BDF crop protection products database: an indispensable tool for agriculture and the environment

A database for crop protection products it is a complete and constantly updated list capable of leading operators to make an informed choice. If created and updated by professionals, it is able to provide all the necessary information on crop protection products and their use.

Why do you need the crop protection products database

There are many plant protection products and research on substances and their environmental impact is in constant motion, as are the regulations concerning them.

Like drugs for human use, each product has precise indications, properties and peculiar uses, which make it impossible to remember everything by heart and use each product in the right way.

The production license for a crop protection product is also temporary by its very nature: considering the changes it undergoes over time, each product can change over time and make a description issued only a few months earlier obsolete.

The same products of a company can be withdrawn from the market or replaced with new formulations. Therefore, having a constantly updated database is important to keep up with the changes in the offer on the market.

The regulations

The use of crop protection products is strictly regulated at international level: the central management is EFSA, the European Union body dedicated to the protection of food products.

In Italy, the competence lies with the Ministry of Health, which has the task of controlling and authorizing the sale and use of crop protection products. For each product, therefore, there is a strict regulation regarding doses and methods of use; a databank of crop protection products it also reports all this stream of information. For each product, the label, composition, relevant legislation, physical and chemical characteristics of the active ingredient can be found and viewed.

BDF databases

Professionals choose professionals: BDF srl is specialized in the management of databases, with the aim of collecting, cataloging and managing in a professional way the data relating to the various technical means in agriculture, to favor the correct use of the products in compliance with the regulations in force. . A team with thirty years of experience is now involved in disseminating knowledge on agropharmaceuticals to over 2000 users of its database, in which they find all the useful information to manage the phytosanitary defense of the crops of their interest, be they fruit, horticultural, herbaceous. or others.

How a database works

There are different search criteria in the management of the database by the operator. The main ones are:

  • the name under which the agro-drug is on the market;
  • the registration number or the date of the product authorization decree;
  • the active substance contained in the agro-drug;
  • the expiry date of the pesticide authorization;
  • the phytoiatric category;
  • the administrative status of the product.

A well-structured database allows you to select the appropriate agropharmaceutical based on your needs, constantly monitoring the law on the matter. More attention to the operator, more attention to the environment.

Do you think the information in this article is incomplete or inaccurate? Send us a report to help us improve!

Hanger, combat violence women

Violence against women is "a tragedy, indeed a priority, which we have a duty to remember and fight with all our strength". Thus the mayor of Turin Chiara Appendino on the occasion of the National Day against violence against women celebrated in the Red Room by the councilors with a red bow and with a chair with the words 'occupied place', symbol of femicides. For Appendino it is a phenomenon "even more dangerous since, before the atrocious facts narrated by the news, male and gender violence sediments in culture. Much more than we think. I hope, once again - he writes on Fb - that force on culture, education and training, and I thank those who act and pursue this change every day ". "If you are a victim of violence or you know someone who is, do not hesitate to contact the emergency numbers, the help desks and the anti-violence centers. The institutions are at your side", is the appeal of Appendino.


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Why do you need the crop protection products database

There are many plant protection products and research on substances and their environmental impact is in constant motion, as are the regulations concerning them. Just as for drugs for human use, each product has precise indications, properties and specific uses, it would therefore be impossible to remember everything by heart.

Not to mention that when a crop protection product is approved, the production license is temporary, so it is useful to have support in a market exposed to continuous releases of old products and new entries. In short, when it comes to crop protection products, relying on a database is essential, the only way to have everything under control. In this case, it can be said that computer science and chemistry go hand in hand, making each other indispensable.

The regulations

The use of crop protection products is also strictly regulated at international level: the central management is EFSA, the European Union body dedicated to the protection of food products.

In Italy the competence is of Ministry of Health, which has the task of controlling and authorizing the sale and use of crop protection products. For each product, therefore, there is a strict regulation regarding doses and methods of use, a database of crop protection products also contains all this information. For each product, the label, composition, relevant legislation, physical and chemical characteristics of the active ingredient can be found and viewed.

BDF databases

Professionals choose professionals: BDF srl is specialized in the management of databases and its mission is to collect, catalog and manage in a professional way the data relating to the various technical means in agriculture and make them available to the various operators, favoring a correct use of the products in compliance with current regulations. A team that boasts thirty years of experience and can boast over 2000 users of its own database where they find all the useful information to manage the phytosanitary defense of the crops of their interest, be they fruit, horticultural, herbaceous or others.

News La Forza del Territorio of 25 February 2019

First floor


Violation of human rights, workers' rights, rights to political participation and freedom of assembly, expression and association. Of all this - informs the regional Coldiretti - the Commission that is evaluating the temporary suspension of the EBA (Everything But Arms) regime for Cambodia has evidence.

This decision is therefore based on purely humanitarian and not economic aspects, as was the case, however, for the safeguard clause on rice imports. "Made in Piedmont rice cultivation could benefit - explains Paolo Dellarole president of Coldiretti Vercelli and Biella with responsibility for the rice sector - since, after the reintroduction of duties on milled and semi-processed rice decided with the adoption of the safeguard clause, it means that, if at the end of the European monitoring of Cambodian social conditions, the removal of EBA preferences will be confirmed, duties will also return to unprocessed rice ”.

"Our battles for rice, from labeling to the safeguard clause, and stirring up conscience through the documentary Rice to Love, which we had director Stefano Rogliatti made in Burma, are bringing the first positive signs. Now we need to unhinge an almost medieval system of marketing where industrial speculation reigns - underline Roberto Moncalvo president of Coldiretti Piemonte and Bruno Rivarossa Confederal Delegate -.

Basically, there are 4 subjects who, by signing a cartel, have 70% of the rice market in their hands: it is time to put an end to a situation that is now unsustainable for rice producers, also mocked by the Risi Authority which, by now, has long since abandoned its role of defense and promotion of Italian rice production, so much so that it has not even expressed itself on the compulsory labeling of origin, due to a clear subjection to the industrial lobbies. The same lobbies, the same big rice brands that continue to reject supply chain projects which, on the other hand, would allow us to plan sowing and the right remuneration for the work of our rice growers ".

From the territory


We have written to the Prefect and to the agricultural inspectorates, we are monitoring the situation which appears to be truly disastrous. There are destroyed greenhouses, isolated areas where there is still no water and electricity, vegetables that cannot be harvested. This was stated by the president of Coldiretti of Syracuse, Alessandra Campisi. Every hour there are testimonies of damaged structures and crops, aggravating an infrastructural state that is truly at the limit where the internal roads look like war paths.

Even in Ragusa the damage to the greenhouse structures are added to the existing problems - adds Calogero Fasulo, director of Coldiretti iblea and Siracusa -. The affected areas are above all Chiaramonte Gulfi, Ispica, Pozzallo and Santa Croce Camerina. We are monitoring the damage but we still have to wait for a quantification. Certainly this is another very hard blow to the agricultural economy of Eastern Sicily in the transformed zone where in the last period there has been a collapse in sales prices.


"Well the rejection of the hypothesis of controlled overflow of the Po river, listening to the concerns of and for those who live near the large river banks", comments the director of Coldiretti of Reggio Emilia Assuero Zampini the unanimous rejection by the council of the Consorzio di Bonifica Terre dei Gonzaga in Destra Po of the hypothesis of experimentation of a controlled overflow in some sections of the embankments supported by the Basin Authority and by Aipo.

"The risk that the overflow may not be as controlled as hypothesized is real - continues Zampini". The councilors representing the Reggio Emilia shore, Benatti Giuseppe and Binacchi Vanni, defended this position and supported the opposition of the territories of the province of Reggio Emilia. In danger are not only the floodplain areas and agricultural land but the entire urban area and industrial and artisanal settlements.


It is truly paradoxical: high prices for clementines for consumers and only crumbs for producers. “This is happening on the market and our citrus growers - comments Franco Aceto President of Coldiretti Calabria - are in great trouble testified by the impossibility not only to take stock, but to keep faith with their economic and financial commitments. A market - says Aceto - which in the last campaign never took off and this penalized the economy of the Ionian territory between Sibari and Corigliano - Rossano Calabro, but also in the Rosarno-Gioia Tauro plain, in the Lametino and also in other areas of the region. The disproportion is sensational: for every euro spent by the consumer on fresh clementines - only 12/20 cents end up in the hands of those who cultivated the land and harvested the fruit. For some time now, we have not only raised a cry of alarm, but also made concrete proposals asking the Region for a close convergence with the Ministry of Agriculture, which in recent days has allocated only € 10 million for the relaunch of citrus growing ".

However, it is necessary to be authoritative on this path - reiterates Coldiretti - because it also means having the courage and the ability to follow innovative paths to identify a fair redistribution of added value within the supply chain and bring the price to production at a fair level, avoiding positions. dominant to the detriment of the weaker components: citrus growers, consumers and consequently workers.

It is essential that the supply chain guarantees transparency and that the right price can be recognized for farmers who can no longer produce without even covering production costs. It is necessary to re-establish the relationship with the large-scale retail trade (GDO) which distributes most of the products and on this issue the role that national and regional governments can play is fundamental and similarly, they could activate or favor price support policies, in a to avoid what has repeatedly occurred in recent marketing campaigns.

There is a need for a tightening of controls on citrus fruits imported from abroad that invade the internal market and the launch of sweeping checks also in general markets to ensure that the product's origin is clearly indicated on the labels. Our dossier on the citrus crisis, presented to the region, highlights a dramatic trend that has heavy effects. Without prejudice to the possibility of ensuring production against disasters using the support of the EU, specific measures must also be activated, based on the National Solidarity Fund, together with other measures that need to be initiated at the regional level.

And here are the requests: 1) An intervention at Arcea to ensure the rapid disbursement of the CAP and PSR balances relating to the 2018 and previous years to all the damaged farmers 2) recognition of the state of natural disaster due to excess rain, floods and frosts of 2018 and early 2019 3) the adoption of a single-issue tender under measure 4.1 of the RDP for the varietal conversion of citrus fruits, in order to improve competitiveness on the market 4) The establishment of an aid scheme regional, to address the crisis situation, with the adoption of the Citrus Plan 5) the establishment of a supply chain table to re-discuss the relationships between the actors and counter the dominant positions. “We have - concludes Aceto - the great responsibility to enhance this heritage with effective measures and income support. If we do not want the citrus groves to be abandoned and the countryside depopulated, we must work quickly to identify the necessary solutions ”.


Early spring, climatic changes and… smog. 2019 ranks, so far, in third place among the hottest years on the planet, recording an average temperature on the surface of the Earth and the oceans, even 0.88 degrees higher than the average of the twentieth century. This is what emerges from the Coldiretti calculations for the month of January, based on the Noaa database, the National Climatic Data Center which has collected data since 1880. An anomaly that has also affected Italy and the province of Massa Carrara with minimum temperatures are was 2.2 degrees above the average in the first ten days of February, according to Coldiretti elaborations on Ucea data.

The combined effect of climate change, traffic and the reduced availability of green spaces that help combat fine dust and gaseous pollutants is favoring smog in cities. “In Massa Carrara each citizen has only 9.3 square meters of urban green available per capita. - explains Francesca Ferrari, President of Coldiretti Massa Carrara - A green availability that has been further reduced in recent years so as to push our province to the bottom of the Legambiente ranking among the least green cities in Italy due to lack of strict environmental policies. For some time now we have been witnessing continuous climate change so that we can no longer just chase emergencies, but we need to intervene in a structural way by favoring the spread of public and private green spaces which help to combat fine dust and gaseous pollutants ”.

There are two data on which to reflect: according to Istat (data referring to 2013) urban furniture areas cover 8.2% of the surface (national average 9.2%) while that of urban gardens 0.6%. Better, much better equipped green areas with 49.3% against 14.8% nationally. Private individuals can do much more, also thanks to the green bonus: "In this sense, the green bonus is certainly helpful - explains Ferrari - which provides for deductions of 36% for the care of terraces and gardens, both private both condominium ". The measure, confirmed in the last maneuver thanks also to the pressing of Coldiretti, currently provides for a deduction for Irpef purposes in the amount of 36% of the expenses incurred for the green arrangement of private and condominium uncovered areas of existing buildings, real estate units, appurtenances o fences (gardens, terraces), for the construction of irrigation systems, wells, green roofs and hanging gardens. "It is a useful tool to qualify urban areas but - concludes the President of Coldiretti - also to reduce the impact of pollutants in cities".


The heart of the trees crashed in the Asiago plateau continues to beat thanks to the solidarity of the Venetians. Symbolically, Donne Impresa Coldiretti Padua has promoted the initiative to offer in exchange for charity carvings made from larch trees in the markets of Campagna Amica and in the farmhouses of Terranostra on the occasion of the feast of lovers. 'Well, it was a success in the squares and in the clubs - reveals Valentina Galesso provincial president of female entrepreneurs - and in addition to word of mouth the idea has also gone viral on social media. We have requests and orders for ceremonies, souvenirs, events.

Pro Loco, private individuals, non-profit associations, families and individuals contacted us. For us these are certificates of trust and above all a challenge that is already taking shape in a positive way ". The farmers together with the team of sponsors of #adottaunbosco - recalls Coldiretti Veneto - are already in contact with the municipal administration of Asiago to begin the planting of the green 'biodiverdity mix' which will be the new citizens' garden, a true calling card of the rebirth of the forests in our mountains.

"With the contribution of the project partners - Chiara Bortolas national vice president intervenes - we can count on 28 thousand plants to be planted: a satisfaction for us to be able to count on the help of companies, studios and companies that have shared our activities. We will soon join forces in a public debate to register the new entries who want to join the cartel and check the state of the art. In the meantime, we thank our last - in chronological order - witness Alice Montagner, TV presenter, for these shots that honor nature and its immense power of regeneration that she can still best express with man ".


A quarter of the shopping that the Lucanians do every day remains anonymous. And all this despite the progress made in recent years at EU and national level. The figure emerges from an analysis by Coldiretti on the occasion of the presentation of the new rules on the obligation to indicate on the label the origin of all foods approved with Law 12 of 11 February 2019 on simplifications. The rule - underlines Coldiretti Basilicata - allows for the obligation to indicate the place of geographical origin on the label to all food products, putting an end to a long and tiring dispute opened with the European Union over 15 years ago.

An objective supported by the overwhelming part of consumers who believe it is important to know the origin of food and in almost 3 cases out of 4 (73%) are willing to spend more on 100% Italian products from farm to table. Thanks to the new law it will finally be possible - explains the Lucan agricultural confederation - to know the origin of the fruit used in juices, preserves or jams, canned legumes or meat used for salami and hams, hitherto hidden from consumers, but also to defend the effectiveness at European level of the national decrees already adopted on an experimental basis regarding the labeling of origin of pasta, milk, rice and tomatoes. In particular - states Coldiretti Basilicata - the implementation of the obligation relies on national provisions which, on the basis of the Framework Regulation on labeling no. 1169 of 2011, takes into account the need to ensure the protection of public health and consumers, to prevent fraud and to allow the proper conduct of business activities on the basis of fair competition.

Sanctions are envisaged for non-compliance with the rules ranging from 2 thousand to 16 thousand euros, unless the fact constitutes a crime. Mandatory food origin labeling was introduced for the first time in all European Union countries in 2002 after the mad cow emergency in beef to ensure transparency with traceability and restore a climate of trust. Since then, a lot of progress has also been made thanks to the pressing of Coldiretti. Lastly, the obligation to indicate on the label the origin for peeled tomatoes, pulps, concentrates and other tomato derivatives thanks to the publication in the Official Gazette 47 of 26 February 2018 of the inter-ministerial decree for the mandatory origin on products such as canned and sauces, in addition to concentrate and sauces, which are composed of at least 50% tomato derivatives. On 13 February 2018, the obligation to indicate the origin of the wheat for pasta and rice on the label came into force, but before that there had already been several goals achieved: on 19 April 2017 the obligation to indicate the Milking country for milk and derivatives after 7 June 2005 had already entered into force for fresh milk and 17 October 2005 the obligation of labeling for Made in Italy chicken while, starting from 1 January 2008, the 'obligation of origin labeling for tomato puree.

At the community level - concludes Coldiretti Lucana - the path of transparency began with beef after the mad cow emergency in 2002, while since 2003 it is mandatory to indicate variety, quality and origin in fresh fruit and vegetables. From 1st January 2004 there is the identification code for eggs and, starting from 1st August 2004, the obligation to indicate on the label the country of origin where the honey was collected, while the European Commission has recently specified that the indication of origin is also mandatory on wild mushrooms and truffles.


"Responsibility requires us to face the situation promptly, before the situation on the price of sheep's milk in Calabria can have unpredictable results and this also to remain engaged in the negotiation on the price of sheep's milk at a national level that will inevitably influence and may have positive outcomes also for the shepherds of our region ”. This is what the president of Coldiretti Calabria Franco Aceto affirms who - he adds - "we ask the president Oliverio, who in this sense had already committed himself, to immediately convene the regional supply chain table to address the problem in order to help restore serenity to the shepherds and their families, despite the evident criticalities by exercising appropriate decisions to guarantee a fair price, stimulate compensatory mechanisms, fully enter the aid granted by the State and develop and implement promotional actions for our renowned pecorino cheese.

"We must be protagonists and work intensely - concludes Aceto - in underlining that" in Calabria there are 6960 farms and 254.742 sheep graze, which produce 320.994 quintals of milk destined largely for the production of pecorino crotonese DOP, of that of Monte Poro in the process of being recognized and others who identify the territories of origin. In short, real work! "


Great participation, curiosity and interest in the workshops to learn how to make traditional carnival sweets at home, held this morning in the covered market of Campagna Amica in contra ’Cordenons 4 in Vicenza.

"The Carnival starts from the tradition of the countryside - explain the provincial president of Coldiretti Vicenza, Martino Cerantola and the director Roberto Palù - where it marked the transition between the winter and spring seasons and the beginning of sowing in the fields, which was to be celebrated with abundance. The carnival banquets are very rich in courses because, once in this period, it was customary to consume all the products of the earth, not conservable, in view of the Lenten fast ”.

According to a recent Coldiretti survey, one in three consumers (31%) prepares carnival sweets strictly at home, while 41% buys them from their trusted baker or pastry chef, only 2% declare that they buy pre-packaged commercial products.

Participating in the appointment were people of all ages, not only women, but also many men eager to test themselves and show their women that they can do it.

Also next weekend at the covered market of Campagna Amica in Vicenza will be dedicated to the Carnival of tradition, with a full-blown party dedicated to all visitors.

We remind you that the covered market of Campagna Amica will be operational on Saturday from 8.30 to 14 and on Sunday from 8.30 to 13, therefore visitors will be able to personally test the quality of the products and measure themselves with the recipes that the producers will be able to recommend to make the most of the Vicenza excellences.


Food legality, controls and quality standards: 20% of foreign foods arriving in Italy have been declared "outlawed" because they do not comply with the same guarantees in force at national level regarding work, environment and health. This is what emerged from the analysis presented by Coldiretti La Spezia, on confederal surveys, on the occasion of the institutional conference "watch what you eat! agri-food sophistication, health, nutrition "which was held this morning at the Casa della Salute in Sarzana, where the issue of the risks that agri-food sophistication entails for the health of the consumer was addressed, and the safety that the product derived from a traceable production chain, high quality, and rooted in the local productive and economic fabric.

"To date, there are still many food products, coming to Italy from abroad, to be accused of exploitation of workers, health hazards and the use of chemicals harmful to the environment". The President of Coldiretti La Spezia Sara Baccelli and the Provincial Director Francesco Goffredo affirm. "They range from rice from Vietnam to citrus fruits from Turkey, from bananas from Ecuador containing pesticides banned in Italy to fish and shellfish from Vietnam contaminated with heavy metals. Unfortunately, the list could continue, with the immeasurable imports of products where the risk of fraud and adulteration increases, affecting both agricultural producers and consumers. In order not to fall into the traps of the market, it is advisable to always choose Made in Italy products, be wary of too low prices, look more carefully at the labels and buy, when present, products with a PDO / Doc designation of origin. Relying on the short supply chain and buying, when possible, directly from producers is a way to have a greater guarantee of food safety, thanks to the traceability of the product and the quality levels it must comply with in Italy ".

In addition to the President of Coldiretti La Spezia, Sara Baccelli, Dr. Claudio Natale of the Asl5 Prevention Department, Dr. Roberta Baldi, head of the Asl5 epidemiology service, participated in the event organized by the Health Department of the Municipality of Sarzana. Honorable Lorenzo Viviani, Agriculture and Fisheries Commission of the Chamber of Deputies.


A few days ago the Mayor of Copparo, Nicola Rossi, signed the European petition “Eat original! Unmask your food "(Eat original, unmask your food), during a meeting with the president of the Copparo area, Stefano Maestri, to ask the Brussels Commission to act on the front of transparency and information to the consumer on the origin of that who eats.

The initiative is by Coldiretti, and at European level it enjoys the support of numerous representative organizations and unions: from Fnsea (the largest French agricultural union) to Ocu (the largest Spanish consumer association), from Solidarnosc (historic Polish union). to Upa (the Union of small farmers in Spain), from Slow Food to Gaia (association of Greek farmers), from Campagna Amica to the Univerde Foundation, up to Green protein (Swedish NGO).

