In terms of its taste, useful properties of berries and undemanding care, blackberries are not inferior, and in many respects even surpasses their relative, raspberries. In addition, breeders have bred many thornless varieties, which is an undoubted advantage of the culture. One of these varieties - Navajo - was bred by agricultural scientists at the University of Arkansas. Now it is popular not only among American amateur gardeners, but Russian summer residents also prefer to grow it.
Blackberries are a very productive crop. It is happily grown both on an industrial scale and in private plots around the world. The only significant drawback of the plant is the huge number of thorns. One of the tasks of the breeders at the University of Arkansas was the development of new hybrids that do not have thorns. These include the Navajo variety, obtained in the late 80s of the last century.
Blackberries of the Navajo variety are not too large, their weight ranges from 4 to 7 g
Compared to other varieties and hybrids of blackberries, Navajo berries are not too large, their weight ranges from 4 to 7 g. However, the not too large size of the fruit is compensated by the huge number of berries that ripen on one bush. On average, their number reaches about 500 pieces.
Navajo is the name of an Indian tribe. All hybrids of the blackberry series, which appeared as a result of the selection work of specialists from the state of Arkansas, received their names in honor of the Indian tribes. Among them are the varieties Arapaho, Cherokee, Apache and so on.
Navajo blackberry shoots grow upright. They exceed 1.5 m in height. Glossy berries have a moderately sweet taste. The ripening period is extended for a month, the fruits ripen in August - early September. The bushes are thornless, so manual picking is easy and painless. The berries are ideal for fresh consumption, for freezing or for making jams, pies, drinks and more.
In season, the bush of blackberries of the Navajo variety is strewn with berries
Blackberries of the Navajo variety are undemanding to care, but still they must be planted according to all the rules. If you choose the most suitable place and fertilize when planting, then the plant will present its owners with fragrant berries annually.
When choosing the location of blackberries on the site, gardeners should be guided by some of the characteristics of the culture. Blackberry is a light-loving plant, so it is recommended to choose a sunny place for it. It also grows well in partial shade, but with a lack of sunlight, the berries will shrink and the shoots will stretch out.
It is recommended to plant a blackberry in a row in a sunny place.
It should also be taken into account that the culture does not tolerate excessively moist soil. In the place where blackberries are planted, the depth of the groundwater must be at least 1 m, otherwise the plant may simply die. Blackberries are considered a non-resistant crop. The site for planting seedlings should be well protected from sudden gusts of wind from all directions.
Unlike other crops that are recommended to be planted on the site in the fall, blackberry seedlings are best planted in early spring so that the aboveground part of young plants does not freeze out in winter.
Experienced gardeners advise planting blackberries in a row along the border of the site, stepping back from the fence 1.5 m. It is necessary to leave a distance of 1 m between the plants in the line, since the Navajo variety has a large shoot-forming ability.
Pits for planting blackberries are prepared 2 weeks before the expected date
Pits for seedlings are prepared 2 weeks before the expected date of planting. They dig holes about 40 cm deep and wide. A nutritious substrate is laid on the bottom (the top fertile layer of earth, mixed with humus or compost and mineral fertilizers). Soil is poured onto it without fertilizers so that the roots of the seedlings do not burn out.
The growth bud should be 2–3 cm deep
Blackberry shoots are tall, so they need support
Agrotechnics of Navajo blackberries are simple. If you plant the plant according to the recommendations, then the first berries will appear the next year, and in the fifth year the Navajo bushes will give the largest harvest. The main tasks of a gardener when growing a crop will be the formation of bushes, abundant watering and preparation for winter.
Blackberries are drought tolerant, but they need moisture during flowering and fruit setting. Under each bush, you need to pour 10 liters of water if there is no precipitation during this period. Please note that blackberries cannot tolerate too much moisture.
Blackberries form shoots very actively, which thickens the planting and prevents the formation of berries. Because of this feature of the culture, the bushes must be cut off from the second year after planting. There are several ways to form blackberry bushes - the choice of which one to use depends on the location of the plantings and on the preferences of the gardener.
Blackberries give a lot of growth, so the bush must be cut off annually.
Pruning is done in the fall. Cut out all shoots in front and behind the bush. On the sides, 3 fruiting shoots are left, and in the middle they cut out all the old ones, leaving 3-4 new stems.
With this method, fruiting shoots are placed along the wire, and all stems that grow outside the row are cut out completely. 3-4 new shoots are left in the center of the bush.
Shoots with berries are directed in waves along the extreme row, and young ones make up the second. After the end of fruiting, the first row is cut out completely, and the new growth becomes fruiting branches for the next year.
