Peach is deservedly considered one of the most delicious southern fruits. Many gardeners would like to grow a crop of its fruits on their site, but this is not so easy to do, because a peach is a very moody plant. Collins, a gourmet fruit variety, is one of the most suitable varieties for hobby gardening.
Collins is a table peach of North American origin. As of October 2018, it is not registered in the State Register of Varieties of the Russian Federation, but is often grown in amateur gardens in the south of Russia and Ukraine.
A distinctive feature of the Collins variety is the extended flowering and fruiting times. The flowers are bright pink, the flowering trees are very beautiful.
Blooming peach decorates the garden very much
The variety is self-fertile, does not need pollinators. It is considered an early variety; in the Crimea and the North Caucasus, ripening of its fruits begins in the first - second decade of July and lasts about a month. Productivity without irrigation reaches 150 centners of fruits per hectare, on irrigated lands up to 200 centners per hectare.
Collins peach - early cultivar of North American origin
It is a table variety intended for fresh consumption. The fruits are beautiful and very tasty, weighing 120–160 grams, round, gently pubescent, with yellow-orange pulp. The skin is removed with difficulty, the bone is semi-detached.
Collins peach - table variety with delicious fruits
Peach is a naturally short-lived plant; even under ideal conditions it bears fruit for no more than 15–20 years. But the first fruits can be tasted as early as 1-2 years after planting.
Peach trees begin to bear fruit early
Collins is a typically southern, weakly winter-hardy variety, noticeably freezing even during short-term frosts below -20 ° C. Its successful cultivation in the open field is possible only south of the line Kiev - Kharkov - Rostov-on-Don - Astrakhan. In more northern areas, amateur planting is possible in unheated wall greenhouses on the south side of buildings.
To plant a peach, you need an open, sunny place. It can grow on almost any soil, except swampy, alkaline and calcareous.
Peach easily withstands heat and drought, and in regions with a humid climate, it is especially affected by diseases.
In the zone of industrial cultivation (Crimea, the North Caucasus, the Lower Volga region), it is best to plant a peach in late September - early October. Spring planting in March - April is also possible, always before bud break. In more northern regions (Chernozemye, central regions of Ukraine), spring planting is preferable to autumn planting. The distance between trees when planting is not less than 3-4 meters.
A planting pit 60–70 cm deep is enough for a peach.
The ground of the upper and lower layers is folded separately
The root collar should be fixed at a height of 3-4 centimeters above the soil level
After planting, the seedling must be carefully watered
Caring for a peach orchard consists of weeding regularly, loosening the soil and watering on time if necessary. The most economical drip irrigation. The approximate water consumption is 20-30 liters per square meter of the trunk circle when irrigated 2-3 times a month during the spring and the first half of the summer. Excessive watering, especially at the end of summer, is harmful to a peach.
Drip irrigation is the most economical
Fertilizers should be applied in the spring when digging the soil in the following doses per square meter of the trunk circle:
The crown of young trees is formed in the form of a bowl or fan without a pronounced central trunk. For this, 3-4 strong and strong branches are left in the seedlings, directed in different directions, and the central conductor is cut out.
All cuts, even the smallest ones, of a peach are necessarily covered with garden var.
Compared to other fruit crops, peach is most susceptible to the invasion of various pests and diseases.
In the opinion of my Italian friends, experienced farmers, it is, in principle, impossible to grow a high-quality crop of marketable peach fruits without treatment with powerful chemicals. Therefore, planting peach trees in the garden should be as far as possible from garden beds, spicy greens and delicate berries such as raspberries and strawberries.
The most common peach pests:
In some years, it is also damaged by various types of scale insects, pseudo-scale insects, worms, weevils and various leaf-eating caterpillars.
The most dangerous peach diseases:
The Collins variety is highly resistant to powdery mildew, but it is strongly affected by curly leaves and clotterosporia.
