ANNUAL SCENT PEAS Sowing, Planting, Maintaining, Our Website

Sweet peas, perfume and flowers!

The annual sweet pea ... Here is a plant which, whatever the variety sown, will see the opulence of its flowering literally make its foliage disappear in the background. However, the plant has beautiful oval leaves, well defined, of a tender green, slightly bluish. Sweet peas exist in climbing, dwarf or bushy varieties, they bear their flowers grouped in spikes. They are found in white, or red, pink, purple, purple flowers. Sweet peas bloom from May, through September and sometimes October.

Did you know ?
There is a perennial variety of sweet pea, we don't always know it, this plant interests you? Take a look at our sheet: perennial sweet peas or perennial peas!

Botanical name:

Lathyrus odoratus

Type of plant

• Cycle: Annual plant
• Hardiness: Non-hardy plant
• Foliage: Lapsed
• Varieties: Dwarf, bushy, climbing
• Family: Fabaceae - fabaceae
• Type of soil: Fresh and well drained.
• Exhibition: Sun and partial shade.


• Frost plant

Benefits to the garden

• The existing varieties give the amateur gardener many possibilities in the creation of beds, borders, hedges ...
• The duration and generosity of flowering, which can last more than 5 months.
• Pot culture is possible, it is even easy.
• Sweet peas hold perfectly in a bouquet indoors.

Description of sweet peas

Sweet pea stems bear leaves whose upper pair of leaflets evolve as it grows, surrounding its support. This is how the climbing sweet pea clings to the support at its disposal: stake, wire mesh ...

The stem branches out and can reach 1.5 m in height and sometimes 2 m, which requires a fairly strong support.

The flowers are very numerous, they have 5 petals. The larger one, located at the top of the flower, takes a large semi-circular shape, slightly curved at the top, the other petals are smaller and facing downwards. The flowers along the stems are reminiscent of posed butterflies and they give off an elegant and suave fragrance.

What soil for annual sweet peas

• cool and well drained.

What exhibition?

• Sun and partial shade.

Did you know ?

• Sweet peas produce a fruit: a flat pod which expels its seeds in a twisting motion.
• By collecting the pods, you will only have to reserve the seeds until the next season.

When to sow annual sweet peas?

• The right sowing period: April and May.

How to sow them?

On the spot :

• Sow sweet peas by pockets of 5 to 6 seeds, directly on site in the garden.

• Prepare the ground:
Stir the soil with a hoe or a spade fork over a depth of 5 to 10 cm, rid it of the roots of weeds and amend if necessary with compost or planting soil.
• Tamp.
• Make small holes, about 3 to 5 cm deep, every 25 cm.
• Place 5 to 6 seeds per hole.
• Cover and tamp lightly.
• Water

The hobby gardener's tip :
• To sow in row, plant 2 stakes connected by a string and make holes every 25 cm on the necessary distance, all along this one.

Sowing under cold shelter:

• 2 periods: From September or from January to March.
• Fill half the peat cups with potting soil, There are those who are pro and others against, but peat cups retain moisture better, but it comes at a higher price.
• Place 4 to 5 seeds.
• Cover with potting soil and tamp lightly.
• Water.
• Store under cover until April.

When to plant sweet peas

• Replant them from April in hot regions, rather May for others.

How to plant them?

• Prepare the ground and amend it with potting soil.
• Dig a hole about ten centimeters deep, every 25 centimeters.
• Place your plant in a bucket.
• Fill the hole with transplanting soil.
• Tamp lightly.
• Water.

Flowering of sweet peas:

• Flowering from may until September

How to maintain the annual Sweet peas?

• Remove faded flowers over time.
• Collect a few pods to allow you to reseed next season.
• Check the support for climbing varieties.

Some varieties:

• Dwarf varieties are about 30 centimeters in height.
• Bushy varieties measure around 70 to 80 centimeters.
• Climbers rise from 1.50 to 2 meters.

Agrees with:

• In massif: lilies, rue, lavender, irises.

With or without a garden ...