Placing growing and fruiting shoots separately makes plant maintenance and harvesting much easier.
The Navajo Blackberry is a cover crop. After the end of the leaf fall, the shoots must be tied and bent to the ground. It is recommended to insulate them from above with spruce branches or special non-woven material.
Keep in mind that blackberry shoots are quite fragile and can crack easily when bent to the ground.
Some gardeners advise placing the blackberries on the ground along with the trellis. To do this, the posts are taken out of the ground and placed together with the shoots. This method allows you to protect brittle stems from damage.
American varieties, including Navajo, are declared resistant to common blackberry pests and diseases. Even aphids and gall midges rarely damage them. But still, it will not be superfluous to recall the ailments and pests that annoy the culture.
To prevent the spread of pests and diseases, at the end of the growing season, sprouted shoots, as well as branches significantly damaged by pests and diseases, must be cut and burned.
The blackberries of the Navajo variety are not as large as the fruits of other modern crop hybrids, but this figure is compensated for by the yield and excellent taste of the berries. In addition, thornless shoots have an erect shape, so caring for a Navajo is very simple and even a novice gardener will be able to grow an American variety.
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The American blackberry variety Arapaho was bred at the University of Arkansas (USA). A variety with vertical thornless shoots more than 2-2.5 m long. Arapaho is distinguished by large, shiny berries of an excellent sweet aromatic taste weighing 7-10 g. The berry is dense with high transport qualities. High frost resistance up to -24 allows you to grow blackberries without shelter. Like many varieties of blackberries, it is resistant to diseases and pests. A feature of the variety is the formation of berries on side branches, therefore, to stimulate the growth of side branches, in order to increase productivity, you can pinch the shoots when they grow about 1 m in height.
The berry that has reached maturity is oval in shape, large (on average 7-9 grams), bluish-black in color. Fruits are uniform and retain their size well throughout the fruiting season. The berry has a sweet, balanced taste with a slight sourness, especially when grown in an excessively humid climate with a lack of sunlight. The seeds are medium in size, palpable, reaching a dry weight of 5 mg. The shoots are very powerful, erect, showing high growth vigor. Fruiting begins in the second half of June and lasts 4-5 weeks.
New early, super sweet blackberry variety. Forms a powerful, compact bush with beautiful leaves and vertically growing branches, without thorns. The berry is very large, shiny, very aromatic and always sweet, even when not ripe. Berry picking starts from the first ten days of July and lasts until the beginning of September. Thanks to the long berry picking period, you get a continuous conveyor of berries for more than 2 months. Despite its large size and high amount of sugars, the berry is well transported over long distances without losing its commercial qualities.
A fairly young variety of blackberries. Its uniqueness lies in the huge size of the berries: the fruits reach a length of 6 cm. American selection of early ripening: berries ripen until the end of June. Blackberries are very easy to care for, absolutely not conflict with the environment. Berries are deep black, glossy, elongated, very attractive in appearance. The average weight of fruits is 12 grams, individual berries can grow up to 25 grams. The taste and aroma are pronounced, classically blackberry. Berries are black, shiny, elongated-conical, similar to thin barrels, very large, with an average weight of 10-12 g (individual up to 20 g), more than 5 cm long, sweet, with a distinct blackberry taste and aroma. Transportability is excellent. The yield is average, the fruit is low-berry, like raspberry-blackberry hybrids. But due to the compactness of the bush, it can be planted in a row every 1m to increase the yield from the area. Frost resistance -16 -18, requires shelter for the winter. Does not give shoots, multiplies by rooting the tops.
Blackberries are very tall varieties, the shoots of which are completely devoid of thorns. It reaches a height of 5 and even 7 meters. At first, the shoot grows vertically, but after breaking the mark of one and a half meters, it begins to grow horizontally, like creeping species. The berries are round, slightly elongated. Average weight - 4 grams, in the upper part of the stems can be larger - up to 7 grams. Berries are collected in 12-15 pieces in a brush. Ripe berries become black and glossy. The taste is pleasant, sweet, with a slight sourness. With good care, timely watering, the berries are sweeter and larger. Ripening begins much earlier and can last throughout September. An adult blackberry bush of the variety, with proper cultivation techniques, can produce more than 20 kg of berries per season. Thanks to such a yield, the variety can be recommended for growing in small farms for sale in fresh and processed form.
The American variety of blackberry Waldo (Waldo) bred at the University of Oregon. The name of the variety comes from the author Dr. J. Waldo. A bush with thornless creeping shoots. Berries are glossy black, large (7 g), with a pleasant sweet taste. The yield per bush is average. In the southern regions, baking of berries is possible on hot days. The berries are suitable for fresh consumption and for processing. ...