"We are registering important adhesions from the Mayors of the municipalities of our province - highlights Floriano Tassinari, president of Coldiretti Ferrara - and it is important to collect as many subscriptions as possible, given that our petition aims to protect the health of citizens by combating counterfeiting and adulteration of food products prevent food fraud that every year steal resources and jobs, damaging our economy guaranteeing the rights of consumers by ensuring accurate information on food to make informed choices ". It is possible to support the collection of signatures in each Campagna Amica Market in the province, in the Coldiretti offices and online on the websites and


The problems of Molise agriculture do not stop at the damage caused by wildlife or excessive bureaucracy or simply natural disasters. To all this must be added the sad phenomenon of thefts in the countryside. It is not the first time that Coldiretti Molise has raised the alarm on this serious problem that is dangerously taking hold in the region as well. Despite the commitment of the police who, despite the operational difficulties, have also recently managed to find stolen vehicles, the situation is of great concern among agricultural and livestock entrepreneurs.

Thefts occur mainly in the Lower Molise area and do not concern only tractors but also all the equipment that entrepreneurs use every day in carrying out their work, often bringing the companies that suffer them to their knees.

According to what farmers have noted, it emerges that the area most at risk is the lower Molise area, between various centers including Montenero di Bisaccia, Ururi, San Martino in Pensilis, Campomarino and Montecilfone. The thieves, after having carried out the thefts in this area, head towards the nearby Puglia where all traces of the vehicles are lost. The most used artery to quickly reach the province of Foggia would be the Sinarca Valley, in addition of course to other secondary roads that allow criminals to quickly lose their tracks.

"For this - observes the confederal delegate of Coldiretti Molise, Giuseppe Spinelli - it would be desirable for the police to strengthen the control of these arteries, in order to discourage criminals and induce them to desist from the intent to theft sign. Unfortunately - explains the director of Coldiretti Molise, Aniello Ascolese - in the countryside organized crime can count on a social fabric and conditions of isolation that make it easier to commit theft. Many of our entrepreneurs, especially from Lower Molise, in fact, do not live in the immediate vicinity of their companies but reside in nearby towns, even several kilometers away. This is a circumstance - Ascolese points out - which, albeit with the aid of sophisticated anti-theft devices, favors night raids against them ".

"For this - concludes Spinelli - according to Coldiretti it is necessary to work, associations, entrepreneurs and institutions, to overcome the situation of isolation, reversing the tendency to dismantle social structures and security forces, but also providing for greater control of the road arteries and preparing the use of new technologies for the control of companies and the territory ".

For this reason, Coldiretti is also strongly committed to raising awareness among its members so that every criminal episode to the detriment of companies is promptly reported to the police who can thus intervene quickly against criminals.


Coldiretti Molise expresses concern about the lack of funds to support agricultural entrepreneurs operating in the mountain areas of the region.Specifically, Coldiretti refers to Measure 13, better known as "compensatory allowance", thanks to which, over the years, companies have managed to stay in mountain areas, promoting sustainable development of the territory and at the same time preserving the hydrogeological structure of those areas.

"It is - explains the confederal delegate of Coldiretti Molise, Giuseppe Spinelli - of a fundamental measure for the survival of mountain agriculture, as well as to avoid the depopulation of specific areas that live thanks to the work of our entrepreneurs who daily ensure a constant management and protection of the territory for the benefit of the entire community ". For this reason, "it is of vital importance - underlines Spinelli - that the agricultural and livestock entrepreneurs who operate in these disadvantaged areas can receive the compensatory allowance, a support without which many of them could enter into crisis and jeopardize the continuation of their business activity with all that would ensue for the economy and the safeguarding of mountain areas throughout the region ”.

"We therefore ask - concludes Spinelli - that the councilor for agriculture, Nicola Cavaliere, and the Presidency of the Regional Council rapidly implement all the actions, even extraordinary ones, useful for identifying the necessary economic resources".


In recent days, a motion by the Metropolitan City of Turin urges the Piedmont Region to refinance the measures of the Rural Development Plan to support the purchase of fences and LGDs, extending the facilities to the hill and plain areas affected by the re-colonization of the wolf .

Fabrizio Galliati, president of Coldiretti Torino, comments: “We have been carrying out these requests for years. For years the wolf has come down from the mountains to the hills and plains, causing damage to agricultural businesses. Just like mountain farmers, farmers in hills and plains also need to be supported against wolf damage to flocks and herds ”.

Michele Mellano, director of Coldiretti Turin, adds: “We are pleased to see that the Metropolitan City Council recognizes the concreteness of our appeals in defense of agricultural entrepreneurs against the danger represented by wolves. The appeal of the Metropolitan City of Turin to the Piedmont Region goes in the right direction. The ongoing RDP measures must be adequately refinanced and recalibrated in light of the expansion of the wolf. In essence, the aid must be granted to farmers who have farms and stables in the mountains as well as in the hills and in the plains ”.

The President of Coldiretti Torino Fabrizio Galliati adds: “The motion is positive, but now we ask to move on to the facts. The proposed instrument of a specific working group to the Piedmont Region is positive. It is correct to involve all interested parties in order to identify and finance direct and inexpensive compensation methods. The important thing is that we proceed quickly ".

Michele Mellano closes with an appeal: “The return of the wolf to the territory requires a swift approval of the National Wolf Management Plan, it is necessary to be able to implement all the support measures for farmers, up to the containment plans. In recent days, the Piedmont Region has asked the Government to adopt the Plan as soon as possible, a request that Coldiretti considers positive ”.


Over thirty wild boars are immortalized by a video shot on Sunday evening in Arquà Petrarca by a motorist. At the sight of the wild boars, the man stopped the car and filmed the whole scene, waiting for the road to be completely clear before leaving. This is a fairly common situation in the Euganean Hills, where it is far from rare to come across numerous herds of wild boars, even in broad daylight. "It is further proof of how the presence of ungulates is still massive throughout the area - observes Massimo Bressan, president of Coldiretti Padua - and how it also constitutes a serious problem for road safety and the safety of those who travel along these roads," however, even in the evening or in broad daylight. The owner of the land through which the herd passed, pointed out that there is now a real groove that confirms the continuous coming and going of these animals.

This video is further proof that confirms how urgent it is to continue the containment action already in recent weeks. Wild boars are still too numerous and pose a real danger to safety, the environment and the numerous valuable crops of the Hills. Not to mention the risk of land instability caused by the dozens of excavations on the ground that we also documented last week in Monselice. We ask the Euganean Hills Park to continue the wild boar containment plan without interruptions or postponements and we renew our willingness to cooperate fully to resolve an emergency that affects everyone and which risks leaving serious consequences on a fragile territory ".


The agricultural organizations Coldiretti Lecce, Coldiretti Brindisi, Coldiretti Taranto, Confagricoltura Lecce, Confagricoltura Brindisi, Confagricoltura Taranto and Confcooperative Lecce have set up an institutional crisis table on Xylella Fastidiosa. They announce forms of struggle that will start from a first demonstration to be held in Lecce next March 9, to which other non-agricultural organizations and territorial communities will be called to join, as the problem is now one of destruction of the entire territory .

"The agricultural world of Salento is compact in condemning a regional policy - reads the document - which does not decide on the serious pandemic for which the European Union expects concrete actions aimed at implementing a containment policy, the Puglia Region does not put an end to the ambiguities, continuing to wink at those who still deny the evidence of the official nature of the data of a positivity close to 100% in the area defined as infected, legislative and administrative measures follow one another as general as they are inconclusive to the detriment of the territories of the provinces of Lecce, Brindisi and Taranto ".

In the document signed in the afternoon by the Presidents of the Organizations, they believe they have to intervene with extreme force to get the attention of public institutions on the destruction of the territory and of the agricultural economy of Salento not only caused by the disease. For this reason, the Organizations have declared the state of agitation of the entire category of the Salento territories affected by the Xylella Fastidiosa pandemic, stigmatizing the delay in interventions by the European Union, the Italian government and especially the Puglia Region. The institutional crisis table will deal with external communication, the organization of the struggle initiatives and the drafting of the claim platform.


During 2018, 275 new agricultural businesses were born, managed by entrepreneurs under 35. An average that exceeds 5 per week and brings the share of active companies in the sector to 1562 units in our region. This was announced by Coldiretti Marche in commenting on the data of the Marche Chamber of Commerce. Over 6% more than the previous year, 5.83% of the total number of companies operating in the agriculture, forestry and aquaculture sectors. And, on a positive note, most of them were opened in the earthquake-hit provinces: 79 in the province of Macerata, 56 in the province of Ascoli and 38 in the province of Fermo.

The balance between new registrations and terminations was also positive in all provinces. A real return to the countryside for young people who see agricultural work as a possible trajectory of their future but also a way to be protagonists of a resurgence of the hinterland at risk of depopulation and still, unfortunately, still far from returning to normal after the damage of the earthquake. That the land is attractive to the new generations is also evident from the number of applications submitted within the 2018 Youth Call: as many as 191 (out of a total of 735 in the last 3 years).

So much enthusiasm, however, is forced to deal with the bureaucracy. The Marche is the Italian region with the lowest percentage of European funds disbursed under the PRS: just 17.57% as of last December 31st. For the Youth Call there were requests for over 146 million (for first settlement, investments, agritourism or active longevity). “But it is not just a question of resources - explains Maria Letizia Gardoni, president of Coldiretti Marche - Young people must have priority in handling the paperwork. It is necessary to speed up the investigations for the settlement plans and act on the disbursement of advances, today bound to the presentation of sureties that are too expensive and prolonged over time ".


Coldiretti Mantova informs that the terms for the application for the assignment of authorization to the vineyard plant for 2019 have been opened, expiring on 31 March next. Based on the provisions of the Lombardy Region, a maximum area limit that can be requested for each application of 2 hectares will be applied, as this parameter could guarantee a sufficient assignment of authorizations to medium-small companies.

Furthermore, the regional provision establishes that, in the event that admissible requests exceed the area assigned to the Lombardy Region, authorizations for a minimum area of ​​0.2 hectares are issued to all applicants, it being understood that this limit may be reduced if the available area is not sufficient to guarantee release to all applicants. The new planting rights will expire in 2022.

“The measure - observes Paolo Carra, president of Coldiretti Mantova - allows agricultural businesses to expand their vineyard area and, therefore, production volumes. Unfortunately, however, the propensity of companies to grow and invest in a sector that over the years has been able to take up the challenge of quality and biodiversity collides with the small concessions in terms of planting rights. The hope is that this slowdown in expansion will be compensated for with adequate promotional funds to encourage the internationalization of the market, which is increasingly looking for quality Made in Italy wine ".

Since 2016, the year in which the assignment procedure was launched, the members of Coldiretti Mantova have requested 800 hectares of new vineyards. The vineyard area in the Mantua area is now 1,700 hectares, with a production of quality wines recognized by the protected designation of origin such as Lambrusco Mantovano, Garda Doc and Garda Colli Mantovani. Provincial contact person for the sector for Coldiretti Mantova is Gianni Rondelli (tel .: 0376/375380, gianni.rondelli @


In recent days, the members of Coldiretti Piacenza, coordinated by the provincial president Marco Crotti, welcomed the Forestry Carabinieri and managers of Arpae on the occasion of two meetings aimed at studying and deepening the "Regional Regulation No. 3 of 15 December 2107".

President Crotti did the honors, welcoming the distinguished speakers and explaining the meaning and purpose of these meetings: "Understanding and understanding the reasons behind a rule make it easier to respect and apply the rule itself. This is why we farmers need to listen and understand, with a constructive spirit. Knowing the rules and respecting them means being on the side of legality and we can only be grateful and collaborative with those who have the task of enforcing them and today they have accepted our invitation to be here ”.

During the meetings various topics were discussed, from the mandatory documentation required for farms to the correct management of effluents, from the nitrate directive bulletin to the exemptions granted by the Emilia Romagna Region, also passing through the SMS alert service activated by Coldiretti Piacenza.

Colonel Enzo Compagnin, commander of the Forestry Carabinieri highlighted the importance of environmental protection and the fact that failure to comply with the rules that regulate it also implies consequences on Cross-compliance. It also represented the common goal of ensuring eco-sustainable production at the service of citizens and the final consumer. An objective that Coldiretti Piacenza can only share.

Dr. Paola Anaclerio, an Arpae official, went into the specifics of the regional regulation on effluent management, making the more complex aspects of the standard more understandable through specific cases and concrete examples.

There was no lack of moments of calm and constructive confrontation with interventions and questions from the members who followed the precise explanations provided by the speakers with attention and interest. Addressing the more operational aspects related to checks on the territory, Marshal Gianluca Mancinelli intervened, specifying that the duty of the Forestry Carabinieri consists in enforcing the rules imposed by the legislator. For the Marshal, closing a control with a sanction represents a personal defeat as the first objective we want to pursue is prevention and knowledge of the best applicable agronomic practices. And for this we are at the disposal of the agricultural world and of all citizens.

Crotti at the end of the meeting thanked the speakers for their extreme availability. “We are all aware that your task is by no means easy and even if sometimes, as farmers we don't show it, we appreciate your professionalism and competence. Knowing, applying the law and preventing any infringements is the purpose with which we close this first positive experience ".



Coldiretti Mantua organizes the meeting on "Insurance risks in agriculture and road traffic rules for agricultural vehicles" on Monday 25 February at 9:30 in the Civic Hall of Pegognaga (Piazza Vittorio Veneto, 14).

After the introductory greetings by Alessandro Gandolfi, president of the Pegognaga section of Coldiretti Mantua, Marco Carrara, director of Codima and Junior Ferrari Martins, insurance manager of Coldiretti Mantua, will speak on "Natural disasters: insurance as a defense tool" Alessandro Pisetta, official of the Mantova traffic police will hold a report on the "Road traffic of agricultural vehicles". The conclusions are entrusted to Simone Minelli, area representative of Pegognaga di Coldiretti Mantova.

“On the eve of the spring sowing campaign, it is important that agricultural companies know and respect all the rules for the correct road traffic of agricultural vehicles - explains Coldiretti Mantova -. On this occasion, in particular, a brochure will be distributed that summarizes the main regulations of the new Highway Code. We therefore invite all farmers to check the conditions of the tractors and the measures of the convoys consisting of tractors and equipment. If necessary, all the offices of Coldiretti Mantova will provide assistance in preparing the circulation permits ".

“Equally important - continues Coldiretti Mantova - is the issue of insurance, an instrument for protecting against corporate risks and civil liability. Furthermore, insurance policies are now the only means of defense against natural disasters, adverse weather conditions and climate change. In 2018 alone, in the province of Mantua, the damage from bad weather exceeded 15 million euros, devastating the crops in the field and damaging agricultural structures and establishments ".


It is thanks to research and over ten years of studies and analysis on natural crosses of European vines with other varieties if it can now be confirmed that winemaking sustainability in Veneto is a reality and also passes through resistant vines. This is the theme that Coldiretti Veneto intends to deal with in a conference on Thursday 28 February at 9.30 in the Benedictine Court in Legnaro (Padua). To debate experts and farmers who have already made this choice.

"The foundations for a sustainable future also for the world of wine have already been laid out - explains Daniele Salvagno, president of Coldiretti Veneto who will open the seminar - selecting species capable of counteracting the main diseases by almost completely reducing the use of treatments means for producers a cultural leap and maximum attention to the demands of consumer citizens ".Precisely in the province where the first harvest of this type debuted with 4 thousand cabernet and merlot plants planted in the Euganean Hills three years ago, university professors and agricultural entrepreneurs will gather to bear their testimony.

The greetings of the director of the Multifunctional Pole of Agripolis Martino Cassandro will be followed by talks by Eugenio Pomarici from the University of Padua, Michele Zanardo, president of the National Wine Committee and Raffaele Testolin from the University of Udine. Following a round table moderated by Domenico Bosco Sector Manager of the National Confederation. The protagonists are Matilde Poggi of the Independent Winegrowers, Michael Toniolo, Erika Pedrini, winegrowers respectively in the Padua and Trentino regions. With them Gianluca Fregolent Head of the Agri-food Department of the Region, Andrea Sartori president of the Consortium for the Protection of Valpolicella and Stefano Zanette number one of Prosecco Doc and Margherita Lucchin director of the CIRVE Interdepartmental Center for Research in Viticulture and Oenology in Padua. The conclusions will be entrusted to the director of Coldiretti Veneto Pietro Piccioni.


From today to Wednesday 27 February Fourth stage of the educational and informative project "A Scuola di Olio Evo" from today, Monday 25, to Wednesday 27 February at the Le Streghe Hotel Institute in Benevento. The three days curated by Aprol Campania, in collaboration with Coldiretti Campania and Campagna Amica, will touch. Once again the teacher will be Maria Luisa Ambrosino, panel leader of the Naples Chamber of Commerce. On the final day there will be a cooking competition among the students, divided into five groups, with a combination of local extra virgin olive oils. Wednesday's race, in agreement with the manager Maria Gaetana Ianzito, will also be open to the participation of the press. The goal is to transfer knowledge to future chefs about the prince of the Mediterranean diet, which unfortunately is the most used but least known food.

The initiative stems from the memorandum of understanding between Coldiretti Campania and the Regional School Office to encourage dialogue with the territory. The first edition of the project featured the Marconi Hotel Institutes of Vairano Patenora, Cavalcanti of Naples, Cappello di Piedimonte Matese. After the Istituto Le Streghe di Benevento it will touch the students of the Ferrari of Battipaglia and of the Rossi Doria of Avellino. The six winning teams of the individual institutes will compete in the regional final which will be held in a prestigious location.

“The challenge of our time - underlines Gennarino Masiello, president of Coldiretti Benevento, Campania and national vice president - is to respond to the needs of conscious, ethical and informed consumption. Today there is widespread and strong attention to nutrition, both in terms of health and quality. Thanks to the cultural action carried out by Coldiretti, in particular with Campagna Amica, the perception of agri-food products has changed. We talk to the consumer about food, not just agriculture, because it is in the discovery of food that we come to understand the fatigue of healthy and sustainable agriculture. Extra virgin olive oil is the most used food from the first months and throughout the course of life. The American Food and Drug Administration has recently defined it as a real wellness drug, while it often ends up calling it just a condiment. It is necessary to work in this direction starting first of all from the schools ”.


An incursion of about a hundred pupils from the Tiziano Vecellio primary school will take place tomorrow from 9.30 to 11.30 at the covered agricultural market in Mestre in via Palamidese 3/5. The children will be welcomed by the “shopping tutors”, a group of agricultural entrepreneurs who will talk about typical local products, their seasonality and will put the children to the test by making them guess the names of fruit and vegetables and the period of local production. That's not all, since we are approaching Shrove Thursday there will be typical Venetian sweets with particular emphasis on the “fritoe, galani and castagnole”.

We will talk about the tradition of these sweets but also about the ingredients used, their origin. “Our intent is to develop the curiosity of the new generations for a balanced approach to food, contemplating a knowledge of the products of the earth and why not of the typical dishes of the territory” says Raffaella Veronese, manager of Donne Impresa Venezia. The peasant tradition counts on an extraordinary baggage that Coldiretti through these initiatives has the pleasure of making available to feed the precious knowledge of children, a heritage that we hope they can always carry with them becoming aware consumers. Children will discover that among the farmers' stalls there are only certain products, those that the season can offer in our lands, they will also find wine, meat and cheeses.

"Making the products of our territory known also acts as a spur for children to taste them - declares the president of Coldiretti Venezia Andrea Colla -" To impose to eat fruit and vegetables simply by explaining that they are good for health is not always convincing, it is necessary to act and modify a behavior in particular by creating special conditions for the discovery of flavor and the taste of eating by involving them with a stimulating food education.

The Campagna Amica markets offer all the necessary, simple and genuine ingredients, such as vegetables, seasonal fruit, honey, eggs, wine, meat and cheeses needed to create recipes and culinary experiments. Buying raw materials directly from farmers ensures the quality and freshness of the ingredients and communicating this to the little ones is an investment for the future!

BDF crop protection products database: an indispensable tool for agriculture and the environment - garden

Regions Conference
and Autonomous Provinces

Thursday 28 October 2010

attached the complete document in pdf format



viticulture and enology. 4

olive growing and elaiotecnica. 12

horticulture (open field and protected). 17

industrial, medicinal and non-food crops. 23

forage farming - animal husbandry - sector transformation industries. 28

fishing and aquaculture. 35

floriculture and ornamental nursery. 41

animal and plant biotechnologies. 52

forestry - wood arboriculture - non-wood forest products. 57

plant and animal agrobiodiversity in Italy. 73

biological agriculture . 82

agriculture and environment. 91

The Interregional Network for Agricultural, Forestry, Aquaculture and Fisheries Research has been recognized

officially by the Conference of Presidents of the Regions and Autonomous Provinces on 4 October

2001 the secretariat of the Network was entrusted to the Tuscany Region and for it to ARSIA.

Main objectives of the Network are:

- Define aspects of a methodological and organizational nature to support the Regions and P.A. in

preparation of documents relating to planning and research activity at an interregional level e

- Identify the demand for innovation in the areas of interest of the Regions and P.A. also in order to

to help define the priorities for interregional and national research programs in the field

- Create synergies between Regions and P.A. to address common problems and identify methodologies

in relation to the promotion, testing and transfer of innovation also through implementation

joint research projects.

The Network constitutes the technical support of the Regions in the definition of research policies, and arises

as an interface of both the MiUR and the MiPAF for the definition of the three-year national research plan,

for matters of competence.

The Regional Referents who are part of the Network have identified the research question and organized it by

the main production chains or transversal problem areas from which it comes. In each tab

in addition to the reference scenario, the objectives and actions ordered by priority are attached.