• In the garden : In clumps of annual plants, bordering with the lowest varieties, hanging in a hedge for the climbing version, ...

• And without a garden: Sweet peas work well in pots. Use a pot of good depth, about 30 cm of soil, to promote rooting. Ideal for embellishing a terrace, a front door or indoors.

Quick sheet:

  • Exhibition:
    Sun and partial shade
  • Ground :
    Fresh and drained

  • Watering:
    Fresh soil
  • Cut (H × W) :
    dwarf 30 × 30 cm
    Bush: 70 × 40 cm
    Climbing: 200 × 40 cm

Tuberous pea

Tuberous pea (Credit: Franz Xaver / CC BY-SA 3.0 / Wikimedia)

A cousin of the sweet pea, the tuberous pea adds a note of originality to the vegetable garden. Requiring little care, it produces fragrant bright pink flowers in summer. The white and sweet flesh of its tubers reveals flavors of nuts and chestnuts.

Guides, letter models, practical sheets. We leave the card to you. Make your choice !

A cousin of the sweet pea, the tuberous pea adds a note of originality to the vegetable garden. Requiring little care, it produces fragrant bright pink flowers in summer. The white and sweet flesh of its tubers reveals flavors of nuts and chestnuts.

Tuberous pea (Credit: Franz Xaver / CC BY-SA 3.0 / Wikimedia)

Tuberous grass pea in summary

Edible plant в – ¶ Root vegetable

Vegetation Perennial : Plant that lives more than two years.
Annual : Plant that lives less than a year.
Biennial : Plant whose life cycle lasts two years. In the first year, the plant grows in the second year, it gives flowers and fruits, then it dies.
To know more

Foliage Persistent : The foliage lasts all year.
Semi-persistent or semi-deciduous : The plant retains part of its foliage all year round.
Lapsed : The plant loses its leaves in the fall.
To know more

Height at maturity Mature height is the height to which the plant naturally rises when it is in the most favorable conditions.
It may take time for the plant to reach this height, depending on the speed of its growth.
The plant may also never reach its height at maturity, if it is pruned regularly, or if it is not cultivated in the optimal conditions for its growth.
To know more

Interview Easy : The plant does not require special care, or very simple care.
Moderate : The plant needs regular care or a little gardening practice.
Difficult : The plant requires important care and gardening skills.
To know more

Water requirement The water requirement of a plant can be supplied by rain, natural soil moisture or watering. To evaluate the necessary watering, it is also necessary to take into account the ambient temperature, because of the evaporation, and the capacity of the soil to retain water.
Low : For a houseplant, water monthly. For an outdoor plant, it tolerates drought well.
Way : For a houseplant, water weekly or every two weeks. For an outdoor plant, it will need water supplies before the soil dries up.
Important : For a houseplant, water several times a week. For an outdoor plant, it needs abundant and regular water supplies.
To know more

Growth Slow : The plant reaches maturity in several decades.
Normal : The plant reaches maturity in a few years.
Fast : The plant reaches maturity in a few months.
To know more

Multiplication Propagation involves creating a new plant yourself.
Sowing : The plant reproduces by planting seeds.
To know more
Division : Part of the root (rhizome, tuber) is used to create new shoots.
To know more
Cuttings : A branch is planted in the ground, where it produces new roots.
To know more
Layering : The branch is not cut from the plant, but it is partly buried in the earth, where it develops its own roots.
To know more
Graft : A plant fragment is implanted on another plant.
To know more
Impossible : It is not possible for an individual to multiply his plant. If he wants another, he must buy it from a professional.