To combat numerous pests and diseases of the peach, it is most advisable to use the potent preparation DNOC, which is at the same time an insecticide against insects, an acaricide against ticks and a fungicide against diseases. It should be used only in the fall after the leaves have fallen, strictly according to the instructions on the package. Contact with this drug on green leaves, young shoots, flowers, buds and buds causing them to burn and dry out. DNOC is poisonous to humans, therefore, when spraying, it is imperative to comply with all safety requirements (overalls, gloves, goggles, respirator). One autumn spraying with this preparation is enough for the next season. Before chemical treatment, you should collect and burn all dried mummified fruits, cut and burn all dried and diseased branches, and also dig up the soil on the site.
Peach is a very delicate, capricious and thermophilic plant. Only with good care and favorable soil and climatic conditions can a high yield of its wonderful tasty fruits be obtained.
Rate the article:
(3 votes, average: 5 out of 5)
Share with your friends!
More recently, peaches were a great attraction in summer cottages. And not surprising, because they are sissies. But breeding work does not stand still, and today there are varieties of peaches that tolerate frosts very well. However, winter frosts for peaches are usually not as terrible as spring frosts during the awakening of the tree. Spring frosts destroy leaf and flower buds, and the root system suffers from them. The Collins peach variety perfectly tolerates both winter frosts and spring frosts.
Peach "Collins" - variety description
Collins is an American-bred variety that was bred at the neat New Jersey station by pollinating a complex hybrid form of Jacer Land with pollen. The result is a wonderful variety: large-fruited, tasty and retaining the quality of the fruit for a week.
Collins has a medium-sized tree, with a rounded crown of medium density. The height of the tree usually does not exceed 3.5 meters. At a young age, there is an intensive growth of trees, and after the entry into fruiting, the growth of "Collins" slows down.
The leaves of this variety are elongated, with a characteristic lanceolate shape. The upper part of the leaves is narrowed. The foliage is dark green with a slight sheen. The flowers are whitish-pink with a pleasant aroma. It blooms in the middle or end of April.
Collins is considered a mid-ripening variety. The full maturity of the fruits occurs in mid-July. Its fruits are large and medium in size. They do not ripen at the same time, so the crop must be harvested gradually. Peaches are round, almost spherical in shape. The average weight of Collins fruit is 115-155 grams. Fruit peel with pronounced velvety, but easily removed from ripe fruit. The color of peaches is bright orange with a beautiful blurred blush of a raspberry-red hue. The blush is located almost on the entire surface of the fruit.
The pulp of the fruit is very fragrant, tender, juicy, and has an orange color. The stone of the fruit is rough, surrounded by reddish flesh. The tasting score of the fruit is 4.2 points on a five-point scale. Used only fresh.
The yield of the variety is 40-50 kg per tree. The fruits have good transportability. Collins is resistant to powdery mildew. The variety is moderately resistant to curly leaves, slightly resistant to clesterosporium. A feature of the variety can be called a great need for top dressing, regular watering and timely pruning with crown formation.
The advantages of the variety are tasty fruits, large size, frost resistance, yield, good transportability of fruits. The disadvantages include uneven ripening of fruits and a bone that does not separate well from the pulp.
Peach "Collins" - planting and care
Peach is a southern tree, so it needs the maximum sunlit area for planting. It is not recommended to plant a peach in lowlands, where cold air accumulates and the soil is saturated with moisture - in such conditions the peach will often hurt and bear poor fruit. For the southern regions it is better to plant the peach in the fall, and for the more northern regions - in the spring.
Do not plant peaches where strawberries, alfalfa, clover, nightshades, and melons grew before it, as it can get verticilliosis.
The landing pit is prepared in advance. It is dug with a diameter of 50-70 centimeters and the same depth and filled with rotted manure, humus or compost in an amount of 5-8 kg, add 200-300 g of wood ash, 50 g of superphosphate, 50 g of potassium chloride
Peach care begins in mid-April - the first treatment of the tree on the swelling buds from the moth, aphids and other pests. After flowering, a combined treatment of trees from pests and diseases is carried out. In the summer, the peach needs watering, top dressing with potash fertilizers, and in the fall, organic matter is used for top dressing.