These cards will constitute, for the three-year period 2010-2012, the reference for choices to be made in relation to the various ones

operational tools and provide a contribution for: National Technological Platforms National Plan of

Research, program of activities of the CRA, themes of the MiPAAF research calls, national plans of

MiPAAF, themes of interregional research and experimentation projects promoted by

In the following document, no priorities have been indicated between the various sectors, considering that it is to establish relevance

each of them is a choice of agricultural policy and therefore not within the competence of the interregional network.

It is important to highlight that, in order to identify the research demand from the various territories,

each Region and P.A. has operated in compliance with its organizational and regulatory autonomy.

General framework of the sector

The wine production chain represents a backbone of the national agri-food system but it is also one

of the fundamental components of the image of Italy capable of representing not only an important one

economic system but also a set of values ​​ranging from the environment, to the landscape, to culture and

The development strategies of vitiviniculture, which represents one of the priority sectors for many Regions, yes

in fact, they are based on the enhancement of the aspects that characterize the quality of the product and on the relationship between

product, landscape, culture and history: the wine embodies a strong evocative characterization, being in

able to represent in the collective imagination precisely that synthesis between landscape value, rurality and

a story that also explains the success of the agritourism activity and the initiatives related to the wine routes. There

defense of the typicality of Italian agri-food products, first of which wine, allows the

safeguarding the regional identity, already established nationally and internationally for this very reason

Despite the undoubted successes achieved by national viticulture, over time the vineyard surfaces

have undergone a generalized reduction: since 1967 in the world the surface has been reduced by 25%, in Europe

by 30%, in Italy the vineyard area which in the 1960s exceeded 1,400,000 hectares, in 1990 was 882,000

hectares and on the basis of the data held by AGEA referring to 2007, the national wine-growing potential amounts to

Fortunately, the downsizing of the sector did not correspond to this restructuring process

in national and international markets, which, indeed, has acquired important commercial spaces especially for

those quality wine productions that have benefited from a process of profound rationalization

acquiring increasing visibility. It is therefore not surprising the progressive increase of DOC and

DOCG and IGT to the detriment of the surfaces of table wines. On the other hand, the breadth is still insufficient

of companies, mostly less than one hectare.

The wine sector, compared to others, has developed a widespread awareness of this for some time

to the need to make strategic choices strongly oriented to the market. It is therefore not surprising that in the

time has passed from a phase, which has affected the last few decades, in which the number of varieties had been reduced

autochthonous in the face of the success of the main international vines, to a recent one in which they are

rediscovered vines of local interest.

The Italian wine heritage is very rich in variability, there are over 360 vines registered in the National Register

of the Varieties and of these over 300 are indigenous vines, in the translated sense of the term and that is vines

traditional with a close link with a specific territory.

In recent years, 2007 and 2008, on the contrary, world wine production has fallen below 270 million

hectoliters, both due to the strong effects of drought, especially in Italy and France, and to the reduction in areas invested.

In this international context, the reform of the wine CMO (EU Reg. 479/08 and 555/08) has been inserted which has

two moments of entry into force for the different Measures, 1 August 2008 and 1 August 2009.

It aims to reduce surpluses with the award-winning grubbing up of 175,000 hectares of community vineyard,

qualify agricultural productions and businesses, therefore it is very important to focus on productions

peculiar and recognizable wines capable of representing local typicalities and increasing the value

differential of the Italian wine offer. Among the other important changes planned, the introduction of the

green harvest, the elimination of market interventions with the abolition of aid for enrichment and

distillation, the new classification of wines from DOC and IGT to DOP and IGP, the new labeling. A role

fundamentally positive will be played by measures in support of investments and especially for promotion

The qualitative aspect, the interaction between the vine and the environment, together with the historical and cultural value of the productions

Italian winemakers continue to represent, in line with the CMO, an important driving force for consolidating

commercial penetration of leading winemaking productions and at the same time contributing to the

enhancement of some less known wine-growing areas.

Briefly, the strengths of the wine sector can be summarized as follows:

 Strong anchoring between productions and territories (food and wine tourism)

 Wide range of genetic resources

 Quality productions especially in the high and intermediate price range

 The reduction of production surpluses which will allow for better planning

 The control and traceability system put in place, but to be increased, which it can safeguard

more the potential of the sector, also as a guarantee for the consumer.

Faced with these potentialities, aspects of difficulty are highlighted in an area of ​​international competition,

characterized above all by:

 Company size, fragmentation of the offer and promotional activities

 Poor qualification of some productions

 Structural adaptation of the cellars

 Poor propensity to adopt technical and technological innovations in situations with a minor

 Limited implementation of market-oriented marketing and marketing strategies.

Opportunities offered by innovation

The opportunities offered by the research priority sheet are summarized below

identified by the Viticulture and Oenology Competence Group

In this context, promotion, testing and transfer of innovations capable of

intervene directly in the production phases and processes also through product and innovation innovation

process in order to favor the development of the national wine sector. In this context, the work of

“Basic public research” must increasingly be a tool to activate applied research capable of

respond concretely to the needs of producers and the challenges of the market.

Following the aspects mentioned above and the elements of the scenario highlighted, the

enhancement of the quality standards of wines through technological innovation in oenology: in

this means the updating of technologies and the continuous investigation of the components of the wines, theirs

evolution and the identification of quality and typicality factors are aspects worthy of further study

scientific which, in order to be effective, must be translated into indications and operational methodologies,

supported by adequate evaluation and analysis tools.

It is also considered equally important to address the issue of the enhancement of the viticultural heritage

Italian through the recovery of native vines of local interest and the expansion of diversity

Genetics of the vines with greater diffusion: this should not be understood as an activity of character

“Historical-documentary” but it must have a strong applicative character, designing paths consistent with

objectives aimed at acquiring operational indications to be exploited towards the operators of the sector al

in order that they perceive them as a concrete opportunity. In this sense it appears relevant and

the establishment of a relational database of the descriptive profiles of the varieties registered in the Catalog is mandatory

National in which to merge the documentation relating to each Italian grape variety and inherent information

of an ampelographic, viticultural, oenological and genetic character. This aspect is essential if you evaluate

the priority need to create a system, to share and rationalize the information that the individual institutions

acquire as part of the various research projects carried out at regional, national and European level. TO

this preparatory action must be followed by the oenological enhancement of the Italian vines through

the adoption of innovative techniques according to the modern approach of varietal enology.

The challenges that national wine production is facing today cannot in the medium-long term

period rely solely on the price or the position income of our productions. Increasingly

it is necessary that the enhancement of the millenary wine culture present in our territories is

continuously pursued to maintain and increase the appeal of our productions. Therefore it is believed

It is also appropriate to propose the issue of identifying quality and sustainability indices

of the viticultural ecosystem with the aim of increasing the overall efficiency of the "vineyard system" in a

environmental compatibility of the crop. The relationship between grape variety and territory is a component of

this line of research that, starting from the knowledge of the main interactions between different components that

constitute the vineyard system, must innovate viticultural techniques, evaluate the interaction between these and the

constituent components of the raw material in order to enhance the traits of quality and typicality.

Furthermore, it is considered useful to envisage research initiatives concerning the rationalization of defense, aimed at

in particular to define rapid diagnosis and recognition protocols and the impact of pesticides according to the

varietal characteristics and cultivation systems, to favor processes of induction of resistance to diseases e

the application of integrated and biological control strategies.

The application of integrated techniques and technology is also of relevant relevance and importance

advanced, to improve the management of wineries, to plan and optimize

cultivation operations and increase the quality of production, which highlights the opportunity to

develop systems and strategies for the reduction of production costs, to develop systems of

remote sensing and biosensors to monitor the phenological and ripening phases of the grapes and to promote

the application of suitable precision techniques and IT tools applied to support viticulture

An argument that crosses the supply chain but is equally interesting and inherent to the peculiarities of the sector

is the introduction of technologies to respect the environment, such as the study of the characteristics of

by-products of winemaking for use in agriculture, the search for methods for recycling in

cellar of the energy produced by the oenological process, the applicability of energy production systems

renewables in companies, the study of recovery systems for CO2 produced in fermentation processes

of grapes and for the phyto-purification of waste water produced during cellar activities.


1) Enhancement of the quality standards of wines

through technological innovation in oenology


1.1 Innovations in the field of chemistry

instrumental analytics and evaluations

organoleptic for the enhancement of the tools e

methods of analysis and control for the purpose of definition

commercial quality features and also

aimed at reducing the food risk due to

1.2 Setting up of instruments e

methods of analysis of the grapes, both in the vineyard and in

cellar, to check in a simple and repeatable way

phenolic and aromatic maturation.


1.1 Definition of the characteristics of typicality and originality

of grapes and study of enological technologies

"Conservative" for their maintenance in wine.

1.2 Study of innovative oenological practices and del

their effect on the chemical-physical characteristics and

1.3 Food safety, traceability and quality of

wine production: identification of parameters and

indices able to trace the origin of the wine.

1.4 Genetic improvement of yeasts and bacteria e

verification of their metabolic activity to increase the

quality of the productions and preserve the recognizability

of wine production.

1.5 Study of the most effective parameters of interest

oenological (chemical, chemical-physical, organoleptic,

health and nutritional) for an enhancement

oenological and commercial of wine production.

1.6 Studies on the methods of aging of wines e

on the modifications of wines in the aging process.

2) Enhancement of the Italian wine heritage

through the recovery of native vines of interest

local and the expansion of the genetic diversity of

vines with greater diffusion


2.1 Definition of the method for the

genetic characterization of vines and clones

2.2 Innovative techniques and technologies to accelerate i

timing of genetic and sanitary selection of potentials

clones, and production of propagating material

in the vine nursery sector.

2.3 Enhancement of the intrinsic potential of

genetic heritage of Vitis vinifera, with particular

attention to native vines, for the purpose of a

higher quality of production and resistance to

main biotic and abiotic adversities.

2.4 Broadening of genetic diversity through


2.1 Identification, genetic identification,

pomological, productive, oenological characterization e

health of minor indigenous vines of the single ones

2.2 Clonal selection of native varieties of Vitis

vinifera and rootstocks

2.3 Development of viticultural and agronomic techniques

and enological capable of enhancing the potential

vines in relation to environmental conditions, in

particularly for native vines.

3) Identification of quality and efficiency indices

in relation to the internal balance of the ecosystem


3.1 Setting up of parameters, indices and tools in

able to guarantee in different environmental conditions

and phenological of the crop a balanced nutrition

3.2 Study on the effects induced by viral infections on

quality of grapes and musts


3.1 Reduction of the environmental impact e

landscaping in the construction and management of

vineyards: study of the relationship between the main ones

components of the viticultural ecosystem and techniques

low environmental impact crops, also in

relation to climate change, in order to

increase the quality of the grapes and the vineyard landscape.

3.2 Study of the relationships between the main components

socio-economic, environmental, historical-cultural e

definition of simplified models for the

characterization and enhancement of territories a

4) Rationalization of defense BASIC RESEARCH ACTIONS

4.1 Study and development of methodologies e

rapid diagnosis and recognition protocols,

reliable and usable at mass level.

4.2 Study of the induction processes of

disease resistance in plants through

the use of natural or synthetic substances.


4.1 Development of adequate fighting strategies both

integrated and biological and verification of influences on

quantity and quality of productions.

4.2 Definition of the impact of pesticides for the purposes

of the rationalization of the treatments of struggle on

basis of the characteristics of varieties and systems

5) Application of integrated techniques and technology

advanced, for the improvement of the management of

wineries, to plan and optimize

cultivation operations and increase the quality of


Study and development of systems and strategies for

reduction of production costs aimed at

improvement of company performance.

Use and development of biosensors for qualification e

quantification of wine production.

Identification of precision systems and techniques

applied to viticulture to support assistance


5.1 Development of remote detection systems which,

through the use of air and satellite means of

detection and preparation of IT systems

of data processing, allow to monitor the

phenological phases, technological and phenolic maturation

5.2 Development of software procedures and tools

able to interface digital documentation

available and new generation.

6) Introduction of technologies in viticulture for the


6.1 Study of the characteristics of the by-products of

vinification for the purpose of use in agriculture.

6.2 Search for suitable tools and methodologies a

recover and reuse the energy produced in the cellar

from the grape transformation process itself.

6.3 Evaluation of the applicability of systems of

production of alternative energy in companies


6.1 Study and development of recovery systems for

CO2 produced in the fermentation processes of

6.1 Verification and evolution of systems for

phytoremediation of waste water produced during


General framework of the sector

 geo-economic point of view (territorial distribution, suitable areas, consistency of the supply chain, etc.

Olive cultivation finds its highest expression in the Mediterranean countries, including

Spain and Italy certainly excel. In recent decades, thanks to important innovations by

process olive growing is spreading to new countries for this crop, including Australia, Chile,

the United States, Argentina, etc. In these countries, more and more quality oils are already being produced

they obtain important international recognition.

In Italy the production base has more than 1 million hectares and is present in 1.2 million companies

involving as many operators employed in the olive production phase alone, this goes to

add the milling industry, that of refineries and all the related commercial and promotional activities.

The dynamics of the data regarding the olive UAA shows that this is constantly increasing,

despite the blocking of aid for the production of olive oil for plants built after

 markets (national, European, world) and types of production

Italian olive growing certainly aims at a world market, but most of the oils are

reserved for the internal or European market. It is in fact necessary to consider that normally the production

Italian is insufficient to meet internal needs, so there is a strong appeal

imports, particularly from Spain, to compensate for the production deficit and ours

exports, however, growing.

In Italy, oils with high quality standards are produced, but the percentage of virgin oils is still today

improved and in particular that of extra virgin olive oils. 80% of Italian olive production is

concentrated in 3 southern regions, such as Puglia, Sicily and Calabria, and it is in these that the production

percentage of extra virgin olive oil is low, although there has been a growing improvement in recent years.

 recent dynamics and current trends

Compared to the previous two years, at least in the most olive-growing regions of Italy, profitability

of the crop has been considerably reduced mainly due to the competition of the countries of the basin of the

Mediterranean. Another negative aspect, even today, is the lack of commercial transparency that

interested in extra virgin olive oils.

It is hoped that the correct application of the “made in Italy” legislation combined with a system of

more efficient controls can give breath to our olive growing.

The national olive-growing plan, which has been overdue for too long, could also induce a push

positive for the innovation of the entire sector.

The globalization of markets has placed our olive growing in front of choices that have now become obligatory. In

in particular, the acceleration of trade has highlighted new weaknesses for ours

olive growing, among which certainly emerges the need to contain production costs, too

through the identification of valid alternatives to the super-intensive model based exclusively on cultivars

Spanish or Greek, which is spreading in some of our olive growing realities, with serious damage from the point of view

environmental and landscape (objective 4 ° actions 4.1, 4.2 and 4.3).

Certainly the reduction of production costs also passes through the recovery and enhancement of everyone

the by-products of the supply chain: from the use of pomace to bioenergy, which can be obtained from the wood chips obtained from the residues

pruning (Objective 3 °).

It is also necessary to renew the list of authorized health facilities in Italy on the olive tree, compared to what

allowed in other countries, both to meet the needs deriving from climate change and to put i

our olive growers under the same operating conditions permitted elsewhere (Objective 2).

There is also a need for a reorganization of our trading system, which must show itself more capable of

conquer new market slices and / or new markets (1st action objective 1.3), and more faithful to the exaltation of

producer-consumer relationship (traceability).

Among the strengths we boast, in addition to the millenary olive-growing tradition, an important panorama

varietal, characterized by cultivars that produce oils with high organoleptic and commercial qualities.

Heritage that must be further enhanced through actions that aim at the recovery of local cultivars e

to the characterization of their monovarietal oils (Objective 5 action 5.4 objective 1 action 1.1 and 1.2 - Progetto

OLVIVA). Since 1996, 36 PDOs have been recognized in Italy for virgin and extra-virgin olive oil and

others are in the process of being recognized (eg Sardinia) as well as an IGP from the Tuscany Region.

Opportunities offered by innovation

The technical sheet prepared by the GTC “Olivicoltura ed Elaiotecnica” selected objectives and actions

subject of future research programs they represent, if adequately addressed in a relatively short time

short, strong potential and therefore development opportunities for our olive growing, as they go into action

directly against the aforementioned weaknesses.


1) Quantitative-qualitative characterization of oils and

table olives and their economic development in

according to the characteristics of typicality and quality.

1.1 Screening and validation of instruments e

procedures for fast and safe (statistically)

determination of the quality of oil, olives e

of the table olives processed to support the panel

tests and their regulatory recognition.

1.2 In-depth study of the parameters

analytical and organoleptic for differentiation e

economic exploitation of oils and olives from

table according to the areas of origin and the

1.3 Traceability of the origin of olive oil through

bio-molecular methodologies, mass spectrometry

of secondary ions and resonance spectroscopy

1.4 Studies on the effects that chemical reactions,

enzymatic and microbiological, present in

different stages of the extra oil production chain

virgin olive oil, they can exercise on quality

1.5 - Study of the analytical parameters for the definition

an index of technological ripeness of the olives e

to identify the most appropriate time frame for the

olive harvest, in order to obtain oils with the most

high nutritional and healthy quality possible.

1.6 Identification, analysis and implementation of tools

and means of communication suitable for the penetration of

new markets (domestic and foreign) for oils and olives

typical quality tableware.

2) Identification and validation of molecules

phytoiatric (among those existing) for the fight against

biotic adversities of the olive tree, even in cultivation

2.1 Study of the biology of the main cryptogams

of the olive tree and development of effective methods of

fight based on active substances appropriately

biological. (see Organic farming data sheet) selected (among those existing) for efficacy and for

toxicological and environmental profile

2.2 New strategies for the abatement of

adult populations of Bactrocera oleae in the period

spring and deepening of knowledge

on the reproductive biology of Diptera during the

winter-spring period: basic studies e

2.3 Registration of the same for the olive tree e

differentiation between olive oil and table olives

in compliance with the safety intervals.

3) Enhancement of processing by-products

3.1 Agronomic reuse of pomace and water

of vegetation, production of soil improvers and fertilizers

3.2 Identification of alternative uses of the residues of

processing of olives, including table olives

(recovery of polyphenols, etc.).

3.3 development of a collection procedure

and the disposal of toxic and noxious wastes that facilitate

even small producers

3.4 Reuse of products and by-products of

olives for energy purposes. Study of techniques, processes e

innovative management for the energy saving of

machines of the oil industry and processing

4) Development of new agronomic management models 4.1 Study of targeted cultivation techniques

to increase production and containment

of the alternation of production (e.g .:

rationalization of the use of water resources,

optimization of fertilization, use of suitable

4.2 Leaf nutrition of the olive tree: necessity, quality

of products, times and methods of distribution,

cost / benefit assessment with respect to nutrition

4.3 Adaptation of cultivars belonging to

Italian olive germplasm at the plants of

super intensive olive growing.

4.4 Study of soil - climate - oil relations in order to

define the most favorable conditions for the development of

an olive-growing for income and the making of cards

pedological "Terre dell’olivo" (cartography of

4.6 Application of agricultural techniques of

precision and innovative types of mechanization

of harvesting and pruning operations.

5) Enhancement of native varieties 5.1 Finding the existing germplasm,

also according to the results of the Olviva project,

5.2 Creation of collection fields

5.3 Evaluation of the quality of oils and olives



The horticultural supply chain has national importance with a total area of ​​530,000 ha distributed for 23% of

north, 11% in the Center and the remaining 66% in the south and an estimated total production

approximately 15 million tons (ISTAT data). The sector includes crops protected on an area

estimated at over 44,000 ha distributed for 70% in the southern and central regions (Sicily, Lazio, Campania,

Tuscany) for 26% in the Northern regions (Veneto, Lombardy, Liguria, Piedmont) and for the remainder in

Sardinia and other Regions

The sector is expressed through a multiplicity of pedo-climatic situations, companies and companies

entrepreneurial skills, which are followed by cultural itineraries, qualitative aspects and production calendars a lot

diversified, also because such are the technological innovations locally adopted in the processes

Southern horticulture has a prevalent destination towards the fresh consumer market, and is oriented

towards the production of extra-seasonal vegetables, due to their marked earliness and often even tardiness, while

the horticulture of the Center North and some areas of Puglia and Campania is aimed more at productions to be allocated

to the processing and transformation industry or the canning industry, freezing and the production of

Horticulture has become very professional in the last twenty years, starting with the nursery that allowed the

diffusion of more and more new and efficient constitutions (varieties and hybrids) more oriented towards the requests of

market and with genetic resistance to parasitic adversities. In the protected crops sector the

use of grafted plants, solarization, hydroponic crops, nematicide plants, to remedy

to the problems of soil fatigue, micropropagation, targeted fertigation, and many others

agronomic techniques allow to produce respectful productions from a qualitative point of view e

Eco-sustainable horticulture has also established itself, which rationally uses technical means (fertilizers,

crop protection products) in compliance with human health and environmental balance and following appropriate regulations of

production also dictated by the large-scale retail trade and quite widespread also appears to be

The southern regions, due to the favorable climatic conditions (hot-arid climate) that limit epidemics

plants, total up the most conspicuous percentages of integrated and organic productions, as shown by research

laboratory science and controls carried out in fruit and vegetable markets.

Vegetables have become a key constituent of our diet having been re-evaluated for

modest calorie content and the high presence of fiber and antioxidant substances. The consumer of today

is increasingly attentive to the health aspects of food and is constantly looking for so-called "foods

functional, that is, able to prevent certain pathologies and counteract the phenomena of aging. From these

nutritional needs arise, for example, from institutional campaigns in favor of the consumption of fruit and vegetables

in schools. The changing needs of contemporary society also require the offer of horticultural products

processed and ready for consumption such as IV and V range vegetables.