Cold resistance Resistant (rustic) : Frost resistant plant.
To protect (semi-rustic) : Plant which supports the freshness but which requires a protection against the frost.
To return (fragile) : Plant which fears the cold and which must be sheltered during the cold season.
To know more

Soil type Clay soil : Heavy and sticky soil when wet, which hardens and cracks when drying.
Limestone soil : Clear and chalky earth, dry in summer and muddy in winter.
Sandy soil : Light soil, easy to work with and which retains water poorly.
Stony ground : Soil loaded with pebbles and poor in organic matter.
Humidor : Black and easy to work, it looks like forest land.
Heather land : Acidic soil (pHВ 4 Г 5), sandy and rich in humus.
Potting soil : It's easy, this land can be bought in stores!
To know more

Soil pH The pH measures acidity of the soil.
Alkaline soil : The pH is above 7. These are mainly calcareous soils.
Neutral soil : The pH is between 6.5 and 7.2. Most plants grow well there.
Acidic soil : The pH is below 7. This is mainly heather land.
To know more

Soil moisture Soil moisture does not depend on rain, but on how the soil retains water or not.
Drained soil : Fresh soil but where water does not stagnate.
Wet soil : Soil where water stagnates.
Dry soil : Soil that does not retain water.
Fresh soil : Soil which remains constantly moist (but not soaked). To know more

Exposure Sun : The plant should have direct sun all day. Inside, it is directly (less than 1m) in front of a window facing south or west.
Part shade : The plant should have sun only part of the day. Indoors, it is in front of a window to the east or further away from a window facing south or west.
Shadow : The plant should be in the shade of other plants. Indoors, this is the case for rooms in winter, windows to the north or partly obscured and when the plant is far from the window (+ 2 m).
To know more

Planting Full earth : The plant can be planted directly in the earth.
Bin, pot or planter : The plant can be planted in a container. (The volume of the container must be adapted to the size of the plant.)
To know more

OCT. NOV. From C.

OCT. NOV. From C.

OCT. NOV. From C.

Genre Lathyrus belongs to the Fabaceous family, which includes peanut, broad bean, alfalfa, lupine, pea, clover but also ornamental: laburnum, coronilla, broom and wisteria. This genus groups together about 200В perennial or annual species originating from temperate regions of the globe. The most famous species of the gardener is undoubtedly a sweet pea, Lathyrus odoratus, whose bunches of brightly colored flowers perfume.

The tuberous pea, Lathyrus tuberosus, is a little-known wild species that has come back to the fore for a few years in the category of forgotten vegetables. This herbaceous perennial grows naturally in Europe and Western Asia on the edge of forests, in hedges, on embankments or on the edge of grain fields. In France, it is found sporadically throughout the territory mainly in the east and in the center. It is spotted by its slender stems crawling on the ground or climbing as soon as they have a support to cling to, its foliage evoking that of peas but especially its clusters of bright pink flowers which remind us of its cousins ​​the peas. of scent. Its deep strain allows it to withstand negative temperatures to -20В В ° C.

The tuberous grass pea produces in the spring thin and flexible stems from 0.40В to 1.20В m in length. They branch out and become entangled if they cannot find a support to hang their tendrils. They are hairless, not having wings like the majority of the other gesses, which is one of the criteria allowing to distinguish it. The bluish green leaves,, short consist of two elliptical and pointed leaflets. At first simple and then branched tendrils prolong the petiole.

Summer flowering begins in June-July depending on a climate and can last all summer. It is pleasantly scented reminding scents of some roses. Bright pink to purple flowers from 3В to 7В are borne on axillary branches (arising in the axils of leaves). These small flowers of 1,5В to 2В cm in length evoke butterflies, justifying the name of Butterflies, the old name of the family of fabacies. They offer a corolla with ten stems and five unequal petals: one upper petal (the standard), two laterals (the wings) and two lower welded (a hull), and also a five-welded chalice. Faded flowers are followed by flat pods about 3В cm long by 0.5В cm wide, beige at maturity, containing 3В to 6В brown seeds spotted with black, oblong and angular.

The tuberous grass pea has long tuberous roots. Its dark tubers, the size of a hazelnut to an egg, most often ovoid, resemble mice, justifying the name of earth or holland mouse. The skin conceals a tasty and nutritious white flesh.

For his ornamental and taste qualities, welcome the tuberous grass pea in the ground in a corner of the vegetable garden or in a somewhat wild massif. Accompany it with a small fence or deciduous shrub into which it can throw its twining stems.

