Artichoke seeds: all you need to know to harvest them!

How to produce your artichoke seeds?

• Look for a few well-developed plants with non-thorny leaves.
• Let them come up in bloom.

Gardener's info:

The seeds will be collected from the artichoke flower. In fact what we call the flower, it is a multitude of flowers which form the inflorescence of the artichoke. Each flower will give an Achene, in a way the dried fruit of the artichoke, finally the seed.

• They should be protected to optimize the harvest against rain and wind, towards the end of August.
• Cover the flower with a paper bag, use a specific bag dedicated to protecting the fruit,
• Around August or September when the achenes are ripe, they become "feathery" and the artichoke dries up
• Cut off the reserved artichoke heads.
• Place them in a dry and ventilated place.

Prepare the seeds for storage

• Dry the harvested artichoke heads under a ventilated shelter
• When they have finished drying, collect the seeds and bag them.
• Store the artichoke seeds in a dry place protected from light

What is the germination period of artichoke seeds?

• Use the seeds before 5-7 years.

How many seeds per gram?

• About 25 seeds / gram.

Emergence time after sowing the artichoke seeds?

• Artichoke seeds will grow in a week on a bed and under shelter
• In the ground, it takes 3 weeks to see them rise.

Artichoke in the kitchen?

Everything is eaten in the Artichoke, with more or less ease, the bracts (petals), the heart, and even the stem ... even if it is a very fibrous part.
• The artichoke heart, the most "fleshy" part of the vegetable. it is tasted alone with a shallot vinaigrette, for example, or Lyonnaise, or with mayonnaise, barigoule (Provencal recipe)

Sowing radishes: what you need to know about radishes that grow well

Radish is a root vegetable that is eaten raw. It is undemanding, grows quickly and takes up little space, so it is an ally of novice gardeners. It comes in many varieties and can be grown in the ground but also in a planter or in a pot on a balcony.

This spring I planted different varieties of salads, tomatoes and other vegetables in my vegetable garden. I buy plants every year at the flower market near my home in Aix. Is it possible to collect your own seeds for the next year, like our grandparents did? Anne-Laure A. (13)

Yes, making your own seeds is a gardening gesture that has always existed and that has tended to be lost over the past fifty years. This not only allows you to be independent and save money, but also and above all to adapt the varieties to the terroir in which they live, by choosing the seeds of the most vigorous fruits.

Choose your seeds

First of all, to make your own seeds, you must have planted so-called "heirloom" seeds, as opposed to F1 Hybrid seeds. The latter, selected by the big seed companies for their high productivity, are sterile or, at best, degenerative (your tomato plant will be less and less robust), while the heirloom seeds can be selected and reused each year.
Then harvest the seeds at the right time, after flowering, at the time of fruiting. The most beautiful and healthy fruits are the guarantee of a good harvest for the future. Do not harvest the seeds of the stunted salad plant, on the contrary, let the most beautiful plant go up to seeds, a single salad giving enough seeds for the whole vegetable garden the following year.

Keep them well

Then, the secret consists in good conservation of the seeds, the greatest enemy of which is rotting. First soak the seeds in lightly vinegared water to clean them, then allow them to dry out of direct sunlight in a dry, ventilated place on paper towels. Then keep your seeds in blank paper bags, always in a cool and ventilated place, all in a metal box for example. Aspirin or other Efferalgan cans are also useful because they are airtight and have a moisture sensor in the cap.

In the vegetable garden, the case of tomatoes

All the seeds from the vegetable garden can be harvested, knowing that the easiest and least restrictive ones remain the seeds that are harvested at the same time as the vegetable: tomatoes, peppers, peppers, cucurbits ...
For your tomatoes, choose the prettiest fruit when ripe, just before it falls. Collect the seeds and their juice, and mix with a little water for 3 days, at around 20 ° C, stirring twice a day. When a thin film of mold completely covers them, fermentation must be stopped to prevent germination from starting. Then add water and stir vigorously: the good seeds remain at the bottom. Remove the debris that floats and take a colander to collect your good seeds. Then dry them on a sieve or absorbent paper, out of direct sunlight. This will allow you to keep your tomato seeds for several years. Remember to label them well!
These harvests allow the gardener to select his own vegetables, know exactly what he is producing, and then exchange or donate his seeds.
Last tip: check out the very good book published by Terre Vivante in 2012, “Produire ses seeds bio”, by Christian Boué.