Weaknesses of the sector:

 Structural shortcomings linked to company pulverization, to the presence of protective preparations

obsolete, poor mechanization of cultivation operations together with infrastructural deficiencies

given by the inadequacy of the transport system and the unavailability of irrigation resources,

lead to high production costs

 Strong presence of intermediaries in the supply chain from the field to the consumer

 Lack of presence at national level of Producer Organizations compared to other European realities

which do not allow to aggregate and plan the offer resulting in poor competitiveness on

domestic and foreign markets

 Failure to apply process and product certification systems, traceability e

 Strong dependence on abroad for the procurement of propagation material and use of

non-certified material

Strengths of the sector

 Backbone of the national PLV in particular for extra-seasonal productions

 High organoleptic and nutritional characteristics of national and international horticultural productions

particular of the southern ones

 Presence of protected productions

 Diffusion of sustainable horticulture for the particular attention to low-impact techniques and

increase in organic production

 Increased consumer awareness on the health aspects related to the consumption of fruit and vegetables e

that require a healthy product obtained with eco-sustainable techniques.

 Opportunities offered by farmers' markets with the aim of shortening the supply chain.

Opportunities offered by innovation

Among the development policies in favor of the agri-food system, the regional RDPs undoubtedly represent

tools aimed at encouraging the sector through actions aimed at improving the competitiveness of businesses

agricultural, which take the form of support measures for the modernization of structures and

transfer of innovations.

Other possibilities are offered by the VII Framework Program on R&T that they foresee in the sector

agri-food support for actions concerning biotechnologies for the development of new products, i

eco-sustainable production systems, control of the production system from field to table, demand

of healthy, safe and quality food, the study of consumer behavior on food choices,

as well as the demand for innovative, dietetic foods with nutritional properties, the adoption of

treatment to improve food functionality, development and demonstration of methods of

highly technological and efficient treatment and packaging. Such opportunities on the whole can

be of assistance to the development of the horticultural sector. Programs have been carried out nationally

ministerial by Mipaaf such as the finalized projects and the PROM project with CIPE funds for the Regions

of the Convergence Objective. The NOP Programs Research to be launched in the near future always in favor of the OB Regions.

Convergence will give priority to issues affecting the protection of biodiversity for the agricultural sector

horticulture, innovative cultivation systems, the development of fresh-cut products

In any case, in planning innovation development actions for the horticultural sector, it will be necessary to create

connections and synergies with other sectors of production that often end up invading and reducing

potential of horticulture (composting, production of growing substrates, biodegradable packaging,

renewable sources, waste reduction, energy production, photovoltaics, conservation e

processing of products, social agriculture).



1) Commercial enhancement, Qualification e

1.1 Studies on the characterization of components

health, nutraceutical, organoleptic, aimed at

commercial and gastronomic enhancement

1.2 Increase in the biological value of vegetables,

reduction of anti-nutritional factors and other compounds

1.3 Testing of innovative systems and methods of

evaluation and quality control of vegetables,

including non-destructive ones, along the entire supply chain

1.4 Development of innovative technologies for

safeguarding the shelf life of products aimed at

maintenance of qualitative and hygienic-sanitary parameters

1.5 Recovery, characterization and enhancement

of local and newly introduced varieties of interest

national and / or regional, aimed at the production of

suitable propagation material, for the introduction of

resistance and / or tolerance to biotic or abiotic stress ed

to the improvement of product quality.

1.6 Lists of varietal orientation by areas

homogeneous, definition of production protocols,

methods and techniques of propagation, including

1.7 Testing of products, presentation methods

and innovative distribution (e.g. products IV and V

range, wild edible plants, new products,

o New crops (including species

spontaneous edible) and new product ranges.

o Agronomic and productive evaluation of

suitable cultivars for organic farming

o Adjustment of cultivation protocols

to the needs related to the process

industrial enhancement of the product

(technologies and processes for the enhancement

industry, means and techniques to reduce i

time and work required for the

preliminary preparation for cooking and / or al

2) Reduction of environmental impact with particular

reference to the optimization of resources

energy, water and nutritional

2.1 Evaluation and development of preparations

protective and innovative roofing materials, including

biodegradable plastic containers and films

2.2 Evaluation and development of products e

technologies capable of improving the quantitative response

of the productions with particular regard to

soilless cultivation methods (technologies,

materials, varietal suitability, closed cycle systems,

2.3 Definition and modeling of variables

irrigation, nutritional and energy and design of

decision support systems, including the

2.4 Development of climate management criteria in

able to limit the phytosanitary problems of

crops and expand production calendars

2.5 Evaluation and development of products e

control techniques for phytosanitary problems

with particular regard to eco-sustainable strategies,

IPM, Organic Agriculture.

2.6 Verification and evaluation of the effectiveness of use

of alternatives to methyl bromide in defense against

telluric plant pathogens in protected crops,

(low impact crop protection products, use of steam, outside

soil, solarization, herbaceous grafting, plants

biocide, antagonistic microorganisms)

2.7 Verification of the strategies for the containment of

virosis and recently introduced parasites e

testing of new active ingredients (including biological ones) for

2.8 Evaluation of different organic matrices e

cultivation techniques aimed at restoring fertility

of soils (also from a microbiological point of view)

including weed management

2.9 Verification of productive and qualitative responses

of the main horticultural crops at different levels of

fertilization and definition of protocols

fertilization also according to the prescriptions.

agri-environmental aspects of the regional RDPs.

2.10 Study of the metabolism of plants and

cultivation techniques in agro-environmental conditions

limiting (salinity, deficiencies, water and thermal excesses, pH

etc.) to increase the efficiency of use of resources,

especially of non-renewable ones.

2.11 Characterization of the total quality of

vegetables obtained organically.

2.12 Feasibility studies and evaluation of use of

different energy sources and study of the effects

of the use of photovoltaic panels for greenhouses

3) Product and / or process innovations for

reduction of production costs and strategies

3.1 Analysis and technical-economic evaluation of means

and techniques in order to reduce production costs in

a perspective of eco-sustainability

3.2 Studies of the market aspects of innovative forms

3.3 Telematic technologies to support sales e



The need to increase the weight of renewable energies in the world energy balance - dominated by

industrialized countries - is supported by an immense and ever-expanding bibliography and legislation

international that increasingly considers this need. The EU itself has highlighted the need for

resort to the production of energy from renewable sources, as underlined by the recent Directive 28/09 EC e

from the identification of the growth of renewable energies as a new challenge of rural development together with

climate change, biodiversity and saving and qualification of the water resource.

Before getting into the subject, however, it may be useful to summarize the main underlying reasons for that

led to focus a lot of interest on renewable energy:

 Availability of fossil fuels. Numerous studies highlight two phenomena related to the current situation

fossil fuels: the decrease in their availability and their link to geopolitical dynamics,

trade and investments in the oil industry. In this context the energies

Renewables, however, act as a substitute for fossil fuels, limiting them

hence dependence, a fact in itself of a strategic nature

 Greenhouse gas emissions. Atmospheric emissions of CO2 and other “greenhouse gases” deriving from production e

use of technologies and industrial products (primarily N2O and CH4) are altering, now with one

certain evidence, the climate and consequently all the complex ecological balances linked to it, as well as

also affect social aspects, especially in the poorest countries. From this point of view, the appeal

renewable energy stands as one of the main means to reduce CO2 emissions in

 Socio-economic issue. The industrialized countries, moreover affected by the recent economic situation and by the

competition from industrializing countries that occupy ever greater market shares,

see renewable energies (and energy saving) as a potential development sector which - if

properly guided at the political level - it could stimulate the recovery of more productive sectors.

 Competition between energy biomass and food crops. Hardly in the conditions

regional use of energy biomass can be to the detriment of food production. In fact the

first present themselves as a potential factor supporting prices at times when agriculture comes

depressed by over-production (cyclical fact). Secondly the energy conversion concerns

almost always the use of residual raw materials, which are placed at the end of food use

(example: straw in the case of cereals) or industrial (example: waste from the production of

semi-finished wood products obtained from forestry uses)

 Development of the territory and in particular of the agricultural sector. Biomasses can be used with different

conversion processes and technologies that lend themselves to being spread throughout the territory: agro-energy supply chains

they therefore require multiple knowledge and equally distributed professionalism. This

favors the diversification of the level of labor supply in rural areas and, ultimately, of a

certain type of culture that makes the social fabric more solid.

From this point of view, also considering the rather confusing national regulatory framework, it appears

It is essential to direct research towards development strategies that involve both the technological field and

economic, territorial and social. In particular, the research is oriented towards:

 The improvement of varieties that are simultaneously able on the one hand to respond

qualitatively to the characteristics of a good fuel and on the other hand ensure an income

guaranteed to farmers (e.g. high oleic sunflower varieties)

 The qualitative characterization of fuels in order to create technical regulations that can

standardize and certify biofuel

 The optimization of all phases of the agro-energy supply chain in order to lower economic costs and

 The enhancement of the use of crop residues, through the improvement of logistics and

combustion technology of the same residues

 Improvement of the technology both relative to the existing one (eg horizontal digesters, stripping

nitrogen, etc.) is aimed at the use of new materials (eg liquid biofuel from algae, etc.).


1) Stimulate the development of new supply chains for

"no food" productions (including the enhancement of

by-products and pruning residues), with

 Energy and Biomass Sector (Sub-chains:

ethanol, biogas from vegetables, electricity

and thermal with particular reference to that

obtainable from the by-products of the wine production chains

and olive groves, including pruning residues,

 Industrial Oils Sector (Sub-chains: high erucic,

high oleic, drying oils or other uses).

 Fiber and Cellulose Supply Chain

 Second generation biofuels

1.1 - Intensify research in the field of crops

more suitable than the more productive varieties in

relation to the territory, optimal cultivation techniques e

of possible commercial outlets. (Interest

national but to be developed at a territorial level)

1.2 - Verification of activities for the protection of

biodiversity, production diversification and

maintenance of soil fertility.

1.3 - Intensification of research on technologies e

on the rationalization of processes and systems

production within the entire supply chain. (Interest

1.4 - Research development for direct use in

company of energy resources obtainable from oils

raw vegetables and biomass available, with

particular reference to those obtainable from

pruning of the olive tree and the vine, respecting a

high environmental quality. (National interest)

1.5 - Certification of the validity of the effluents

livestock and vegetables digested and / or composted in

replacement of synthetic amendments.

1.6 - Organization, economic budget, budget

energy of agro-energy yards (cost analysis

benefits, market research, identification of

figures interested in the supply chain, low input of

2) Improvement of production processes, quality

and profitability of typical industrial crops ed

2.1 - Improve the whole cultivation process

through: the verification of cultivation techniques more

emerging suitable for the peculiarities of the territories the optimal

use of natural resources available with

particular with regard to the efficient use of water

the use of varieties with greater resistance to

plant diseases and pathogens in general.

2.2 - Intensify the search for improvement

genetic aimed at increasing qualitative parameters

2.3 - Improve mechanization processes

within the entire production chain.

2.4 - Analysis and verification of the new scenarios related to

possible crop replacement currently

characterizing certain territories in order to

identify possible crop alternatives.

3) Implementation of specific programs for the

improvement and development of Officinal Cultures

3.1.1 - Intensify research for fine tuning

of the entire supply chain from the point of view of the enhancement of

3.1.2- improvement of the cultivation technique -

above all biological - with the verification of the possible

insertions in company crop rotations

3.1.3 optimization of mechanization processes

in the cultivation and first transformation phase

3.1.4 deepening of the varietal study on

fresh aromatic species depending on the market

3.1.5 focus on the possible uses of the products e

processing by-products in relation to

3.2 Development of research aimed at putting a

point of common production standards (also a

European level) and of analysis systems corresponding to the

quality certification and product traceability.

3.3 - Market analysis to identify the species of

greater interest, the basic quality standards, the

marketing methods also for the

Big organised distribution.


The supply chain has a significant importance:

 permanent pastures and meadows represent 25.8% of the national UAA with 3.4 million ha,

most of which are located in hilly and mountainous areas characterized by low

productivity but of significant importance for the use and stability of the territory

 the alternated fodder crops are 1.8 million ha, mainly of alfalfa following the

weeds of which about a third of waxy maize

 there are 498,210 farms,

 the dairy processing industries are 2,249 with over 30,000 employees,

 the industrial transformation of meat is characterized by specific trends in

slaughterings compared to the previous year, highlighting the following in the various sectors

trends, the "bovine" shows a decrease of - 2.1%, the "pig" shows an increase of 1.6

%, the "poultry" recorded an increase of 16%, the "sheep-goat" recorded a situation

almost unchanged (- 0.2%). For the "poultry" sector, it should be noted that the upward trend

marked of slaughterings, was justified by the recovery in consumption and the increase in

market demand, following the regression of avian influenza events.

 the production value of farms at basic prices is around 15 billion euros,

 equal to 30% of the entire agricultural production,

 that the consumption reaches an estimated 50 billion euros.

Over the last 20 years it has been characterized by a generalized phenomenon of company reduction

agricultural which has corresponded to an increase in the size of the farm with a greater concentration of the heads e

more pronounced species-oriented specialization. The cattle sector is in slight and steady decline in

number of heads, while the pigs are growing. Sheep and goats, poultry and burrows tend to be stable.

The Italian meat livestock sector represents about 65% of the value of livestock production but

it is not able to cover internal needs.

The dairy sector is still experiencing a phase of "adjustment" within the quota system and is suffering from a strong one

foreign competition on drinking milk.

For both sectors there is good potential in the transformation into denomination products (PDO,

IGP, PAT) that enhance a specific ability to produce original foods linked to a territory.

The processing industries are largely small and sparsely

integrated with each other in the last decade there has been a substantial holding in the number of companies with

a slight, but not generalized, increase in the number of employees per company. Strong integration

vertical is now consolidated in the poultry sector and, in part, in the tunnel.

DM is getting stronger in the distribution of food products of zootechnical origin, however

the importance of traditional butchery is confirmed.

From a geo-economic point of view, the supply chain can be summarized as follows:

 a Po Valley district characterized by intensive forage-zootechnical systems based on the cultivation of

irrigated maize, mainly cattle, pigs and poultry, with substantial investments, oriented to

commodity production, strongly dependent on the market for production factors and on that of

outlet, often with high vertical integration

 an alpine "crown" and an Apennine, mountain and hilly ridge, with zootechnical fodder systems

more extensive cattle and sheep and goats, albeit conditioned by the availability of surfaces

usable, set on the lawn and pasture, oriented to the production of specialties, open to markets

local and niche or short supply chains

 an internal mountain of the islands, with extensive sheep, goat and pig systems, conditioned by limitations

environmental, oriented to the production of specialties, open to local and niche markets or short supply chains

 some areas with highly specialized production systems: large poultry farms

size in Veneto, some central-southern areas with cattle breeding (Murgia barese e

Taranto, Sardinian Campidano, Lazio plain), pig breeding of indigenous breeds (Cinta Senese,

The supply chain conducted with organic production methods, after an initial expansive phase, records a

settlement caused by some unresolved technical limitations and high consumer product prices.

The possible national strategies for the supply chain must be calibrated for each product with a view to

reasonable balance of the internal market, but taking into account the globalizing dynamics of the agri-food market

a) the beef sector sees two important realities coexist: the closed cycle of autochthonous breeds of

quality and fattening of calves imported for the first time it is necessary to work on the modeling of

business system and on the best commercial penetration capacity, for the second consider

the opportunity to increase the internal production of calves. The current deficit in the

coverage of internal needs and the double commercial channel (GDO and retail butcher) that

interact with different livestock systems

b) the bovine milk and pig sectors could increasingly orient themselves towards qualitative diversification, to

transformation into products with denomination, inserted in a path of expansion of the internal market e

c) the sheep and goat sector can point to a greater evolution towards high-quality processed products

quality and linked to the territory of origin ("easier" for milk, less for meat)

d) the poultry sector, affected by technical-managerial adaptation processes aimed at a

guaranteeing its sustainability, it is characterized by a high vertical integration and an internal market

“Satisfied” and mature, he is moving towards range diversification

e) the "organic" sector must solve some zootechnical and business organization problems,

compatibly with the limits of availability of the surfaces, aimed at containing costs that

allows greater commercial penetration of the product.

(1) - ISTAT data relating to the year 2008

(2) - ISTAT data relating to the year 2007

(3) - ISTAT data relating to the year 2007


1) Enhancement and protection of products of origin

typical animals (milk, cheeses, cured meats, meats, etc.)

1.1 Identification and validation of tools for

certification of origin, and traceability, of

dairy and meat products through the study

of the factors of production and transformation, in the different

1.2 Chemical-nutritional characterization e

sensory of products of animal origin, with

particular with regard to nutraceutical aspects e

1.3 Study of the microbial ecosystems of the area

geographical origin of typical products: (typing,

also genetics of indigenous microflora, selection

and production of typical microbial starters)

1.4 Identification and online measurement of new ones

quality parameters of milk and meat for one

1.5 Evaluation of the qualitative parameters of eggs in

function of the regulatory and management evolution of

farms (cage, ground, free-range).

1.6 Qualitative evaluation of the products of origin

animal from alternative production systems (animal husbandry

biological, low impact, extensive).

2) Improvement of the environmental sustainability of

2.1 Experimental evaluation and validation in

field, of food plans for the reduction of

contents of nitrogen and phosphorus in livestock manure

of cattle (milk, meat), buffaloes, pigs, poultry, tunnels,

according to the specificity of the management of

breeding and forage production of

2.2 Evaluate the possibility of reducing emissions

of methane by ruminanates through the

management of food plans.

2.3 Identification of evaluation criteria e

possibility of reducing the environmental impact

overall (air, water, weight) of the

intensive farming in sensitive areas (vulnerable,

montane, with high environmental value_ZPS o

2.4 Enhancement of low-level livestock systems

impact, extensive or biological, in terms of

connection to the forage production of

area and benefits for the community.

3) Innovative products of zootechnical origin e

expansion of the commercial range

3.1 Study of innovative products obtained from milk,

meat and their by-products

3.2 Development of technological innovations, in

packaging, distribution, for

improvement of quality, food safety e

shelf life of processed products.

3.3 Study of innovative non-food products (cosmetics,

textile fibers, leather goods, etc.)

4) Increase and improvement of performance

production of farmed animals and the efficiency of

4.1 Application of biotechnologies and putting a

point of innovative techniques in the field of

molecular genetics and animal reproduction

4.2 Development of techniques to improve the response

immune system of animals in breeding and defense

from infectious diseases

4.3 Improvement of the reproductive efficiency of

species of zootechnical interest

4.4 Genetic improvement for non traits

directly productive (longevity, resistance

diseases, adaptation, etc.) of animals (bovine

4.5 Development of genetic improvement plans

to increase the quality of productions

4.6 Characterization of genetic types for

production of Italian heavy pigs, pigs

medium quality and breeding pig

4.7 Productive characterization of populations

autochthonous animals and breeds even with limited diffusion

4.8 Genetic selection and management of

reproduction aimed at improving the

5) Evaluation of animal welfare and its

correlations with livestock production systems

5.1 Evaluation of animal welfare in

relationship to the farming system, as well as to the

destination or use not

productive / multifunctional (e.g. pet therapy)

5.2 Definition of methods of measurement and

indicators of animal welfare on the farm,

during the transport and pre-slaughter phases

5.3 Development and field validation of “techniques

sustainable ”to reduce farming technopathies

intensive and improve animal welfare

6) Adaptation of the livestock sector to

legislation relating to food safety and

6.1 Assessment of the implications and impact of the

coexistence of GM and non-GM organisms in the supply chains

branded livestock and organic livestock farming

6.2 Cognitive investigations, monitoring, targeted studies for

the knowledge of possible contamination from

mycotoxins, pesticide residues, heavy metals

in raw materials for animal feed

6.3 Study of intensive farming systems such as

pelvis and source of risk for transferable wing pathogens

food chain in product processing

7) Development, sustainability and functionality of the systems

7.1 Management of meadow-pasture forage resources

and pascolive: identification and realization of

finalized territorial and corporate management tools

to a rational use of the resource

7.2 Experimentation of innovative techniques of

forage harvesting and storage in relation

to the growing environment, to the needs

breeding, energy consumption

7.3 Development of high forage systems

7.4 Improving the efficiency of the system

seed for the availability of plant materials

suitable for different climatic environments and different

conditions of use also through the development of

production of seeds of local ecotypes

7.5 Development of sustainable management models of

low impact forage-zootechnical farms

environmental, guarantors of income, well-being

animal and company quality.

8) Rationalization of beekeeping 8.1 Qualitative enhancement of products

of the hive, and risk assessment of

environmental contamination and traceable

8.2 Development of tools and techniques for

enhancement of the pollinating activity of bees

8.3 Development of low impact solutions

environmental (homeopathy, phytotherapy) in prophylaxis

in the fight against hive diseases and in the control of

newly introduced parasites and pathologies

8.4 Safeguarding the genetic purity of Apis

mellifera L. by biometric and genetic studies

The general and regulatory framework of reference.

The fisheries sector is facing the implementation phase of the recent policy with many difficulties

Common Fisheries (CFP) which in recent years in particular has highlighted, to name the most problems

it is evident that there is an excessive exploitation of fish stocks, an overcapacity of the fishing fleets

, the loss of profitability of fishing enterprises, excessive waste of fish products, a

ineffective product marketing, a.

In this context, the fishing operators, fragmented into a thousand small businesses, are unable to

organize themselves in stronger forms of association as they are neither too tied to the fishing systems of the past nor pursued

except in special cases (consortia between fishing companies for the capture of bivalve molluscs) forms of

self-management of one's business.