A unique high-yielding blackberry from France, named after an Indian tribal chief for its high yield, extreme hardiness, wide adaptability to growing conditions and a hugely sized shiny black berry. Medium-late variety with huge berries weighing up to 25 grams. and an excellent dessert taste. The record holder for the largest berries among the late varieties! It begins to ripen in early August and bears fruit within 5 weeks. Shoots are not prickly. The berry is very large, similar in size to the Kiowa variety, bright black, shiny. The density of the berry is high (denser than that of Kiowa) and, as a result, the berry has good transportability. The taste of the berry is very high, sweet, aromatic, with a bright taste of wild blackberry, without acid. Chief Joseph tolerates heat and drought just like a prairie dweller. Thanks to its open habit, the bush is easy to form and easy to grow. Branches need shelter for the winter, but due to the semi-creeping branches, this is not difficult to do.
The variety has powerful non-sticking shoots, unsuitable for bending down (requires the formation of a bush). Plant growth is very strong, the variety has a high vigor, does not produce overgrowth. The berry is large, barrel-shaped, black and shiny, very tasty. A very good variety for commercial production, high yielding and transportable.
Branched bush, horizontal shoots, up to 4 m long, no thorns. Fruits are medium, weigh from 5 to 8 g, deep black, slightly elongated. The berries are aromatic, sweet and sour, and have a pleasant taste. Medium ripening, long-term fruiting. Maximum yield. According to the originator, the record bush produced more than 50 kg of berries. The figure may be overestimated, but the yield of the variety is really at its best. Good resistance to fungal diseases. Average winter hardiness, excellent drought resistance. Dessert application, high transportability. Fruiting in this blackberry begins from the end of July and lasts until mid-September. On berry clusters at this time, you can count up to 100 fruits, and the shrub itself usually has 300 such clusters. It is the record high harvest rates that are the main reason why gardeners speak positively about this blackberry.
a variety of American selection, obtained in the seventies of the 20th century by Dr. Scott.
Wonderful blackberry from France.Blackberry Jumbo grows compactly, with vertical branches (kumanika), without thorns. The berries begin to ripen from late July - early August to late August - early September. The berry of the Jumbo blackberry variety is very large up to 30 g, very sweet and juicy. For the Jumbo variety, a thickened planting is allowed, due to the compactness of the bush. The recommended planting scheme for Jumbo blackberries is 1m x 2m. Another feature of the variety is the multi-berry clusters, excellent transportability of the berries.
The main advantage of the variety is its berry. Very long and slightly tapering towards the end, it looks unusual and very attractive, more sophisticated. The taste at full maturity is sweet with a slight sourness and a rich aftertaste; at the stage of technical maturity, the acid is felt more strongly. Fruits are black, shiny, weighty - 8-10 grams, up to 4-5 cm in length. Transportability at a height, due to its density, the berry can be stored for a long time. Domestic gardeners manage to achieve a yield of more than 12 kg from one bush. Usually 10-12 tons are harvested per hectare. Fruiting in the variety is very extended and lasts up to two months, and the first berries begin to ripen simultaneously with the earliest varieties. When they have been eaten for a long time, on the lower branches you can usually still find unblown flowers. This feature makes the variety suitable for leisurely home consumption. Growth vigor - medium, lashes grow 3-5 meters in length. They are very flexible and easily fit under cover for the winter.
Kiova berries are black, glossy, oblong-rounded, with an average weight of 10-14 grams (individual specimens - up to 20 grams), quite firm and suitable for transportation. In terms of weight, they surpass the large-fruited novelty of the Columbia Star variety. The taste of the fruits is at a height, the seeds are medium in size and are almost invisible against the background of a large berry. Another advantage of the variety is long-term fruiting, up to six weeks in duration. The berry does not lose its qualities by the end of the fruiting period and retains its size. Productivity - from medium to high, depending on the quality of planting maintenance. At home it is 4-5 t / ha.
Columbia berries are black, of the same size, shiny, elongated, weighing 10-15 g, dense consistency. The taste is balanced, sweet with sourness, there is a characteristic blackberry aroma. The flowers are large, pink, and attract pollinators to the garden. Early fruiting, extended. As you can see, the new variety gives a serious head start to its fellow countryman, the well-known Thornfrey variety. According to gardeners, the berries have to be removed in several stages (up to seven). The separation is easy, harvesting with a combine is possible (the variety was specially bred for industrial cultivation). The yield is high: the authors of the variety declare a figure of 16750 kg / ha. The harvested crop can be stored for 4 days at + 2 ° C without loss of taste. Self-pollinated variety, sets berries on last year's shoots. Creeping bushes, with powerful shoots up to 4-5 meters long. After fruiting, the branches die off. There are no thorns. The thornlessness and low location of the shoots greatly facilitate the obligatory removal from the supports and shelter for the winter. According to reviews, Columbia Star is a fairly drought-resistant variety, however, watering throughout the growing season, and especially during the period of berry growth, is very desirable.