In the ornamental garden

Work to be done in the ornamental garden in October.

Prune climbers like ivies to reduce their volume. There is still time to also prune the honeysuckle, and the wisteria.

Consider pruning your roses.

Prune summer flowering shrubs.

Cut all of the branches off the charcoal.

Cut your perennials.

Pull out summer-flowering, deflowering bulbs such as lilies or gladioli. Keep them safe and protect them.

You can also plant stone trees.

Plant the heather earth plants.

Sow lark's feet, sweet peas and perennial peas.

There is still time to plant your crocuses. To do this plant each crocus bulb at a depth of 5 cm. Remember to compact the soil after planting.

On the perennial side, you can plant the columbines you sowed in April or May.

Plant the evergreen shrubs.

Plant the anemones, campanulas,

On the flower bulb side, you can plant your hyacinths. You can start planting the anemones, amaryllis and Iris for example. Plant the spring flowering bulbs.

On the climbing side, you can plant your honeysuckles in a sunny position or in partial shade.

Plant the chrysanthemums.

Plant all evergreen foliage, laurels, aucuba, conifers.

Plant the hellebores taking care to space them 20 cm apart.

There is still time to plant lavender.

Cut your roses.

On the hedge shrub side, you can cut the boxwood.

Also cut off the cherry laurel.

Cut the roots of peonies, phlox, anemones.

You can multiply the clematis by layering.

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The unparalleled elegance of sweet peas

Ah, here is a little madeleine with an old-fashioned, suave or heady scent! So many memories of a caring grandmother's vegetable garden, of a priest's garden with little flitting butterflies, of a fragrant living room bathed in the rays of the summer sun. Peas full of grace, ineffable charm and fragile allure. If it's hard to find them in florists today, then why not grow them in the garden? Even though the flowers with the silk petals are most graceful, the plant that bears them usually takes on a gangly look, and the temperamental reputation that precedes it sometimes holds back a few unsuspecting gardeners. The English are crazy about sweet peas and it is there in the seed catalogs that one finds the treasures of varieties.

That being said, here are some great tips for success.

  • Hemsley garden

Annual sweet pea

Introduced from Sicily in 1700, Lathyrus odoratus with tiny purple flowers remains one of the most fragrant peas. A smell of honey mixed with that of orange blossom. Annual, it must be reseeded each year. Be careful, not to be confused with Lathyrus latifolius, the perennial wild pea, gently invasive, also very pretty, with deep pink, white or pale pink corollas but without any fragrance. Nor with Lathyrus vernus, a small specimen of spring with blue, pink or white flowers that bloom at the same time as the daffodils in April in the mid-shade.

Note that it is not easy to find packets of seeds in one color. More often than not, it is an assortment of colors, which is actually very nice for making bouquets. But it is not always easy to spot the most fragrant of them knowing that the new varieties with increasingly large, colorful and sophisticated flowers such as Mammoth ’or Galaxy’ have often lost their fragrance. If there is no fragrance label on the back of the package, go your way, however, try the heirloom ‘Old-Fashioned’ or Fragrantissima ’varieties. Blue or purplish flowers like 'Matucana' or 'Cupani' resembling wild peas, are usually among the most fragrant. Let yourself be tempted by some beautiful modern selections with a delicate palette of colors, from dark purple to immaculate white, two-tone, spotted or marbled, with wavy or streaked petals from the 'Spencer' and 'Grandiflora' series.

First the sowing

Certainly not as easy as that of the nasturtiums, but with a little rigor we get there. The most impatient begin to sow in October-November by sliding 3 or 4 seeds into pots filled with good soil. We prefer to wait until February-March. Before sowing, we soak the large seeds in lukewarm water overnight. The envelope is softened, rehydration is favored and germination - 2 to 3 weeks - facilitated. Others prefer to cut the seed with a sharp utility knife or knife.

Water well and place the pots in the light on a windowsill or in the greenhouse. As soon as the seedlings are about 5 cm tall, it's time to transplant them individually into pots deep enough not to disturb the roots. In early spring, they are already installed in the ground, the small late frosts having no effect. Another option is to sow them directly in the ground from April when the earth warms up, but it is not always successful.