The production of Community legislation increasingly rigid (EC Regulation 1967/2006, EC Regulation

1005/2008, Regulation 1010/2009, Regulation 1077/2008) requires the adoption of management measures

for the sustainable exploitation of fishery resources, sustainable fishing tools, certification of

catches for import / export, product traceability, food safety packages and many other very rules

Also in relation to aquaculture activities that have shown a lot especially in recent years

dynamism, Community and national regulatory provisions exist which require interventions in the

the sector pays a lot of attention to the production techniques of positive effects on the environment, to the enhancement of

organic production, attention to quality, traceability and health of farmed animals labeling of

Even the most recent national legislation (law no. 99 of 23 July 2009) in order to protect the quality of

national product and to combat fraud imposes initiatives aimed at strengthening actions to protect products

fisheries and aquaculture.

It is therefore necessary to accompany those involved in fishing and aquaculture towards a

overall modernization of the sector which may also determine a stabilization of the economy

The processes started with the common fisheries policy must be accompanied by all the tools

necessary to move the sector towards the rationalization of resources, the common organization of

fishing activities, respect for the environment and fish stocks, the development of aquaculture in the sense indicated

by the community regulations.

The research strategy

In this context, research as never before has to facilitate the activity of economic operators for

put them in a position to be competitive by respecting the general conditions imposed by European rules e

In this sense, the four research objectives set out in the respective actions have been identified for

respond concretely to the needs of the sector taking into account the outlined evolution of the sector

The proposed research objectives are:

 sustainable and environmentally friendly management and exploitation of natural fish resources

 improvement and expansion of the aquaculture production base

 environmentally friendly and technical management of aquaculture and mariculture facilities

 enhancement of environmental resources, fish products and the market


1) Management and sustainable exploitation ed

environmentally friendly of natural fish resources.

1.1 Investigations on the biology, consistency and diffusion of

specific genotypes of commercial interest.

1.2 Comparative surveys on the consistency of

fish populations and the ichthyogenic bearing of

waters subject to professional fishing activities, both

at sea and in inland waters, in relation to

fishing effort and the amount of withdrawal with

particular reference to biological protection areas.

1.3 Analysis of native fish populations

subject to fishing activities, both at sea and in

inland waters, characterized by a status

unfavorable to conservation and study of any

interventions for the restoration of these populations (eg.

1.4 Analysis of associated management models of

fishing activities in order to improve the sustainability of

withdrawal also in terms of selectivity of the systems for

1.5 Identification and development of suitable post-sowing techniques

for the survival and adaptation of

juveniles of coastal marine species.

1.6 Characterization of the production units of

youth from restocking, at regional level e

national, and the relative qualitative-quantitative rate of

productive functionality in relation to the needs of

connected catchment areas.

1.7 Development of standardized operational protocols for

the characterization of the biotic quality of

1.8 Development of operational protocols for good

restocking practices of indigenous strains in

relation to the flow rate, the uptake and the outflow

vital minimum of water bodies.

1.9 Optimization of equipment and techniques

fishing for the purpose of improving selectivity e

of the containment of the environmental impact. Role

ecological of Fad's (Fish aggregating devices)

on the pelagic ecosystem, on recruitment and

biodiversity, for the development of the use of systems

artificial attraction.

1.10 Identification of the levels of genetic variability e

of the reproductive capacity of fish species of

fishing interest at the level of lake populations and of

hatchery restocking material, for the

improvement of restocking and conservation

of species biodiversity.

1.11 Definition of reproduction protocols

artificial, first breeding and / or growth of

autochthonous subjects for repopulation, of quality,

with a view to the genetic protection of

2) Improvement and expansion of the base

2.1 Development of reproduction protocols e

first breeding of new native fish species

(marine and / or freshwater) with particular

reference to cephalopod molluscs, crustaceans

decapods and echinoderms of particular interest

2.2 Development of bio-economic simulation models

for the management and production optimization of

fish farms and mathematical forecasting models

on the environmental impact of farms.

2.3 Development of chain production techniques

high-content phyto-zooplankton foods

unsaturated fatty acids, for feeding the stages

larval of farmed species. Investigations

on the alternative use (active ingredients, energy) of

2.4 Evaluation of the applicability of standards

international organizations on animal welfare.

3) Environmentally friendly and technical management of plants

aquaculture and mariculture

3.1 Study of physical, chemical and biological parameters

of the inlet and waste water of the plants

aquaculture and natural basins, as well as

useful techniques for their purification and reuse with

particular reference to phytodepuration techniques

3.2 Setting up and testing of equipment

innovative for offshore farming, with technologies

with reduced environmental impact. Investigations

on sustainable aquaculture (polyculture, valliculture),

seeking innovative management models, with methods and

3.3 Identification and research of techniques of

nutrition and types of feed also

alternatives to those currently in use that

guarantee a low environmental impact.

3.4 Study of innovative prophylactic techniques e

search for new active ingredients to be used for the

defense of all farmed fish species, including in the

4) Enhancement of environmental resources, of

seafood and market products

4.1 Identification and standardization of

scientific methodologies for certification and

enhancement of production chains and products

fisheries and aquaculture, for the purposes of protection

sanitation, food and nutrition of the

consumer for the enhancement of the quality of

4.2 Socio-economic feasibility studies of

fishing-tourism and aquaculture-tourism transferable to

fishing and aquaculture operators in the waters

internal and in rural realities

4.3 Development of transformation techniques,

packaging and marketing of products

fish, strategies for the enhancement of preparations

food derived from typical local products, mass a

point of tools and techniques for conservation

of the catch on fishing boats.


The evolution of the world market

Worldwide, the extension of areas intended for horticulture is approximately 1,400,000 ha (AIPH / Union Fleurs

2007). The world area reserved for the cultivation of flowers and plants (bulbs included) is approximately 600,000 ha

(over 50% in Asia, 20% in Europe and 18% in America) while about 720,000 ha are made up of plants

nursery. The international flower market revolves around three geographical areas: Western Europe

United States / Canada and the Far East (Japan, China, South Korea) which alone account for about ¾

of the global consumption of floricultural products estimated at about 70 billion euros, also considering the

garden (Rabobank 2008). Among the non-EU countries, the production and competitiveness of

African countries (Kenya, Zambia and Uganda, etc.), South America (Ecuador and Colombia) and Asia (India, etc. and

more recently China whose surface is now estimated at 100,000 ha of which 40,000 are dedicated to cut flowers and

the rest to potted plants, whose production value is around 4.1% of the world one.

European horticulture with 24% of the surface (62,000 ha) and 20% of world production covers

considerable economic and social importance. The EU is the largest market in the world for the consumption of

cut flowers (53%). The largest flows of imports come from third countries via the Netherlands which serves

as a hinge in intra-community trade. 72% of cut flowers and 43% of total flower products come from

from four countries: Kenya, Colombia, Israel and Ecuador.

Among the producing countries, Italy with 18,000 ha is in 1st place for dedicated areas, followed by Holland, the

United Kingdom, Germany, Spain and France. Protected surfaces reach 70% in the Netherlands, 60%

in Spain, 50% in Italy, 46% in France and 15% in Great Britain.

The national situation Horticulture is an important sector of the national agricultural system:

 contributes around 6% to the total value of agricultural production for a value of around euro

2.5 billion euros of which 1.5 billion for flowers and potted plants and almost one billion for products

 the production areas are mainly located in Liguria, Tuscany, Campania, Sicily,

 is made up of nearly 20,500 companies operating on a total company surface of over

36,000 ha with a company average of about 1.76 ha (MiPAAF / Consorzio ITA 2009)

 it is practiced in farms with a limited surface area, less than 1 hectare in the case of floricultural ones and about 2

has for nurseries.

The segment of ornamental greenery, consisting of green, flowering, fruiting and leafy fronds is assuming

increasingly important in the field of floriculture. Unlike cut flowers, which are suffering from a

significant decline in production due to strong competition, the potted plants sector is gradually expanding

as well as shrub species grown to meet the growing demand for furnishing green spaces.

The segment of potted plants and nurseries was much less affected by the expansion of trade on a scale

international also due to the lower convenience for long-distance transport. The increase in supply has

however, the bargaining power of the companies was weakened and a selection was determined.

In Italy, consumption coincides mainly in pre-established circumstances (holidays, anniversaries, etc.). The choice

of the canal is still dominated by the florist's shop (about 80% for cut flowers, about 50% for plants

according to data from Rabobank 2008), but the Grande is becoming increasingly important

distribution, Garden Centers and Plant Centers.

The economic crisis that has been affecting the world economy for a year has naturally had an impact

very important on the economy itself with a contraction in consumption in countries with mature markets and with

a reduction in producer prices. Probably this situation is transitory and therefore linked to

economic fundamentals, among other things, it is noted that the increase in the consumption of horticultural products is

directly linked to the per capita GDP of each country. It is therefore likely that after a settling phase

which also presupposes major changes in the commercial supply chain and in the distribution chain

they are already foreseeing there will be a recovery in consumption and this will also increase significantly

share in countries of recent economic development (Poland, Russia, India, China) that could begin to

become consumers. This is the context in profound evolution and to be constantly monitored that it must

guide all support actions for the production chain.

Strengths of the sector

Without prejudice to the fact that a specific Supply Chain Table has recently been set up and the Plan of

Sector for nursery gardening which will have to represent the strategic policy document at the national level

for the development and enhancement of the industry, the factors that constitute the strengths of the industry can

 favorable soil and climatic conditions.

 production areas with high "know how" able to offer high quality products.

 varietal richness of the Mediterranean flora which allows an expansion of native species.

 the good flexibility of farms

 the good peculiarities of origin of some flower and nursery products.

 the presence in different regions of Italy of associative structures, flower districts, markets, networks

commercial and medium-large companies with good positioning on foreign markets.

 the presence of public and private research structures and bodies in the area

Weaknesses of the sector

 insufficient resources for promotion and marketing

 strong competitiveness on markets from extra-regional productions (EU and non-EU)

 insufficient investment capacity and difficulty in innovating the production process

 insufficient protection and enhancement of national productions

 high environmental impact and strong increase in production costs (eg energy, water and vehicles

 poor product innovation and patent dependence from abroad

 insufficient use of technology in greenhouses and high use of labor, cultivation methods

 poor scheduling of productions

 lack of supply concentration points in the major production areas.

 poor differentiation of the packaging which makes the product undifferentiated.

 very low investment capacity in marketing studies in the sector.

 commercial difficulties due to small company size, fragmentation of the offer

 weakness of the infrastructural system and insufficient supply chain and logistics

- weakness of the public research system in floriculture

- low level of investment in research and its transfer.

Research in florovovaism

The current system of public research in the horticultural field primarily includes:

- the CRA - Experimental Institute for Floriculture in the research units of Sanremo, Pescia, Pontecagnano

- Regional Institute for Floriculture of Sanremo, instrumental body of the Liguria Region

- Other regional research bodies: Minoprio Foundation, CeRSSA of Albenga, CRAS, Veneto Agriculture,

The main weaknesses of public research in horticulture:

- poor coordination between the research structures competent on the subject

- lack of financial resources for research in floriculture

- fragmentation and dispersion of available research and funding

- non-strategic guidelines and lines of research, not functional to the needs / problems of the world

- poor transfer of research results to producers

- low financial sharing of the productive world.

- Poor link with research in other sectors.

- Little or no relationship with private research.

In this organizational and structural context, the objectives and actions identified by the Regions for

research in floriculture which aim to differentiate and direct research based on the production category

(cut flower and foliage, outdoor plants and potted plants).

The Priority topics for research for the floricultural sector identified by the Network are al

- Introduce product, process and technology innovation into companies

- reduce production costs and the impact on the environment

- introduce sector and economic studies to finalize the research.

RECOMMENDATIONS (common for the three segments)

In order to direct the applicative research activities at the national level it is necessary first of all, aside

of all interested parties (clients and research operators), have a clear understanding of the state of the economy

the floricultural sector, its interrelationships, needs, priorities and consumer needs. It is necessary

take into account what happens in other countries because only from a clear, shared and global scenario

rational choices that can be used by the production chain may arise. In particular, it is advisable to avoid

work on species that are in decline from the market point of view.

In general, it will be indispensable and necessary to promote the network between the Research Centers and Bodies at the level

national, regional, also favoring international collaboration through the establishment of

partnerships, the realization of integrated and multidisciplinary research projects also promoting the

training and exchange of researchers.Particular attention must be paid to avoiding overlapping

and lack of coordination between the different research groups.

Forms of collaboration should be envisaged, where possible, with private research subjects or at least

understand their needs and involve the Regions, the production chain (the Districts if present), the bearers

of interest in the detailed setting, in particular for the choice of species and related

problems and in the evaluation of results, also through the establishment of thematic working groups

creation of stable relationships between public and private research, between public and private technicians, will be useful for finalizing

better basic and methodical researches the birth and development of new realities that deal with

genetic improvement (spin-offs and / or new individuals)

It will be necessary to create systems for verifying the shared results, their transferability and their effectiveness

relapse of research into the production world by promoting synergies and collaborations with the services of

regional development, with all public and private technicians, taking care of dissemination in a timely manner.

When it comes to product innovation, our country is not at the forefront, just think that

only 2.5% of the new ornamental varieties protected at community level come from Italy. Furthermore the

National breeding is concentrated on a few species and neglects many others today

important. This constitutes a serious gap vis-à-vis our competitors. Let us also remember that

for a new species or variety to become established, it is necessary not only to create new varieties but also

to know adequately the physiology, the cultivation techniques, the response to forcing, the post harvest to the end

to make them usable in the commercial chain. This therefore also presupposes process innovation.

 create a nationwide network of germplasm collections by particular species

interest and related computerized databases in a standardized way among the different ones

 well finalize the research and experimentation activity that should not be limited to aspects only

basic but must have an application finalization by our production chain e

commercial and in particular pay attention to the issues of sustainability and

related certifications.

 verify the possibility of setting up reference groups organized for specific interests e

skills, by type of production (eg: "Rosa" group) or by topic (eg: group

"Energy" or "management") capable of providing methodologies, data and coordinating activities e

exchanges of information with the participation of representatives of research bodies,

local administrations and stakeholders. This will improve the relationship

between the production chain and the research and experimentation structures.

 Prepare a database regarding the public sector that contains the lines of

research carried out, the expected and obtained results, the publications produced and so on

needs for rapid and effective disclosure.

In general, given the current scenario, a great effort is needed to create and develop the business idea

("Doing business") and the awareness of the tools necessary to attack global markets by

SMEs. The economic aspects of the productions and of the companies in them will be taken into consideration

together with the use of innovative commercial tools: certifications, use of balanced tools

in normal agricultural business practice, benchmarking and business efficiency indicators analysis of

market, sector and marketing strategies, creation at the territorial level of tools that constantly

update on local, national and international market dynamics (economic observers) etc ...

The species on which attention should be given priority are those of the Mediterranean type, linked to

biodiversity and the reduction of environmental impact.

Among these we can indicate with an explanatory but not exhaustive list: Camellia, Sunflower cut

and from vase, Proteaceae, Summer flowers, Acacia glaucoptera, Arbutus, Lisianthus, Dianthus barbatus, Calla

white, Ranunculus, Anemone, Poppy, vase and cut daisy, wildflowers, native species,

multifunctional roses, Pancratium, Limonium, Helleborus, Dahlia etc ...



1 Introduction of novelties, commercial or with

development potential, adapted to the needs of

national flower areas in order to:

 expand the offer in limited periods

product availability (spring-summer)

 introduce low species or varieties

thermal - energy needs

1.1 recovery, selection, characterization, too

with molecular methodologies and evaluation

agronomic, ornamental and commercial, of

varieties and / or species especially those

Mediterranean, indigenous and naturalized, too

through the establishment of collection fields e

varietal orientation. The use of methods

molecular structures and the creation of databases

genomics must be strictly targeted

to applicative breeding plans.

1.2 widening of the varietal range through

the creation of new varieties

1.3 development and evaluation of protocols

technical production including post-harvest aspects

2 improvement of varieties and strategic species

for the national floricultural areas, with particular

with regard to the quality of the productions,

to the extension of the production period and to

control of the production cycle

2.1 deepening of the physiological aspects e

technical-commercial (in vitro and in

alive, nutrition, physiology, cultivation, defense,

methods of presentation and distribution).

2.2 identification and development of techniques

innovative on the maintenance of parameters

qualitative in post harvest

2.3 fine-tuning for Mediterranean species

more known and widespread than the knowledge of the

physiology of flowering and post-harvest such as

allow better management of

productions and a production offer in the best

market periods and especially very broad in the

3 introduction of technological innovations and

process for the improvement of productions,

with particular regard to the cost reduction of

production and energy, environmental impact,

and to all the methods that increase the

environmental compatibility and recovery and the

reuse of waste and wastewater

3.1 use of strategies, materials, renewable sources,

innovative systems and structures in the field of

energy saving in order to and the reduction of

3.2 introduction of innovative products and systems

of, prevention and biological and / or integrated defense

with rational use of climatic parameters

development of kits for early diagnosis and systems

monitoring of phytosanitary problems

study of induced resistance of pathogens

3.3 study of water and nutritional needs ed

energetics and development of models and systems

innovative crops, including soilless systems.

1. introduction of product innovation,

exploiting biodiversity, with reference between

 adaptability of species and cultivars

to the plant in areas of interest

landscape-environmental and suitable for

naturalistic engineering systems

1.1 selection and genetic improvement of novelties

commercial and native germplasm and / or

naturalized, also with reference to species

Mediterranean and dry garden

1.2 use of molecular markers as valid

operational tool for characterization,

evaluation and agronomic behavior of

news within integrated improvement plans

1.3 studies for the modification of architecture and

2. introduction of native species for use in

3.3 study of techniques for grubbing up, transport,

planting and post-planting care of trees

3.5 innovative nursery techniques to reduce

transplant stress of ornamental trees and shrubs

3. reduction of environmental impact e

landscaping, improvement and optimization

of production techniques and evaluation

quantitative capacity of shrub species e

trees for the purpose of pollution mitigation

atmospheric in urban and perturban environments

2.1 studies for the use of alternative methods a

low environmental impact (waste water for

irrigation systems, biodegradable containers, substrates,

suppressive compost and biostimulants defense a

low impact, point irrigation, control

physical weeds, geodisinfection, energies

alternatives, innovative pots etc ...)

2.2 evaluation of the efficacy and selectivity of

new products study of monitoring strategies

and biological and integrated pest management

standard methodology for state assessment

health and stability, and any actions of

reorganization, with particular reference to

plants for urban green areas and public spaces.

2.3 evaluation of ornamental species for the

improvement of environmental and ecological quality

and landscaping with particular reference to

plants intended for urban green areas and areas

3.1 evaluation and development of techniques for

optimize product quality

3.2 studies to improve the efficiency of the use of

water and nutritional resources introduction of

innovative shrub management techniques

including a technical-agronomic assessment

and an in-depth knowledge of

nutritional needs of the species

4. development of low impact products and technologies

environmental including the recovery and reuse of wastewater

agricultural or industrial waste, compost e

3.4 studies on the absorption of gaseous pollutants,

on CO2 emissions and particulate capture, effects

on micrometeorological conditions such as

temperature mitigation with positive effects

on energy consumption due to shading

of tall vegetation and to the effect

5. study of forms of aggregation e

1. introduction of novelties, commercial or con

development potential, adaptable to needs

of the national flower growing areas in order to:

to. introduce low-requirement species

introduction of process innovations e

technologies for the improvement of productions

with particular regard to the cost reduction of

production and energy and environmental impact

1.1 recovery, characterization, also with

molecular methodologies, and evaluation

agronomic, ornamental and commercial of

varieties and / or species, including those

Mediterranean, indigenous and naturalized.

Establishment of plant genomic databases

2. rationalization and innovation of aspects

technical - commercial of varieties and species

strategic for the national flower growing areas, with

particular with regard to the quality of the productions.

Energy saving: technologies that use

cogenerators, geothermal heat exchangers e

alternative energy for greenhouses

2.1 deepening of the technical aspects -

commercial (in vitro and in vivo propagation,

nutrition, physiology, cultivation, defense,

methods of preparation and transport) studies e

technical-management strategies aimed at reduction

of energy consumption in cultivation

2.2 production protocols and technical-management strategies

aimed at increasing quality and / or

quantity of production, to elongation

of the production period and changes

the architecture and size of the plants

in-depth analysis of the technical aspects -

commercial (in vitro and in vivo propagation,

nutrition, physiology, cultivation, defense,

methods of preparation and transport)

2.3 Development of alternative substrates too

with high water retention capacity.

3. studies on the production and commercial chain that

lead to aggregation and standardization

3.1 use of strategies, materials, sources

renewables, innovative plants and structures in the

field of energy saving in order to

reduction of studio production costs

use of agricultural, agri-food by-products

and livestock, new products and waste

slaughter for energy production and the

waste water recovery for reduction

3.2 introduction of innovative products and systems

of prevention and biological and / or integrated defense,

also based on the rational management of

climatic parameters, development of kits for

early diagnosis and monitoring systems

of phytosanitary problems study of the

pathogen resistance induced by the use of

3.3 study of water and nutritional needs ed

energetics and development of models and systems

4. development of low-cost protective structures

and reduced energy consumption.

6. study of forms of aggregation e

4.1 development of appropriate strategies for

disclosure and transfer that allow

innovations to get in touch with the

production and technical assistance support.

