A very small genus aghanizia (Aganisia), which is directly related to the orchid family, is also called Acacallis. This genus unites only 4 plant species, which in natural conditions can only be found in the humid forests of South America.
This genus is represented by not very tall epiphytic plants that have a thin long creeping stem (rhizome). Their growth patterns are sympodial. Each young shoot is formed at a distance of 3 to 6 centimeters from the previous one, and at the same time it is located just above it. In this regard, the growth of this stem occurs with a ladder. Narrowed-oval single-leaf pseudobulbs of dark green color in length reach from 3 to 5 centimeters, and in width - up to 1.5 centimeters. These pseudobulbs are covered almost entirely in film, completely dry, sheaths, under which the rhizome is also hidden. Glossy, leathery, petiolar leaves have an elliptically-pointed or oblong-lanceolate shape, while longitudinally located veins are clearly visible on the surface. The petiole is 4 centimeters long, while the leaf itself is longer - up to 20 centimeters, and its width is from 4 to 8 centimeters.
This orchid blooms from late winter to early summer. Peduncles are formed at the base of the pseudobulb. They have an arched shape and reach a length of 30 centimeters. Such peduncles bear 2-10 zygomorphic flowers. The corolla consists of 2 true petals (petals) located on the sides, 3 sepals (sepals) and a lip (3 modified petals) located below. These flowers have no aroma, and they stay on the plant for a relatively short time from 10 to 12 days.
Since this plant is very demanding to care for, it is not very popular with orchid growers. This kind of orchid is recommended to be grown in a specially equipped room, since in an ordinary room it is very difficult to create conditions as close as possible to natural ones. However, if you wish, you can try to grow aghanizia on your windowsill.
Prefers bright lighting, but at the same time it must be diffused. Can also be grown in light partial shade. The plant needs to be protected from direct sunlight. So, it is better to place it on the windowsill of an east or west window, but at certain hours the flower must be shaded from the sun's rays. If there is little light (for example, when placed on a north-facing window), then such an orchid will not bloom.
For this plant, it is necessary to provide a temperature difference during the day. In this case, the difference between the temperatures should be approximately 7 to 10 degrees. So, during the day it is recommended to maintain the air temperature at 25–32 degrees, and at night - from 18 to 22 degrees. Make sure that the room is not colder than 18 degrees, as in this case aghanizia may die.
It should be remembered that in no case should you transfer such an orchid to fresh air. The fact is that the temperature regime should be the same all year round.
To grow such a flower, you can use blocks or containers filled with a special substrate. To prepare the substrate, you will need coarsely fractionated bark of a pine or other coniferous tree, perlite, charcoal and sphagnum. During the landing, it is imperative to take into account the fact that the growth of young pseudobulbs occurs with a ladder. As a result, the landing must be done on a "slide". It should be borne in mind that old pseudobulbs should be on the surface of the substrate. If you bury them, then this will lead to the formation of rot and death of the orchid. The entire rhizome should be located on the surface of the substrate, while only the root system should be buried in it.
The block is a large piece of pine bark. On its surface, you need to securely fix the roots of the flower, but before that they should be wrapped with coconut fiber or sphagnum, while the layer should be quite thin.
How often watering should be done directly depends on how the aghanizia is grown. So, when growing on blocks, more frequent watering is required than in a pot. Watering is recommended by immersion method. To do this, immerse a container with a plant or a block in a bowl filled with water and wait a third of an hour. During this time, the velamen, covering the roots and having a porous structure, must absorb a sufficient amount of moisture. Then the orchid is taken out of the basin, but before you put it in place, you need to wait until all excess liquid is drained. Watering aghanizia, experts advise, only after the bark is completely dry.
For irrigation, use soft water at room temperature, which must be well settled before that. If the water is hard, then it can be filtered or mixed with a small amount of citric or acetic acid (while the taste of the liquid should not even be slightly sour). It is not recommended to use boiled water for irrigation.
In order for the plant to grow and develop normally, it needs high humidity in the room, as well as warmth. This is especially true for those orchids that are grown on blocks, they simply need a moisture content of at least 70-80 percent. When growing in a pot, the plant will have enough air humidity and 50-55 percent, but this is only in the case of correct and timely watering.
If you do not have an orchidarium, then you will have to increase the humidity with household humidifiers or steam generators. In the event that this is not possible, it is recommended to put the container in a pallet filled with pebbles or expanded clay and not a very large amount of water. It is recommended to put a layer of moss on top of the substrate, and it must be moistened regularly.
Since various fungal diseases can develop in stagnant, warm and damp air, in order to avoid this, the room where the orchid is located must be systematically ventilated.
The transplant is carried out only if necessary, because the root system reacts very badly to such a procedure. So, a very overgrown plant, which has ceased to fit in a pot or on a block, can become a reason for transplanting.