Gardeningly yours,
Stanislas Alaguillaume

A question about your garden?

Specify your department, type of soil, orientation, and we will get back to you for free!

Broadcast sowing

This technique is used to sow small seeds (especially lamb's lettuce) on large areas. First of all, you have to mix the lamb's lettuce seeds with dry sand in a bucket. Then you have to take a little of the mixture in your hand, then project them with a wide movement. Try to adopt the gesture of the sower: one step, a handful of seeds! Then tamp the soil and water with the sprayer. You can harvest lamb's lettuce in about three months. When harvesting, cut just above the root. By leaving the roots in this way, you should be able to get a second harvest.

Save seeds for sowing

Once you have picked your fruits and vegetables, collect them seeds and clean them. Let them dry in a dry, dark place for a week. Then sort again to get rid of all the impurities.

Then, for each fruit or vegetable, slide the seeds in an envelope and write down the date of harvest, the name of the plant and its characteristics.

You can also keep your seeds in the refrigerator: pests will be killed by the cold.

To harvest your tomato seeds

  • Remove the seeds of the fruit and select the healthy seeds (same characteristics among themselves)
  • Ferment the seeds in a container, in the open air, in a little water. After several days, the gelatinous mass of the seeds breaks down
  • Rinse the seeds in a sieve with water, letting clear water run over the seeds
  • Repeat the operation to get rid of the gelatinous mass
  • Then dry the ducts for several days. this operation is very important in order to be able to store your seeds afterwards
  • Bag the seeds thus collected.

How to check if your seeds have retained their germination power?

In order not to waste time and energy, you can test the germination power of your seeds before putting them in the ground. This will ensure that they are healthy and will germinate normally. Because it is always possible that they were infected with a pest.
The first method is to place about ten seeds on a cotton ball soaked in water. If half or more of them germinate, your supply is good.
The second test is even simpler: pour your seeds in a glass of water. Those that sink to the bottom of the glass are good. Those that remain on the surface will not germinate.

How long can you keep your seeds?

The seeds will be better preserved if they are stored in a cool, dark and dry place. A dark closet in a cooler part of the house or a dry, cool basement are two good places to store seeds for a year or two. Once properly dried, the seeds can also be sealed in airtight containers and stored in the refrigerator or freezer for several years. The seeds of some crops naturally have a longer lifespan. Tomato seeds and beans can be left for many years in proper storage conditions, while onion and carrot seeds have a noticeably short shelf life.

Remember to label your seeds with the type of crop, the name of the variety and any useful notes about your seeds, when the seeds were harvested and how many plants you collected.

Cut tulips Harvest the seeds?

I was offered a bouquet of tulips (cut flowers so it was not possible to collect the bulbs),
I would like to know if it is possible to extract the seeds in order to obtain new flowers ...

Thank you in advance for your answers !

Your tulips will wilt without having produced any seeds.

Propagation by sowing and crossing to create new varieties is a matter for specialists.

In addition, it takes several years before you can hope to obtain a tulip and again without knowing if the result will be interesting.

The method of multiplication of tulips remains the bulb.


A rainy April brings a serene summer.

When it is windy during the first days of April, it lasts for forty days.

Frost in April of the red moon, from the plant roasts the shoot.

Bud that grows in April puts little wine in the barrel.

It's never April if the cuckoo hasn't said it.

Send to a friend

Book: "All about germinated seeds" by Marcel Monnier

A reference work on sprouted seeds which are fresh, natural, inexpensive, ecological and very nutritious foods because they are very rich in vitamins and enzymes.

Find out how to grow them in a matter of days with a little water, heat, air and a little care.

Your friend's email address *:

A reference work on sprouted seeds which are fresh, natural, inexpensive, ecological and very nutritious foods because they are very rich in vitamins and enzymes.

Find out how to grow them in a matter of days with a little water, heat, air and a little care.

Video: Is My Swiss Chard Going to Seed

Previous Article

Information About Bog Rosemary

Next Article

What fertilizers need to be applied when planting potatoes