4.2 dissemination and transfer of


The opportunities offered by the development of the biotechnology sector, in particular with regard to the capacity of

instruments, in continuous and rapid evolution, as well as the knowledge produced, actually more abroad

than in our country, but with elements of novelty in the last five to ten years also in national projects.

Given the sensitivity that accompanies the applicative aspects of biotechnology in agriculture, an eye of

respect is due with regard to the developments in this field in other countries, and also to the novelties

recent technologies as well as the possibilities of control, traceability and advantages for our agriculture of

A strategic development framework cannot ignore the acquisition of an adequate structure of the

technological availability present in the area, which can then be focused on the need for order

legislative-organizational (GMO coexistence with traditional crops) or national strategic projects

(sequencing of a Mediterranean crop such as the olive tree, or application of the most advanced techniques

large-scale molecular genetics on typical crops)

Food safety, coexistence, traceability, typing of agro-industrial products. The indications of

Brussels on the coexistence between GMOs and conventional and organic crops as well as the introduction in ours

Country of crops and seeds that need to be tracked and documented require ours

attention to the development of adequate tools for the assessment, reduction and management of risks / rules

associated with the use of GMOs in agriculture.

The need to improve the health status of species of agricultural interest arises on the same level, the

quality and safety of food products and the quality of the environment.

Both the first and the second point require the development and application of new diagnostic techniques

molecular of easy application, possibly economic, of wide diffusion.

First of all, the Network needs to identify laboratories that take on the role of Observers for

monitoring of genetically modified plants and their products. The authority of these superpartes laboratories,

or not ideologically aligned, to be identified in universities or research centers more

advanced in our country, should guarantee that necessary balance as well as an absolute guarantee

fairness that such a delicate sector requires. In fact, neither alarmism nor excesses are desirable

superficiality but absolute credibility and correctness in the analysis and dissemination of the results. Such observers

should have similar and comparable methodologies for the sampling and identification of GMOs

in seeds, raw materials, ingredients, foods and products and for release analysis e

environmental risk assessment. Furthermore, they should have similar methodologies for evaluating

safety and nutritional characteristics of genetically modified food and feed. Periodically, e

on a national scale, such monitoring should be both of support to the legislator and of correct dissemination

to citizens for a widespread knowledge of the state of the art. Last but not least, it is considered necessary to support the

legislation on labeling the development of methodologies for the traceability of GMOs in the agri-food chain

through molecular and biochemical markers.

In parallel with the needs of security and coexistence, one is seen as indispensable

participation in the development of new methods of "soft" genetic transformation, in order to collaborate with

development of less impacting technologies and contributing to the growth of biotechnologies and their application

controlled, it is emphasized, by public institutions, for a greater guarantee for society.

Last but not least, a greater commitment of the institutions, where the experience in the sector is greater, in the flow

communication to users regarding biotechnologies would be highly desirable. Courses of

communication science applied to the biotechnology sector in particular could ensure a

greater and better knowledge as well as awareness of these issues also in our country,

visibly lacking from this point of view compared to northern European countries.

Genetic improvement and application of genomic technologies to typicality, to low environmental impact, to

agro-food quality. High-profile technological platforms have also developed in ours

Country, albeit with some delay compared to other highly industrialized countries, but in rapid growth. These

platforms, focused on the development of "omics" (metabolomics, genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics),

largely born in a basic research context, they can find wide application in the activities of

genetic improvement, typing of national products, for a lower anthropogenic impact on the environment

agrarian, as well as for the characterization of the nutritional qualities of national agri-food products.

Synergies between technological platforms spread over the

territory and projects of broad sharing are proposed to assist these synergies. A project for sure

national interest, and highly characterizing our agriculture, is the sequencing of the genome

of the olive tree, for the purposes of its applications to the characterization of the product (increasingly badly imitated), al

genetic improvement of the plant, to the knowledge of the plant for the purpose of a lower anthropic impact in the

Other projects on horticultural crops, of high added value and equally characterizing an agriculture of

quality, focused on the analysis of biodiversity and protection of germplasm, rehabilitation and

Nicroporation, as well as application of advanced biotechnological technologies, could find great

support from the aforementioned technological platforms. Therefore a network of such platforms would be strongly

hoped for with strong national and regional support.


1. Risk assessment, reduction and management

associated with the use of GMOs in agriculture and a

support of strategies on coexistence between crops

transgenic, conventional and biological.

1.1 Development and validation of methodologies for

evaluate the safety and nutritional characteristics of

genetically modified food and feed

1.2 Establishment of "Observatories for the Monitoring of

genetically modified plants and their products "

1.3 Development and validation of new methodologies for

the sampling and identification of GMOs in

seeds, raw materials, ingredients,

foods and products and for release analysis e

environmental risk assessment: development of kits

commercial and serial production

1.4 Development of methodologies for the traceability of

GMOs in the food chain through markers

molecular and biochemical in support of legislation

1.5 Development of new processing methods

1.6 Studies aimed at defining systems of cultivation and

transformation of agri-food products into supply chains

"Non-GMO" and in support of management measures

related to coexistence

1.7 Biological and environmental risk assessment

the dispersion of GMOs in ecosystems also a

support to management measures related to

1.8 Improving the flow of communication

to users with regard to biotechnologies.

2. Development of new diagnostic techniques

molecular in order to improve the health status of

species of agricultural interest, quality and safety

of agri-food products and the quality of the environment.

2.1 Development and validation of biotechnological supports

for the identification and quantification of the main ones

pathogens for the animal and plant species of interest

2.2 Development and validation of biotechnological supports

for the identification and quantification of agents

contaminants in the food supply chains

2.3. Analysis of biochemical compounds and markers

molecules present in plants or products

fresh or processed food products

usable for the traceability of the product in the supply chain

2.4. Gene analysis and genetic improvement of

microorganisms useful for agro-industrial transformation

of fruit and vegetables

2.5 Improving environmental monitoring with

molecular diagnostic techniques

2.6 Creation of metabolomic databases

of the most important plant species for the region

Mediterranean, in order to enhance the nutritional qualities

of the species characterizing the Mediterranean diet

3. Improvement of the efficiency of the selection

genetics in species of agricultural interest e

genetic characterization of ecotypes and races

local by means of molecular markers.

3.1 Development, maintenance and networking of

technological platforms at the service of

marker-assisted genetic improvement

3.2 Genetic typing (fingerprinting) of breeds,

ecotypes or individuals of interest.

3.3 Description and characterization of biodiversity

3.4 Development, optimization and transfer of

techniques of cell culture or in vitro of species

fruit and vegetables for improvement applications

traditional and biotechnological genetics, rehabilitation e

4. Development of cultivation and breeding methods a

low environmental impact based on the approach

4.1 Development of technological platforms for the

genome sequencing and management

computer science of results (bioinformatics) for a

small group of relevant animal and plant species

for the national territory and not adequately

4.2 Complete sequencing of the genome of one or

more species of agricultural interest (plant species


General framework of the sector

The state of the forests and the prospects of the forest sector in Italy have recently been analyzed e

described in two documents:

 the summary document of the “Forests and Climate Change” Working Group, drawn up in 2005

as part of the National Strategic Plan preparatory to the drafting of development programs

rural areas (hereinafter RDP) 2007-13

 the subsequent and in-depth Framework Plan for the Forestry sector (hereinafter PQSF), drawn up

by an interinstitutional working group (MiPAAF, MATTM, INEA, Regions) in implementation of L.

296/2006 (2007 Finance Law), approved by the State Regions Conference on

Referring to these documents, in particular the last one, a very concise picture is outlined below

of the Italian forestry sector.

Forests and the forestry sector in Italy

The forest area in Italy, according to the 2005 National Forest and Carbon Inventory, is estimated

in 10.6 million hectares, equal to 34.7% of the total land area, with a clear trend

to the increase in some decades, due to the abandonment of agricultural crops and pastures in the areas

mountain and hill marginal areas.

Within the forest area, wood arboriculture covers about 120,000 hectares, of which 66,000 hectares

poplar groves, these in sharp decrease (halved area since 1982).

In the face of the considerable extension of the forests, the growing awareness of them should be emphasized

importance: alongside the traditional functions of: (a) production (of wood - for industry or energy - and of

non-wood products), and (b) hydrogeological protection of the territory (protection of water, soils and slopes),

in the last quarter of the last century, other important social and environmental values ​​were highlighted:

 the improvement and maintenance of the landscape

 use, for recreational or educational purposes

 air purification, absorption and fixation of carbon dioxide

 the conservation of plant and animal biodiversity.

However, these services have not so far been concretely recognized and remunerated to the owner or manager,

thus accentuating the abandonment of most of the mountain forest areas, often with poor aptitude

productive and negative staining.

Considering the sole function of producing woody raw materials from forests and arboriculture,

according to ISTAT data, the total value of these products, as an average over the last twenty years, amounts to

just over 1% of the total production of the primary sector.

Of the total national uses, on average 7-8 million cubic meters per year according to ISTAT, over 60%

is made up of firewood (the withdrawal of firewood is actually much higher, escaping the

statistical surveys of most of the cuts made in the coppices). As for the wood for work,

about 40% comes from poplar cultivation, which occupies just over 1% of the Italian forest area.

Considering that the annual import (especially of raw and semi-finished wood) is approximately 14 million

of cubic meters, Italy is the EU 25 country (excluding Malta and Luxembourg) with the lowest degree of

self-sufficiency in the supply of woody raw material for industry.

The PQSF identifies the following strengths of the Italian forestry and woods sector:

 the constant increase of the Italian forest area (about one third of the national territory)

 the annual increase in the commission higher than the utilization rates

 the growing trend towards planned forest management

 the high landscape and territorial diversity and diversified presence of habitats, fauna and flora

 the high presence of protected forest areas

 the multiplicity of functions, services and goods that forests offer to the community

 the positive action of forest products and related activities on the development of important economic sectors

(construction, panels, paper industry, recycling, energy, trade).

The weaknesses highlighted are more numerous:

 poor active management of the territory and the forest heritage

 fragmentation and dispersion of forest properties and reduced farm size

 scarce propensity of the forestry sector to a managerial, structural and productive adaptation

 low generational turnover and vulnerability of traditional cultures linked to activities

 insufficient road network and difficulties in accessing the property

 poor commodity quality of timber, inconstant productivity and strong dependence on foreign countries

 lack of harmonized sector information, both cartographic and statistical

 inadequacy of the system of national, regional and local laws, plans and organizational models

 lack of coordination between the various programming and planning tools

territorial and between the various subjects operating in the sector

 poor vertical and horizontal integration between companies operating in the forestry chains

 technical and managerial training gaps for employees, operators and owners

 difficulty in remunerating the non-monetary services offered by forest resources.

The PQSF therefore identifies intervention priorities, grouped into 4 areas and summarized below:

 encourage active management and adequate forest planning aimed at maintaining and

improvement of sustainability and multifunctionality

 provide for new fiscal policy tools, which support the competitive development of the economy

 promote new organizational models suitable for guaranteeing active and constant management of the

public and private forest ownership (associated and participatory models)

 protect forestry companies and operators by recognizing their social role, improve productivity and

work safety in the woods

 favor and enhance the development of the forest-wood supply chain, through the creation of short supply chains e

an integrated approach that involves all actors

 promote forest certification and the traceability of wood

 adapt infrastructures to forestry multifunctionality, minimizing negative impacts

 encourage both specialist technical, managerial and occupational safety training as well as

2. Protection and conservation priorities:

 enhance the protection of biodiversity in forest ecosystems

 promote integrated forest-fauna management

 encourage the implementation of afforestation interventions, favoring native species e

material of certified and local origin, favoring the reconstitution of fragmented areas

 promote strategic initiatives aimed at safeguarding the heritage in situ and ex situ

 incentivize the market for “zero emission” products and activities, promoting culture

of the use of wood starting from Green Public Procurement

 define long-term strategies for the protection of the forest heritage from the risks and phenomena of

degradation (fires, pathogens, extreme climatic phenomena)

3. Priorities for territorial protection:

 to favor the permanence of the communities in the mountain and hill places, through the

creation and / or enhancement of adequate services

 recognize the widespread benefits and public services to entrepreneurs and forest owners

interest, which proper forest management produces in favor of the entire community

 promote, primarily in rural contexts and mountain areas, the development and creation of

supply chains related to the energy use of forest biomass.

4. Coordination priorities:

 promote the harmonization and simplification of legislation in the forestry sector, favoring the

sharing of intentions and coordination between the competent institutions, encouraging harmonization

of forestry monitoring and planning systems

 create a permanent coordination structure that represents the point of reference

interinstitutional both for the implementation of forestry policies on the national territory and for the whole

 enhance the tools, methods and processes of forward-looking, sustainable planning and management,

Finally, the PQSF defines 4 national priority objectives:

A. develop an efficient and innovative forestry economy, a prerequisite for the sustainable use of

B. protect the territory and the environment

C. guaranteeing the services of public and social interest, transforming the woods into a tool for

development, social and territorial cohesion

D. promote coordination and communication, in order to coordinate and calibrate the objectives

economic, environmental and socio-cultural at different organizational and institutional levels, also informing the

public and civil society.

All 4 contribute to the General Objective:

encourage sustainable forest management in order to protect the territory, contain change

climate, activating and strengthening the forestry chain from its production base and guaranteeing, in the long run

term, the multifunctionality and diversity of forest resources.

The priority lines for forestry research defined by the Regions

The contents of the research priority sheet identified by the

Expertise Group Forestry, Wood arboriculture, Non-wood forest products.

The GC has been active since the winter of 2008-09 for an in-depth review of the priority lines for research

forestry, taking into account that:

- the priorities expressed in the 1998-99 consultation between the Regions, preliminary to the Ri.Selv.Italia project,

they had not undergone significant changes in the next 10 years

- new problems and new research needs were emerging from the first implementation of the

Regional Rural Development Programs RDP 2007-13.

In setting up the revision of the Priority Lines, two aspects in particular were taken into account:

- the results and suggestions emerging from the national forest research project Ri.Selv.Italia, object of

in-depth evaluation by the GC during 2008

- the fact that the guiding objective, defined by the acts and agreements, stipulated at the international, EU and

national, last but not least the PQSF, could only be sustainable forest management.

Having said this, operationally, it was considered appropriate to distinguish sustainable forest management from

sustainable management of woody plantations outside the forest.

Two main areas have therefore been defined: (1) sustainable forest planning and management, (2)

plantations outside the forest.

To make the identification of research actions more effective, it was then preferred to clarify three other areas,

transversal to forestry and wood arboriculture: (3) forest nurseries (4) products and services,

economy, market, society (5) interactions with other components of the ecosystem.

Within the 5 areas, 19 themes were then identified, in some cases further detailed in sub-themes.

At the end of a work that involved 18 out of 21 administrations, 62 actions of

research, grouped according to each theme according to the priorities expressed by the Regions.

The areas in which the research actions are more detailed and numerous are: Plantations outside the forest (in

in particular, the new theme New forests, wooded buffer zones and green systems in the plains) and Planning

and sustainable forest management, slightly detached from the Products and services, economy, market, society,

far behind Forest nursery and interactions with other components of the ecosystem, areas that

however, it was considered appropriate to keep separate from the macro-areas of woods and arboriculture.

Scrolling through the 62 research actions, we find a close correlation with the priorities (structural, protection and

conservation, territorial protection) identified by the PQSF.


1) sustainable forest planning and management

Forest planning and inventories

Forest resources monitoring: parameters e

common methodologies for inventories and surveys

on carbon storage and other aspects

1. Research on the effects of forest management

on carbon storage, comparing

different management modes active and free

2. National inventory of 3rd phase: methods

common applications for use and integration at level

regional carbon stock data.

3. Use of remote sensing data (LIDAR, images

multispectral from satellite, etc.) for the

characterization of forest stands for the purposes

management systems, inventory protocols, planning

forestry and damage mapping.

4. Study on the realization of the disturbance map

in the forest (fires, abiotic damage, attacks

parasitic) to be integrated into management plans

forestry, also to monitor the impact on the budget

Forest planning guidelines: systems e

methods, including for protected areas and Natura 2000 sites

Identification of common criteria and methods for the

territorial or large area forest planning,

as an interdisciplinary tool also valid for

private property, linked to the other tools of

Forest management in special situations 1. Oak decay: study of the dynamics

and management possibilities.

2. Management of newly formed woods on former

cultivated in a Mediterranean environment and on former pastures

3. Methods of silvicultural management in areas

4. Aged coppices: study of dynamics

evolutionary and sustainable management in order to

enhance its multifunctionality also through

5. Management of artificial pine forests

oriented towards renaturalization.

Forestry and land maintenance

(hydraulic-forestry arrangements and engineering

1. Evaluation of the stability and function of

forest cover protection, with particular

reference to aged chestnut coppice.

2. Riparian vegetation: assessment of stability

mechanics and the consolidating function of the species

riparians, with particular reference to the Salicaceae.

Forestry for forest fire prevention

and restoration of surfaces affected by fire

Methods and techniques for fire prevention

and minimal post-fire recovery techniques

Forestry and landscape 1. Definition of common criteria for identification e

management of woods and trees of interest

historical, cultural, spiritual and landscape.

2. Establishment of a national reserve network

Conservation and increase of biodiversity Identification of parameters and indicators for

objective determination of the level of

specific and structural biodiversity of stands

forestry and for qualitative-quantitative evaluation

Forest work systems

Forest use systems and their sustainability 1. Indicators, methods and systems of use

sustainable (with reference also to safety

of operators and maintenance of functionality

ecosystem) of forest biomass for the purpose

2. Definition of optimal standards of

mechanization and the road network for the

sustainability of uses.

2) plantations outside the forest

Arboriculture from wood and multifunctional with

New plantations: cultivation models, ecology, functions 1. Study and experimentation of new models

cultivation aimed at different environments (plain,

hills, mountains) and objectives (wood production,

environment, etc.), and with species with different cycles

2. Vocationality / aptitude cards by type of

Existing plants: models for management and

Methods and indicators for monitoring and

evaluation, also with reference to the assortments

retractable woods, and indications for management and

New forests, wooded buffer strips and systems

1. Study of multifunctional silvicultural models,

with particular reference to the function of protection of

2. Identification of cultivation modules aimed at decreasing the

level of artificiality of the new woods and methods for

increase / evaluate biodiversity (floristics,

mycological, pedological, fauna) of the new woods of

3. Research on sound absorbing capacity and

dust collection of wooded bands.

4. Criteria and guidelines for the creation of corridors

ecological, networking new woods and woods

5. Creation of models in which the

woody production of value together with the others

6. Creation of implant models suitable for

Woody plantations for biomass at the end

1. Survey on the territorial vocations of the crop.

2. Identification of logistical-organizational models.

3. Testing of new machinery for the

Poplar cultivation Creation of a network of trial plots of the various

clones already registered or being registered in the various

Multifunctional plantations and changes

Realization of systems that guarantee a better

adaptation to global warming, employing

also species of economic interest (e.g. cork,

Transversal theme to all types of plantations:

Monitoring and inventories, including aspects

ecological, energy and carbon balance

in plants and plantation soils

1. Creation of an interregional network of plants

experimental and demonstrative, also for the

evaluation of environmental products and services,

economic and social, including the storage of

2.Definition of an inventory methodology

continuous and common to all Regions, in particular

for the monitoring of poplar resources, in order

to prepare a national database, released from

periodic statistical surveys

3. Identification of common criteria and methods for the

evaluation of the quality of standing soles and of

potential assortments and for the enhancement of

intermediate wood products.

4. Study of the effects on the environment (water, soil,

fauna, etc.) of the different types of systems a

comparison with each other and with agricultural crops

5. Identification of alternative mulches to film

traditional plastic, sustainable in terms of costs and impact

3) FOREST NURSERY (transversal area)

Conservation of biodiversity in situ

(populations from seed) and in the subsequent phases of

collection, treatment of the seed and production of the

propagation material

1. Identification of the regions of origin a

national level, including through characterization

genetics of the main tree species and some

shrubs of particular interest.

2. Implementation of a network with common criteria

interregional seed orchards and evidence of

3. Common guidelines for forest management

from seed (disciplinary, forest management plans).

4. Seed conservation methods and

nursery production suitable for maintenance

of intraspecific biodiversity.

Definition of criteria and standards for the

qualification of the multiplication material, in

in relation to the different types of employment.

1. Development of guidelines for the main ones

tree species aimed at obtaining

forest reproductive material with adequate

morphological, physiological and health requirements.

2. Selection and enhancement of forest materials of

multiplication for purpose plantations


COMPANY (transversal area)

Professional qualification and recognition

1. Criteria and paths to homogenize the different ones

systems of recognition of professionalism

active at regional level (licenses and registers).

2.Legal and fiscal definition of the company

Methods, parameters and indicators for evaluation

economic and environmental aspects of public interventions

1. Definition of shared guidelines for the

realization of price lists.

2. Estimate of lower incomes and higher costs

of the sustainable management of coppices with respect to

Qualification and quantification of products

woody from woods and plantations,

market improvement and monitoring of

1. Territorial feasibility study for the creation

of short supply chains of wood products deriving from

medium-long cycle forestry and arboriculture,

for industrial and / or energy uses.

2. New uses, products and processes

wood processing from forestry e

3. Implementation of market observatories of the

wood (poplar, work wood etc.) aimed at

greater transparency and better functioning

4. Establishment of regional databases e

interregional on forest companies and companies of

5. Classification, marking systems,

geographical traceability of timber with the use of

6. Definition of performance profiles for

Non-productive functions of ecosystems

Applied research on the economic evaluation of

environmental and social services provided by the forest to the

community with particular regard to: protection

waters and soils, protection of biodiversity, function

recreational. Definition of an evaluation method of the

economic value for some service groups.

