling can fit freely there and there is still a little space left. To do this, it is usually sufficient to provide a depth and width equal to 60-80 cm. It is also necessary to make a drainage layer at the bottom. If the groundwater on the site is too close to the surface, its thickness should be at least 15 cm.
Important! When planting, you need to position the root collar of the seedling so that it is at ground level.
Thuja Aurea Nana requires feeding during the spring and autumn periods. In April or May, you need to add nitroammofosk to the ground at the rate of 30 g per 1 m².
In September, you need to feed the plant with potash fertilizers.
For growing thuja Aurea Nana, you should choose a place with good lighting. However, it must be borne in mind that too intense sunlight can harm the plant. Therefore, areas with little shading are best suited for this.
When watering, the following rules must be observed:
During the first year of life, seedlings most require regular watering.
It is recommended not only to water the ground, but also to spray the needles from a spray bottle.
Mulching with wood chips or pieces of bark will keep the soil moist for longer.
Thuya Aurea Nana can easily endure winter cold. However, young plants need special means to survive the frost. In addition, it must be borne in mind that not only winter cold weather is dangerous, but also the direct rays of the spring sun.
So that young plants can better endure the cold season, it is recommended to cover them with spruce branches or agrofibre.
Note! Eastern thuja Aurea Nana is more frost-resistant than western thuja.
Pruning is done in the spring. At the same time, old, diseased or dried branches are removed. There is no need to engage in the formation of the crown due to the fact that it takes on its appearance in a natural way.
The decorative evergreen plant thuya Nana, the description of which should be studied with special care, is of several types. There are almost 60 varieties of this coniferous shrub in nature, but not every one of them can grow in the climatic conditions of our country. The most famous are the following varieties:
Pyramidalis aurea - thuja, which has needles with a golden yellow tint. This type is often used to create a wind protection fence. In summer, it tolerates severe drought, and in winter it can grow even with increased frosts - it can withstand up to -25 degrees Celsius.
Thuja eastern Aurea Nana - dwarf. This species can grow up to two meters, while it has an increased density of needles. In the summer, the needles have a golden hue, in the winter - bronze. It is recommended to grow in sunny areas with sufficient lighting, in dark places the crown is not formed correctly.
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Thuja eastern Aurea Nana - dwarf ovoid shrub. The needles are dense, golden-green in the sun, with a bronze tint in winter. It grows slowly, the annual growth is about 5-6 cm. It is undemanding to soils, prefers fresh, sufficiently moist, drained fertile loams with a slightly acidic reaction. Used for small gardens, rock gardens and heather gardens, as a tapeworm. Great for creating low free-growing hedges and curbs, suitable for container growing as a decoration for balconies and terraces. It tolerates city conditions well.
Eastern thuja reproduces by seeds, cuttings, dividing the bush. It makes sense to propagate species thuja by seeds. And varieties and forms should be grown from cuttings or by dividing the bush, since such plants, when sowing seeds, will not retain the characteristics of the parent tree.
Fresh thuja seeds are suitable for this method. They are harvested in the fall, after which they are subjected to stratification - they are stored until spring under the snow or in the refrigerator. In the spring they are sown in the ground, choosing a place in partial shade. In the soil, grooves are made with a depth of only 0.5 cm, seeds are placed and a little sprinkled with coniferous sawdust.
The soil is kept loose and moist. The crops are covered from the sun with shields. When shoots appear, the site must be mulched with peat. Twice a month, the sprouts need to be fed with a mineral fertilizer solution.
For the first season, young thuja will grow by 7-8 cm. By the first winter, cover them with spruce branches, then with a film. Remove the shelter in the spring and continue to look after the seedlings in the same way. The trees can be planted in a permanent place in the third spring, when their height reaches 50 cm.
In June, lignified shoots, 2-3 years old, 10-20 cm long, are broken off from the tree. Note that they are not cut off, but broken off, together with the heel. The place of the break is treated with a solution of "Heteroauxin" and planted to a depth of 2.5 cm.
A mixture for planting is prepared from equal parts of sod land, sand and peat. It is spilled with a warm solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection, after which the cuttings are buried. From above they are covered with a transparent film or container to maintain high humidity.
The soil is not watered, but sprayed. Airing of the greenhouse begins after the rooting of the cuttings. Gradually, the greenhouse is left open for a longer time - this is how the sprouts are hardened. In mid-autumn, cuttings are prepared for wintering: they are covered with dry leaves or sawdust, spruce branches. When the temperature drops below -5-7 degrees, they are additionally covered with a film.
The method consists in dividing a large mother plant. This is true when the thuja has several trunks. The division should take place so that each thuja has not only a separate trunk, but also its own roots.
The best time for this is spring. For separation, you need a disinfected instrument. The mother plant does not need to be completely excavated from the soil. Sometimes the separation can be carried out this way, and then the already separated part can be uprooted from the ground.
Places of cuts should be sprinkled with crushed coal, after which the separated part should be planted in a permanent habitat. The planted cut should be sprayed with a growth stimulant, watered regularly and sprinkled with it.
In order to grow a beautiful and healthy thuja nana shrub, planting and care must be fully studied. It is from the correct observance of all conditions that the full growth of this plant will depend. It grows well in areas with neutral, slightly acidic, rocky soils, as well as with artificial substrates. In addition, it firmly tolerates drought, but at the same time calmly withstands the close adhesion of groundwater.
It is recommended to plant thuja in the garden in the spring, closer to the beginning of May. Planting of seedlings on the site is allowed until mid-September. However, many gardeners argue that if the shrub is planted in the spring, then it will have a much better chance of adapting before the frost begins.
When planting thuja eastern Aurea Nana, several important recommendations should be taken into account:
In the first year after planting, the shrub is especially in need of regular watering. When watering, it is recommended to observe the following rules:
In order to reduce the evaporation of moisture from the soil, it is recommended to mulch with wood chips or pine bark.
In April-May, the bushes are fed with nitroammophos - 30 grams per 1 square meter.In October, it is recommended to fill in fertilizers with potassium.
Thuja Aurea Nana normally withstands frosts in winter, but it is recommended to cover young seedlings with a covering material. Sunlight in the spring can negatively affect the delicate needles, it is better to cover it with agrofibre. A sanitary circumcision is done every year in the springtime.
If you strictly follow all the necessary rules and recommendations for planting and care, then you can grow a beautiful coniferous plant in your garden or in your summer cottage. Tuya Aurea Nana can become a beautiful hedge, which will not only decorate the site, but also protect well from strong winds.