Loch Ness blackberry bush is medium-sized, semi-sheathing, used in a variety of plantations. The branches are up to four meters long. Begins to bear fruit in the second year, buds appear in the first. When fruiting, it is better to place support structures under the branches so that they do not break under the weight of ripe berries. Flowering in early summer with white fragrant flowers. The fruits begin to ripen at the end of summer. Loch Ness blackberries have large fruits and reach six grams or more. They are of a honeycomb structure, elongated, very dense, black in color with a slight blue and shine. The flesh of the berries is firm, juicy, aromatic. The yield of blackberries is annual and high, since late flowering is not subject to spring frosts. Blackberries take root well and grow on all soils, except for saline and carbonate soils. She is satisfied with both sunny and shaded places, the only thing is that the place is not blown by the winds.
The Loch Tei blackberry bush is semi-erect, without thorns. Light brown shoots form a three-meter bush during one summer season. The maximum height is 4.5 m. Large dark green leaves consist of 3–7 leaflets with denticles along the edges. Medium-sized white flowers form inflorescences. Each brush contains 5-10 flowers. Loch Tei has large berries (up to 12 g) of regular cylindrical shape. Fruits are deep black, firm, juicy, with a delicate aroma. The skin is thin, glossy. The berries become silky to the touch, reaching full ripeness. The taste is sweet.
An amazing Scotland variety that ripens by mid-July. The main feature is an unusual double pink flower. Glossy black rounded berry, weighing up to 10 g, has a sweet taste and delicate aroma. High transportable characteristics. Ripening period is early-medium. Berries are glossy, black, moderately hard, juicy, aromatic, with an excellent sweet taste. Blooms in impressive double pink flowers. The yield is very good. Semi-erect shoots, thornless, vigorous. Bushes are not demanding on agricultural technology, they can grow in a little shade.
The main advantage of the culture is large berries with a wonderful taste and commercial characteristics. The average berry weight is 9 grams, which is a record among the Arkansas-breeding thornless varieties. The fruits have a pronounced blackberry aroma with a slight sourness. Transportability is good, presentation is maintained throughout the week. The seeds are small, with an average of 4.2 mg. Shoots are devoid of thorns, erect, not as strong as in related varieties and can break under stress and wind. Therefore, it is recommended to use a support when growing. The growth force of the shoots is high. With good care, blackberries can produce 15-20 kg of berries from a bush. The berries ripen early, in the first half of June, and fruiting lasts up to 6 weeks.
The short-conical berry in comparison with other modern blackberries, its weight ranges from 4-7 grams. This feature is offset by a large number of berries: a four-year-old bush is capable of producing more than 500 berries on one shoot. In addition, the dark blue berries have excellent palatability according to most breeders, the seeds in them are medium in size, not too noticeable. The crop is fruitful; on research plantations, the yield was more than 9 tons per hectare. Shoots are erect and strong enough, but bend under a large crop and require a garter when they reach a height of more than 1.6 meters. Alternatively, in order to do without trellises during cultivation, special pruning of the main and lateral shoots is practiced. This reduces production costs and increases the size of the berries, but the yield is correspondingly lower. Blackberries ripen in August-September. The transportability of the berries is at a decent level, the taste and marketability can be maintained for 5 days. The bushes are propagated mainly by rooting the tops of the shoots.
Plants are erect, thornless shoots, powerful, medium hardness, height 2.8-3 m, high vigor. White flowers bloom in mid-May. Ripening time - the last days of June - mid-July, depending on the region. Fruits are oblong-elongated, large, weighing 4-8 g, depending on agricultural technology, collected in large clusters. The color of the berries is black, with a pronounced glossy shine. Average yield up to 5 kg per adult (more than 2 years old) bush. Resistant to pests and diseases. It tolerates well both a mild winter without shelter in the absence of severe frosts in Poland, and the harsher climate of the CIS countries - in Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, it winters under cover.