Aghanizia has rather delicate roots and is highly sensitive to a variety of chemicals and salts. In this regard, it is necessary to feed such a flower very carefully. So, feeding should be carried out 1 time in 4 weeks. To do this, use a fertilizer designed specifically for orchids (take ¼ of the dose recommended on the package). The plant also needs foliar feeding, which should be carried out between the main ones. To do this, use a solution of the same fertilizer, only it should be even weaker.
This kind of orchid grown at home can only be propagated by division. Moreover, after the rhizome is divided, there should be at least 3 mature pseudobulbs on each section.
Propagated by seeds and meristem (cloning) only in industrial conditions.
Most often, such a plant dies due to the fact that it is kept in conditions that have nothing similar to the usual natural ones. So, the following violations in care are very common: the room is too hot or cold, intense or poor lighting, too long periods of drought, lack of changes in daily temperatures, rare ventilation, drafts.
Among domestic florists, only two types of aghanizia are most popular.
This plant is one of the most spectacular among the huge number of members of the orchid family. Its main distinguishing feature is the beautiful blue color of the flowers. Such flowers are relatively small, their diameter is usually 5–6 centimeters, but they are incredibly beautiful and can compete with the Cattleya, which is the recognized queen (their flowers have a similar shape). Sepals are slightly wavy and are located at an angle of 120 degrees in relation to each other. They have the same length, but the one above is ovoid and wider than the oval lateral ones. The lip and petals are also positioned in relation to each other at an angle of 120 degrees. Rounded petals are narrowed at the base, but at the same time they are somewhat wider and shorter than the sepals. The lip protrudes forward. It has outgrowths-wings located on the sides, and it also has a narrowing at the base and is outwardly similar to a concave shovel, the edges of which are fringed or slightly indented.
This species is more compact than blue aganizia. The length of the peduncles does not exceed 15 centimeters, they have 2–5 not very large (up to 4 centimeters in diameter) flowers, painted in a whitish-cream shade. Elongated-oval sepals and petals are similar in shape, they are narrowed at the base and have a pointed tip. The sepals are 2 centimeters long and 1 centimeter wide. The petals are narrower and not as long. The shape of the lip is similar to a small, concave spade that is sharpened at the tip. At the base there is a not very large growth, painted in burgundy, and the middle is yellow.
A couple of decades ago, the orchid was a rare guest in our homes. Today, these amazing flowers can be found in every flower shop. The number of species of these plants is more than 200 thousand plants. But not all species are adapted for growing in indoor conditions. It remains only to choose an orchid from the offered assortment and start taking care of this beauty. Today we will tell you how to care for orchids at home in a pot, and what is necessary for an orchid to bloom well.
Cymbidium, like most orchids, is an epiphyte. Its habitat is the crowns and trunks of trees in tropical forests. In rare cases, you can find representatives of the cymbidium that grow on the ground, on rocky soil. The type of growth is sympoidal - the development of the plant does not occur due to the trunk, which the cymbidium simply does not have, but due to the formation of new rosettes of leaves, from which a peduncle appears in the future. Over time, pseudobulbs appear in the center, which are essentially the growth points of the orchid. The peduncle can be either straight or curved, directed downward - spectacular flowers are located on the peduncle itself. Cymbidium blooms for several months. Cut stalks will delight you with their beauty for a long time.
There are several varieties of the cambrian orchid.
Often, after pruning, the orchid is transplanted into a new substrate.
The main thing is not to sprinkle the leaves or the growth point, so that decay does not begin.
It is also important to choose the right soil for the orchid. Therefore, it is better for beginners to buy a ready-made one, since the orchid simply withers away in the wrong substrate.
Watering after the procedure is carried out in a few days. During this time the flower adapts to new soil... And to maintain the required level of humidity, you can spray the leaves or put a humidifier near the flower.
After flowering, new shoots (babies) may appear. This happens most often in summer, when it is hot. When they take root, they are carefully cut off with part of the peduncle and transplanted into separate pots.
Plants must be transplanted, otherwise the entire root system can rot if not properly cared for. An orchid can take years to recover.
Phalaenopsis is considered the most common home-grown orchid species. It is considered the most unpretentious care. Phalaenopsis can bloom on one stem several times in a row, so if the peduncle is green, then you do not need to cut it off. The orchid can continue to bloom over and over again.
Often, due to repeated flowering, the plant weakens, and the branches become thin and stretched. Then you need to choose the time when the buds have wilted once again and shorten the stem by 2/3, leaving 6 mm above the developed bud. Thus, the plant will release new shoots.
Watch the video! How to transplant orchids correctly
Following all the rules for pruning and caring for an orchid, you can enjoy its flowering for a long time.