Non-wood forest products (truffles, mushrooms,

cork, chestnuts, wildlife, essential oils,

Economic evaluation and sustainability of use

of the woods for non-woody productions

Responsible / sustainable use of products

1. Research aimed at identifying what are the points of

strengths and weaknesses of Green Public Procurement

and wood products certified in Italy.

2. Enhancement of local wood products

(e.g. oak, chestnut, black locust, larch) as a replacement

of tropical timber (especially if of doubtful

provenance) and high intensity materials


OF THE ECOSYSTEM (transversal area)

Defense from biotic adversities 1. Adoption of a phytosanitary protocol for areas

homogeneous geographical areas (Alpine, Apennine,

Mediterranean) of control, struggle and monitoring of

major harmful biotic organisms, already present or

likely to be introduced (eg exotic species

invasive of Heterobasidion, Phytophtora ramorum).

2. Global warming: identification of scenarios

increase of harmful biotic organisms e

definition of damage containment strategies.

Sustainable management of fauna in relation to

forestry and wood arboriculture

1. Assessment of ecological and economic damage

from wild ungulates in the woods.

2. Silvicultural interventions aimed at improvement

of the habitat of alpine galliformes.

3. Evaluation of the sustainability of the breeding of

pets in the woods.

including citrus, strawberry, small fruits, dried fruit, chestnut and technological enhancement of fruit

The fruit sector is one of the most important sectors in terms of agri-food production

national. Although the sector has been affected, especially in recent years, by alternating situations

deep crisis affecting different levels of the supply chain, the total fruit area amounts to more than

439 thousand hectares, with a total production of approximately 7.2 million tons of product

marketed for a total value of more than 2.5 billion euros. (data referring to the year 2008). For grapes from

table production covers about 70 thousand hectares for a total of 1.3 million tons.

As for citrus fruits, the total area exceeds 170 thousand hectares and production exceeds 3.5

millions of tons for a total value of more than 1.2 billion euros.

Overall, around 25.4 million tons of fruit, citrus and grapes were produced in 2008

table covering an area greater than 680 thousand ha. The PLV of fruit products reaches in

2007 11.3 million euros, which represents 28% of the entire agricultural GOP.

For the chestnut there is a notable decrease in production, so much so that since 2003 there has been production

around 550,000 quintals, for a cultivated area of ​​approximately 76,000 ha.

The strawberry covers an area of ​​about 3600 ha, of which almost 80% in protected cultivation, with a production of

The small fruits (raspberry, currant, blackberry and blueberry) represent a

small, but important component, both for the share currently represented (about 500 ha of surface,

for a production of more than 30,000 quintals), and for development prospects.

In 2007, the average retail prices of fruit and vegetables grew by 4% over the year

previous fruit recorded an increase of as much as 9% while for vegetables it decreased slightly (-

0.9%). The comparison with 2000 shows an increase of 35% for fruit and 40% for fruit respectively

The negative trend in consumption and increasing foreign competition require interventions

innovative products aimed at relaunching the fruit sector from both the supply and demand sides.

On the supply side, we must first act on the front of reducing production costs

through the adoption of cultivation techniques with a lower intensity of production inputs. The major

orientation of production to the market can be facilitated with the development of appropriate techniques

for business organization as well as specific commercial and marketing techniques.

It is also important to support the varietal conversion for productions that are not suitable for

market needs and measures to combat plant diseases. The varietal reconversion is coat

particular importance in areas not characterized by the presence of a local genetic patrimony

which must be safeguarded and for which adequate campaigns must be launched

Again in order to facilitate the integration of the supply chain, it is appropriate to provide for the promotion of levels

efficiency of distribution and transport systems by acting on the optimization of logistics systems,

extremely important in the case of fruit, which involves the management of fresh products and their use

It is possible to intervene on the demand by developing food enhancement and promotion actions

consumption, which enhance the seasonality, safety and convenience of Italian goods and their effects

positive for the health of fruit consumption.

In relation to the above, the following objectives and related actions have been identified as priorities:


including citrus, strawberry, small fruits, dried fruit, chestnut and technological enhancement of fruit

1) Increase in fruit quality (including

citrus, strawberry, small fruits, dried fruit,

1.1 Genetic improvement of varieties and of

rootstocks for increasing the overall quality and the

resistance to harmful animal and plant organisms,

also with biotechnological interventions. (p. e.

Assisted selection with genomic use, in

compliance with current legislation on health status,

through health and eventual checks

1.2 Completion of the activity relating to the lists of

varietal orientation of fruit trees (also species

minor and dried fruit) and rootstocks, through

greater cooperation with the productive world e

in compliance with current state legislation

1.3 Development of capable diagnostic protocols

to intercept pathogens quickly, easily and

2) Rationalization of defense methods in the orchard

2.1 Study and investigation of emerging infectious diseases

caused by phytoplasmas, viruses and bacteria and mass a

point of suitable means of prevention / fight at the level

2.2 Studies on the optimization and adaptation of

different technical lines and defense strategies, in harmony

with the evolution of cultivation scenarios, of

changes in climate and agro availability

drugs following the municipal review.

2.3 Study on the strengthening of preventive aspects

of an agronomic and cultural nature, to reduce

the incidence of phytosanitary problems (increase

biodiversity, rationalization of nutrition,

varieties resistant and / or tolerant to the main adversities,

2.2 Study on the validation of methods for

health checks and varietal correspondence

for the certification of nursery productions a

2.3 Development of product specifications

quality nurseries also for organic farming

3) Analysis of business organization systems

aimed at containing production costs.

3.1 Definition and analysis of the critical points of the costs of

production of fruit plants and phase management

post-harvest and conditioning in the different

national production areas

3.2 Studies to develop synergistic systems

productive fruit aimed at increasing the

diversification of the fruit company also

through transformation and direct sales e

analysis of the profitability of the necessary investments.

4) Enhancement of fruit production and

their food and nutritional characteristics.

4.1 Product and process innovations in the sector

of fresh consumption and processing

industrial, with particular reference to products

minimally processed (eg IV range)

4.2 Characterization of products, components of

nutritional and allergen interest in facilities

of plant tissues (genetic, qualitative,


The State-Regions Conference, on February 14, 2008, approved the National Biodiversity Plan of

Agricultural interest, published on the MiPAAF website and currently being implemented.

This Plan appears to be the first national biodiversity plan that has ever been approved in Italy and

it saw the competition of all the Regions and Autonomous Provinces through the Interregional Research Network

Agriculture, Forestry, Aquaculture and Fishing and the MiPAAF through the CRA.

The activity of the Plan began with the establishment of the Standing Committee on Genetic Resources

(appointed by MiPAAF on the designation of the Conference of Presidents of the Regions and Autonomous Provinces)

and has been in operation since March 24, 2009. The Committee has the task of collecting the research request

emerging from the territory and to convey it to the competent scientific institutions, to favor the exchange of

experiences and information for the application of current legislation, to ensure the development of

national and regional actions in line with the objectives of the National Biodiversity Plan, to concentrate the

questions and project proposals for intervention at local and national level on the subject, for information purposes,

proactive and, if possible, coordination of the actions to be carried out, favoring the transfer of

information to local operators. This is because coordination of

initiatives implemented by the various scientific subjects in order to avoid duplication of initiatives and the

waste of economic and human resources on local initiatives.

The aforementioned Committee is constituted as follows:

 Blasi Giuseppe (MIPAAF) with coordination functions

 Stefano Gomes (Ministry of the Environment and Protection of the Territory and the Sea)

 Bianchi Alessandra Lazio Region

 Cilardi Anna Maria Puglia Region

 Soster Moreno Piedmont Region

 Spartà Giuseppe Sicilian Region

 Turchi Rita Tuscany Region

The highlights of the National Plan are:

 the concept of agricultural biodiversity or agrobiodiversity

 the definition of local breeds and varieties

 the identification of a tool at national level such as the Registry of local breeds and varieties which,

similarly to what happens for regional repertories or registers, it must report the characterization

morphological and, where possible, also the genetic one of local plant varieties and animal breeds

autochthonous present on the Italian territory must also report their relationship with the territory

(historical-documentary research, interviews with local actors) aimed at demonstrating the real link with it

of local regional varieties, the Registry aims to create a correct information framework for

set up an equally correct protection of local varieties and breeds and of the actions to be taken ad

it is linked both nationally and regionally

 the priorities for the proper protection of agrobiodiversity from which the related objectives derive from

achieve in the three-year period of implementation of the Plan, listed below (objectives already approved at the time of

Standing Committee on Genetic Resources):

o definition at national level of the minimum, common and shared operational tools for

research and identification of local varieties and breeds, their characterization, the definition of

risk of erosion / extinction and finally for their correct conservation "in situ", "on farm"

and "ex situ", through the following objectives:

 the identification of common descriptors by species for the characterization of

plant varieties and local animal breeds-populations

 the definition of a common and shared methodology for research and

characterization of local varieties and races-populations in order to allow

comparison of data and results, the common use of the terms and tools used a

 the definition of guidelines for correct conservation "in situ", "on farm" ed

"Ex situ" of local plant varieties

 the definition of guidelines for correct conservation "in situ", "on farm" ed

"Ex situ" of local animal breeds-populations

 the definition of risk of extinction and genetic erosion, through thresholds or

criteria, for the main plant species of the agricultural sector

o carry out interregional projects, essentially aimed at applying the tools

operational defined, for the identification, characterization, evaluation and conservation

of local varieties and breeds

o the activation of the national registry of local varieties and breeds-populations and of the system

national protection and enhancement of biodiversity of agricultural interest also with projects

With regard to research and experimentation, the National Plan on Biodioversity of Agricultural Interest provides

Plant genetic resources

It is necessary to continue and implement the actions already in place in order to achieve the objective of

conservation, characterization, enhancement and documentation of the biodiversity of genetic resources

plants present, at different levels (private and public) also through a capillary survey on

territory, aimed at the targeted collection of existing plant material, through active involvement

of farmers by implementing the following actions:

 renewal, where necessary, of the current collections of germplasm through

multiplication, re-collection or re-acquisition of material from other sources

 maintenance of the biodiversity of the various species present

 collection of genetic material and establishment of specific germplasm collections for

 some species (such as bitter orange, sweet orange, lemon)

 phenological, morpho-physiological, productive, sanitary etc. surveys on the collections and correlations between the

morphological and physiological characters.

 The planned enhancement activity will focus on the following actions:

 preparation of agronomic catalogs of applicative interest

 start of 'regional' agronomic tests for the evaluation of the most interesting old cultivars

for a productive and amateur recovery.

For plant genetic resources, it is also necessary to review the conservation system for

local varieties, currently carried out mainly "ex situ", as there are

concretely, the impossibility of conserving a plant genetic resource only through

germplasm banks (CDB and FAO 2001 Treaty). It is therefore necessary to locate in the networks of

local community farmers, the main strength of genetic resource conservation. All

this must be supported by the experimentation and implementation of monitoring and observation methods

continuous activity within the various networks of farmers, carried out by the responsible scientific subjects

of germplasm banks.

It is also of fundamental importance that the scientific subjects operating in the field of resources

genetics, make their experience, their laboratories for characterization available to local authorities

genetic or molecular of local varieties, if necessary. This is particular

importance in consideration of the possibility of starting with the new programming, only some types

of interventions for which complementary and integrative actions are necessary.

Microbial genetic resources

The study of microbial diversity starting from nucleic acids directly extracted from the soil is carried out

using specific oligonucleotides for ribosomal RNA and / or for genes (DNA segments encoding

polypeptide (s) encoding specific metabolic functions, capable of detecting a certain group of

microorganisms as well as to describe the relationships between the various populations of microbial communities.

Animal genetic resources

A fundamental prerequisite for the conservation of the existing autochthonous genetic heritage is the

involvement of individual farmers in the recovery, conservation and defense of populations o

breeds at risk of disappearing. As previously indicated, only the coordination between the actions of

"in situ" and "ex situ" conservation (including cryopreservation techniques) is able to ensure the

objectives of safeguarding genetic resources. The conservation of genetic diversity will be achieved

through the implementation of the following lines of action:

 identification, study and recovery of all races and indigenous populations, at risk of extinction,

present in marginal areas

 studies of models of natural and ecological enhancement of otherwise intended farming areas

to abandonment (marginal mountain or sub-mountain land)

 conservation, collection, documentation, characterization, evaluation and use activities

plant genetic resources necessary for the conservation of the aforementioned resources

 studies of models of valorisation of the productions deriving from the aforementioned races and populations.

State of implementation of the National Plan on Agricultural Biodiversity (PNBA).

The Standing Committee on Genetic Resources has approved a plan to implement the PNBA, put a

point from the GC Animal and plant biodiversity of the Interregional Network for Agricultural, Forestry Research,

Aquaculture and Fisheries the project provides for the implementation of the PNBA in 3 phases:

o phase A) conducted at national level directly by MiPAAF with scientific subjects

through the tender procedure

o phase B) conducted at the regional level by each individual Region and P.A. on its territory

o phase C) activation of the national registry of local varieties and breeds-populations and

national system for the protection and enhancement of biodiversity of agricultural interest.

o the identification of common descriptors for the characterization of varieties and

o the definition of a common and shared methodology for the characterization of the varieties e

local races-populations in order to allow the comparison of data and results, common use

of the terms and tools used locally

o the definition of the guidelines for the correct conservation "in situ" and "ex situ" of the varieties

o the definition of the guidelines for the correct conservation "in situ" and "ex situ" of the populations

o the definition of the risk of extinction or genetic erosion, through thresholds or criteria, for the

main plant species in the agricultural sector.

o evaluation by the Regions and Public Administration, of the local varieties identified to date, for the purpose of

their common characterization and description

o evaluation by the Regions and P.A. of the "in situ" and "ex situ" conservation system

existing and identification of any corrections to be made or initiatives to be activated.

o description of regional animal breeds-populations (only for those for which it has not been

activated a herd book or a registry register)

o evaluation of the existing “in situ” and “ex situ” conservation system and identification of the

corrective measures to be made or initiatives to be activated.

o creation of the national registry of local varieties and breeds-populations

o activation of the national system for the protection of biodiversity of agricultural interest

o actions to enhance local varieties and breeds-populations of agricultural interest

The implementation of PHASE A of the PNBA implementation project has already begun with the establishment of a

Working group (GlBA) whose coordination has been entrusted to FAO in the person of Dr. Mario Marino.

The first results are expected for the month of April and will be evaluated by the Committee.

The objectives and actions identified by the Regions for research in the field of


1. Improve knowledge of biodiversity

animal of zootechnical interest, in the different

regional and interregional territories.

1.1 investigation and inventory of genetic resources

animals of zootechnical interest still present on the

territory reared in situ (farms),

1.2 investigation and inventory of genetic resources

animals of zootechnical interest still present on the

territory reared in specific centers (ex situ) o

stored in germplasm banks

1.3 identification of the link between genetic resources

of zootechnical interest and its territory of origin

2. To characterize the genetic resources of interest

2.1 identification of shared description criteria e

characterization for morphological-phenotypic aspects

2.2 definition of genetic typing criteria

of races and populations and development of new ones

effective and economically sustainable techniques for

genetic typing through molecular analysis

3. Identify the necessary strategies

storage. 3.2 definition and development of guidelines e

operational protocols for in situ conservation, ex

situ, suitable for different races or populations

considered (sheep, cattle, poultry, etc.)

3.3 in situ and on farm conservation: organization

networks of “custodian” breeders and production chains

environmentally and economically sustainable

3.5 germplasm conservation techniques

animal (cryobanks) and links between the different ones

institutions involved on the national territory

3.6 joint planning of the two previous ones

conservation systems through the creation of

national conservation networks: involvement

farmers, local and other institutions

4. Enhance the indigenous livestock heritage. 4.1 evaluation of the rational use of races

autochthonous according to the program

4.2 identification of biomarkers for

characterization of products derived from races

autochthonous (milk, wool, meat) for traceability purposes

4.3 characterization of product quality e

promotion of the same in harmony with the territory of

1. Identification of a common methodology that

allow comparison of data and results of

characterization and conservation of varieties

local, including the use of terms (e.g. variety

local and conservation variety, farmer

custodian, etc.) and the tools used

1.1 - Definition of local variety: characteristics

distinctive from standard varieties.

1.2 - Definition of "risk of extinction" by species

and for the most common cultivated plants of the main ones

agricultural varieties: identification of parameters of

1.3 - Definition of a common method for

the identification and characterization of varieties

1.4 - Definitions of reference quality standards

for local varieties and theirs

1.5 - Identification of common descriptors for

local varieties, either for herbaceous or from

"conservation" (Dir. 98/95 / CE, Dir. 2002/53 / CE e

Dir. 2002/57 / EC), both for interest-bearing and for

main ornamental and flowering.

1.6 - Varieties for conservation: identification of

"Adequate quantitative restrictions" (Directive

2002/53 / EC Art. N ° 20 paragraph 2, letter b) in the light

also of the new community regulations.

Observations: we would consider it useful to unify points 1.1,

1.2, 1.4, and point 1.3 with 1.5. We believe it is useful

keep point 1.6, as a research activity.

2. Characterization and evaluation of

2.2 - Definition of guidelines for the

characterization of the main local varieties: a)

morphological characterization (through the use

of the common descriptors identified in the previous point

1.4) b) agronomic, cultural characterization,

historical, etc. c) organoleptic characterization

(panel test of the main species).

2.1 - Study on the use and effects of

genetic or molecular characterization of varieties

local, for the purpose of biodiversity conservation e

their enhancement and possible identification

the most appropriate techniques and methods.

2.3 - Development of a method for

monitoring of local varieties at risk of

extinction, for the purpose of periodic assessment of the

3. Conservation "In situ" conservation:

3.1 - definition of management protocols for the

"in situ" conservation of the main local varieties.

Point 3.1 may already include farmers

keepers, and in any case what included the

point 3.2 cannot be defined as one's own activity

3.3 - definition of management protocols for

germplasm banks and the definition of a network

of "ex situ" conservation of the main varieties

4. Enhancement Definition of qualitative parameters (organoleptic,

nutritional, etc.) of products of local varieties

4.1 - Definition of criteria for maintenance o

reintroduction of local varieties on the territory a

4.3 - Study for the economic enhancement of

local varieties both for the products as they are and

processed, both for seeds.

The commercial aspect can already be included in the

point 4.3 (if deemed appropriate)

General framework of the sector

Organic farming with its mandatory cultivation practices that bind the implementation of crops

so-called "exploiters" to others that reintegrate the fertility of the soil, is in fact the first agricultural activity that

can boast the adjective "sustainable".

More than 40% of the national organic agricultural area is destined for forage crops, pastures and meadows

pastures that feed a large number of livestock farms.

The commitments of organic agricultural areas reached one million hectares in 2008, equal to 8.9% of the

UAA national and the second extension at European level after Spain.

The value at the Italian level is given by the sum of the regional situations to be ascribed in turn

to the progress of the contributions provided for by the different Regional Development Plans, not being able to

market to offset the higher costs of organic farming techniques.

The average consistency of organic farms is significantly higher than the conventional one and the lowest

average age of the owners of the same highlight the potential that the sector has to resist over time

even with low contributions, producing for a market that increasingly requires such productions.

The market for organic products, still recognized by some as a niche, is very young, the Regulation

CEE is from 1991, and was characterized by a substantial supply of the almost productive sector

completely aimed at exports which, only in recent years, has seen the interest of the national market and

more concretely than G.D.O. and in part of the specialized retail.

The demand for organic products, even in recent years of crisis, is constantly growing both in the market

national and international.

A growing interest on the part of the consumer, which is expressed in his direct involvement in

short supply chain, allows a future for small organic farms near urban centers.

The quantity of national organic productions, certified by an efficient network of Control Bodies,

it is not enough to supply the organic product demands for the processors, which it comes with

increasing quantities now from all over the world (China, Argentina, New Zealand, etc.).

This trend has led to the lowering of consumer prices of some organic products easily

storable, with greater difficulties for Italian companies operating in the same production area (cereals and

transformed) and with the need to differentiate their productions by drawing on the cultural heritage e

Recent dynamics and current trends

The recent European legislation tending to greater restrictions in the phytosanitary and environmental impact sector

place organic farming as a pioneer and testing ground for achieving greater sustainability

of all national agriculture.

In this perspective, also considering the new European and national regulatory framework, it appears fundamental

direct research towards development strategies that involve the technical, economic, territorial and

It is considered appropriate that the research orientation should be distinguished between livestock production and

vegetable productions. For the former, it is planned to deepen the aspects related to the protection of the

Biodoversity, to the optimization of the agronomic management of the surfaces according to the farms

zootechnics, therapeutic health practices and prophylaxis. For the latter it is considered indispensable

move decisively towards strategic forms of phytosanitary defense in harmony with the environment,

identify more specific varieties that can give satisfactory results in organic farming, continue

and deepen studies for the evaluation of crop systems in relation to agronomic sustainability ed


1) Deepening of the genetic aspects e

safeguarding biodiversity

1.1 Identification of new criteria for the selection of

1.2 Evaluation of the impact of GMOs e

coexistence with organic farming.