The newest blackberry cultivated by the University of Arkansas. An upright, thornless early variety with a very aromatic and tasty berry, weighing 7-8 grams. Early ripening, followed by Natchez and slightly early Ouachita. The berry is transportable and well stored, suitable for fresh consumption, all types of processing and for sale on the market. The popular variety Polar without thorns begins to bear fruit in June in a warm climate, in August in areas where the climate is temperate. Reproduction of Polar blackberries is carried out mainly using the tops of the shoots. The blackberry bush does not require special care during the cultivation process. The variety is early, has a high yield. The berries are suitable for storage, transportable, very tasty if eaten fresh. They are suitable for making preserves, they are frozen for the winter. Fruits are rich in vitamins and microelements, saturate the body with useful substances. Berries can be used to bake pies, rolls, cakes, jellies, jams, preserves and other goodies.
The popular variety Polar without thorns begins to bear fruit in June in a warm climate, in August in areas where the climate is temperate. Reproduction of Polar blackberries is carried out mainly using the tops of the shoots. The blackberry bush does not require special care during the cultivation process. The variety is early, has a high yield. The berries are suitable for storage, transportable, very tasty if eaten fresh. They are suitable for making preserves, they are frozen for the winter. Fruits are rich in vitamins and microelements, saturate the body with useful substances. Berries can be used to bake pies, rolls, cakes, jellies, jams, preserves and other goodies.
Upright thornless variety of Polish selection of medium ripening period, declared frost resistance up to -30 degrees. The berry is black, of good taste, large, elongated and with a strong sheen. Suitable for fresh consumption, marketing and all types of processing.
One of the best tasting hybrids. The berries are very large, 10-14g., Collected in a brush of 6-12 pieces. The ripe berry is black, glossy, with a pleasant aroma and sweet taste. Ripens from the end of July. Productivity 4 kg. from the bush.
This blackberry enjoys a well-deserved popularity among amateur gardeners and in industrial production. The variety has large berries, abundant fruiting, multi-berry clusters, good taste, relatively close ripening of fruits, lack of thorns, resistance to pests and diseases, lack of offspring with proper care, decorative structure of leaves, beautiful flowering. Its shoots are tough, stubborn, reaching a length of 4-5 m. The bush has a semi-erect shape. Berries are black, weighing 5-8 g, oval. The first fruits ripen in the first decade of August, and the last - in the first decade of September. Black berries are sour at first, then sweet and sour, then freshly sweet. The taste is pleasant. There are more than 30 fruits in the berry cluster, and up to 120-130 berries are found. The leaves are dark green, dense. The leaf blades are rigid, consisting of three or five lobes. When blooming, the bush is decorated with pale pink flowers. All of the listed positive qualities of the variety made it one of the most common among amateurs and industrialists.
Medium-late, ripens at the end of July - the second half of August. A powerful bush of a semi-creeping type (sometimes referred to as upright, i.e. dews), branches are directed upward or to the sides. The leaf is bright green, toothed. The shoots are powerful, the height is up to 3 m. The strength of growth is striking - in the first year, the lashes grow up to 2 m. glossy shine, wonderful sweet taste and the most delicate sourness, betraying piquancy, with small seeds. They do not bake in the sun - except in the very drought without watering, at the last collection they practically do not become shallow - according to reviews, no more than 7-10%.
Blackberry variety - a new early variety, with erect shoots, English selection. The bushes are medium-sized, compact, without thorns. The berries are long cone-shaped, large, 6-8 grams, black. The berry taste is sweet, excellent, has individual flavor nuances and rich aroma. The berries are transportable. The variety is of interest for home and industrial gardening, because has very good quality berries. early ripening. Blackberry variety is the earliest blackberry variety.
Medium-early ripening. Fruiting is compressed, not stretched - within 4-5 weeks. The yield of blackberries from a bush is up to 12-15 kg (from a bush older than 4-5 years), more than 20 t / ha, which is equal to or exceeds the parent varieties. The fruits are large, oval-elongated. Dense, heavy, at full maturity, a harmonious sweet taste with a subtle graceful sourness - not dominant, but betraying piquancy. In technical maturity - sweet and sour. The weight of berries is up to 9.3 g with high agricultural technology, some reach up to 14-14.5 g. The average number of drupes in a cluster is 85-89. The flowers are pink, large, well pollinated. Fruit clusters are clustered together for easy collection. Shoots without thorns, semi-erect type, tall, powerful. Feature - at the base they branch rather strongly, give a lot of laterals. The bush is powerful, forms 5-6 shoots with short internodes, fruit branches, laterals, located along the entire height of the shoot. to the lowest tiers, which increases the total yield. Scourges up to 3-3.5 m long. Frost resistance - up to 26 C. Resistant to major diseases of the culture, to fungal, fruits are not exposed to gray rot.