In the past, gardeners dreamed of peaches that can be grown in all regions of the country, not just in the south.
Today, their dreams have come true: breeders have developed many interesting winter-hardy, frost-resistant varieties with different fruiting times, fruit shapes and taste.
Peach trees are divided into four groups (depending on the shape of the fetus):
Peach trees are divided into four groups depending on the shape of the fruit.
The timing of fruit ripening, the flowering period - it all depends not only on the area where the tree is grown, but also on the characteristics of the variety:
The yield of the plant depends on the correct choice of the variety. When buying a seedling, you need to pay attention to several important points, we give their description:
Annual seedlings take root better and delight with the harvest faster. When buying, it is better to focus on them, but choose strong, healthy plants, and not frail twigs.
The variety was bred in the Nikitsky Botanical Garden. It was originally planned for cultivation in the central zone of a temperate climate, as a medium late. However, over time, it was successfully brought to early maturity. Flowering begins in late April - early May, and harvest time is in July.
The plant reaches 4 m in height, the diameter of the spherical crown is about 5 m. It begins to bear fruit in the fourth year of life, high yields persist for ten years. Depending on the growing conditions, the yield is up to 60 kg per tree.
The pulp of the fruit is white or creamy, the peel and bone are easily separated from the pulp. The fruit is juicy and sweet with a characteristic peach aroma. When fully ripe, the acidity is completely absent. Recommended for freshly harvested consumption, since the pulp is not dense and completely unsuitable for transportation.
A relatively young variety bred in Michigan in the middle of the last century. The most popular variety in North America, for example, in the United States, 70% of the area under peach trees is occupied by Redhaven.
The height of the Redhaven tree is from 4.5 to 5 meters, but the girth of its crown can reach 10 meters. If a peach is grafted on almonds, its height is 3 m, and if on an apricot, then about 4 m. The variety is considered a long-liver among peaches - the plant can maintain good yields up to 25-30 years, and some specimens up to 40 years.
The plant has large and tough foliage (18 cm long and 4.5 cm wide), so sometimes there is confusion about its identification, especially before flowering and fruiting.
Fruits can have a wide range of sizes: from 100 to 200 g. Regardless of the size of the fruit, its pulp is always juicy and tasty, having an orange color. The bone and peel are well separated from the pulp.
Fruiting occurs in the 3rd year of life. In the sixth year, the plant reaches a yield of up to 50 kg, and from 10 years - up to 110 kg per tree.
It is a hybrid of the varieties "Gros Mignon" and "Kashchenko". It is used for both private and industrial cultivation. It was created as a variety capable of growing in the warm climate of Ukraine, however, it is perfectly adapted for growing in more northern regions. In Russia, it is found even in the Middle Urals.
Compact tree about 3.5 m high and about 2.5 wide. Low branching, so it is convenient for harvesting. Fruits of medium size - from 80 to 110 g. The color of the fruits is white or white-pink with a pronounced "blush" of red or purple hues. Fruit ripening occurs three months after flowering. Depending on the temperature, flowering occurs in late April or early May, respectively, fruit ripening occurs in early July.
The fruits can be stored harvested for about a week. The pulp is quite firm, however, the variety is poorly adapted for transportation.
A relatively young variety, obtained in Italy about 30 years ago. It is considered one of the earliest varieties - ripening can begin as early as June. Plants are medium-sized, about 3-4 m, crowns are relatively compact.
The fruits are of medium size, about 80-90 g, they have an oval shape. The color of the fruit is deep yellow. The skin of the fruit is covered with noticeable pubescence and is quite dense to the touch. Red or burgundy "blush" has a pronounced shaded texture and takes up most of the fruit.
The pulp of the fruit is yellow in color, has a pronounced fiber. At the same time, the fruits are very juicy and aromatic. The bone is relatively small in size, it is mediocrely separated from the pulp.
The yield of a tree can be up to 50 kg, however, it very much depends on the temperature in late spring and early summer. This peach needs moderate watering until the topsoil is completely dry.