2) Optimization of agronomic management

of the surfaces according to the company

2.1 Supply of energy food e

proteins (GMO free, concentrates and fodder ratio)

also evaluating the economic aspects

3) Orientation to health practices

(prophylactic and therapeutic)

3.1 Preparation of lists of active ingredients

3.2 Development of health protocols.

1) Optimization of health defense 1.1 Reduction of copper dosages and alternatives ad

it for the control of different plant diseases e

1.2 Experimentation and research to support the

development and registration of some products of

1.2.1 For fruit growing alternatives to copper

1.2.2 Use of predatory insects for horticulture

and study of the predatory parasite balance

1.2.3 For viticulture the fight against late blight,

1.2.4 For olive growing, fight against the olive fly

1.2.5 For citrus cultivation, fight against scale insects,

2) Identification of the most suitable varieties 2.1 Carrying out variety tests to evaluate

the adaptability of established varieties and

new varieties suitable for running with

biological methods and to define lists of

3) Improvement of soil management 3.1 Deepening of knowledge on

soil fertility (cycles of organic matter,

equilibrium of microorganisms) as a function of the different ones

soil management practices (grassing, green manure,

weed control, nutrient dynamics e

development of effective technical lines of

nutrition) in areas with characteristics

3.1 Evaluation of crop systems in operation

of agronomic and economic sustainability.

The main cereals grown in Italy are maize, rice, durum wheat, soft wheat and barley.

Altogether they represent an area of ​​3.9 million hectares (ISTAT 2007), i.e. over 60%

of the total arable land in Italy, with a balanced relative distribution in the three major divisions

territorial (North, Center and South), confirming the fundamental role of monitoring the territory. With a PLV

equal to 4,250 million euros (source ISTAT 2007), cereals are the basis of our food supply chains most

qualified and consistent from an economic point of view. Products derived from cereals form the basis of

so-called "Mediterranean diet", much appreciated internationally, and contribute in a way

decisive for the image of made in Italy all over the world.

It is a complex production system that generally suffers from a rather weak structure.

This condition, in an increasingly international market, whose fluctuations are less and less

controllable with Community and / or national support policies, it is causing a loss of competitiveness

alarming, given the low profitability margins of cereal companies in 2008 and, above all, 2009.

A summary analysis for each species is provided below:

 CORN: Italy is the first user and second producer of European corn, with over 1.260 million

hectares (source INEA 2008) and 9.5 million tons of grain destined for more than 90% to

zootechnical production in 2009 there was a further contraction of the surfaces

by more than 20%. The cultivation of corn develops mainly in the regions of the Po valley

(about 89% of the surfaces and 91.2% of production), in which it reaches levels of specialization

very high: unit yields in the most favorable environments are among the highest and most competitive at the level

international. The production of maize has supported the development of one in this same basin

highly productive animal husbandry. The profitability of the crop is affected by growing competition a

international level represented by countries such as Hungary (31% in 2007), Romania and the

Brazil, whose production costs are significantly lower than ours and from a fall in prices to

international level for a substantial increase in supply.

Maidiculture presents a significant critical picture, the most current of which are to be traced back

to agronomic-productive elements (stabilization of yields, redefinition of irrigation techniques,

high production costs, etc.) and increasing health and agro-environmental constraints

(application of the "Nitrates Directive", fight against rootworm, European regulation on

presence of contaminants such as eg. mycotoxins).

 DURUM WHEAT: Italy is the first European producer of durum wheat and the second in terms of level

world. The hectares invested in 2008 were approximately 1.58 million with approximately 5.1 million

tons produced and an average annual value of production at current prices of almost 1.5 million

euro, equal to 25.5% of the cereal sector. Production is mainly concentrated in the South

Italy, to a lesser extent in the Center (over 28% of production on 22% of surfaces) e

in any case in highly vocational production districts. There has been a recovery in recent years

of production also in Northern Italy. The production of durum wheat is destined

to human nutrition, in particular to pasta. Also for this cereal there is a

supply problem: over 2 million tons must be annually

imported from abroad to meet the needs of transformers. The durum wheat supply chain is

characterized by some weaknesses such as productive pulverization, decreased attention

to the quality in the cultivation phases due to the contraction of profitability, the low level

organizational concentration in the offer, the lack of homogeneity of the stored product and a

poor match differentiation.

 SOFT WHEAT: in 2008 the soft wheat surfaces amounted to just under 700,000

ha with a production of approximately 3.7 million tons. This crop, like barley, is

benefited from the application of decoupling, which favored a stabilization or a

slight increase in the surfaces invested. The cultivation of soft wheat is widespread

essentially in the North (66% of the surfaces and 73% of the product), in Emilia Romagna in particular,

and to a lesser extent in Central Italy (26% of the surfaces and 22% of the product). Procurement

national is heavily in deficit: we import 60% of the common wheat used by the industry of

transformation. The import is largely of Community origin, especially for the quality

higher. The main destination of this cereal is for human consumption, in

particularly for bread making (66.8%) and confectionery products (12.4%). One part (16.3%) has

feed destination. For this crop some structural nodes strongly penalize the

national production: undifferentiated supply (for the different qualitative profiles), poor organization

of the supply chain, good levels of production specialization only in a few areas, genetic improvement

 BARLEY: the area invested in this cereal in 2008 was around 325,000 ha and confirmed

a certain stability following the entry into force of decoupling. In particular, in the regions

southern Italy, has conquered part of the spaces freed from durum wheat thanks to the lower costs of

production and the characteristics of rusticity and ability to adapt to marginal environments

higher than those of common wheat and corn. Unlike other cereals, the crop is distributed in

the whole peninsula with a prevalence of surfaces in Southern Italy. The Italian barley production is

equal to about 1.2 million tons produced for 45% in the North (which boasts almost unitary yields

double compared to midday) over 50% of the barley used in Italy is of foreign origin, in

prevalence from Eastern Europe. The main destination (86%) is food

animal, followed by industrial uses (malt production).

 RICE: Italy is the main rice producing country in the European Community, with an area

cultivated of 224 thousand ha in 2008 (Source INEA) and a production of 1,460,000 tons of paddy,

equal to over 50% of Community production. The production of paddy is concentrated in maximum

part in two regions (Lombardy and Piedmont) and the production of seed rice sees Sardinia

as the protagonist. The value of production which is around 450 million euros: in terms

economic, rice represents 9% of the value of Italian cereal production. The enlargement

to the new 10 countries caused a change in the relationship between supply and demand: also in

2008/2009 there was an increase in sales.

Despite the different specificities, for all cereals it becomes essential to consolidate the level of

national procurement so as not to further affect the already heavy deficit of the sector

Italian agri-food industry, to favor the important reference agri-food chains and to maintain that

garrison of the territory that cereal cultivation has always guaranteed The goal must be pursued in one

unfavorable economic scenario (fall in prices, increase in the cost of some technical means,

enlargement of the European Union to cereal producing countries, etc.) and taking into account a weakness

structure of the cereal sector (disaggregated and poorly organized supply to form homogeneous products and

differentiated according to the requests for transformation, lack of adequate reference standard contracts

to new needs, lack of supply chain integration, etc.).

In this context, research and innovation contribute to:

 improve the production and economic efficiency of cereal crops in compliance with the

"Conditionality" imposed on modern agricultural systems (eg conservation and protection of non-resources

renewables, pathogen management with environmentally friendly strategies, etc.)

 favor the differentiation of the type of product on the basis of the requests for transformation into

terms of intrinsic characteristics and of "process" (quality of use, consumer preferences) or of

compliance with an increasingly stringent regulation on food safety (eg.

European limits for mycotoxins and other contaminants)

 support, in the technological aspects, the process of reorganization and integration of the various

 improve the economic and environmental sustainability of crop systems characterized by the presence of


1. Identification and development of efficient systems

cereal crops to improve sustainability

economic, energy and environmental and the

compliance of production with quality requirements e

1.1 Genetic improvement "in loco" (with methods

traditional and derived from applications of the

genomics) for the establishment of varieties:

Adaptable to different cultivation systems and environments of

cultivation (intensive agriculture, low

With resistance to adversity and climatic stress

(pathogens, parasites and extreme cultivation environments

With qualitative characteristics corresponding to

needs of the different processing chains e

consumption (protein content, typical productions,

1.2 Development of suitable evaluation systems

of the differential behavior of manifolds in

function of the environment, of the cultivation system e

1.3 Identification of new and new technologies

decision support for integrated production systems

(business and production areas) that favor:

Conservation and protection of the soil resource

Conservation and protection of water resources

Environmentally and economically efficient use of

production factors (tillage,

fertilizations, phytosanitary aids, etc.) with

particularly with regard to those coming from resources

Management of pathogenic and parasitic populations

through environmentally friendly strategies too

with the use of forecasting models

1.4 Identification / comparison of cultural routes

characterized by different levels of intensification

cultivation and / or the introduction of alternative crops

to traditional cereal systems

2. Improvement of quality and safety

use of cereal production to respond

to consumer needs, increase the

collocability of matches and create new outlets for

2.1 Identification of new qualitative parameters and / or

clarification of those already used for the

classification of batches of cereals (including

2.2 Development of rapid methods

execution for the qualitative characterization of

2.3 Development of procedures for characterization,

the formation and maintenance of batches / batches

homogeneous and for process and certification certification

product (traceability, rationalization of systems

2.4 Identification of new products, new processes

production and new uses

2.5 Identification and characterization of

functional components of cereals and their contribution

2.6 Identification / clarification of relative parameters

the health and hygiene characteristics of the matches

2.7 Development and / or specification of models

forecasting and monitoring of yields and

qualitative aspects (including contaminants).

2.8 Development of survey methods and criteria

standards of evaluation of the efficiency of the centers

3. Rationalization of the use of irrigation water Development of irrigation systems that allow

the optimization of efficiency and the reduction of

3. Rationalization of the use of irrigation water Development of irrigation systems that allow

the optimization of efficiency and the reduction of

As a result of the obvious changes in the state of the environment, the most recent agricultural policy guidelines

are giving increasing importance to the integration of environmental issues in the legislation that

regulates the CAP and the development of cultivation practices that allow to conserve the environment e

safeguard the landscape.

In fact, there are numerous environmental problems considered to be a priority at the Community level

(, including climate change

global, water and soil pollution, the effects resulting from the loss of biodiversity, reduction

of water availability, the protection of human health dependent on environmental quality.

At the same time over the past few years the agricultural world as a whole, as part of the challenge

connected to the globalization of the world market, it has to manage a phase of adaptation to

development policies of the sector and finds itself in the need to have strategies to support not only the

aspects related to the different production processes, but also innovative solutions to diversify the range of

activities that can be conducted on the territory.

The belief that the agricultural and agro-forestry company will in fact be able to exit from is increasingly affirmed

situation of economic crisis that the agricultural sector is going through not only aiming at quality

production, but playing an increasingly active role in safeguarding the territory, in rebalancing

environmental restoration and protection of biodiversity, landscape protection, defense

hydrogeological, in the recreational offer, in the production of raw materials that can also be used for the production of

energy and the creation of innovative products, such as biolubricants, fibers and natural dyes,

biopolymers, etc.) and, last but not least, in the enhancement of our cultural traditions and knowledge related to

In this sense, the multifunctional role of agro-forestry companies, such as

organizational model to create a profitable synergy between production and management potentialities e

maintenance of the territory, which could allow an enhancement of the environmental and cultural context

and guarantee the agricultural company an alternative possibility of staying in the productive context.

The 2007-2013 Rural Development Plans of the various regions highlight in this regard, as well as the

the need for companies to consolidate them in relation to agricultural markets, favoring the

technological and land investments, also the need for an adjustment aimed at carrying out others

important functions and activities, which can allow companies to increase the income produced and

increase their connection with the territory. Parallel to the specific objectives relating to the

improvement of the competitiveness of the agricultural and forestry sector, to be achieved through modernization

and business innovation, the RDPs provide for a series of measures aimed at the sustainable use of

rural and forest areas, in particular for the conservation of biodiversity and its functional role, the

qualitative and quantitative protection of surface and deep water resources, the reduction of greenhouse gases, the

conservation and improvement of the landscape, the containment of erosion and the maintenance of

organic matter of soils.

Therefore, the role of research in providing strategies and answers to be proposed to the sector becomes fundamental

agricultural and agro-forestry, which is currently facing a rather critical situation e

complex, which will undoubtedly lead to a profound change in the role of the non-agricultural company

only in the rural and economic context, but within the entire socio-cultural landscape.

In relation to these assumptions, within the specific 'Agriculture and Environment' group, it appears appropriate

orient the objectives of agricultural research for the three-year period 2010-2012 to the sustainable management of resources

and the definition of organizational models aimed at consolidating the multifunctional role

of the farm, as part of an integrated development of the economy of rural areas.

The protection of water resources, the maintenance of soil fertility, the prevention of hydrogeological instability,

the protection of the pastoral agricultural and agro-forestry landscape, the conservation of biodiversity and of

its functional role, the maintenance of the functionality of agricultural and forest ecosystems, the adoption of

agro-forestry practices that limit the impact on the biogeochemical cycles of carbon and nitrogen, the use

agronomics of agricultural wastewater represent the topics of greatest interest for the Italian regions, in order

to support the adaptation process that the agricultural world is called to make, to make

compatible agricultural activity with environmental protection and health.

The recognition of the projects and study activities conducted by the scientific world show that the research

agronomica has shifted the focus from the productive result of the crops, which also remains a

essential economic objective, to the evaluation of the sustainability of crop systems, both in terms

environmental and in terms of global quality of production and of the territory. The assessment of sustainability

environmental management of business systems in organic and integrated agriculture, landscape analysis of models

production, the qualitative characterization of productions, the guarantee of food safety, protection

of waters from the risk of pollution by nitrates of agricultural origin, the study of cultivation techniques that

allow to safeguard the fertility of the agricultural soil and the protection of the forest one, the

experimentation of new production chains, the simulation of the effects of cultivation practices and the possible

evolution over time of the agricultural and natural landscape in different scenarios of climate change, the

dynamics of carbon and nitrogen in agro-forest ecosystems undoubtedly represent themes of

The importance of making information available relating to the large macro areas of sustainability

environmental protection, the protection of natural resources, the multifunctionality of the farm, poses

the need to make a coordinated effort to achieve a more effective transfer action in order to

allow the technical and production world better access to research results.

The form prepared by the “Agriculture and Environment” competence group has identified a series of actions and

of cognitive insights on aspects related to the interactions between agricultural activity and the environment of

fundamental importance, to be implemented according to different scale dimensions (company, territory, region,

agricultural and forestry system), which were primarily aggregated in relation to four macro-objectives:

 sustainable management of resources and innovative systems for assessing functionality

 sustainable management of agricultural and agro-forestry companies

 socio-economic sustainability of agricultural and forestry activities

 social sustainability of agricultural and agro-forestry activities

As regards the specific contents of the single actions, the proposed research activities focus on the

need and the priority of an in-depth study of some relevant issues, explained below, that they find

correspondence in the form through a series of keywords, highlighted in italics:

Agriculture and landscape: application of agricultural and forestry techniques compatible with landscape protection

rural areas and the prevention of hydrological instability, use of innovative assessment systems

integrated ecological interactions between agricultural ecosystems and natural ecosystems

Maintenance and restoration of soil fertility: identification of strategies for soil protection

from erosion, the maintenance of organic matter and structure in the soil

Climate change: diffusion of cultivation practices suitable for limiting greenhouse gas emissions e

the increase in the accumulation of carbon in soils assessment of the effects of climate change on

quality and quantity of agricultural production adoption of silvicultural practices aimed at the conservation of

"stocks" of carbon stored in biomass and forest soil

Quantitative protection of water resources: improvement of the state of irrigation infrastructures e

promotion of more efficient irrigation management and distribution techniques, in order to contain

volumes of water used for irrigation

Qualitative protection of water resources: application of strategies for the correct application of the Directive

Nitrates and other regulations on eco-conditionality

Agriculture and wholesomeness of production: diffusion of cultivation practices that minimize the negative impact

on the environment and on the production of fertilizers and pesticides

Agriculture and biodiversity: interventions for the conservation of biological diversity in agricultural ecosystems,

peri-agricultural and marginal areas, with evaluation of the effects on ecosystem functionality

Energy production: analysis of the production potential of environmentally friendly energy sources

Constructed wetlands and reuse: development of methodologies for the use of wastewater and agro-industrial by-products

Multifunctional role of the farm of the agro-forestry company and rural areas: development of

an integrated economy based on sustainable and multifunctional models

Evaluation of ecosystem services and the benefits of biodiversity in socio-economic terms e


1) Sustainable management of resources: water, soil,

bio-resources, territory, energy.

1.1 Comparative studies on agricultural systems

conventional, integrated and organic to identify

updated ecosystem management models.

1.2 Studies on the vulnerability of the territory e

definition of techniques for the prevention of

hydro-geological instability through models d

hydraulic-agricultural and forestry arrangements, of

naturalistic engineering and agricultural management e

1.3 Studies on the relationship between agriculture and the protection of

waters in order to identify effective strategies, systems,

methods for: a) improving the efficiency of water use

for agricultural purposes, also providing for the reuse of

zootechnical and agri-food industry waste, and

unconventional waters (quantitative protection of

water resource) b) verify the dynamics of

pollutants of agricultural origin on surface waters

and deep (qualitative protection.

1.4 Development of management guidelines

of agricultural activity in vulnerable areas, (application

nitrates directive, cross-compliance, etc.).

1.5 Definition of guidelines for maintenance

and / or restoration of soil fertility, in particular

those most degraded or abandoned by agricultural activity,

for the conservation of biological diversity and for

the correct management of plant coverings for this purpose

protective, ornamental, recreational and sporting

in view of the multifunctional role of the territory

1.6 Definition and application of tools and models

based on innovative technologies (Wireless sensor

network, remote sensing, photo interpretation

aerial, GIS, thematic cartography, agriculture of

precision) for the management of the agroforestry ecosystem,

the identification and zoning of areas

with different pedo-climatic characteristics, different

intended use and degree of vulnerability

environmental and the development of thematic maps and

interpretative models of interactions

1.7 Regional study of the most serious types

of tampering with the landscape and definition of

rural landscape restoration tools and models

1.8 Evaluation of ecological interactions between

agricultural, peri-agricultural and natural ecosystems through

study of bioindicators of environmental health

(host-parasite interaction) and the node effect of

attraction / avoidance-barrier / corridor with respect to

animal communities (functionality of interactions

1.9 Development of innovative techniques for

management of degraded agricultural and forest areas a

following inadequate technical choices, heavy load of

livestock, neglect and fire damage.

1.10 Studies aimed at the restoration and maintenance of

1.11 Experimentation of constructed wetlands systems

in plain environments through the construction of

multifunctional forest strips and buffer zones

(widespread phytoremediation) or of artificial wetlands

(localized phytoremediation), with dual function

(water purification and increase of

biodiversity), and systems that integrate the two

constructed wetlands models.

1.12 Design and technical evaluation96 /

economic of initiatives aimed at maintaining o

restore a conservative use (mowing, grazing,

ec.) of semi-natural arid meadows in environments

agroforestry hills, in order to protect the

1.13 Technical-economic and environmental analysis

relating to different types of arboriculture plants

production, aimed at increasing the

sustainability of the agricultural enterprise and the protection of

1.14 Evaluation of the influence of the introduction of

forest systems within the agricultural system

(newly planted woods and groves, arboretums from

wood, hedges with various functions) on the increase of

biodiversity and business economics.

1.15 Development of cultivation techniques e

silvicultural for the containment of emissions of

greenhouse gases and the accumulation of carbon in agricultural soils e

1.16 Study of the effects of the increase in

temperature on agriculture and in particular on

quantity and quality of agricultural production, in

in relation to different CO2 emission scenarios.

1.17 Genetic biodiversity and bio-molecular tools

advanced functionality and integrity assessment

2) Sustainable management of agricultural and agroforestry companies

2.1 Development of innovative production technologies

based on the use of agricultural waste,

agro-industrial, industrial, urban, for the

improvement of soil fertility, oculata

water resource management and allow to obtain

products with high added value, thanks to a

effective industrial enhancement

2.2 Studies for the characterization of materials

exit from anaerobic biodigesters.

2.3 Studies for the realization of pilot farms (

village-oasis) based on sustainable production models

and multifunctional (diversification of products and

2.4 Development of techniques for the recycling of

plastic materials used in areas with

2.5 Integrated analysis of the energy systems of

agricultural and agro-forestry companies: consumption e

production potential from energy sources

environmentally friendly (biogas, biomass, etc.).

2.6 Technical-economic analysis of new models

agroforestry (Silvoarable) and their development in

3) Socio-economic sustainability of agricultural activity 3.1 Study of sensitive areas (identified by

Regions) for the definition of parameters for the

programming of operational interventions on the subject

agro-environmental that allow the certification of

system, process, and product and enhance the

economic value of the agricultural production sector e

3.2 Development of suitable verification systems

technical-economic of the production "protocols" adopted,

defined in accordance with European legislation e

national in agro-environmental matters.

3.3 Definition of analysis tools and

forecast for the assessment of changes in

agricultural, agro-industrial and agri-food system

due to the application of sector regulations, to the

agri-environmental policy interventions, to agreements

commercial and international conventions.

3.4 Definition of management models for the

maintenance and development of the role

multifunctional of a territory, in the framework of

integrated development of the economy of rural areas.

3.5 Evaluation of ecosystem services and of

benefits of biodiversity.

4) Social sustainability of agricultural activity 4.1 Study of the health and hygiene aspects related to

consumption of agricultural products as they are and / or after i

processes of transformation, conservation e

marketing in different production models.

4.2 Study of the impact on the agricultural system (also

economic), on the environment and on the health of

agricultural operators of pesticides, fertilizers, drugs

4.3 Identification and verification of levels of

compatibility of the use of livestock waste e

by-products of the agro-food industry.

4.4 Use of IT systems for monitoring

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