Then planting

The choice of soil is crucial because sweet peas have luxury tastes. No need to plant in poor and stony soil, it will not grow except in stunted mode. The soil he loves is deep - its roots sometimes sinking down to 80 cm -, rich and well-drained enhanced with compost. Without forgetting a beautiful place in the sun. The essential thing is to change them every year. In a vegetable garden, this is ideal.

Bury the plant enough to consolidate it or mound it by forming a small mound of soil when the stems are about twenty cm high. Remember that apart from dwarf varieties that do not exceed 30cm - ideal for planters - most peak around 2m. Trellising on wire netting, bean net or on a teepee mounted with bamboo or hazelnut poles is therefore essential. Guide the stems at first and then let them go, their tendrils attach on their own. Feed them with nettle manure, comfrey or organic fertilizer.

And finally the picking

From June, do not hesitate to cut the flowers every two days and remove the faded ones to avoid the formation of seeds which will exhaust the plant and stop the flowering promises. You will be surprised at the pace with which they follow one another. Cut them off as soon as a flower is open and the other buds are colored. Remember to water, the length of the stems will depend on it and straw to keep the moisture in the soil. It's up to you to make fabulous bouquets. Do not mix peas with other flowers, they are self-sufficient. Be careful, the vase life is good on condition that you renew the water because the stems drink a lot.

Having a productive vegetable garden in the spring and summer is good. But you might want to extend the pleasure of harvesting and food independence into the fall and even into the winter. So in this article, we are going to offer you some ideas of crops that you can sow or plant in September to harvest during slack periods. And a little bonus, we will look together at what work to do in the garden during this month of September. Here we go.

In September, the summer crops continue to yield good harvests. But it's also a great time to sow or plant other vegetables that will be harvested in the fall or winter.

Yes, spinach is a vegetable that hates too arid and too hot conditions. So in September when the heat of the scorching summer drops. Spinach is at its best in the vegetable garden. It is even advisable to wait until mid-September to sow the spinach in the southern regions, but in the more temperate regions, go ahead, go for it, do your seedlings.

As there are varieties for every season. You will easily find a variety for fall and winter. Sucrine, escarole, batavia. Obviously, you must have sown seedlings during the summer, or use seedlings that you find in the store. Pay special attention to your soil, which at the end of summer is often dry, once your seedlings are in the ground, add the necessary water to moisten your soil. And There you go.

Exclusive fall planting. Lamb's lettuce doesn't really like to see the sun. Plant your plants in a part of your vegetable garden in the shade, then water regularly to keep this part of the vegetable garden moist.

As a plant, which you can also find in stores or from local producers. Prepare your plants for transplanting. Cut off the roots and the tops of the leaves. Then plant them in the furrows of your vegetable garden. Don't forget to bring all the organic matter so that your soil is alive! At the same time, on the surface, but also in depth. And then to water well so that the leeks recover well.

There is a great diversity of cabbage. Then you will inevitably find your happiness. Although they can be planted in the spring, September is known to be cabbage month. You can let go of the originality of the varieties, cauliflower, broccoli cabbage, kale, smooth cabbage ...

Turnip, a famous winter vegetable. Preferably sow when the humidity returns for the crop to be successful. If you sow too early, a lack of moisture can impact your harvest, as turnips need a lot of moisture to thrive. To benefit from a milder and more adequate temperature, sow rather in late September. Sow a seed in the furrow every 10cm.

The green wave

The green wave, for an autumn surrounded by nature!

Autumn, this magnificent season when nature changes its colors. Thanks to our fall box, you will spend the next few months green, by feasting on your beautiful harvests! Spinach, beans, chervil, and an Asian mix will soon cover your balcony with greenery. Need a little sweetness? Sow our pretty poppies for a touch of poetry in the vegetable garden.

The surprise this season: Naples garlic bulbs for a flower garden! So, you like it ?

Video: How to plant up sweet peas from Mr Fothergills

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